Forrest Gump background

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Forrest Gump 英语视听说教案

    Background information

    And some of the cultural knowledge in Forrest Gump

Motto: Life is like a box of chocolates, you never know what you re gonna get.

Social background for Forrest Gump


    The counterculture is a term used to describe any cultural movement that runs counter to prevailing norms, but is often used to refer more specifically to the anti-establishment cultural movement that arose in the late 1950s and 1960s in Europe and the USA.

    Key ideas of the 1960s counterculture: personal empowerment, cultural and political decentralization, communal living, ecological awareness, consciousness expansion, intuitive spontaneity and a rejection of middle class morality.

Anti-Intellectualism in American Life

    In spite of the fact that it is now more than 30 years old, Richard Hofstadters book,

    Anti-intellectualism in American Life (1963) remains the authoritative (权威的) statement on the

    deep anti-intellectual trend in American culture and society. It is a trend that remains alive an well, and is observable in American television (The Simpsons), cinema (Forrest Gump, Dumb and Dumber, The Green Miles), and business and politics (see Michael Moores Stupid White Man).

    Hofstadter looked into the roots of American anti-intellectualism, arguing that our

    anti-intellectualism is, in fact, older than our national identity. He cites as evidence the viewpoint

    of 17th century Puritan (清教徒) John Cotton, who claimed that the more learned and witty you

    bee, the more fit to act for Satan will you bee. The notion that education and intelligence lead one inexorably into evil, ungodly ways is at the heart of the American distrust of the intellect (智力)

    and intellectuals (知识分子).

    Taking his analysis further, Hofstadter argued that the three sources of anti-intellectualism (反智主义) in America were evangelical (新教会:福信教) religion, bug business, and the

    populism (人民党主义) of American-style democracy. Religion suggested that truths were simple


Forrest Gump 英语视听说教案

    and absolute; business suggested that practical skills outweighed intellectual fussiness (琐事); and

    populist politics suggested that specialized knowledge granted privileges that were elitist and anti-democracy.

    The exception is the technical intellect, which through the twentieth century became

    increasingly valued. The Cold War in particular made big science acceptable, and those who

    used it to deliver material benefits (in the form of pharmaceuticals (医药品), computer, weapons)

    come to be admired. These brains were different and acceptable because they were brains kept in their place (i.e. a limited technical field).

    Forrest Gump is not an isolated phenomenon. It is just one example of a wide-spread

    ) and suspicion of the intellect in the USA. celebration (庆祝) of ignorance (无知

Forrest Gump the movie

    Starring: Tom Hanks

    Director: Robert Zemeckis

    The 67th (1995) Academy Award : 6, including Best Picture, Director, Actor, Adapted Screenplay, Editing, and Visual Effect.




    Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences was an organization founded in 1927 at Hollywood, California, for the purpose of raising the cultural and technical standards of professional filmmaking.

    Annually the academy makes special awards of merit, called the Academy Awards. The symbolic statuette presented to the winners since 1927 is known as an Oscar; 34.3 cm (13.5 in) high and weighing about 4 kg (8.5 lb), the gold-plated bronze human figure was executed by the American sculptor George Stanley based on sketches made by art director Cedric Gibbons Categories recognized for awards include:

     the Best Motion Picture;

     Best Actor;


Forrest Gump 英语视听说教案

     Best Actress;

     Best Supporting Actor (since 1936);

     Best Supporting Actress (since 1936);

     Best Director;

     Best Screenplay;

     Best Original Screenplay;

     Best Original Song;

     Best Animated Short Subject;

     Best Documentary Feature, etc.

     In addition, various special or honorary awards are often given for distinguished

    career or humanitarian achievement.

Major Characters

    Forrest....Tom Hanks A somewhat slow (not smart) person, who happens to be incredibly

    kind, decent, and over the course of his life, quite lucky.

    Jenny...Robin Wright Forrest's most important friend from early childhood, who remains

    his friend for over 35 years despite the very different lives that they will lead.

    Mama ..Sally Field Forrest's loving mother who will do all she can to give Forrest a

    good life despite his lack of intelligence.

    Lieutenant Dan...Gary Siniese An army officer that Forrest meets while serving in the

    Vietnam war, who eventually becomes a loyal friend of Forrest.

    Bubba...Mykelti Williamson A poor black solider, and another friend that Forrest makes

    in Vietnam.


    Tom Hanks gives an astonishing performance as Forrest in this acclaimed film. Forrest Gump is no longer just a movie but has become a vivid legend.

    Through three turbulent decades of his life, from Vietnam hero to shrimp tycoon, from White House honors to the arms of his one true love. The viewer is granted a peek at his lifes journey

    where he learns to deal with not only the prejudice, hate, hope, fears and dreams of human nature


Forrest Gump 英语视听说教案

    but also life and death.

    Forrest is the embodiment of an era, an innocent at large in a world that is losing its innocence. His kind and loving heart knows what his limited IQ cannot. Armed with only his nature versus the worlds cruelty, he never allows his moral compass to waver.

    Food for thoughts in Act 1

    ?What does the feather mean?

    ? How do you understand Stupid is as stupid does?

    ? Why doesnt Jenny want to go home?

Forrest, Nathan Bedford (1821-1877)

    ), known as one of the most effective American Confederate cavalry general (骑兵

    Confederate generals during the American Civil War (1861-1865).

    At the start of the war, Forrest enlisted as a private in the Confederate army, and subsequently raised a battalion of cavalry, of which he was made lieutenant colonel;陆军中校,. Forrest served

    as the first leader of the original Ku Klux Klan. He attempted to disband the organization in 1869 when its members became increasingly violent.

Ku Klux Klan

    Secret terrorist organization that originated in the southern states during the period of Reconstruction following the American Civil War and was reactivated on a wider geographic basis in the 20th century. The original Klan was organized in Pulaski, Tennessee, during the winter of 1865 to 1866, by six former Confederate army officers who gave their society a name adapted from the Greek word kuklos. Although the Ku Klux Klan began as a prankish(恶作剧的) social

    organization, its activities soon were directed against the Republican Reconstruction governments and their leaders, both black and white, which came into power in the southern states in 1867.

Civil War, American (1861-1865)

    Sometimes called the War Between the States, the War of Rebellion, or the War for Southern Independence. The war took more than 600,000 lives, destroyed property valued at $5 billion, brought freedom to 4 million black slaves, and opened wounds that have not yet completely


Forrest Gump 英语视听说教案

    healed more than 125 years later.

    Causes of Civil War

    The chief and immediate cause of the war was slavery. Southern states, including the 11 states that formed the Confederacy, depended on slavery to support their economy. Southerners used slave labor to produce crops, especially cotton. Although slavery was illegal in the Northern states, only a small proportion of Northerners actively opposed it. The main debate between the North and the South on the eve of the war was whether slavery should be permitted in the Western territories recently acquired during the Mexican War (1846-1848), including New Mexico, part of California, and Utah. Opponents of slavery were concerned about its expansion, in part because they did not want to compete against slave labor.

    Economic and Social Factors

    By 1860, the North and the South had developed into two very different regions. Divergent social, economic, and political points of view, gradually drove the two sections farther and farther apart. Each tried to impose its point of view on the country as a whole. The election of Abraham Lincoln as president was viewed by the South as a threat to slavery and ignited (点燃:导火索) the


    By 1860 cotton was the chief crop of the South, and it represented 57 percent of all U.S. exports. The profitability of cotton, known as King Cotton, completed the South's dependence on the plantation system and its essential component, slavery.

    The North was established as an industrial society. Labor was needed, but not slave labor. Immigration was encouraged. Immigrants from Europe worked in factories, built the railroads of the North, and settled the West. Very few settled in the South.

    The South, resisting industrialization, manufactured little. Almost all manufactured goods had to be imported. Southerners therefore opposed high tariffs, or taxes that were placed on imported goods and increased the price of manufactured articles. The manufacturing economy of the North, on the other hand, demanded high tariffs to protect its own products from cheap foreign competition.

    Political Factors

    In the early days of the United States, loyalty to one's state often took precedence over loyalty to one's country. In the nation's early years, neither North nor South had any strong sense of the


Forrest Gump 英语视听说教案

    permanence of the Union.

    As Northern and Southern patterns of living diverged, their political ideas also developed marked differences. The North needed a central government to build an infrastructure of roads and railways, protect its complex trading and financial interests, and control the national currency. The South depended much less on the federal government than did other regions, and Southerners therefore felt no need to strengthen it. In addition, Southern patriots feared that a strong central government might interfere with slavery.

    Uncle Tom's Cabin Harriet Beecher Stowe

Elvis Presley (1935-1977)

    American singer and actor, one of the most popular entertainers of the 20th century, who is renowned as an early pioneer of rock-and-roll music

    Love Me Tender (1956), Jailhouse Rock (1957), Loving You (1957), and King Creole (1958).

Food for thoughts in Act 2

    ? Why can Forrest be enrolled by the University since he is a little slow in his mind? ? Why could Forrest be met by President Kennedy? What is his strange behavior in the party? ? What happened in Forrest s college?

Integrated the University of Alabama

    The University of Alabama began to enroll both the white and black in 1963. Civil War in 1861, no real action. Segregation is still a problem. The black were still discriminated in the south and could not go to school with the white. The federal government and troops enforced a court order integrated the University of Alabama.

George Wallace(1919-)

    United States political figure, governor of Alabama and presidential candidate known for his anti-desegregation;反对废止种族制度, platform. As governor, he personally blocked the door </