Module 1.1 Ways of working
Different ways of working
Freelance (自由职业): Working independently and on temporary contracts rather than for a long-term employer.
Teleworking (远程办公/居家办公): A catch-all term describing any way of working at a distance using a combination of
computers and telecommunications. It is often associated with home-based working, but includes mobile working,
Telecommuting (远程办公/居家办班): This term is used interchangeably with teleworking, and is the more common term
in the US. The conceptual emphasis is on replacing the commute journey through electronic access to the workplace. word extension : telecommuter/home-based worker
Shift Work (轮班工作): Work that is broken into chunks of time
Related Term: OT (overtime pay)
Temping (做临时工): Working short employment tasks with a variety of clients, usually through a temping agency or staffing firm. Previously temps were mostly administrative, but job-seekers can now find temping agencies covering most professions.
Temping is great for building resume, learning skills, networking - and job flexibility and variety.
Flextime (弹性工作时间): Flextime (flexible work time) is the most popular flexible work arrangement that requires employees to work a standard number of hours each week but allows them to choose their own starting and quitting times.
However, a portion of each day is designated as "core time/hours" when all employees must be present.
Consultancy (顾问工作): The act of an individual or organization providing professional advice to others for a fee. A wide variety of consultants exist for many areas of organizational concerns, including management, accounting, finance, and legal and technical matters.
Hotdesking (办公桌轮用): .It is a method of sharing desks, with workers who are usually working elsewhere booking space to work.
Freelance You choose the job No job security
Teleworking Organise your work time You need to be good at
Job-sharing More free time Need to coordinate
Shift work Gives you your days free Tiring
Part-time More free time Less money
Temping Lots of variety Hard to progress your career
Consultancy Well paid No job security
Flexitime Good for work-life balance Not good for people who like routine
Hot-desking Saves the company money Disruptive to employees
• Share Credit & Blame (荣辱与同)
Share Honor & Disgrace
• Flexible working consultancy (弹性工作顾问公司，
• Delegate the workload (分配工作)
Divide the workload/job responsibilities
• Parental Leave (育儿假:包括分娩假和领养假): leave includes maternity (分娩假), paternity？父亲育婴假，, and
• Job-sharing (工作分担/輪班做事): a kind of flexible work arrangement
Alternative work schedule in which two employees voluntarily share the responsibilities of one full time job, and receive
salary and benefits on pro-rata basis (按比例均摊).
• It is aimed at the small number of employees in the work force who do not have a problem with earning less
money if it offers them the opportunity to pursue the other interests in life that are important to them.
Benefits for the company
• Acts as an attraction and retention mechanism.
• Enables the new employee to get "up to speed" quicker.
• Acts as an incentive for many professionals since time has become as important as money.
• Helps to maintain "diversity" in the workplace.
• Rewards talent and increases job satisfaction.
• Increases morale and productivity. When an employee has created a more balanced life through job sharing, their
anxiety and stress levels are greatly reduced.
Managers may fear that it could lead to confusion, more paperwork, and a host of other hassles. benefits for the employee
• Spend more time with their families
• Attend school
• pursue other personal interests.
A. Flexibility in Work Scheduling
1. Alternative Work Schedules:
a) Flextime: Schedules based on worker needs within set parameters approved by a supervisor.
b) Compressed Workweeks: Workers work full time hours in less than the traditional 5-day workweek by increasing daily hours worked.
2. Arrangements Regarding Shifts and Breaks
a) Shift Arrangements: Workers who are assigned shifts by their employers enter into arrangements with their employers giving them more flexibility regarding the shifts they are assigned.
B) Flexibility in the Amount of Hours Worked
1. Part Time Work/Reduced Hours Schedule: Workers who usually work less than 35 hours per week.
2. Transition Period Part Time: Workers gradually return to work after a major life event (e.g., birth or adoption of a child) by working part time for a set period and eventually returning to full time work. 3. Job Shares: Two or more workers share the duties of one full time job, with each person working on a part time basis. 4. Part-year Work: Workers work only a certain number of months per year.
C. Flexibility in the Place of Work
1. Telework/Home Work: Workers work remotely from their own homes, using a telecommunications connection to the workplace if necessary.
2. Telework/Satellite Location: Workers work remotely from a designated satellite work center.
3. Alternating Location: Workers work part-year in one location and part-year in a second location. Working from home
Adv Dis -- you spend more time with the children -- sometimes you work in the evening -- more flexibility -- you miss pepole and the office news -- the company saves money on office space
-- no commuting
Module 1.2 making contacts
“making contacts” or “networking” mean?
• networking n. (建立人际关系网)
• Network v. / n.
• the practice of meeting other people involved in the same kind of work, to share information, support each other
• Business networking: a marketing method by which business opportunities are created through networks of
like-minded business people.
Where do people network?
• Trade fair event
• Coffee break
• Formal networking events: drinking event, coaching event, club activity, socializing party…
• Online networking: facebook, linkedin, 开心网…
Networking is the skill of making contacts and can help people progress in their career through knowing the “right”
The skill is important in areas such as sales where you need to develop relationships with potential customers.
The reason and benefits:
• Develop business relationship
• Generate business opportunities
More cost-effective method than ads and public relations •
• Help people maximise their potential
• Get to know other people
• Share ideas, good for people with no experience
Module 2.1Company benefits
Benefits and incentives
； Benefits (福利): the advantages that you get from your company in addition to the money you earn
； Incentives？激励/奖励，: something that encourages people to do sth, especially to work harder, spend more
money, etc. It is an expectation that encourages people to behave in a certain way.
； Incentives usually fall into three broad classes: 1. Remunerative incentives (or financial incentives/material
reward); 2. Moral incentives; 3. Coercive incentives (punishment, imprisonment, confiscation of properties, etc.)
； Incentive: n., adj.
； big/generous/powerful/real/strong incentives
； create/offer/provide incentives
； an incentive package/payment/plan/system 一揽子激励措施、激励工资、激励计划、激励系统
； Benefit package 一揽子福利措施
Financial rewards: base pay (salaries or wages) /premium payments / bonuses / long-term income payments / paid leave /
employee benefits, etc
Non-financial rewards: recognition / responsibility / meaningful work / autonomy / opportunity to use& develop skills / career opportunities /