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By Micheal Payne,2014-10-25 11:45
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vmng4daqsc379-384_374-376abti

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     Digital I/O, 24 or 96 Lines, 5 V TTL/CMOS

     24 or 96-Line Digital I/O

     NI 650x

     24 or 96 digital input/output lines ? 5 V TTL/CMOS ? 2-wire handshaking capability ?

    Known power-up states ? NI-DAQ driver simplifies configuration and measurements

     Operating Systems

     Windows 2000/NT/XP ? Real-time performance with LabVIEW (see page 134) ? Others

    such as Linux and Mac OS X (see page 187)

     Models

     NI PCI-6503 ? NI DAQCard-DIO-24 ? NI PC-DIO-24 ? NI PCI-DIO-96 ? NI PXI-6508 ?

    NI PC-DIO-96

     Recommended Software

     LabVIEW ? LabWindows/CVI ? Measurement Studio

     Other Compatible Software

     Visual Basic ? C/C++, C#

     Driver Software (included)

     NI-DAQ 7

     Family NI 6503

     NI 6508

     Bus PCI PCMCIA ISA PCI PXI ISA

     Digital I/O Lines 24

     Device Type Software timed

     Logic Level 5 V TTL/CMOS

     Isolation ?C

     Handshaking I/O ?1

     8255 Chipset ?

     Change Notification ?C

     Pattern Matching ?

     Data Acquisition and Signal Conditioning

     96 ?C

     Software timed

     5 V TTL/CMOS

     ?C ?C

     1 ?1

     ?

     ?C ?C

     ?

     1Handshaking

     supplied by the 8255; only one handshaking mode is available.

     Table 1. NI 650x Specifications Overview (See page 385 for detailed

    specifications.)

     Overview and Applications

     NI 6503 devices are 24-bit parallel DIO interfaces for PCI, PCMCIA, and ISA. NI 6508 devices offer 96-bit parallel DIO interfaces for PCI, PXI, and ISA. All NI 650x devices are designed for 5 V TTL/CMOS I/O signals.

     Digital I/O Connector

     Digital connectors for the NI 650x devices are described in Table 2. The eight bits in Port A of each PPI are at xPA7 through xPA0 on the digital I/O connector where x represents which PPI is being used. Ports B and C are at xPB7 through xPB0 and xPC7 through xPC0, respectively. Each port is programmed to be input or output. Power from the computer I/O channel is also available on the DIO connector. See page 381 to learn more about connectivity solutions, including direct connectors, electromechanical relay devices, and other signal conditioning solutions.

     Device PCI-6503 PC-DIO-24 DAQCard-DIO-24 NI 6508 Connector 50-pin, shown in Figure 3 27-pin; cable adapts it to the 50-pin connector shown in Figure 3 100 pin; shown in Figure 2

     Hardware

     82C55 Parallel Port Interfaces

     NI 650x devices use 82C55 Parallel Port Interfaces (PPIs). NI 6503 devices contain one PPI, and the NI 6508 devices contain four. Each PPI controls 24 bits of DIO and has three 8-bit ports (A, B, and C). You can configure each port as either input or output. Ports A and B are always used for digital data I/O, while port C can be configured for digital data I/O, control, status, or handshake signals.

     Table 2. NI 650x Connector Overview

     Digital I/O Power-Up State Selection

     You can power up the PCI-6503, PC-DIO-24, PC-DIO-96, and PXI-6508 DIO lines in a user-defined state ?C either high or low. On these devices, each line is connected to a 100 k? resistor, and you can use a jumper to select whether the lines of the device power up in the high or low state. The DAQCard-DIO-24 and PCI-DIO-96 have 100 k? resistors that always pull high.

     National Instruments ? Tel: (800) 433-3488 ? Fax: (512) 683-9300 ? info@ni.com ? ni.com

     379

     Digital I/O, 24 or 96 Lines, 5 V TTL/CMOS

     24 or 96-Line Digital I/O Driver Software

     With NI-DAQ driver software, you can interactively configure your devices, write custom programs, and easily perform digital I/O. You can also use messaging so when an input port matches or mismatches a user-defined pattern, NI-DAQ can perform another

     Address Bus Control Lines Data Bus I/O Channel Control Lines Interface Circuitry IRQ Data Bus \ 8 82C55 Digital Interface A APC0 & APC3/ 2 BPA / 8 BPB / 8 BPC / 8 APA / 8 APB / 8 APC / 8

     programmed operation. This process eliminates polling, decreases the load on the CPU and bus, and improves the efficiency of the system. NI-DAQ also provides numerous example programs for LabVIEW and other ADEs to quickly get you started with your application.

     82C55 Digital Interface B

     BPC0 & BPC3/ 2 CPA / 8 CPB / 8 CPC / 8

     82C55 Digital Interface C CPC0 & CPC3/ 2

     Data Acquisition and Signal Conditioning

     82C55 Digital Interface D DPC0 & DPC3/ 2 NI 6507/NI 6508 Devices Only

     DPA / 8 DPB / 8 DPC / 8

     Figure 1. NI 650x Hardware Block Diagram

     APC7 BPC7 APC6 BPC6 APC5 BPC5 APC4 BPC4 APC3 BPC3 APC2 BPC2 APC1 BPC1 APC0 BPC0 APB7 BPB7 APB6 BPB6 APB5 BPB5 APB4 BPB4 APB3 BPB3 APB2 BPB2 APB1 BPB1 APB0 BPB0 APA7 BPA7 APA6 BPA6 APA5 BPA5 APA4 BPA4 APA3 BPA3 APA2 BPA2 APA1 BPA1 APA0 BPA0 +5 V GND

     1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50

     51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100

     CPC7 DPC7 CPC6 DPC6 CPC5 DPC5 CPC4 DPC4 CPC3 DPC3 CPC2 DPC2 CPC1 DPC1 CPC0 DPC0 CPB7 DPB7 CPB6 DPB6 CPB5 DPB5 CPB4 DPB4 CPB3 DPB3 CPB2 DPB2 CPB1 DPB1 CPB0 DPB0 CPA7 DPA7 CPA6 DPA6 CPA5 DPA5 CPA4 DPA4 CPA3 DPA3 CPA2 DPA2 CPA1 DPA1 CPA0 DPA0 +5 V GND

     PCI/PXI/CPCI/PCMCIA/ISA

     I/O Connector

     PC7 PC6 PC5 PC4 PC3 PC2 PC1 PC0 PB7 PB6 PB5 PB4 PB3 PB2 PB1 PB0 PA7 PA6 PA5 PA4 PA3 PA2 PA1 PA0 +5 VDC

     1 3 5 7

     2 4 6 8

     GND GND GND GND GND GND GND GND GND GND GND GND GND GND GND GND GND GND GND GND GND GND GND GND GND

     9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50

     Figure 2. NI 6508 I/O Connector

     Figure 3. NI 6503 I/O Connector

     Ordering Information

     NI PCI-6503 ????777690-01 NI DAQCard-DIO-24????776912-01 NI PC-DIO-24 ????777368-01 NI PCI-DIO-96 ????777387-01 NI PXI-6508 ????777598-01 NI PC-DIO-96 ????777271-01

     Includes NI-DAQ driver software For information on extended warranty and value-added services, see page 20.

     Recommended Configurations

     Family NI 6503 Device PCI-6503 DAQCard-DIO-24 PC-DIO-24 PCI-DIO-96 PXI-6508 PC-DIO-96 Accessory CB-50LP (777101-01) CB-50LP (777101-01) CB-50LP (777101-01) SCB-100 (776990-01) SCB-100 (776990-01) CB-100kit (776455-02) Cable NB1 (180524-10) PSH27-50F-D1 (776989-01) NB1 (180524-10) SH100-100-F (185095-02) SH100-100-F (185095-02) Included in kit

     NI 6508

     See page 382 for accessory and cable information.

     BUY ONLINE!

     Visit ni.com/info and enter pci6503, daqcarddio24, pcdio24, pcdio96, pxi6508, or pcdio96.

     380

     National Instruments ? Tel: (800) 433-3488 ? Fax: (512) 683-9300 ? info@ni.com ? ni.com

     Digital I/O Connectivity and Signal Conditioning

     Digital I/O Connectivity and Signal Conditioning

     Cables, Connector Blocks, and Signal Conditioning

     Choose your Digital I/O cables, connector blocks, and signal conditioning in two easy steps. Step 1. Choose your connector block and cable. (see digital I/O accessories section for details)

     Device PCI-6527, PXI-6527 Connector Block CB-100 Kit SCB-100 CA-1000, CB-50, CB-50LP CA-1000, CB-50, CB-50LP CA-1000, CB-50, CB-50LP CB-100 Kit SCB-100 CA-1000, CB-50, CB-50LP CB-100 Kit SCB-100 CA-1000, CB-50, CB-50LP Cables Kit includes R1005050 cable SH100-100-F R1005050 (splits into two 50-pin connectors); with this cable, you can use two accessories from this group with one NI 6527 device SH50-50 or NB1 PSH27-50F-D Kit includes R1005050 cable SH100-100-F NB5 (Splits into two 50-pin connectors); with this cable, you can use two accessories from this group with each device. Kit includes NB5 cable SH100-100-F NB5 (Splits into two 50-pin connectors); with this cable, you can use two accessories from this group with each device.

     PCI-6503, PC-DIO-24 DAQCard-DIO-24 PCI-DIO-96, PXI-6508

     PC-DIO-96

     Step 2 (Optional). Choose your signal conditioning hardware and enclosures.

     Device PCI-6527 PXI-6527 PCI-DIO-96 PXI-6508 PC-DIO-96 PCI-6503 PC-DIO-24 DAQCard-DIO-24 SCXI Signal Conditioning System (Page 270 ) ?C ?C ? ? ? ? ? ? SSR Series Modules (Page 349 ) ?C ?C ? ? ? ? ? ? SC-206x Device (Page 349) ?C ?C ? ? ? ? ? ? ER-8, ER-16 Electromechanical Relays (Page 349 ) ?C ?C ? ? ? ? ? ? CA-1000 Custom Connectivity Enclosure (Page 351) ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

     Data Acquisition and Signal Conditioning

     National Instruments ? Tel: (800) 433-3488 ? Fax: (512) 683-9300 ? info@ni.com ? ni.com

     381

     Digital I/O Accessories and Cables

     Digital I/O Accessories and Cables

     Accessories for Digital I/O

     SCXI ?C High-Performance Modular Signal Conditioning (See Figure 1)

     SCXI is a modular high-performance signal conditioning system that serves as a front end to your DIO device. The SCXI modules for DIO offer isolation, extended voltage ranges (up to 250 Vrms), increased current switching capabilities, and expanded channel counts (up to 3,072 I/O lines). In addition to SCXI modules for DIO, your SCXI signal conditioning system can include modules for analog output and generalpurpose switching when cabled to a DIO device. With SCXI, you can create integrated, flexible high-channel-count measurement systems with signal conditioning components tailored to your needs. See page 270 for details on SCXI signal

conditioning.

     Figure 1. SCXI High-Performance Signal Conditioning

     SCC ?C Portable Modular Signal Conditioning

     National Instruments offers SCC modules for portable low-channel-count digital signal conditioning. These modules mount in a compact, versatile carrier. See page 251 for details on SCC signal conditioning.

     Digital Signal Conditioning Assessories (See Figure 2)

     Figure 2. Digital Signal Conditioning Accessories

     Data Acquisition and Signal Conditioning

     National Instruments also offers several options for low-channel-count digital signal conditioning. These accessories provide a cost-effective solution for digital I/O systems requiring isolated I/O or relays for controlling external devices. Most of these products cable directly to your National Instruments digital I/O device. See page 349 for details on digital signal conditioning accessories.

     CA-1000 (See Figure 3)

     Configurable signal connectivity solution for connecting DIO devices to different types of standard I/O connectors and for incorporating switches and LED indicators. You can place this connector box under a laptop PC, on a benchtop, or in a 19 in. rack. CA-1000 ????See page 351 Dimensions ?C 30.7 by 25.4 by 4.3 cm (12.1 by 10 by 1.7 in.)

     Figure 3. CA-1000 Configurable Signal Connectivity Solution

     SCB-100 (See Figure 4)

     Shielded I/O connector block for easy connection of I/O signals to 100-pin digital I/O devices. The screw terminals are housed in a metal enclosure for protection from noise corruption. Combined with shielded cables, the SCB-100 provides rugged, very low noise signal termination. It also includes general breadboard areas ?C three on the SCB-100. SCB-100????776990-01 Dimensions ?C 19.5 by 15.2 by 4.5 cm (7.7 by 6.0 by 1.8 in)

     Figure 4. SCB-100 Shielded Connector Blocks

     CB-50 I/O Connector Block with DIN-Rail Mounting (See Figure 5)

     Termination accessory with 50 screw terminals for easy connection of field I/O signals to NI 650x and NI 6527 devices. Includes one 50-pin header for direct connection to 50-pin cables. The CB-50 includes a protective plastic base and hardware for mounting the accessory on either a standard DIN rail or flush on a wall or panel. CB-50????776164-90 Dimensions ?C 13.5 by 7.3 cm (5.3 by 2.9 in.)

     Figure 5. CB-50 I/O Connector Block

     382

     National Instruments ? Tel: (800) 433-3488 ? Fax: (512) 683-9300 ? info@ni.com ? ni.com

     Digital I/O Accessories and Cables

     Digital I/O Accessories and Cables CB-50LP I/O Connector Block (See Figure 6)

     Termination board with 50 screw terminals for easy connection of field I/O signals to NI 650x and NI 6527 devices. Includes one 50-pin header for direct connection to 50-pin cables. The CB-50LP includes metal standoffs for use on a desktop or for mounting

    on a custom panel. CB-50LP????777101-01 Dimensions ?C 13.26 by 7.19 cm (5.22 by 2.83 in.)

     CB-100 I/O Connector Kit (See Figure 7)

     The first CB-100 kit includes two CB-50 I/O connector blocks and an R1005050 ribbon cable for connecting to a PCI-6527, PXI-6527, PCI-DIO-96, PXI-6508 device. The second CB-100 kit includes two CB-50 I/O connector blocks and/or an NB5 ribbon cable for direct connection to a PC-DIO-96 device. Each CB-50 block includes hardware for mounting the accessory on a standard DIN-rail or panel. CB-100 with 1 m R1005050 cable ????777812-01 CB-100 with 1 m NB5 cable????776455-02

     Figure 6. CB-50LP I/O Connector Block

     RTSI Bus Cables

     Use RTSI bus cables to connect timing and synchronization signals among measurement, vision, motion, and CAN boards for PCI and ISA. For systems using both long and short boards, order the extended RTSI cable. 2 boards ????776249-02 3 boards ????776249-03 4 boards ????776249-04 5 boards ????776249-05 Extended, 5 boards ????777562-05

     Figure 7. B-100 I/O Connector Kit

     Data Acquisition and Signal Conditioning

     SH50-50 (See Figure 8)

     Shielded 50-conductor cable that connects to a PCI-6503 or PC-DIO-24 device and terminates with a 50-pin connector. The kit includes the shielded cable and a 3 in. ribbon cable for connection flexibility. 1 m ????777720-01 2 m ????777720-02

     Figure 8. H50-50 Shielded Cable

     SH100-100-F (See Figure 9)

     Shielded 100-conductor cable that connects to a PCI-6527, PXI-6527, PCI-DIO-96, PXI-6508, or DAQPad-6508 and terminates with a 100-pin 0.050 series D-type connector that attaches directly to 100-pin accessories. 2 m ????185095-02

     Figure 9. SH100-100-F Shielded Cable

     PSH27-50F-D1 for DAQCard-DIO-24

     Shielded cable that connects to the DAQCard-DIO-24 and is terminated with a 50-pin female connector that attaches directly to 50-pin accessories. 0.5 m ????776989-0R5 1 m ????776989-01

     National Instruments ? Tel: (800) 433-3488 ? Fax: (512) 683-9300 ? info@ni.com ? ni.com

     383

     Digital I/O Accessories and Cables

     Digital I/O Accessories and Cables

     Ribbon Cables

     R1005050 (See Figure 10)

     Ribbon cable that connects to a PCI-6527, PXI-6527, PCI-DIO-96, PXI-6508 and is terminated with two 50-pin IDC connectors. 1 m ????182762-01 2 m ????182762-02

     NB1 Cable (See Figure 11)

     Figure 10. R1005050 Ribbon Cable

     50-conductor ribbon cable that connects any device with a 50-pin connector to 50-pin connector accessories. 1 m ????180524-10 2 m ????180524-20

     NB5 Cable (See Figure 12)

     100-conductor ribbon cable that connects to a PC-DIO-96 device (100-pin connector) and is terminated with two 50-pin connectors. 1 m ????181304-10 2 m ????181304-20

     Figure 11. NB1 Cable

     PCB Mounting Connectors for Custom Accessories (See Figure 13)

     Data Acquisition and Signal Conditioning

     PCB connectors for use in building custom accessories that connect to 100-conductor shielded and ribbon cables. Two types of connectors are available, one for right-angle and one for vertical mounting onto a PCB. 100-pin, female, right-angle mounting ????777778-01 100-pin, female, vertical mounting????777779-01

     PCMCIA Strain-Relief Accessory (See Figure 14)

     Figure 12. NB5 Cable

     Accessory that attaches to the bottom of your notebook computer and provides adjustable strain relief for one or two PCMCIA cables attached to the installed PCMCIA card(s). PCMCIA strain-relief accessory ????777550-01

     Figure 13. PCB Mounting Connectors

     Figure 14. PCMCIA Strain-Relief Accessory

     384

     National Instruments ? Tel: (800) 433-3488 ? Fax: (512) 683-9300 ? info@ni.com ? ni.com

     Digital I/O Overview

     Digital I/O Overview

     Digital input/output (DIO) devices are used in a wide variety of applications from automotive design, industrial factory automation, and machine control, to aerospace, laboratory research, and biomedical applications. You can connect NI digital I/O devices to limit and proximity switches, photoelectric sensors, level gauges, pressure switches, gas detectors, pumps, motors, solid-state relays, electromechanical relays, digital data buses, and more. NI DIO devices can be installed in traditional desktop computers using the PCI or ISA bus, connected via USB port, or installed in laptop computers with PCMCIA slots. For the utmost in reliability and mechanical ruggedness, NI also offers PXI digital I/O devices suitable for operation in the LabVIEW Real-Time environment. ER-8 and ER-16 accessories and eight channel SC-2062 enclosure are available. Refer to Table 3 for signal conditioning accessory catalog page numbers.

     NI 653x High-Speed DIO (p.432) ? ? ? Product Families NI 6527 NI 650x Isolated Low-Cost DIO (p. 377) DIO (p. 379) ? ? ?C ?C ?C ?1

     Application Perform basic digital I/O

     Transfer data with fixed timing between points Transfer data where both the device under test and measurement device can pause the transfer Run a user-defined software Change Notification routine when a user-defined and Pattern Matching DIO event occurs

     1Handshaking

     Mode of Operation Software timed Hardware timed Handshaking I/O

     Choose Your Digital I/O Hardware

     Isolation

     Isolation physically and electrically separates two parts of a circuit and provides several advantages. It breaks ground loops, improves common-mode voltage and noise rejection, and it permits two parts of the circuit to be at different voltage levels. Isolation protects both computer circuitry and human operators. Industrial applications often require isolation to protect the electronics from transient voltage spikes and to provide greater common-mode noise rejection in electrically noisy environments containing machinery and inductive loads. In the case of channel-to-channel isolated I/O, each channel has its own ground terminal. In bank-to-bank isolated devices, each bank (or group) consists of several channels that share the same ground but are isolated from other banks. NI 6527 devices provide 60 VDC of built-in channel-to-channel isolation between each I/O channel.

     supplied by the 8255; only one handshaking mode is available. See individual product details on the following pages for more information. See page 376 for details.

     Table 2. Digital I/O Applications.

     Tech Tip

     Q: I would like to perform high-speed buffered digital I/O controlled by an external or internal digital clock or handshaking signal. Which digital I/O device do you recommend? A: For high-speed buffered pattern I/O or handshaking I/O, see the hardware-timed NI 653x devices on page 432.

     Accessory SCXI SSR Series SC-206x ER-8/16 CA-1000 SCB-100 CB-50 CB-50LP CB-100 kit Description Signal conditioning system Digital signal conditioning modules Digital signal conditioning modules Electromechanical relays Configurable connector accessory Shielded connector block I/O connector block I/O connector block I/O connector block kit; includes cable Page 270 321 349 349 351 382 382 383 383

     Data Acquisition and Signal Conditioning

     Signal Conditioning

     For even higher isolation levels, NI 650x devices can be connected to SCXI-116x signal conditioning modules to provide 450 Vrms of bankto-bank isolation. For lower channel counts, the SC-206x accessories provide eight optically isolated inputs or outputs with 400 Vrms of channel-to-channel isolation. Another option is SSR modules, which provide 4000 Vrms of channel-to-channel isolation in 8, 16, 24, or 32-channel backplanes. For electromechanical relay outputs, the

     Family NI 6527 NI 6507 NI 6508 Product PCI-6527 PXI-6527 PCI-DIO-96 PXI-6508 PC-DIO-96 DAQPad-6507/6508 PCI-6503 DAQCard-DIO-24 PC-DIO-24 Bus PCI PXI PCI PXI ISA USB PCI PCMCIA ISA Digital I/O Lines 24 inputs and 24 outputs 96 Logic Level 28 V input and 60 V output 5 V TTL/CMOS

     For complete and up-to-date information about accessories, visit ni.com/catalog

     Table 3. Digital I/O Signal Conditioning Accessories.

     Isolation ?

     Handshaking I/O1 ?C

     Change Notification ?

     8255 Chipset ?C

     Pattern Matching ?C

     Page 377

     ?C

     ?C

     379

     NI 6503

     24

     5 V TTL/CMOS

     ?C

     ?C

     379

     1Handshaking

     supplied by the 8255; only one handshaking mode is available. See page 376 for details.

     Table 1. Digital I/O Products Specifications Summary (See page 385 for detailed specifications.)

     374

     National Instruments ? Tel: (800) 433-3488 ? Fax: (512) 683-9300 ? info@ni.com ? ni.com

     Digital I/O Overview

     Digital I/O Overview

     Voltage Levels

     For laboratory and test and measurement applications, the most commonly used logic levels are 5 V TTL and TTL-compatible CMOS. In industrial control applications, 24 V levels with isolation are common and digital I/O devices may include electromagnetic relays, motor controls, switches, valves, or pumps. NI offers digital logic levels from nonisolated 5 V TTL/CMOS on NI 650x devices, up to 28 V input and 60 V output on NI 6527 devices. NI 6527 devices also offer channel-to-channel optical isolation and higher current switching capability on the outputs (120 mA). For even higher voltage and isolation levels, the NI SCXI-1162, SCXI-1162HV, and SCXI-1163 modules provide signal conditioning from 5 V TTL/CMOS up to 240 VAC/VDC in optically isolated banks of four lines each.

     Figure 1. Test DIO device hardware and signal connections using a Measurement & Automation Explorer test panel.

     Connectivity

     For shielded screw-terminal connections to your NI 6527 or NI 6508 device, use the SCB-100 connector block and shielded SH100-100-F cable. Unshielded connector blocks and cables are also available, such as the CB-100 kit which includes an unshielded ribbon cable. For custom connectivity, the CA-1000 accessory enclosure can be used for convenient connection to pushbutton/rocker switches, banana jack cables/probes, and LED indicators. Refer to Digital I/O Accessories and Cables on page 382 for more details and options.

     Software-Timed Digital I/O

     Software-timed digital I/O, also referred to as unstrobed or static digital I/O, implies that the writing to digital output lines and reading from digital input lines is performed by software command. A single write or read operation is performed with

    each software command. Depending on the voltage and current requirements, you can use either NI 650x or NI 6527 softwaretimed devices to monitor and control switches, relays, actuators, annunciators, fans, lights, and motors. The maximum speed for software-timed digital I/O operations depends on the computer processor speed, communication bus, and operating system. For highest performance and greatest determinism in the timing of your software-timed digital I/O, use a PXI system running LabVIEW Real-Time.

     Data Acquisition and Signal Conditioning

     Tech Tip

     Q: I am controlling digital lines and relays, and I need to set the power-up states of each line in software. Can I do this? A: You can do this with the NI 6527 isolated digital I/O devices. You can configure the power-up state of each output line independently with a utility in the Developer Zone. For more information, see page 377 or visit ni.com/info and enter ex95u3.

     Figure 2. You can use LabVIEW to create powerful DIO applications. This figure represents the graphical user interface of a software timed DIO application on an NI 650x device. See page 43 for more information about LabVIEW.

     National Instruments ? Tel: (800) 433-3488 ? Fax: (512) 683-9300 ? info@ni.com ? ni.com

     375

     Digital I/O Overview

     Digital I/O Overview

     Hardware-Timed Digital I/O

     Hardware-timed digital I/O, also referred to as high-speed digital I/O, implies that the writing and reading of digital lines is controlled by an external or internally generated clock signal. The clock signal latches the digital data into or out of a buffer, which can be streamed at high speed to the computer. With hardware-timed digital I/O, software commands are similar to buffered data acquisition command and an array of data is passed with each read or write operation. NI 653x devices can be used in either a hardware-timed or a software-timed manner.

     For more information on NI 653x devices see page 432.

     Power-Up States

     Some applications require that the digital I/O device power up with a determined value on the data lines. This procedure ensures that equipment connected to the digital I/O device is not damaged duringthe time after power is applied and before the software application begins running. All NI digital I/O devices power up with a known state on the digital I/O lines, either logic high, logic low, or high impedance. NI 6527 devices offer software programmable power-up states on each line that can be configured using a software utility located in the Developer Zone.

     For more information, visit ni.com/info and enter ex95u3.

     Handshaking Digital I/O

     Handshaking digital I/O refers to transfers of digital data between the digital I/O device and a peripheral. Both parties in the transfer control a handshaking line and can pause the operation if they are unable to keep up with the data rate. NI 650x

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