The Bulletin of the ENFIELD ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY
March 2001 No 160
16 March 2001: The Decline and Fall of Roman Britain
20 April 2001: Annual General Meeting: followed by
Reports of Fieldwork and Research
18 May 2001: Retrieving London‟s Prehistory
REFLECTIONS FROM THE CHAIRMAN
Excavating the Crypt of Christ Church, Spitalfields
Archaeology and the Jubilee Line Extension
Medieval London Bridge: Lost and Found
THE SOUTHGATE BEAUMONT
Arnos Grove – Part 3
ANNUAL REPORT FOR 2000
Society News is published quarterly in March, June, September and December The Editor is Jon Tanner, 24 Padstow Road, Enfield, Middlesex EN2 8BU, telephone: 020 8350 0493
Friday 18 May 2001
Meetings of the Enfield Archaeological Society Retrieving London’s Prehistory
are held at Jubilee Hall, 2 Parsonage Lane, Jon Cotton: Curator of Prehistory, Museum of Enfield (near Chase Side) at 8.00pm. Tea and London
coffee are served and the sales and information
table is open from 7.30pm. Visitors, for whom a I will aim to bring members up to speed with charge of ?1.00 will be made, are very welcome. recent discoveries in this part of the Lower
Thames Valley, emphasising all the while the Friday 16 March 2001 primary importance of the River Thames as The Decline and Fall of Roman Britain highway, boundary, and “sacred stream”, and Dr Neil Faulkner the prehistoric people behind the evidence. I will
touch on the reasons why London has been so Combining fresh analysis of the archaeological slow to recognise the potential of its earliest evidence with the traditional historical accounts, past, and look at how things have improved this is a new interpretation of the decline and fall recently. In particular I will contrast the of Roman Britain. The original conquest of approaches adopted on major programmes of Britain was one of the last successes of Roman work conducted on the gravel terraces to the military imperialism, whereas the Roman‟s west of the City and compare them with those repeated failures on the north British frontier adopted in areas such as Westminster and show the limits of this system – once dynamic North Southwark. I will close by identifying some and expansionist, later faltering and defensive. of the gaps in our knowledge, and ways in rdthBy the late 3 and early 4 centuries, a new which these might be plugged.
order was established in Britain: a centralised Jon Cotton
military-bureaucratic state, governed by a class
of super-rich landlords and apparatchicks, who ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;; siphoned wealth out of the provinces to defend the frontiers. As a result, the towns declined and MEETINGS OF OTHER SOCIETIES the countryside was depressed. The fabric of late Roman imperial society simply rotted away. EDMONTON HUNDRED The process of decline reached a climax in the thHISTORICAL SOCIETY great military crisis of the late 4 century. The Roman imperial army, bled white by defeats on 8.00 p.m. in Jubilee Hall, Parsonage Lane, continental battlefields, withdrew its troops from Enfield unless otherwise stated. Visitors ?1.00 Britain to defend the imperial heartlands, and the Romano-British elite succumbed to a Wednesday 28 March 2001 combination of warlord power, barbarian attack A.G.M. and Churches in Kent and Sussex and popular revolt. The talk will conclude with a Graham Dalling discussion of the legacy of Rome and the significance of the so-called “dark age”. Tuesday 10 April 2001 At St Pauls Centre Dr Neil Faulkner Waltham Abbey Gunpowder Factory Norman Paul Friday 20 April 2001 Wenesday 23 May 2001 Annual General Meeting The Palace of Westminster Major Peter Horsfall Following the formal part of the meeting (see the attached Agenda) there will be reports of Enquiries to the Local History Section, Town fieldwork and research, and other activities of Hall, Green Lanes, Palmers Green London N13 the Society during the year 2000. Tel: 020 8379 2724
HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION – SOCIETY MATTERS NORTH LONDON BRANCH
SUBSCRIPTIONS All meetings are held at 8.00 p.m. in Jubilee Hall,
Parsonage Lane, Enfield.
Many thanks to all those members who have Tuesday 08 May 2001 paid their subscriptions for the year 2001. A Shopping in Tudor and Stuart London number of you have yet to renew your Dr Ian Archer (Keble College Oxford) membership, however and if you have received
a reminder form with this edition of Society Tuesday 12 June 2001 News, it would be very much appreciated if you The International Brigades and the would forward the appropriate remittance. This Spanish Civil War will ensure that you receive the June edition. Dr Matthew Hughes (University College Northampton) Subscription rates for 2001 are as follows: For further details, contact Robin Blades, 020 Ordinary Members: ?5.00 8368 5328 Joint Memberships: ?7.00 Junior Members: ?2.50 WEST ESSEX ARCHAEOLOGICAL GROUP th Lectures are given in the 6 Form Unit, VISIT TO ROYAL GUNPOWDER Woodford County High School, High Road,
MILLS Woodford Green, at 7.45 p.m.
Monday 12 March 2001 A Society visit to the Royal Gunpowder Mills at A.G.M. and Presidential Address Waltham Abbey is planned for 21 July 2001.
Provided that we can muster at least 10 people, Harvey Sheldon
the group rate admission is ?4.90 for adults, Monday 09 April 2001 ?2.50 for children aged 5 – 16, and ?4.25 for
London AD45 to AD120 students and senior citizens. This is a
fascinating old industrial archaeology site, and Hedley Swain
the weekend has been designated an
“Archaeology Weekend”. Members wishing to Monday 14 May 2001
book a place should ring Dennis Hill as soon as In the Sir James Hawkey Hall, Woodforfd Green
possible please, on 020 8440 1593. Rudge Memorial Lecture: Hadrians Wall
ANNUAL OUTING LONDON AND MIDDLESEX ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY This year the joint Annual Outing with the Workers Educational Association, will be to the Lectures are held in the Interpretation Unit of Fens and Cambridgeshire on 26 May 2001. The the Museum of London beginning at 6.30p.m. cost is ?13.50; details and a booking form are given on the flyer distributed with Society News. Wednesday 13 December 2000 London on Ice: The Thames Frost Fairs Jeremy Smith (Guidhall Library) VOLUNTEERS STILL NEEDED
Wednesday 17 January 2001
Hugh Chapman Memorial Lecture: We still require people to help with the running In Mint Condition of the Society. In particular, although the Jenny Hall (Museum of London) programme for 2001 is arranged, and that for
2002 is almost complete, a new Meetings Wednesday 21 February 2001 Secretary is desperately needed, to help with In the Lecture Theatre the administration. AGM followed by Presidential Address: If anyone is able and willing to help in this The Streets of Medieval London - or in any other - way, please contact the Dr Derek Keene (Centre for Metropolitan History) Chairman Dennis Hill, telephone 020 8440 1593.
use of the water in Gussie Bowles‟ famous REFLECTIONS FROM garden. All will be revealed in the Research
section at the AGM. THE CHAIRMAN The project to re-excavate parts of Forty
Hall‟s Tudor Elsyng Palace grinds away. An Of recent weeks, the winter weather has been application will shortly be made to the dull, cold and wet on most days, not really Department of Culture, Media and Sport for optimal for field archaeology – at least as far as Consent to excavate this Scheduled Ancient amateurs are concerned. Monument. Once this is obtained, application
Having said that, on the morning of will be made to the Countryside Commission for Sunday 21 January our friends in the West a grant to cover the work.
Essex Archaeological Group invited me to We have continued with a good series of participate in a tour of Copped Hall. When Friday evening lectures in Jubilee Hall, which driving anti-clockwise on the M25 and leaving has attracted sizeable audiences. On the the tunnel shortly after the M11 junction, ahead afternoon of Saturday 21 July, there will be a of you on the right is the mysterious ruin of a visit to the Royal Gunpowder Mills at Waltham burnt-out Georgian mansion. This is Copped Abbey. This is a new attraction featuring an
Archaeological Weekend (see Society Matters – Hall, a place I had always wanted to explore, so
ed.). on with boots and rainproofs and out into a
snowy landscape with a howling gale blowing. Dennis Hill
To my surprise there was a turnout of about 100 people.
The original Hall was held by the
Fitzaucher family from about 1150 to 1337. This
MEETING REPORTS early Hall was sited some 250 metres north
west of the present ruin. In 1303, the estate
comprised a park of 24 hectares, arable land of Excavating the Crypt of 40 hectares and 8 hectares of meadowland.
In 1751 the demolition of the Tudor Hall Christ Church, Spitalfields commenced and the building of the new Friday 17 November 2000: Jez Reeves Georgian Hall started. By 1803 the estate consisted of 1206 hectares plus a further 215 hectares of forest land. Sadly the Hall burned To the excavators this was a sobering down in 1917. The estate was sold in 1952 and experience and gave rise to much discussion on anything of value from the mansion and gardens the ethics of disturbing such modern remains. was sold. In 1995 the prop