The Republic of Guinea
The origin of the word "Guinea" is unclear. The name came into use among European shippers and map makers in the seventeenth century to refer to the coast of West Africa from Guinea to Benin. In Susu, the language spoken by the coastal Susu ethnic group, the word means "woman."
When a group of Europeans arrived on the coast ,they met some women washing clothes in an estuary. The women indicated to the men that they were women. The Europeans misunderstood and thought the women were referring to a geographic area; the subsequently used the word "Guinea" to describe coastal West Africa.
Guinea is situated on the West Coast of Africa. It borders Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia and Sierra Leone. The country can broadly be divided into 4 zones: a narrow coastal belt, north-western hill region, central savannah which is source of the river Niger and the south-eastern rain forest.
Area: 245,860 sq km (95,00 sq miles)
Population: 9.2 million (2008 UN estimate)
Capital City: Conakry (population: 1.4 million, 2005 UN estimate)
People: The main ethnic groups in Guinea are the Peulh, the Malinke and the Susu (Soussou). The south-eastern forest region is inhabited by the Kissi, Loma and Kpelle peoples.
Languages:French is the official language. Eight languages as are taught in Guinea' s schools: Basari, Pular, Kissi, Koniagi, Kpelle, Loma, Malinke and Susu (or Soussou).
Religion(s): Muslim, Christian and traditional beliefs.
Currency: Guinean Franc. (GNF)
Guinea became a French colony in the late 19th century. It became independent in October 1958,Guinea did not hold democratic elections until 1993 when Gen. Lansana Conte (head of the military government) was elected president of the civilian government. He was reelected in 1998 and again in 2003.
Following President Conté’s death on 22 December 2008, a bloodless coup
occurred with Capt Moussa Dadis Camara taking power. The international has called for legislative elections to take place in 2009.
Guinea possesses major mineral, hydropower, and agricultural resources, yet remains an underdeveloped nation. The country possesses over 30% of the world's bauxite reserves and is the second largest bauxite producer. Long-run improvements in government fiscal arrangements, literacy, and the legal framework are needed if the
country is to move out of poverty.
In Guinea a man can marry four wives because the number of male is much more than the female . But The tribe clan interior is not related trhough marriage. And just like the other Africa countries ,Guinean like carry their things with their head . Brush their teeth with special wood in their mouth.
They take rhizome class crops(cassava, sweet potato and potato),corn, rice and fonio as staple food . They eat beef,mutton,chicken and aquatic product .But they never eat alepidote fish and some aquatic product with a ugly exterior.
It is impolite to eat while walking. A visitor who arrives in a compound while a meal is in progress will be invited to join in the meal. Food often is served in large communal bowls and eaten with spoons. In large families, the men will eat from one bowl and the women from another.
There is a very cute animal in the world called Guinea pig. But it neither come from Guinea ,nor is pig. Its another name are Cavy or Cavia porcellus. Nowadays many
people keep they as a pet ,food or for widely used in research.