SSAT Barron's 3500*

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SSAT Barron's 3500*

    Barrons SAT I Basic Word List



    SAT I

    3,500 Basic Word List Word List 1 abase-adroit

    abase V. /降低,羞辱/lower; humiliate. Defeated, Queen Zenobia

    was forced to abase herself before the conquering Romans,

    who made her march in chains before the emperor in the

    procession celebrating his triumph. abasement, N.

    abash V. /使难堪/embarrass. He was not at all abashed by her open


    abate V. /减弱,减少/subside; decrease, lessen. Rather than leaving

    immediately, they waited for the storm to abate. abatement,


    abbreviate V. /减短,缩写/shorten. Because we were running out of time,

    the lecturer had to abbreviate her speech.

    abdicate V. /放弃/renounce; give up. When Edward VIII abdicated the

    British throne to marry the woman he loved, he surprised the

    entire world.

    abduction N. /绑架/kidnapping. The movie Ransom describes the

    attempts to rescue a multimillionaire's son after the child's

    abduction by kidnappers. abduct,V.

    aberrant N. /不正常的/abnormal or deviant. Given the aberrant nature

    of the data, we doubted the validity of the entire experiment.

    also N.

    abet V. /帮助,鼓励/aid, usually in doing something wrong;

    encourage. She was unwilling to abet him in the swindle he

    had planned.

    abeyance N. /悬而未决/suspended action. The deal was held in

    abeyance until her arrival.

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    Barrons SAT I Basic Word List

    abhor V. /憎恨/detest; hate. She abhorred all forms of bigotry.

    abhorrence, N.

    abject ADJ. /穷困潦倒,卑微/wretched; lacking pride. On the streets

    of New York the homeless live in abject poverty, huddling in

    doorways to find shelter from the wind.

    abjure V. /发誓放弃/renounce upon oath. He abjured his allegiance

    to the king. abjuration, N.

    ablution N. //washing. His daily ablutions were accompanied by

    loud noises that he humorously labeled "Opera in the Bath."

    abnegation N. /批判,自我牺牲/repudiation; self-sacrifice. No act of

    abnegation was more pronounced than his refusal of any

    rewards for his discovery.

    abolish V. /废除/cancel; put an end to. The president of the college

    refused to abolish the physical education requirement.

    abolition, N.

    abominable ADJ. /可恶的,非常糟糕/detestable; extremely unpleasant;

    very bad. Mary liked John until she learned he was dating

    Susan; then she called him an abominable young man, with

    abominable taste in women.

    aboriginal ADJ., N. /原来的,土著的/being the first of its kind in a region;

    primitive; native. Her studies of the primitive art forms of the

    aboriginal Indians were widely reported in the scientific

    journals. aborigines, N.

    abortive ADJ. /不成功的,失败/unsuccessful; fruitless. Attacked by

    armed troops, the Chinese students had to abandon their

    abortive attempt to democratize Beijing peacefully. abort,V.

    abrade V. /磨损,侵蚀/wear away by friction; scrape; erode. The

    sharp rocks abraded the skin on her legs, so she put iodine on

    her abrasions.

    abrasive ADJ. /摩擦的,粗糙的,研磨剂/rubbing away; tending to grind

    down. Just as abrasive cleaning powders can wear away a

    shiny finish, abrasive remarks can wear away a listener's

    patience. abrade,V.

    abridge V. /删节,节选/condense or shorten. Because the publishers

    felt the public wanted a shorter version of War and Peace,

    they proceeded to abridge the novel.

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    Barrons SAT I Basic Word List

abrogate ADJ. /废除/abolish. He intended to abrogate the decree

    issued by his predecessor.

    abscond V. /隐匿,逃避,躲债/depart secretly and hide. The teller who

    absconded with the bonds went uncaptured until someone

    recognized him from his photograph on "America's Most


    absolute ADJ. /完全的,肯定的/complete; totally unlimited; certain.

    Although the King of Siam was an absolute monarch, he did

    not want to behead his unfaithful wife without absolute

    evidence of her infidelity.

    absolve V. /谅解/pardon (an offense). The father confessor absolved

    him of his sins. absolution, N.

    absorb V. /吸收,合并/assimilate or incorporate; suck or drink up;

    wholly engage. During the nineteenth century, America

    absorbed hordes of immigrants, turning them into productive

    citizens. Can Huggies diapers absorb more liquid than

    Pampers can? This question does not absorb me; instead, it

    bores me. absorption, N.

    abstain V. /控制,限制,自己!/refrain; hold oneself back voluntarily

    from an action or practice. After considering the effect of

    alcohol on his athletic performance, he decided to abstain

    from drinking while he trained for the race. abstinence, N.

    abstemious ADJ. /节制,饮食!,调节/sparing in eating and drinking;

    temperate. Concerned whether her vegetarian son's

    abstemious diet provided him with sufficient protein, the

    worried mother pressed food on him.

    abstinence N. /节制,饮食!/restraint from eating or drinking. The doctor

    recommended total abstinence from salted foods. abstain,V.

    abstract ADJ. /抽象的/theoretical; not concrete; nonrepresentational.

    To him, hunger was an abstract concept; he had never

    missed a meal.

    abstruse ADJ. /难以理解的,复杂的/obscure; profound; difficult to

    understand. She carries around abstruse works of philosophy,

    not because she understands them but because she wants

    her friends to think she does.

    abundant ADJ. /丰富,富足/plentiful; possessing riches or resources. At

    his immigration interview, Ivan listed his abundant reasons for

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    Barrons SAT I Basic Word List

    coming to America: the hope of religious freedom, the

    prospect of employment, the promise of a more abundant life.

    abusive ADJ. /粗俗的侮辱,对身体有害的/coarsely insulting; physically

    harmful. An abusive parent damages a child both mentally and


    abut V. /毗邻/border upon; adjoin. Where our estates abut, we

    must build a fence.

    abysmal ADJ. /无底的/bottomless. His arrogance is exceeded only by

    his abysmal ignorance.

    abyss N. /深渊,深坑,无底洞/enormous chasm; vast bottomless pit.

    Darth Vader seized the evil emperor and hurled him down into

    the abyss,

    academic ADJ. /学术的/related to a school; not practical or directly

    useful. The dean's talk about reforming the college admissions

    system was only an academic discussion: we knew little, if

    anything, would change.

    accede V. /同意/agree. If I accede to this demand for blackmail, I am

    afraid that I will be the victim of future demands.

    accelerate V. /加速/move faster. In our science class, we learn how falling

    bodies accelerate.

    accentuate V. /强调,重音/emphasize; stress. If you accentuate the pos-

    itive and eliminate the negative, you may wind up with an

    overoptimistic view of the world.

    accessible ADJ. /可得到的/easy to approach; obtainable. We asked our

    guide whether the ruins were accessible on foot.

    accessory N. /附件/additional object; useful but not essential thing. She

    bought an attractive handbag as an accessory for her dress.


    acclaim V. /赞扬,表扬/applaud; announce with great approval. The

    NBC sportscasters acclaimed every American victory in the

    Olympics and decried every American defeat. also N.

    acclimate V. /适应/adjust to climate. One of the difficulties of our present

    air age is the need of travelers to acclimate themselves to their

    new and often strange environments.

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    Barrons SAT I Basic Word List

    acclivity N. /上山的陡坡/sharp upslope of a hill. The car would not go

    up the acclivity in high gear.

    accolade N. /出名的大奖/award of merit. In Hollywood, an "Oscar" is

    the highest accolade.

    accommodate V. /招待,食宿,适应/oblige or help someone; adjust or

    bring into harmony; adapt. Mitch always did everything

    possible to accommodate his elderly relatives, from driving

    them to medical appointments to helping them with paperwork.

    (secondary meaning)

    accomplice N. /共犯,同伙/partner in crime. Because he had provided the

    criminal with the lethal weapon, he was arrested as an

    accomplice in the murder.

    accord N. /一致/agreement. She was in complete accord with the


    accost V. /搭讪,邂逅/approach and speak first to a person. When the

    two young men accosted me, I was frightened because I

    thought they were going to attack me.

    accoutre V. /装备/equip. The fisherman was accoutred with the best

    that the sporting goods store could supply. accoutrements, N.

    accretion N. /增长/growth; increase. The accretion of wealth marked the

    family's rise in power.

    accrue V. /附带的/come about by addition. You must pay the interest

    that has accrued on your debt as well as the principal sum.

    accrual, N.

    acerbity N. /尖酸的,语气,脾气!/bitterness of speech and temper. The

    meeting of the United Nations General Assembly was marked

    with such acerbity that informed sources held out little hope of

    reaching any useful settlement of the problem. acerbic,ADJ.

    acetic ADJ. /酸的/vinegary. The salad had an exceedingly acetic


    acidulous ADJ. /酸的(尖锐,刻薄/slightly sour; sharp, caustic. James

    was unpopular because of his sarcastic and acidulous


    acknowledge V. /认可,承认/recognize; admit. Although I acknowledge that

    the Beatles' tunes sound pretty dated today, I still prefer them

    to the "gangsta rap" songs my brothers play.

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    Barrons SAT I Basic Word List

    acme N. /顶点/top; pinnacle. His success in this role marked the

    acme of his career as an actor.

    acoustics N. /声学的/science of sound; quality that makes a room easy

    or hard to hear in. Carnegie Hall is liked by music lovers

    because of its fine acoustics.

    acquiesce V. /默许/assent; agree without protesting. Although she

    appeared to acquiesce to her employer's suggestions, I could

    tell she had reservations about the changes he wanted made.

    acquiescence, N.; acquiescent,ADJ.

    acquire V. /获取/obtain; get. Frederick Douglass was determined to

    acquire an education despite his master's efforts to prevent his

    doing so.

    acquittal N. /无罪开释/deliverance from a charge. His acquittal by the

    jury surprised those who had thought him guilty. acquit,V.

    acrid ADJ. /尖锐(尖酸/sharp; bitterly pungent. The acrid odor of

    burnt gunpowder filled the room after the pistol had been fired.

    acrimonious ADJ. /挖苦的,尖酸的,语言,行为!/bitter in words or manner.

    The candidate attacked his opponent in highly acrimonious

    terms. acrimony,

    acrophobia N. /恐高症/fear of heights. A born salesman, he could

    convince someone with a bad case of acrophobia to sign up

    for a life membership in a sky-diving club.

    actuarial ADJ. /保险精算的,精算/calculating; pertaining to insurance

    statistics. According to recent actuarial tables, life expectancy

    is greater today than it was a century ago.

    actuate V. /推动,促使/motivate. I fail to understand what actuated you

    to reply to this letter so nastily.

    acuity N. /尖锐/sharpness. In time his youthful acuity of vision failed

    him, and he needed glasses.

    acumen N. /思想敏锐/mental keenness. His business acumen helped

    him to succeed where others had failed.

    acute ADJ. /精明,敏锐,聪明/quickly perceptive; keen; brief and

    severe. The acute young doctor realized immediately that the

    gradual deterioration of her patient's once acute hearing was

    due to a chronic illness, not an acute one.

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    Barrons SAT I Basic Word List

    adage N. /格言,谚语/wise saying; proverb. There is much truth in

    the old adage about fools and their money.

    adamant ADJ. /坚硬,不动摇/hard; inflexible. Bronson played the part

    of a revenge-driven man, adamant in his determination to

    punish the criminals who destroyed his family. adamancy,


    adapt V. /改变/alter; modify. Some species of animals have

    become extinct because they could not adapt to a changing


    addendum N. /附加,补充/an addition or supplement. As an addendum

    to the minutes, let me point out that Susan moved to appoint

    Kathy and Arthur to the finance committee.

    addiction N. /瘾,依赖/compulsive, habitual need. His addiction to

    drugs caused his friends much grief.

    addle V. /使变疯,腐坏/muddle; drive crazy; become rotten. This

    idiotic plan is confusing enough to addle anyone. addled,ADJ.

    address V. /发表,演讲!,处理,讨论/direct a speech to; deal with or

    discuss. Due to address the convention in July, Brown

    planned to address the issue of low-income housing in his


    adept ADJ. /擅长于/expert at. She was adept at the fine art of

    irritating people. also N.

    adhere V. /黏着/stick fast. I will adhere to this opinion until proof that I

    am wrong is presented. adhesion, N.

    adherent N. /支持者,追随者/supporter; follower. In the wake of the

    scandal, the senator's one-time adherents quickly deserted


    adjacent ADJ. /邻近的,毗邻的/adjoining; neighboring; close by.

    Philip's best friend Jason lived only four houses down the

    block, close but not immediately adjacent.

    adjunct N. /无用的附加物/something added on or attached (generally

    nonessential or inferior). Although I don't absolutely need a

    second computer, I plan to buy a laptop to serve as an

    adjunct to my desktop model.

    admonish V. /警告,训斥/warn; reprove. He admonished his listeners to

    change their wicked ways. admonition, N.

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    Barrons SAT I Basic Word List

    admonition N. /警告/warning. After the student protesters repeatedly

    rejected Chairman Deng's admonitions, the government

    issued an ultimatum: either the students would end the

    demonstration at once or the soldiers would fire on the crowd.

    adorn V. /装饰/decorate. Wall paintings and carved statues

    adorned the temple. adornment, N.

    adroit ADJ. /熟练,有技巧/skillful. His adroit handling of the delicate

    situation pleased his employers.

    Word List 2 adulation-amend

    adulation N. /奉承,恭维/flattery; admiration. The rock star thrived on

    the adulation of his groupies and yes men. adulate,V.

    adulterate V. /掺杂/make impure by adding inferior or tainted

    substances. It is a crime to adulterate foods without informing

    the buyer; when consumers learned that Beech-Nut had

    adulterated their apple juice by mixing it with water, they

    protested vigorously.

    advent N. /到来,出现/arrival. Most Americans were unaware of the

    advent of the Nuclear Age until the news of Hiroshima

    reached them.

    adventitious ADJ. /偶然/accidental; casual. He found this adventitious

    meeting with his friend extremely fortunate.

    adversary N. /对手/opponent. The young wrestler struggled to defeat

    his adversary.

    adverse ADJ. /讨厌,敌意/unfavorable; hostile. The recession had a

    highly adverse effect on Father's investment portfolio: he lost

    so much money that he could no longer afford the butler and

    the upstairs maid. adversity, N.

    adversity N. /贫困,不幸/poverty; misfortune. We must learn to meet

    adversity gracefully.

    advocacy N. /支持,辩护/support; active pleading on something's behalf.

    No threats could dissuade Bishop Desmond Tutu from his

    advocacy of the human rights of black South Africans.

    advocate V. /辩护/urge; plead for. The abolitionists advocated freedom

    for the slaves. also N.

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    Barrons SAT I Basic Word List

    aerie N. /猛禽的窝/nest of a large bird of prey (eagle, hawk). The

    mother eagle swooped down on the unwitting rabbit and bore

    it off to her aerie high in the Rocky Mountains.

    aesthetic ADJ. /审美的/artistic; dealing with or capable of appreciation

    of the beautiful. The beauty of Tiffany's stained glass

    appealed to Esther's aesthetic sense. aesthete, N.

    affable ADJ. /平易近人的/easily approachable; warmly friendly.

    Accustomed to cold, aloof supervisors, Nicholas was amazed

    at how affable his new employer was.

    affected ADJ. /假的,做作的/artificial; pretended; assumed in order to

    impress. His affected mannerisms-his "Harvard" accent, his

    air of boredom, his use of obscure foreign wordsbugged us:

    he acted as if he thought he was too good for his old high

    school friends. affectation, N.

    affidavit N. /宣誓书/written statement made under oath. The court

    refused to accept his statement unless he presented it in the

    form of an affidavit.

    affiliation N. /联合,加入/joining; associating with. His affiliation with the

    political party was of short duration for he soon disagreed

    with his colleagues.

    affinity N. /亲缘关系/kinship. She felt an affinity with all who suffered;

    their pains were her pains.

    affirmation N. /正面肯定,确认/positive assertion; confirmation; solemn

    pledge by one who refuses to take an oath. Despite Tom's

    affirmations of innocence, Aunt Polly still suspected he had

    eaten the pie.

    affix V. /增加,附于/fasten; attach; add on. First the registrar had to

    affix her signature to the license; then she had to affix her

    official seal.

    affliction N. /痛苦/state of distress; cause of suffering. Even in the midst

    of her affliction, Elizabeth tried to keep up the spirits of those

    around her.

    affluence N. /富足,财富/abundance; wealth. Foreigners are amazed by

    the affluence and luxury of the American way of life.

    affront N. /侮辱,冒犯(蓄意蔑视/insult; offense; intentional act of

    disrespect. When Mrs. Proudie was not seated beside the

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    Barrons SAT I Basic Word List

    Archdeacon at the head table, she took it as a personal

    affront and refused to speak to her hosts for a week. alsoV.

    aftermath N. /后果,结果/consequences; outcome; upshot. People

    around the world wondered what the aftermath of China's

    violent suppression of the student protests would be.

    agenda N. /议程/items of business at a meeting. We had so much

    difficulty agreeing upon an agenda that there was very little

    time for the meeting.

    agent N. /方法,工具(代表/means or instrument; personal

    representative; person acting in an official capacity. ?I will be

    the agent of America's destruction," proclaimed the

    beady-eyed villain, whose agent had gotten him the role. With

    his face, he could never have played the part of the hero, a

    heroic F.B.I. agent.

    agglomeration N. /聚集,累积/collection; heap. It took weeks to assort

    the agglomeration of miscellaneous items she had collected

    on her trip.

    aggrandize V. /增加,加强/increase or intensify. The history of the past

    quarter century illustrates how a President may aggrandize

    his power to act aggressively in international affairs without

    considering the wishes of Congress.

    aggregate V. /收集,聚集/gather; accumulate. Before the Wall Street

    scandals, dealers in so-called junk bonds managed to

    aggregate great wealth in short periods of time. aggregation,


    aggressor N. /攻击者/attacker. Before you punish both boys for fighting,

    see whether you can determine which one was the aggressor.

    aghast ADJ. /吓坏了的/horrified. He was aghast at the nerve of the

    speaker who had insulted his host.

    agility N. /敏捷/nimbleness. The agility of the acrobat amazed and

    thrilled the audience.

    agitate V. /激怒,打扰/stir up; disturb. Her fiery remarks agitated the

    already angry mob.

    agnostic N. /无神论者/one who is skeptical of the existence or

    knowability of a god or any ultimate reality. Agnostics say we

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