By Margaret Hall,2014-10-01 07:37
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Name: Kung-chiang Ho

    Class: WR 121 English Composition

    Date: 7,25, 11

    Assignment Title: Essay #2

    Online Education

     When I was a little boy in Taiwan elementary school, I went to see the science fair in the Science Museum. Our teacher explained many future techniques to us, and I was interested in one of the future technology, the internet. The teacher told us that internet can bring many advantages to human. For example, we can download music from the internet, and we can listen to music files. In addition, we can use the internet to meet with people that are thousands miles away. In other words, we do not have to take boats or airplanes in order to meet someone that is thousands miles away. Moreover, you can even take an online course or get a degree from online education. Recently, before start to search this essay, I found that online education has become more and more popular nowadays. We can see many advertisings on television or website that talk about the advantage of online education. Nevertheless, we do not know the quality of online education because there are many deceitful frauds on internet. Accordingly, my question for this topic is about whether online education is beneficial and practical for student to study or not. Is online education a good choice for students?


    To answer this question, I first used the resource from Oregon State University Library website. At first, I used the Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center website to search some view points about online education. I found most of the books, journals, and newspapers are talking about the advantage that online education brings to humans. In her book (2007) Online Education for Lifelong Learning”, Yukiko Inoue

    claims that there are five special advantages provided by online education. She says:

    First, Online education offers convenience and flexibility because it can be used

    anytime, anyplace and anywhere (12). Second, Online education provides

    accessibility that students can access the classes and class materials more

    convenient than the traditional education (12). Third, students can accumulate

    and regain the information much more effectively than traditional education (12).

    Fourth, classmates or teachers cannot see others, which mean that you can let

    your personal identities remain hidden (12). Fifth, students can study in their

    own speed. That is, students do not have stress from studying, and it is important

    for non-native speakers (13).

    Yukiko Inoue holds a Ph.D. in educational research and is an associate professor in the School of Education at the University of Guam, Guam, and has taught educational foundations and research courses. In her study, it illustrates lifelong learning strategies and how technology can support the course design. Approaches on topics, such as, creating learning environments, new challenges, and interaction are discussed by a diverse and experienced group of authors. Therefore, it is pretty credible source. These advantages of online education made me feel that online education can let people have more choices to study. Not only can students use online


    education to study but also some office workers can use online education to advance themselves. In addition, this last advantage of online education which Inoue claims is important to me because I am a non-native speaker who studies abroad in United States. If I could use online education, I would understand the major courses better. Online education can help me to have distance learning by computer. For instance, I can learn knowledge not only from tradition education but also from online education. If I could not understand the contents in the class, I still could use the online resource to comprehend the contents. Hence online education will become an important source to help people to get the knowledge that they want. However, this made me question the quality of online education. I am concerned about the issue that uses online education, and whether getting the academic degree in higher education is reliable and credible or not.

    In order to find out quality of online education, I used Oregon State University Library search system and Google to search about sources which are relative to my topic. I discovered that online education seems to develop rapidly these days, and online education can help students in many ways. According to scholar article (2011), Online Education Reaches New Heights”, U.S. Newswire reports that “Nearly one in

    five higher education students now takes at least one class online, according to a new study of more than 2,500 colleges and universities nationwide. Approximately 3.18


million students had at least one online course in fall 2005.(1). That is to say, online

    education is a rapidly growing in higher education around the nation. This statistic also shows that online education becomes an important method for student to get knowledgea new way getting certificated degrees. US Newswire is a website that talks and provides journalists, social media communities and online news consumers with news of public interest and public policy. US Newswire do the relevant research and talk about what its topic with other sources as a background and speaker. It can be a trustful website. Moreover, in scholar article (2010) “Benefits of online courses in

    career and technical education”, Kimberly Metz says:

    Evidence suggests that blended courses may be the most effective method of

    delivering online courses. The blended or hybrid approach is a combination of

    online learning and face-to-face instruction. Studies found that students in

    blended courses had better grades and improved comprehension, and that the

    courses increased interactions and freed up classroom space (20).

     Kimberly suggests that blended courses are the most useful method for students taking online courses such as, correspond and hybrid. Kimberly Metz is superintendent of Hunterdon County Vocational School District in Flemington, New Jersey. I She is pursuing a doctorate in education. It is published in 2010 so that it is an up-to-date source. It is a credible source with lots of scholar reviews. She is as a background person that quotes lots of people’s sayings. Her article is really relevant to

    my topic with much useful information because I have taken blended classes,


    correspond class, in Seattle Central Community college for writing 101. I had plenty time and flexible schedule working on my papers. Finally, I got an A- which I think is good.

    Next, in newspaper article (2011) Students Can Get a Personalized, Quality

    Education Online”, Lesele Rose indicates that “According to scholars, higher

    education should help students use higher-order thinking skills, think critically and solve real-world problems.” (1). Rose have earned 3 master’s degrees and she is teaching in Western Governors University, a nonprofit, competency-based online institution, and tech online courses as a faculty member at the University of Utah. Hence the higher education should provide a great quality for students. For example, the one-on-one tutorial teaching in the Writing Center or the Learning Center is an effective way for Oregon State University students. However, the one-on-one tutorial teaching is not available all the time. Therefore, we, as a OSU student, can submit our works on Writing Center Online and get a detail respond from one of the writing experts. Fortunately, online education allows every student to be able to have one-on-one tutorial teaching with their own teacher or instructor who is “experienced

    and credentialed in a specialized field of study.” (Rose 1). In a word, not every person has the same way and speed of learning, but the online education can offer students more personal and quality education. Nevertheless, this data just describes the


    condition of online education in developed countries. Since I come from Asia, I still want to know how the online education in Asia is.

    Consequently, in scholarly article (2002) “Web-Based Education at

    Conventional Universities in China: A Case Study”, Zhang, Niu, and Jiang indicates

    that there is still difficulty with using internet based education in developing country such as China. In their studies, “The Chinese government has authorized total of 45

    universities to Web-based educational programs. (1)”. This scholar article is accurate

    to talk about the online education until 2002. However, online education changes too fast and this article will not be accurate anymore. However, we can see the trend of online education until 2002 from the paper. They say, in China, online education faces the problems like “shortage of online instructional resources and duplication of online programs” (13). Online education is in the beginning stage, so the source is not

    complete that compares with traditional education. In addition, the authors claim that “44 conventional universities offer similar specialties and course offerings, each requiring substantial investments in course research and development” (13).

    Consequently, it is a “duplication of resource materials produced by these universities, thereby creating unnecessary waste in terms of human and financial resources” (13). They also reaffirm online education has another problem about “teacher training.” Because teachers are without proper training, “it is hard to expect teachers to produce


    top quality online learning materials and provide top quality learning support to students” (13). In the end, the authors emphasize that the most important concept is the credibility of online education and quality of its students However, most of online education students just graduate from school. As a result, it is hard to find out the answer this time (14). This just a case study in China, but one case cannot stand for the rest of countries in Asia. Therefore, I still want to know the conditions of online education in other Asian countries.

    Similarity, the research in scholar article (2007) The Current Status of

    e-Learning and Strategies to Enhance Educational Competitiveness in Korean Higher Education”, Leem and Lim, point out that Korean education institution tends to disregard the need for students and teachers to have skills to manage online learning and interaction processes. That is why Korean online learning have defect in applications. In a word, both articles, Web-Based Education at Conventional

    Universities in China: A Case Study and The Current Status of e-Learning and

    Strategies to Enhance Educational Competitiveness in Korean Higher Education,

    support that there are some problems with online learning system in higher education. Leem has a PHD in University of Incheon and Lim has a PHD in Kyung Hee University. This research is about 4 years ago and it is kind of out of date. However, this paper shows that the online education is increasing in Korean rapidly. The


    purpose of this study was to examine the current status of e-Learning in Korean higher education and find ways to encourage the further use and development of e-Learning systems that aim to enhance Korea's academic competitiveness (Leem & Lim, 1). So far, I have found that online learning in higher education still has the problems that lack online education resources and ignore the basic need in developing countries. Nevertheless, I want to know what kind of group people can learn better through online education. This opinion made me ask are poor students or distance students suitable for online education? Can online education reduce the poverty condition and improve the economy?

    When reading the scholar article by Larson and Murray (2008),Distance

    Learning as a Tool for Poverty Reduction and Economic Development: A Focus on China and Mexico”, I discovered that distance learning in the developing countries can help poor students or distance students to learn better. In China and Mexico, they establish the Director of Community Learning Centers (CLCs) to help the people who live far from city. Larson and Murray report that “CLCs are operated in partnership with the government, especially with the Department of Education and the Ministry of Social Development. Once a village or town has a CLC, the community can use it in any way they want” ( Larson & Murray, 181). That is to say, the community can use the online resource to help those children who cannot go to school. Therefore, poor


    students or distance students do not have to suffer from lack of education. They can go to school in the CLC which is near to their village, and they can pay less tuition fee to get educational programs online (Larson & Murray, 184). Further, online education can improve the economy through reducing poverty. Finally, the authors believe that “[CLCs] technology to bring quality educational content to poor rural areas with the objective of social and economic development” (Larson & Murray, 195). Furthermore,

    according to “10 Advantages to Taking Online Classes”, tuition fees at online schools

    are lower than traditional schools. Second, students do not have to worry about the cost of textbooks because most courses will let students download all things which are needed for their classes (Online Education Database). In conclusion, online education can benefit poor students or distance students because it helps them to have a lower cost and improve their poverty condition. Consequently, online education also can cause social and economic progressiveness.

     To sum up, online education is suitable for students to study, and it is a complex issue that has no certain answers. That is to say, thousands of individuals might have thousands of opinions. The advantages of online education give people more choices to study. That is, not only students can use online education to study but also some workers can use online education to progress themselves. Moreover, online education can offer students more personal and quality education in developed countries.


    However, online education is not suitable for every person in developing countries. Online education cannot provide reliable education in the places such as college or graduate education. Online education still has some problems with online instructional resources and duplication of programs. Moreover, the quality of online education still has not been proved. In scholar article by Farajollahi, Mehran, Hosein Zare, Mahmood Hormozi, Mohammad R. Sarmadi, and Nahid Zarifsanaee. (2010) , A

    Conceptual Model for Effective Distance Learning in Higher Education, they

    recommend for the improvement of learning-teaching procedure in educational distance education planning of the universities: Learner centered, Communication, Flexibility, Encouraging to active learning, Regarding individual differences, Using online and offline information and communication technology (12). Farajollahi, Mehran, Hosein Zare, Mahmood Hormozi, Mohammad R. Sarmadi are the professors in Payame Noor University and Nahid Zarifsanaee is a professor in Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. This research article contents many of people saying as a background. This paper is credible and up-to-date. In their conclusion, they think there are still lots of online education system need to be improved. I agree with this. Therefore, online education might not be suitable for higher education. Nevertheless, online education is beneficial to poor students or distance students because it can improve their poverty condition. Furthermore, online education can also make social

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