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2011Applied Linguistics(1-3)

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2011Applied Linguistics(1-3)

    Applied Linguistics (1-3)

    Course description

    Applied linguistics (AL) addresses real-world problems in which language is a central issue by mediating between theory and practice. As language pervades real-world events and activities, the field has an extensive coverage. Any single course has to be selective in topics to be included.

     The focus of the course is conceived with special consideration of Chinas

    language education needs in her modernization process and against a world-wide congenial[kən'dʒi:njəl]

    致的 research climate in the field. Starting with a brief overview of the field, the course focuses on key issues in second language education, drawing on theoretical perspectives and research findings in language and linguistics,

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cognitive psychology and

    psycholinguistics studies, and education. To accommodate 适应possible broad

    needs, the course may also touch upon selected topics of current concern.

     The objectives of the course include 1)

    to familiarize the participants with the nature, scope, principles and practice in applied linguistic research; 2) to develop a critical stance to discussions concerned in selected literature, especially against English language education in China; 3) to help the participants lay a foundation in conducting research in applied

    linguistics.

    Topics to deal with in this course

    Part one: An overview of applied linguistics

    1. Introduction--The basic conceptions

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of applied linguistics

    2. The fields of applied linguistics 3. The development applied linguistics Part two: description of language and language use

    4. Grammar

    5. Vocabulary

    6. Discourse analysis

    7. Corpus linguistics

    Part three: The relationship between applied linguistics and other studies 8. Applied linguistics and language 9. Applied linguistics and linguistics 10. Applied linguistics and second language acquisition

    11. Applied linguistics and

    psycholinguistics

    Part four: Essential areas of enquiry in applied linguistics (主要研究领域)

    12. Second language acquisition

     13. Psycholinguistics

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     14. Sociolinguistics

     15. Focus on the language learner: Motivation, style and strategies Part five: Language skills and assessment

    16. Second language pedagogy: A post method perspective

    17. The teaching of the four skills 18. The history of language testing

    developmentthe approaches to

    language testing

    19. The classification and features of

    good language tests

    20. Drawing up test specifications 21. The testing of grammar and

    vocabulary

    22. The testing of listening and reading

    skills

    23. The testing of speaking and writing

    skills

    24. Interpreting and using test results 25. Formative assessment

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References

    1. Bell, Roger T. 1981. An Introduction

    to Applied Linguistics (Approaches

    and methods in Language Teaching).

    London: Batsford Academic and

    Educational Ltd.

    2. Davies, A. & C Elder (eds). 2005. The

    handbook of applied linguistics.

    London: Blackwell.

    3. Els, van Theo. 1984. Applied

    Linguistics and the Learning and

    Teaching of Foreign Languages.

    London: Edward Arnold Ltd 4. McCarthy, Michael. 2001. Issues in

    applied linguistics. Cambridge:

    Cambridge University Press 5. Jia Guanjie (贾冠杰). Applied

    Linguistics: An Advanced Course.

    Shanghai: Shanghai Foreign Language

    Education Press

    6. 蔡金亭; 何英玉. 2004. Applied

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    Linguistics. Shanghai: Shanghai

    Foreign Language Education Press 7. Heaton, J.B. 2000. Writing English

    Language Tests. Beijing: Foreign

    Language Teaching and Research

    Press

    8. Hughes, A. 2000. Testing for

    Language Teachers. Beijing: Foreign

    Language Teaching and Research

    Press

    9. 韩美竹. 2007. An Introduction to

    English Language Testing. 北京,中国

    书籍出版社

    10. Schmitt, N. (ed). 2002/2008. An

    introduction to applied linguistics.

    London: Edward Arnold/世界图书出

    版公司。 An accessible introduction

    to the field by a team of leading

    specialists in respective areas covered

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Journals:

    Applied Linguistics

    International Journal of Applied linguistics

    Annual Review of Applied linguistics Modern Language Journal

    TESOL Quarterly

    Language Learning

    外语教学与研究

    中国外语、中国外语教育

    现代外语、外语界

    外语教学理论与实践

    外语与外语教学、外语研究等

    Part one: An overview of applied linguistics

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    1. Introduction: The basic conceptions

    of applied linguistics

    What is Applied Linguistics?

    ‗Applied linguistics‘ is using what we know about

    a) language,

    b) how it is learned and

     c) how it is used, in order to achieve some purpose or solve some problem in the real world. Those purposes are many and varied, as is evident in a definition given by Wilkins (1999:7):

    In a broad sense, applied linguistics is concerned with increasing

    understanding of the role of language in human affairs and thereby!在那方面,

    with providing the knowledge necessary for those who are responsible for taking language-related decisions whether the need for these arises in the classroom, the workplace, the law court, or the

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laboratory.

    Applied linguistics is a new,

    independent and interdisciplinary science with its own theories, principles and research methods. An agreement has emerged regarding some aspects of applied linguistics, to the degree that the term applied linguistics can be applied both in narrow, technical sense and in a broad, general sense. But linguists disagree about many other aspects of the field, including the theories of applied linguistics: some say that applied linguistics is only the application of the existing discipline of linguistics, while others say that applied linguistics does have its own theoretical approaches. Therefore, the first issue this course will

    st

    examine in the 1 part is to discuss the

    definition and the fields of applied linguistics.

    It is very difficult for linguists and

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    applied linguists to be in agreement about the exact definition of applied linguistics, some definitions focusing on both theory and practice, while others only on practice. Defining ―applied linguistics‘ has always been difficult (Cook and Seidlhofer, 1995). Many researchers have written at length on what the term ‗applied linguistics‘ means. This fact along could be taken to demonstrate that a purely semantic definition of the field will fail; if the fields indeed were what the combination of the words ‗applied‘ and ‗linguistics‘ means, then the terminological problem would have been solved a long time ago. In all applied sciences the aim is to achieve or help to achieve goals which are outside the actual realm of the sciences themselves. Applied linguistics is, therefore, not the same as linguistics; neither is it a subsection of linguistics.

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