Department of Defense (DoD) Transportation and
Acquisition Considerations in the Development of
Foreign Military Sales (FMS) Cases and Supporting
Contracts for Afghanistan
(Working Draft as of July 2009 – comments should be sent to LTC Jeff
Grover, Commercial Phone: 703-697-9352; email:
A. Contract Guidance
1. Current guidance, in accordance with DoD 5105.38M and Policy Memorandums, is that all Afghanistan FMS shipments from CONUS shall be FOB origin and utilize the Defense Transportation System (DTS). There is currently no freight forwarder identified. http://www.dsca.osd.mil/samm/
2. Contracting activities shall review and verify the requirements with the FMS Case Manager/Country Representative and Funds Manager prior to issuing the final contract. They shall also review and verify transportation information with the PCO and/or Transportation Officer to ensure contracts include critical shipping information. This information should include, but not be limited to, requirements relating to shipment documentation marking and freight routing, advance notification of required shipment dates, transportation priority for appropriate terminal clearances, and issuing transportation documentation.
NOTE: Much of this information is available from the Security Assistance Office and Implementing Agency. Some information is contained in the body of the Letter of Offer and Acceptance (LOA) or in an annex to it.
Reference Attachment 1 – Contract Planning and File Checklist.
NOTE: In order to expedite the FMS process as much as possible, it is highly advised to communicate early and often with the Requiring Activity and Implementing Agency. Concurrent planning and preparation of contract actions is also highly advised.
3. Transportation officers shall provide traffic management assistance throughout the acquisition cycle. See:
; FAR 47.105 Transportation Assistance -
; DFARS 247.105 Transportation Assistance -
NOTE: DLA, as an implementing agency, may not have visibility or access to all case documents. In some cases, DLA’s FMS requirements are grouped with other
requirements being processed by Military Department (MILDEP) Implementing Agencies.
See DLA FMS Procedures: https://headquarters.dla.mil/J-4/CSO/FMS.asp
4. Recommend that contracting officers, whenever possible, delegate contract administrative responsibilities and services to the Defense Contract Management Agency (DCMA), where transportation is involved. See
; FAR Part 42 http://farsite.hill.af.mil/vffara.htm
; DFARS Part 242
; DCMA http://www.dcma.mil/
5. Refer to Attachment 2 - Transportation Office Checklist for processing FMS
Shipments to Afghanistan.
6. Refer to the Surface Deployment and Distribution Command (SDDC) Operations Center Customer Advisory for surface movement at Attachment 3. Reference
SDDC at http://www.sddc.army.mil/Public/Home
7. Refer to U.S. Army Security Assistance Command (USASAC)/Army Air Clearance Authority (AACA) Air Clearance Procedures for air movement at Attachment 4. Reference USASAC at
8. Refer to DoD 4500.9-R, Defense Transportation Regulation (DTR) Part II, Cargo Movement and Appendix E.
; DTR is available online at website: http://www.transcom.mil/j5/pt/dtr_part_ii.cfm
9. Refer to FMS Shipments - Shipper Export Declarations (SED). See http://www.census.gov/foreign-trade/www/
10. Refer to DSP-94 Guidance - Authority to Export Defense Articles Sold Under the Foreign Military Sales Program. See
; Attachment 5 - DSP-94 Guidance
11. Other Useful Websites (Recommend reviewing the following for useful information and instructions as required):
; Damaged Cargo.
o The Transportation Discrepancy Report (TDR) was created to document
loss of or damage of government material to support the filing of claims
against carriers for Government reimbursement. The rules can be found in
the Defense Transportation Regulation (DTR), Chapters 209, 210, C.6.
and 211 at http://www.transcom.mil/j5/pt/dtr_part_ii.cfm Also, SDDC
Operations Center Customer Advisories provide additional details for
Processing a TDRs.
; Defense Procurement & Acquisition Policy (DPAP)
; The Transportation Regulations, guidelines and instructions that must be utilized as a guide for FMS Shipments are as follows:
o Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR), Part 47, "Transportation" -
o DoD 4500.9-R, Defense Transportation Regulation (DTR), Part II, "Cargo
Movement" and Part V DoD Customs and Border Clearance Policies and
Procedures - http://www.transcom.mil/j5/pt/dtr.cfm
o DTR Part II, Appendix E - Security Assistance Program (SAP) Shipments:
Foreign Military Sales (FMS) and Grant Aid DTR Part II, Appendix L -
Transportation Control Number (TCN) DoD 5105.38-M, Security
Assistance Management Manual (SAMM) -
o DoD 4000.25-8-M, Military Assistance Program Address Directory
(MAPAD) - http://www.dla.mil/j-
; Chapter 2 -- FMS Construction and Use of Address Codes for
; AP 1.5.1 -- Delivery Term Codes
; Funding For The Security Assistance Program
o DoD 7000.14-R -- DoD Financial Management Regulation
o DoD 4500.9-R -- Defense Transportation Regulation Part II, Attachment
V7 - http://www.transcom.mil/j5/pt/dtrpart2/dtr_part_ii_app_v_7.pdf
; Helpful Websites For FMS Transportation Guidance:
o Defense Institute of Security Assistance Management (DISAM) -
o Defense Security Cooperation Agency - http://www.dsca.osd.mil
; Packaging Information:
o MIL STD 129-P, DoD Standard Practice Military Marking for Shipment
and Storage - http://www.acq.osd.mil/log/rfid/MIL-STD-129PCH4.pdf
o Performance Oriented Packaging Program for Hazardous Materials -
; DoD Government Charge Card Guidebook, Appendix C - Government Purchase Card Guide to Overseas (OCONUS) Shipments -
12. Hazardous Material Shipment Regulations, including, but not limited to the following:
; When shipments contain Hazardous Material the various Hazardous Material
Regulations should be considered - http://www.access.gpo.gov/nara/cfr/cfr-table-
o CFR Title 15, Chapter 1, Part 30 commerce and Foreign Trade - Foreign
o CFR Title 19, Customs Duties, 10.101, 10.102, and Part 142
o CFR Title 22, Chapters I- II, Parts 120 - 130, Foreign Relations
o CFR Title 49, Chapter I Parts 100 – 185
o AFJMAN 24-204, Preparing Hazardous Materials for Military Air
Shipment - http://www.dscc.dla.mil/downloads/packaging/dlai4145_3.pdf
o Bureau of Explosives 6000 - http://www.boepublications.com/6000q.html
o International Air Transport Association (IATA) Dangerous Goods
Regulations (DGR) Guide - http://www.iata.org/index.htm
o Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration -
o Emergency Response Guidebook -
o IMDG - International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code -
o DOD 5100.76-M, Physical Security of Sensitive Conventional AA&E -
o Hazardous Materials Information Resource System(HMIRS) -
B. Contract Clauses
Reference: FAR at http://farsite.hill.af.mil/vffara.htm
Reference: DFARS at
Reference: CENTCOM Acquisition/Procurement Policy and Guidance at http://www2.centcom.mil/sites/contracts/Pages/Default.aspx
(Recommend consideration of the following clauses)
1. Inspection and Acceptance:
; FAR 52.212-4 Contract Terms and Conditions - Commercial Items Inspection:
Origin (As prescribed in 12.301(b)(3))
; FAR 52.246-2 Inspection of Supplies—Fixed-Price. (As prescribed in 46.302)
; NOTE: In addition to citing the clause by reference, shipments must include a
printed receiving report from Wide Area Workflow (WAWF), a DD Form 250,
Material Inspection and Receiving Report/DD Form 1348-1A, Issue
Release/Receipt Document, as applicable. Recommend the equivalent
prescription, for each clause, be included for reference. For FMS Iraq shipments
that are commercial items, recommend the Inspection and Acceptance language
of this clause be included in the contract in full text.
; DFARS 252.232.7002 Progress Payments for Foreign Military Sales Acquisitions
(DEC 1991) (As prescribed in 232.502-4-70(a))
; DFARS 252.232.7003 Electronic Submission of Payment Requests and Receiving
Reports (MAR 2008). (As prescribed in 232.7004)
2. Deliveries and Performance:
; FAR 52.247-29 F.O.B. Origin (As prescribed in 47.303-1(c))
; FAR 52.247-52 Clearance and Documentation Requirements -- Shipments to
DoD Air or Water Terminal Transshipment Points (As prescribed in 47.305-
; FAR 52.225-8, Duty Free Entry (As prescribed in 25.1101(e))
; DFARS 252.242-7003 Application for US. Government Shipping Instructions
; NOTE: There are FAR prescriptions and clauses that must also be reviewed
and/or used before one can reference this DFARS clause.
; DFARS 252.246-7000 Material Inspection and Receiving Report (As prescribed
3. Acquisitions for Foreign Military Sales:
; NOTE: This guidance does not apply to FMS made from inventories or stocks;
Acquisitions for replenishment of inventories or stocks; or Acquisitions made
under DoD cooperative logistic supply support arrangements. ; DFARS 225.73 Acquisitions for Foreign Military Sales
4. Invoicing and Payment Information (Manual Invoice)
; NOTE: Include FAR Part 12 invoice clause if a commercial item. FAR 515.212-4
does not allow tailoring of the invoice portion, so if it doesn’t provide what is
needed, a separate invoice clause should be provided.
; If not using WAWF, a proper invoice is required and should contain the following
- Contractor Name and Address
- Invoice Date and Invoice Number
- Contract Number
- Military Voyage Document Number
- Defense Transportation Regulation (DTR) POE/POD codes
- Military Booking Number Port Call File Number (PCFN)
- Contractor Booking Number
- Contractor Bill of Lading Number
- Description, quantity, unit of measure, unit price and extended price of
services performed. The invoice must provide sufficient detail so as to
enable verification and certification by the Government.
- Size and Type of Container or type of cargo, Breakbulk
- Pieces, Weight and cubic feet for Breakbulk
- Sail Date
- TCN (Van TCN for container shipments)
- Container Number with Alpha Prefix (required only for container
- Services should be broken down by Contract Line Item (CLIN), i.e.,
drayage, linehaul, ocean transportation, etc., and the specific service.
Example: Drayage, Norfolk, Zone 2: Drayage, Norfolk to Newport News
- For One Time Only (OTO) shipments, a reference to the relevant
- Name and address of contractor official to whom payment is to be sent
(must be the same as that in the contract or in a proper notice of
; Attaching evidence of receipt ( i.e., a copy of military manifest or a Receiving
32.905(c) that also includes the military booking Report conforming to FAR
reference number and Van TCN, container number and alpha prefix for containers
or Shipment TCNs and number of pieces for breakbulk) is encouraged to expedite
C. Special Instructions – Contracting Officer shall take special care to
ensure clear and concise instructions are included in all FMS contracts for Iraq. Much of the detail should be included in the LOR/LOA or Purchase Order. If not, it much me clearly identified before delivery has begun. (NOTE: There needs to be
prescriptions for use, when special instructions are expected to be in the contract.)
1. FMS Shipping Instruction: (Each solicitation/contract for FMS-Iraq should include this clause (or substantially the same if allowed to be tailored)).
SHIP TO: ____________________________________________________
NOTE: If not directly specified, the contracting activity that awards an FMS contract or places an order against an existing contract, shall provided clear instruction to the contractor on how to contact the cognizant transportation officer (TO) for shipping instructions prior to shipment. If contract administration responsibilities are delegated to an office other than the procuring contracting activity, provide detailed Point of Contact (POC) for the contract administration activity.
The Transportation Point of Contact for the contract administration office is: POC__________________________________________
Telephone Number _____________________________
NOTE: Need to identify the cognizant DCMA transportation office supporting Afghanistan.
2. Packaging and Marking
; The Contracting Officer shall request from the Requiring Activity all special
packaging and marking requirements for each FMS Case.
; All FMS shipments should be packed to an A/B standard and all packaging and
marking should be in accordance with MIL-STD-129.
; If packaging and marking requirements are part of the contract, provide the
appropriate clause and the provisions that apply to that clause.
; For all FMS cargo booked through the Integrated Booking System, use the SDDC
Advisory Procedures for completing the Cargo Placard that shall be affixed to all
sides of the shipment.
; For FMS air shipments, the shipper must affix military shipping labels to each
individual shipping unit, and the labels must be visible on the outside of the
; Pay special attention to Military Shipping Label guidance contained in MIL-STD-
129 and DTR Part II, Appendix E, Packaging Information.
3. Special Instructions
; NOTE: All FMS shipments will contain an origin and destination POC,
commercial and DSN phone number and e-mail address: (The origin could be the
supplier, depot, or consolidation point. The destination could be the Mark For,
end user FMS customer, or the US port or consolidation point.)
4. In-Transit Visibility
; Contracting Officer shall request from the requiring activity all applicable policy
or guidance providing the latest In-Transit Visibility information.
; Effective upon receipt, military components must utilize active Radio Frequency
Identification (RFID) tags on shipments made under existing cases as well as
those written in the future.
; Reference DoD Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology and
Logistics memo re RFID policy dated 30 Jul 04
; Reference USCENTCOM Reg 700-4 re Logistics Automatic Identification
Technology and In-Transit Visibility dated 23 Jan 06, require all DoD
consolidated (20 or 40 foot sea vans, large engine containers and 463L pallets)
sustainment, ammunition shipments and major items of equipment being shipped
OCONUS to have active RFID tags written at point of origin for all activities
(including vendors). This guidance does not preclude the tagging of smaller
shipments which may be appropriate if they are not subsequently being
consolidated in FMS pure pallets or containers. Content detail will be provided in
accordance with the current DoD RFID tag data formats as displayed in the various RFID tag write software packages.
; Contract should state who is responsible for providing the tags. (NOTE: U.S. Government will provide RFID tags for shipment originating at Gov’t facilities;
otherwise contract language tasking the contractor to provide the tags is required. Either way, the cost of the active RFID tagging will be borne by the Case.)
; NOTE: The TCN is a 17-character data elements assigned to control and manage every shipment unit throughout the transportation pipeline. The TCN for each shipment is unique and not duplicated. Except for a misdirected shipment, a retrograde shipment will not be re-shipped using the original TCN. A new TCN will be created each time a shipment enters the transportation pipeline. (Reference DTR Part II, Appendix L)