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Early Greek notes

By Bobby Fisher,2014-06-20 09:44
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Early Greek notes

Precursors

    ; This chapter focus on the ideas before Thales, and there are two main possible lines of

    influences.

    ; The two possible lines of influences are:

     Native Greek antecedents

     In Homer’s poems, there is an early conception of the nature and origins of the

    universe. Such conception has echoes from the Pre-Socratic thoughts.

     Hesiod had a poem concerning the origin of the universe.

     The other source is Egypt and Babylonian. There might be intellectual contact between

    the Greeks and their eastern neighbors, but it is hard to find of single clear case of

    influence.

Thales

    ; Thales of Miletus was the founder of natural philosophy. He observed the eclipse of the sun

    on 28 May 585 BC.

    ; Knowledge about Thales depends entirely on later reports which are based on oral traditions. ; Thales is the man of practical wisdom.

    ; First, Thales held that the earth rests upon water as it can float

    ; Thales also held that everything was made from water, or that water was the material

    principle of the world. Both according to Aristotle.

    ; Thales’ view on nature of the soul: soul produces motion and soul is mixed in the whole

    universe.

    ; Geometric contribution: a circle is bisected by its diameter, about similar triangles, lines, and

    other theorems.

    ; He was said to die when watching a gymnastic contest, the sun took his life.

Anaximander

    ; Anaximander was the pupil of Thales. He claims that the nature of limitless is the principle of

    the things which exist.

    ; In biology, Anaximander said we came from fish-like animals that can take care of themselves

    right after birth.

    ; His thought in astronomy: there is a circle 28 times as great as the earth and at the hub of

    the celestial wheel is the stationary earth.

    ; His view on limitless: the things from which existing things come into being are also the

    things into which they are destroyed. They give justice and reparation to one another for

    their injustice in accordance with the ordering of time.

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