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Matrix Classification

By Tyler Kelly,2014-03-22 10:22
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Improvement of the support policy, development of the quality systems of the production and the market chain, increasing environmental-friendly production

    ; Country: Finland……………………………..

    ; Environmental Objective(s): Biodiversity, Landscape, Soil Quality, Reducing

    Water Pollution, Reducing Air Pollution

    ; Type(s) of Measure: Payments based on farming practices

HORIZONTAL RURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME (AGRI Policy

    ENVIRONMENTAL PROGRAMME) General Protection Scheme

    Payments based on Basic and Additional Measures

    Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry Agency

EU Council Regulation 1257/1999 Relevant Legislation

    Government Decree on compensatory allowances and agri-

    environmental support (644/2000, amended 449/2001)

    The aim of the agri-environmental support is a sustainable agricultural and Overall Objective

    horticultural production. In addition, the support aims at securing the

    preservation of biodiversity and cultural landscapes of agriculture as well as at maintaining the good preconditions of production over a long term. One

    of the objectives of the agri-environmental support is the reduction of harmful environmental effects, but the aid also aims at steering production

    methods so that the general objectives of environmental protection, biodiversity and landscape management can be achieved, and at the same time, pure and high-quality products can be produced.

Payments are provided to farms complying with basic, additional and Delivery Mechanism

    special measures. There are five basic measures:

    1. Environmental planning and monitoring of farm practices;

    2. fertilisation kept at base levels for arable crops;

    3. limited use of plant protection methods;

    4. creation and maintenance of headlands and filter strips; and

    5. Maintenance of biodiversity and landscape management.

    6. In addition there is a sixth basic measure for livestock

    farms concerning the handling of animal manure (the

    conditions for the storage of manure, taking into account the

    nutrients in manure in fertilisation, detailed instructions for

    manure spreading).

    The farm must implement all basic measures for 5 years after making

    the commitment to receive support. The payments for the basic

    measures are the following:

    ; Crop farms 93.34 euros/ha/year;

    ; Livestock farms 116.89 euros/ha/year;

    ; 333,01 euro/ha/year for parcels under vegetables

    grown in the open, ornamental plants, aromatic herbs

    or medicinal plants (horticultural crops group 1);

    ; 484,38 euro/ha/year for parcels under berries, fruits or

    nursery plants (horticultural crops group 2).

    In addition to basic measures a farmer has to implement one of the

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    following additional measures selected in the first year of the commitment for five years (the figure in brackets indicate a payment in Euro/hectare/year provided for the application of the specific measure):

    - more accurate fertilisation (13.46?);

    - plant cover in winter and reduced tillage (23.55?);

    - biodiversity on farms (13.46?)

    On livestock farms one of the following additional measures may also be selected:

    - reduction of ammonia emissions (23.55?);

    - improving the welfare of production animals (13.46?);

    - treatment of washing water from milking rooms (23.55?);

    In horticulture one of the following additional measures may also be selected:

    - more accurate follow-up of nutrients (13.46?);

    - more accurate nitrogen fertilisation by means of the

    measurement of liquid nitrogen only horticultural crops of

    group 1 (75.68?);

    - use of cover in weed prevention of perennial horticultural

    plants only horticultural crops of group 2 (243.87?).

    The above mentioned payments are set for the whole 2000-06 period.

    The maximum amounts of support per hectare or livestock unit are laid down in Government Decree (644/2000). Total annual support

    per hectare paid for the basic, additional and special measures may

    not exceed the maximum of 600 euros/ha/year for the cultivation of annual crops, 900 euros/ha/year for certain perennial horticultural

    crops and 450 euros/ha/year in the case of other crops.

     Targets

    When Applied 1995-1999, 2000-2006

    National /voluntary Coverage/Eligibility

EU-co financed Costs

    2003 - ? 254 million (?211 million for basic mandatory measure, and

    ? 43 million for additional measures).

    Detail of expenditures by measure are available in the excel table available on the website.

    93 % of the farmers, 96 % of arable area Participation/Results

    Detail on participation (number of participants, area covered) by

    measure are available in the excel table available on the website.

    he study on the effects of the agri-environmental support Monitored by tHow Programme is

    1995-1999 (MYTVAS 1) and 2000-2006 (MYTVAS 2). Monitored/Evaluated

    Ex ante (1999), mid-term (2003)) and ex-post (2008) evaluations.

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Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Source/Further

http://www.mmm.fi/english/agriculture/environment/ Information

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    Matrix Classification:

    ; Country: Finland……………………………..

    ; Environmental Objective(s): Biodiversity, Landscape, Soil Quality, Reducing

    Water Pollution, Reducing Air Pollution

    ; Type(s) of Measure: Payments based on farming practices

HORIZONTAL RURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME (AGRI Policy

    ENVIRONMENTAL PROGRAMME) Supplementary protection

    Scheme

    Payments for Special Measures

    Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry Agency

EU Council Regulation 1257/1999 Relevant Legislation

    Government Decree on compensatory allowances and agri-

    environmental support (644/2000, amended 449/2001)

    Decree of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry on the special measures (647/2001).

    The aim of the agri-environmental support is a sustainable agricultural and Overall Objective

    horticultural production. In addition, the support aims at securing the

    preservation of biodiversity and cultural landscapes of agriculture as well as at maintaining the good preconditions of production over a long term.. One

    of the objectives of the agri-environmental support is the reduction of

    harmful environmental effects, but the aid also aims at steering production methods so that the general objectives of environmental protection, biodiversity and landscape management can be achieved, and at the same

    time, pure and high-quality products can be produced.

Contracts concerning the special measures are made between the Delivery Mechanism

    farmer and the State for a period of five or ten years. The farmer

    undertakes to implement measures specified in the contract in the area concerned or to raise animals of a certain local breed. The special measures available are:

    ; establishment and management of riparian zones

    ; establishment and management of wetlands and sedimentation

    ponds

    ; other methods for the treatment of runoff water (controlled

    drainage, controlled irrigation, recycling of irrigation water)

    ; organic production

    ; arable farming in groundwater areas

    ; efficient use of manure

    ; traditional biotopes

    ; other measure to enhance biodiversity

    ; improvement and management of landscape

    ; raising of local breeds

    ; cultivation of local crops

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    ; reduction of acidity in certain areas (lime-filter drainage,

    intensified liming)

    Support for the special measures depends on the costs and income losses involved, and there is also an incentive.

    The maximum amounts of support per hectare or livestock unit are laid down in Government Decree (644/2000). Total annual support

    per hectare paid for the basic, additional and special measures may not exceed the maximum of 600 euros/ha/year for the cultivation of annual crops, 900 euros/ha/year for certain perennial horticultural

    crops and 450 euros/ha/year in the case of other crops.

     Targets

    When Applied 1995-1999, 2000-2006

    National /voluntary Coverage/Eligibility

EU-co financed Costs

    2003 - ? 43 million

    Detail of expenditures by measure are available in the excel table available on the website.

    93 % of the farmers, 96 % of arable area Participation/Results

    Detail on participation (number of participants, area covered) by

    measure are available in the excel table available on the website.

    Monitored by the study on the effects of the agri-environmental support How Programme is

    1995-1999 (MYTVAS 1) and 2000-2006 (MYTVAS 2). Monitored/Evaluated

    Ex ante (1999), mid-term (2003)) and ex-post (2008) evaluations.

Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Source/Further

    http://www.mmm.fi/english/agriculture/environment/ Information

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    Matrix Classification:

    ; Country: Finland

    ; Environmental Objective(s): Soil quality, Reducing water pollution,

    Biodiversity, Landscape

    ; Type(s) of Measure: Cross compliance mechanism

CROSS COMPLIANCE Policy

Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry Agency

Council Regulation 1259/1999 Relevant Legislation

    From 2005 cross-compliance is regulated by the following EU

    legislation: Council Regulation 1782/2003 and Commission

    Regulation 796/2004.

    Reduce the risks of plant protection products, protect the Overall Objective

    watercourses, manage the landscape and enhance the biodiversity, to

    avoid over and under grazing

In order to receive the direct payments for arable crops, starch potato, Delivery Mechanism

    seeds, bovines and ovine the farmers must comply with specific

    environmental requirements.

    Cross compliance rules have changed from 2005 (Annex III of the

    Regulation 1782/2003 determines the Statutory Management Requirements and the Annex IV defines the good agricultural and environmental condition measures and requirements for permanent pasture). The good agricultural and environmental condition requirement are as follows:

    Protect soil from erosion by

    o Maintaining minimum soil cover;

    o Strips of uncultivated cover along main ditches, brooks and

    other water systems (the use of fertilisers and plant protection

    products are forbidden on these strips);

    o Not used agricultural land should maintain green cover;

    o Set-aside fields should maintain three meter strips of green

    cover along water systems;

    o Set-aside land exceeding 30% of farm land should maintain

    green cover;

    o The green cover areas have to be moved once a growing

    period.

    Maintain soil organic matter by appropriate practices (restricted burning of stubble).

    To maintain soil structure the use of heavy machinery on wet fields should be avoided.

    Ensure a minimum level of maintenance and avoid the deterioration

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    of habitats by the following measures:

    o Maintaining permanent pastures by grazing, mowing or

    clearing the vegetation;

    o Maintaining open landscape features (such as small trees,

    shrubs, stonewalls, etc.);

    o Protection of wild oats.

     Targets

When Applied From 2000 (new legislation from 2005)

    National Coverage/Eligibility

     Costs

    Farmers receiving direct payments (almost all farmers) Participation/Results

    Monitored and impacts assessed by annual report to the Commission How Programme is

    Monitored/Evaluated

     Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry Source/Further

    Information

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    Matrix Classification:

    ; Country: Finland…………………………….. ; Environmental Objective(s): Organic production……..

    ; Type(s) of Measure: Technical assistance/Extension…………….

    STRATEGY FOR ORGANIC PRODUCTION IN FINLAND Policy

    Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry Agency

    Council regulation 2092/91 Relevant Legislation

    To promote organic farming at national level. To develop know-how, Overall Objective

    promotion and development of organic products and their markets.

    Technical assistance, guidance, education, availability of plant Delivery Mechanism

    varieties and seeds which are suitable for organic production is

    secured.

    The objective is to increase the area under organic farming to 15 Targets

    percent by 2010.

    When Applied 2000

    National /voluntary Coverage/Eligibility

    0.73 million Euro in 2003 Costs

    Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, farmers Participation/Results

    In 2005 organic production cover 6.7 percent of the arable area

    (preliminary information).

    Monitored by monitoring group established in 2002 How Programme is

     Monitored/Evaluated

     Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry , Source/Further

    http://www.mmm.fi/english/agriculture/environment/organic.htm Information

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    Matrix Classification:

; Country: Finland……………………………..

    ; Environmental Objective(s): Biodiversity……..

    ; Type(s) of Measure: Technical assistance/Extension, Research, Regulatory requirements ……………….

    NATIONAL PLANT GENETIC RESOURCES PROGRAMME Policy

    Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry Agency

    Convention on Biological Diversity (1992) (CBD) Relevant Legislation

    FAO: A Global Plan of Action for the Conservation and Sustainable

    Utilization of Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture

    (GPA)

    The First Ministerial Conference on the Protection of Forests in

    Europe (1990)

    The conservation and sustainable use of genetic resources for Overall Objective

    agriculture, horticulture, and forestry

    Education, advisory mechanisms, technical assistance, information Delivery Mechanism

    services contributing to the protection, maintenance and sustainable

    use of plant genetic resources for agriculture and forestry.

    Research and plant breeding based on and utilising the genetic

    variability of plants are activities that produce plant varieties and

    strains suited to conditions in Finland for the needs of agriculture and

    forestry,

     Targets

    When Applied From 2001

    National Coverage/Eligibility

    The cost of the conservation of forest genetic resources from 2001-Costs

    2005 will be an average of EUR 130,000 per year, about half of

    which will be spent on breeding populations covered in the long-term

    forest tree breeding programme.

    MTT Agrifood Research Finland coordinates the programme Participation/Results

    Annual plans are monitored by the Advisory Body for Genetic How Programme is

    Resources. Monitored/Evaluated

    Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry Source/Further

    MTT Agrifood Research Finland, Information

    the Finnish Forest Research Institute,

    Finnish Food Safety Authority

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    Matrix Classification:

    ; Country: Finland……………………………..

    ; Environmental Objective(s): Biodiversity.

    ; Type(s) of Measure: Technical assistance/Extension ……………….

NATIONAL ANIMAL GENETIC RESOURCES PROGRAMME Policy

    (finalised in 2004)

Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry Agency

Convention on Biological Diversity (1992) (CBD) Relevant Legislation

    FAO

To sustain both in situ and ex situ conservation of animal genetic Overall Objective

    resources, find ways to develop the on farm management of local

    breeds and further support the research and inventories connected to

    animal genetic resources.

Education, advisory mechanisms, technical assistance, information Delivery Mechanism

    services

    The selection and maintenance of variation is used to improve the

    safety of animal production, security of supply and diversity of

    production. The active publicity and education are used to

    increase awareness of animal genetic resources and their

    maintenance.

    The programme and the supporting research are in a network with the

    Nordic Genebank and the FAO's global programme

    on animal genetic resources and with international research teams.

     Targets

The national strategy and action plan for farm animal genetic resources was When Applied

    finalised in 2004.

    National Coverage/Eligibility

     Costs

     MTT Agrifood Research Finland coordinates the programme Participation/Results

Annual plans are made and monitored by the Advisory Body for How Programme is

    Genetic Resources. Monitored/Evaluated

The English summary is in the FAO country report on animal genetic Source/Further

    resources and can be accessed at Information

    http://www.nordgen.org/download/fao-rapport-finland-eng.pdf. The

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