DOC

Matrix Classification

By Tyler Kelly,2014-03-22 10:22
8 views 0
Improvement of the support policy, development of the quality systems of the production and the market chain, increasing environmental-friendly production

    ; Country: Finland……………………………..

    ; Environmental Objective(s): Biodiversity, Landscape, Soil Quality, Reducing

    Water Pollution, Reducing Air Pollution

    ; Type(s) of Measure: Payments based on farming practices

HORIZONTAL RURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME (AGRI Policy

    ENVIRONMENTAL PROGRAMME) General Protection Scheme

    Payments based on Basic and Additional Measures

    Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry Agency

EU Council Regulation 1257/1999 Relevant Legislation

    Government Decree on compensatory allowances and agri-

    environmental support (644/2000, amended 449/2001)

    The aim of the agri-environmental support is a sustainable agricultural and Overall Objective

    horticultural production. In addition, the support aims at securing the

    preservation of biodiversity and cultural landscapes of agriculture as well as at maintaining the good preconditions of production over a long term. One

    of the objectives of the agri-environmental support is the reduction of harmful environmental effects, but the aid also aims at steering production

    methods so that the general objectives of environmental protection, biodiversity and landscape management can be achieved, and at the same time, pure and high-quality products can be produced.

Payments are provided to farms complying with basic, additional and Delivery Mechanism

    special measures. There are five basic measures:

    1. Environmental planning and monitoring of farm practices;

    2. fertilisation kept at base levels for arable crops;

    3. limited use of plant protection methods;

    4. creation and maintenance of headlands and filter strips; and

    5. Maintenance of biodiversity and landscape management.

    6. In addition there is a sixth basic measure for livestock

    farms concerning the handling of animal manure (the

    conditions for the storage of manure, taking into account the

    nutrients in manure in fertilisation, detailed instructions for

    manure spreading).

    The farm must implement all basic measures for 5 years after making

    the commitment to receive support. The payments for the basic

    measures are the following:

    ; Crop farms 93.34 euros/ha/year;

    ; Livestock farms 116.89 euros/ha/year;

    ; 333,01 euro/ha/year for parcels under vegetables

    grown in the open, ornamental plants, aromatic herbs

    or medicinal plants (horticultural crops group 1);

    ; 484,38 euro/ha/year for parcels under berries, fruits or

    nursery plants (horticultural crops group 2).

    In addition to basic measures a farmer has to implement one of the

     1

    following additional measures selected in the first year of the commitment for five years (the figure in brackets indicate a payment in Euro/hectare/year provided for the application of the specific measure):

    - more accurate fertilisation (13.46?);

    - plant cover in winter and reduced tillage (23.55?);

    - biodiversity on farms (13.46?)

    On livestock farms one of the following additional measures may also be selected:

    - reduction of ammonia emissions (23.55?);

    - improving the welfare of production animals (13.46?);

    - treatment of washing water from milking rooms (23.55?);

    In horticulture one of the following additional measures may also be selected:

    - more accurate follow-up of nutrients (13.46?);

    - more accurate nitrogen fertilisation by means of the

    measurement of liquid nitrogen only horticultural crops of

    group 1 (75.68?);

    - use of cover in weed prevention of perennial horticultural

    plants only horticultural crops of group 2 (243.87?).

    The above mentioned payments are set for the whole 2000-06 period.

    The maximum amounts of support per hectare or livestock unit are laid down in Government Decree (644/2000). Total annual support

    per hectare paid for the basic, additional and special measures may

    not exceed the maximum of 600 euros/ha/year for the cultivation of annual crops, 900 euros/ha/year for certain perennial horticultural

    crops and 450 euros/ha/year in the case of other crops.

     Targets

    When Applied 1995-1999, 2000-2006

    National /voluntary Coverage/Eligibility

EU-co financed Costs

    2003 - ? 254 million (?211 million for basic mandatory measure, and

    ? 43 million for additional measures).

    Detail of expenditures by measure are available in the excel table available on the website.

    93 % of the farmers, 96 % of arable area Participation/Results

    Detail on participation (number of participants, area covered) by

    measure are available in the excel table available on the website.

    he study on the effects of the agri-environmental support Monitored by tHow Programme is

    1995-1999 (MYTVAS 1) and 2000-2006 (MYTVAS 2). Monitored/Evaluated

    Ex ante (1999), mid-term (2003)) and ex-post (2008) evaluations.

     2

Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Source/Further

http://www.mmm.fi/english/agriculture/environment/ Information

3

    Matrix Classification:

    ; Country: Finland……………………………..

    ; Environmental Objective(s): Biodiversity, Landscape, Soil Quality, Reducing

    Water Pollution, Reducing Air Pollution

    ; Type(s) of Measure: Payments based on farming practices

HORIZONTAL RURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME (AGRI Policy

    ENVIRONMENTAL PROGRAMME) Supplementary protection

    Scheme

    Payments for Special Measures

    Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry Agency

EU Council Regulation 1257/1999 Relevant Legislation