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827-A Teaching Plan for Unit 3

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827-A Teaching Plan for Unit 3

    A Teaching Plan for Unit 3

    (An Integrated English Course Book 2)

?. Time: 6 class hours

    ?. Contents:

     Text A: The Shadowland of Dreams

     Text B: The Struggle for an Education

    ?. Suggested Timetable:

    1. The first four-class-hour session for Text A

    2. The third two-class-hour session for Text B and the exercises for this unit

    ?. Aims and Requirements:

    Text A: The Shadowland of Dreams

    Students will be able to:

    1. grasp the main idea;

    2. appreciate and learn to use the important writing technique employed by the author in

    narration----arrange the writing in time order; 3. master the key language points and grammatical structures in the text.

    4. conduct a series of reading, listening, speaking and writing activities related to the theme of

    the unit.

    Text B: The Struggle for an Education

    1. Pay attention to subjunctive mood and inversion 2. Have a good command of some useful expressions ?. Focal Points and Difficult Points:

    Text A: The Shadowland of Dreams

    1. Learn to organize one passage in time order

    2. Grasp several CET-4 key words and phrases

    Text B: The Struggle for an Education

    1. Analyze subjunctive mood and inversion

    Text A: The Shadowland of Dreams

1. Lead-in

    ?What are the symbols of success in your opinion?

    ?What are the key factors that contribute to one’s success?

    ?What are you going to do if you become a successful person one day?

2. Pre-reading activity

    A. For the first and the second listening, answer the following questions:

    1). What was Monty Roberts asked to do in school one day? 2). What dream did Monty Roberts have?

    3). Why did Monty Roberts get a large red F for his paper?

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4). How did Monty Roberts react to his teacher’s request?

    5). What is the author’s purpose in writing the passage?

    B. For the third or fourth listening, fill in the blanks according to what you have heard. 1) Monty Roberts was the son of _________. His dream was to own a large horse ranch. That night he wrote about his dream__________ and he even drew a picture of ___________. 2). He put a great deal of _________ into the dream ranch and the next day he handed the paper in to __________.

    3) When Monty Roberts asked his teacher why he got a large red F for his paper, his teacher explained to him that his dream was ________ for him. He had no money. But he needed a lot of money to buy the land, the ________ and the _______ for his dream ranch.

    4) When Monty Roberts asked his father for advice, his father just asked him to _____ on his dream because it is a very important _______ for him to make.

    5) When Monty Roberts turned in the same paper, he said to his teacher, “You can keep_____ and I’ll keep _______.I will follow_______, no matter what happens.”

    听力原文?Follow Your Dream

     One day in a high school, a senior named Monty Roberts was asked to write a paper about what he wanted to be and do when he grew up.

     Monty Roberts was the son of a horse trainer. He loved horses. That night he wrote a seven-passage paper describing his goal of someday owning a large horse ranch. He wrote about his dream in great detail and he even drew a picture of a 200-acre ranch.

     He put a great heart into the dream ranch and the next day he handed the paper in to his teacher. Two days later he received his paper back. He got a large red F for his paper.

     He went to ask the teacher why. The teacher said, “The dream is impossible for you. You have no money. Owning a horse ranch needs a lot of money. You have to buy the land, the house and the machines for your ranch. There’s no way you could ever do it. ” Then the teacher added, “If you will write this paper again with a more realistic goal, I will reconsider your grade.”

     The boy went home and thought about it long and hard. He asked his father what he should do. His father said, “Look, son, you have to make up your own mind on this. However, I think it is a very important decision for you. ”

     Finally, after sitting with it for a week, the boy turned in the same paper, making no changes at all. He said to the teacher,, “You can keep the F and I will keep my dream. I will follow my heart, no matter what happens.”

     Now years have passed. This young man’s dream has finally cone true. He is the owner of a large horse ranch.

    Answers:

    A:

    1). What was Monty Roberts asked to do in school one day?

     He was asked to write a paper about what he wanted to be and do when he grew up. 2). What dream did Monty Roberts have?

     His dream was to own a large horse ranch because he loved horses.

    3). Why did Monty Roberts get a large red F for his paper?

     Because his teacher thought his dream was impossible for him and asked him to have a more realistic goal in his life.

    4). How did Monty Roberts react to his teacher’s request?

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     He went home thought about it long and hard and asked his father for advice. Finally, he made up his mind to follow his heart and turned in the same paper to his teacher, making no changes at all.

    5). What is the author’s purpose in writing the passage?

     The main purpose in writing this passage is to encourage people to follow their heart and dream no matter what happens in their life.

    B.

    1) a horse trainer / in great detail/ a 200-acre ranch

    2) his heart / his teacher

    3) impossible / house/ machines

    4) make up his own mind / decision

    5) the F / my dream / my heart

3. Background Information

    1). Haley, Alex Palmer (1921~1992), was an American biographer, scriptwriter and novelist. He was born in 1921 in Ithaca, New York. As a young boy, Alex Haley first learned of his African ancestor, Kunta Kinte, by listening to the family stories of his maternal grandparents while spending his summers in Henning, Tennessee. Haley’s writing career began after he entered the U.S. Coast Guard in 1939. He retired from the military after 20 years of service, and then continued writing. Out of the service, he tried his hand at journalism in the private sector. Around 1965, his thoughts turned back to the family story of the African slave that he heard as a child. The completed version of Roots was placed on bookshelves in 1976. Roots won in 1977 the National

    Book Award and a special Pulitzer Prize. Other Haley publications include A Different Kind of

    Christmas, Mama Flora’s Family, etc. Haley died of heart attack in 1992 in Seattle.

    2). Roots:

    Haley traced in it his ancestry back to Africa and covered seven American generations, starting from his ancestor, Kunta Kinte. The book was adapted to television series, and woke up an interest in genealogy, particularly among African-Americans. Haley himself commented that the novel was not so much history as a study of mythmaking: “What Roots gets at in whatever form is that it

    touches the pulse of how alike we human beings are when you get down to the bottom, beneath these man-imposed differences.”

    3). Coast Guard

    Coast Guard is a naval or police organization that watches from the coast for ships in danger and attempts to prevent unlawful activities at sea.

4. Work on Text A

    A). Text Structure Analysis

    The essay can be divided into three parts.

    Part 1 (Paras.1-2): Alex Haley explains the difference between “being a writer” and “Writing”.

    Part 2 (Paras.3-18): The author tells about his struggle to stick to his dream of writing and his final success.

    Part 3 (Paras.19-22): The author owes his success to his courage and persistence in pursuing his

    dream of writing.

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    B). Raise some questions to make students grasp some detailed information in the text (question and answer method is used)

    Part 1 (Paras. 1-2)

    Questions: (1) Why do a lot of people want to become professional writes?

     (2) What does Alex Haley think of writing as a profession?

    Answers: (1) Because they have the misconception that being a write would bring them wealth

    and fame, yet they have little idea of the hard work and pressure that is involved.

     (2) According to him, writing is a lonely, stressful, and poorly-paid job. And even those

    who do eventually succeed often endured long periods of neglect and poverty earlier in

    their career.

    Part 2 (Paras.3-18)

    Scan this part and tell us the author’s experience during each specific time.

    After leaving a 20-year career in the Coast Guard He became a freelance writer.

    (Para.3)

    After a year or so (Para.4) He still hadn’t received a break or he had not had his work

    accepted for publication and began to doubt himself.

    One day (Paras. 5--10) He got a call that changed his life, realizing that he was going

    to stick out his dream and write.

    Right after that (Para.11) Things were not getting better.

    As he learned from other struggling artists (Paras. Gradually he began to sell his articles.

    12--15)

    One day at lunch (Para.16) He got a contract from Reader’s Digest.

    In 1970 (Para.17) He enjoyed fame and success with the publication of his novel

    Roots.

Part 3 (Paras.19-22)

    Questions: (1).What special meaning so the things in the brown paper bag have for the author?

    (2). Why does the author keep that clear plastic case together with the many awards?

    (3). According to the author, what is the lesson anyone with a dream should learn? Answers: (1).They are reminders of his struggle in the past. And they are part of his roots which

    will always encourage him to go ahead. He can never forget those things in it.

    (2). He wants to be reminded of the courage and persistence it takes to stay the course

    in the shadowland. These things are part of his roots.

     (3). If one wants to be successful, one must “live in the shadowland” first, and it takes

    courage and persistence to stay the course.

5. Language Points

    Part 1 (Paras.1-2)

    ?.Many a young person tells me he wants to be a writer.

     many a :后接可数名词的单数,形式上是单数,表达的是复数的含义。

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e.g. Many a scientist attends the conference.

    ?. For every writer kissed by fortune, there are thousands more whose longing is never rewarded.

     Explanation :“every writer kissed by fortune” means “the writer who can achieve success”.

     Translation: 幸运之神会眷顾一些作家,但数以千计的人心中的渴望永远无法满足。

     reward: v. give sth. to sb. because they have done sth. good or helpful or have worked for it

     reward somebody )for sth.?因为某事报答/酬谢某人

     e.g. Is this how you reward me for my help?

     n. 1). sth. that you get because you have done sth. good or helpful or have worked hard

    e.g. He received a medal in reward for his bravery.

     2). money that is offered to people for helping the police to solve a crime or catch a

    criminal

     A $1000 reward has been offered for the return of the stolen painting.

     rewarding adj. worth doing, satisfying

     e.g. a rewarding trip/ experience

    ?. Even those who succeed often know long periods of neglect and poverty.

    neglect:

     n. failure to look after sth. or sb., or the condition of not being looked after; failure to pay proper

    attention to sth.

    e.g. 那花园疏于打理。

    The garden was in a state of neglect.

    He lost his job because of neglect of duty.

     v. 1) pay too little attention to sth.

     neglect their warnings 不顾他们的警告

     neglect her appearance忽视她的外貌

    2). not do sth.

     He neglected to write and say “Thank you.”

     CF: neglect ignore 都有忽略遗漏之意。

     neglect为普通用语,指对职责、义务或应做的事等没有给予足够或适当的注意。这种忘记

    可能为有意的,也可能为无意的。

     Many of these ideas have been neglected by modern historians.

     ignore疏忽不顾,强调对某人或某物故意不理会,有时还带有固执地拒绝的意味。

    You can't ignore the fact that many criminals never go to prison.

Part 2 (Paras.3-18)

    ?.…, I had no prospects at all.

    prospect: n.

    1) chances of future success

    The manager held out bright prospects to me if I accepted the position. 2) the possibility that sth. will happen

     I see little prospect of his recovery.

    ? Immediately I bought a used manual typewriter and felt like a genuine writer.

     genuine: adj.

    1) sth. genuine really is what it seems to be

     a genuine pearl一颗天然珍珠

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    genuine leather 真皮

    2) sb. who is genuine is honest and friendly and you feel you can trust them

     She seems genuine, but can I trust her?

    ? I would keep putting my dream to the testeven though it meant living with uncertainty and

    fear of failure.

     put … to the test: force sb. / sth. into a difficult situation in order to discover what the limits of

    their strength, skills, etc. are

    e.g.你应该让这些方法接受时间的考验。

    You should put these methods to the test of time.

    ? It wasn’t the opposite, a kind of siren call tempting me to give up my dream.

    tempt: v. tempt sb. to do/ into doing; be tempted to do

     1). try to persuade sb. to do sth. by making it seem attractive

     e.g. Nothing could tempt him to take such a step.

     The new program is designed to tempt young people into studying engineering.

     2) make sb. want to have or do sth., even though they know they really should not

    e.g. I’m tempted to take a day off.

    ? On the phone was an old acquaintance from the Coast Guard,…

    acquaintance? n.

    1) knowledge or experience of a particular subject

     e.g. He has some acquaintance with French, but does not speak it fluently. 2). sb. you know, but not a close friend

     e.g. He has a wide circle of acquaintances.

    acquaint: v. acquaint sb. / oneself with sth.

     e.g. Please acquaint yourself with the school regulations.

    be acquainted with

    ?. He had once lent me a few bucks and liked to egg me about it.

     Explanation: “buck” means “dollar”. “egg me about it” is a slangy expression, meaning

    “annoyingly remind me of it”

    ?. From deep inside a bull-headed resolution welled up.

     well: v. if a liquid wells or wells up, it comes to the surface of sth. and

     if a feeling wells or wells up in you, you start to feel it strongly

     e.g Anger welled up within me.

     I felt tears well up in my eyes

     Translation: 从内心深处,一个固执的决定涌上心头。

    ?. Plunging my hands in my pockets, I came up with 18cents.

     plunge: v.

    1) push sth. firmly and deeply into sth. else

    e.g. He plunged his hand into cold water.

    i. move, fall, or be thrown suddenly forwards or downwards; if a price, rate, etc. plunges, it

    suddenly decreases by a large amount

    e.g. The disabled aircraft plunged to the ground and burst into flames.

     come up with: think of an idea, answer, etc.

     e.g. 发现治疗疾病的方法

    come up with a cure for the disease

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    ?. There Alex, I said to myself. There’s everything you’ve made of yourself so far. I’m not sure I ever felt so low.

    Translation: 我对自己说,看吧,亚历克斯,这就是你的全部家当了。我觉得前所未有的沮

    丧。

    ?. For the first time I had money and open doors everywhere.

     Explanation: “open doors” refer to opportunities in the author’s life.

     Translation: 第一次我有了钱,机会之门处处为我敞开。

Part 3 (Paras.19-22)

    ?.Then one day, while unpacking, I came across a box filled with things I had owned years before in the village.

     come across: meet by chance

     e.g. On my way home I came across an old friend of mine.

    ?. Suddenly the past came flooding in like a tide.

     Translation: 突然,往事潮涌而来。

     flood in: arrive or go somewhere in large numbers

     e.g. After he won the gold medal, letters flood in from all over the world.

    ?. Id be hard pressed to say which means the most to me.

     Meaning: I would find it difficult to tell which item is the most important one for me.

     Translation: 要是问我,哪一个对我意义最大,我会感到很难回答。

     be (hard) pressed to do: find it hard/difficult to do

     e.g. I like this novel very much, but I am always hard pressed to say why.

    ?. But only one reminds me of the courage and persistence it takes to stay the course in the Shadowland.

     Meaning: But only one (the brown paper bag and its contents) remind me of the courage and persistence it takes to hang in there or to stick it out until success.

     Meaning: 但只有一样东西会提醒我,在梦想的阴影里坚持自己的方向需要怎样的勇气和

    毅力。

6. Assignments for Text A

    1. Optional Classroom Activities 2 on page 86. (Discussion)

    Section B: The Struggle for an Education

    1. Fast reading

     Ask students to can Text B in ten minutes and doing exercise 2 on Page 85. Read the following statement and then decide whether each of them is true of false based on the information in the text. Write T for True and F for False.

    1) ______ At Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute poor but worthy students had opportunities to pay just a part of the cost of board.

    2) _______ On the first day of his journey, he realized that he didn’t have enough money to go to

    Hampton.

    3) _______ He reached the city of Richmond by walking and begging for a number of days. 4) _______ Though he was tired and hungry, he still believed that he would reach Hampton.

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    5) _______ By helping unload a big ship, he earned enough money to buy a chicken leg and an apple pie for his breakfast.

    6) _______ He felt that a new kind of existence had begun because he arrived at the school with a

    surplus of 50 cents.

    7) _______ He worked hard to clean the classroom because his future depended upon the impression he made upon the head teacher.

    8) _______ The head teacher admitted the author on condition that he should clean the classroom thoroughly after class.

    2. Languages Points:

    ? but that opportunities were provided by which poor but worthy students could work out all

    or a part of the cost of board, and at the same time be taught some trade or industry. )Para.1?

    Translation: 。。。而且)学校?也会提供机会,使穷苦但上进的学生得以用工作来支付全部

    或部分食宿费用,同时也能学会一门手艺或技术。

    work out: pay (a debt ) with a particular job instead of money )以工作?来抵偿 (债务)

    e.g. John has offered to work out the debt, but I want the money back immediately. ? … I remembered only that I was on fire constantly with one ambition,… (Para.2)

    on fire (with): filled with enthusiasm or excitement (for) )因。。。而?激动、兴奋

    e.g. With repeated failure he was no longer on fire with ambition. ? When I reached Richmond, I was completely out of money. I had not a single acquaintance in the place, and, being unused to city ways, I did not know where to go. (Para.4) out of: not having , without 没有,缺乏

    e.g. What happens if the bank runs out of money?

    be unused to doing sth./ sth. 反义 be used to doing sth./ sth.

    e.g. I was unused to the heavy city traffic.

    ? … I came upon a portion of a street where the board sidewalk was considerably elevated. (Para.5)

    Translation: 我偶然到了一条街道,)看见?木板铺成的人行横道高出路面不少。

    come on/ upon: come across

    e.g. I happened to come upon this website as I was looking for a solution to my problem on the Internet.

    ? I felt that I could hardly blame her if she got the idea that I was a worthless loafer or tramp.

    (Para.7)

    Translation: 我觉得, 就算她认为我是一个一无是处的懒人或流浪汉,我也不能怪她。

    get the idea: understand

    e.g. I think you will get the idea by trying it for yourself.

    ?For some time she did not refuse to admit me, neither did she decide in my favor. (Para.7)

    Translation: 有一阵子,她没有拒绝录取我,但也没有做出对我有利的决定)但也没有同意?。

    ? 此句后半句是以neither引导的一个表示的否定句。Neither放在了句首,故进行了局

    部倒装。像这样的表示否定意义的词或短语有 hardly, seldomunder no circumstances等等,

    : Under no circumstances should we lie.

    in sb.’s /sth.’s favor: to sb’s/ sth.’s advantage

    e.g. The exchange rate is in our favor today.

    ? In the meantime I saw her admitting other students, and that added greatly to my discomfort…. (Para.7)

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in the meantime: meanwhile

    e.g. John was watching TV, and in the meanwhile Susan was reading newspapers. ? It occurred to me at once that here was my chance. (Para.9)

    occur to sb.: (sth.) come into one’s mind

    e.g. It occurs to me that Jean is waiting for me in my apartment. ? I had the feeling that in a large measure my future depended upon the impression I made

    upon the teacher in the cleaning of that room.(Para.9)

    Translation:我有种感觉,在很大程度上,我的前途就取决于我打扫这间房给校长留下的印象。

    in a large/ great measure: to a large extent

    e.g. Their success is due in a large measure to their determination and courage. depend on/ upon: be up to

    e.g. His high marks depend on diligence and persistence.

    make an (a good/bad) impression on /upon sb. 给。。。留下)好的/坏的?印象

    e.g The pupil managed to make a good impression on his math teacher by cleaning the classroom.

    3. Assignments for Text B

    Finish the vocabulary exercises on Page 83 and Page 84 after class.

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