Animal rights, also known as animal liberation, is the idea that the most basic interests of non-human animals should be afforded the same consideration as the similar interests of human beings. Despite the different approaches, advocates broadly agree that animals should be viewed as non-human persons and members of the moral community, and should not be used as food, clothing, research subjects, or entertainment
The great influence of the 17th century was the French philosopher, René Descartes (1596–1650), who’s Meditations (1641) informed attitudes about animals well into the 20th century.
French Enlightenment thinker Rousseau in the preface of "On the Origin of Inequality and foundation, told the concepts of animal rights made a brief, he said that human beings evolved from animals, but unlike other animals, as" the lack of intelligence and freedom, "but other animals are sentient, they should also enjoy the natural rights conferred by, the human obligation to uphold that," In particular, he pointed out that "animals do not abuse the right".
Jeremy Bentham is one of the earliest-depth studies of the scholars of the animal liberationists in the necessity to expand the animal legal rights by the speech. The German philosopher Schopenhauer that is consistent with other animals and humans in nature, animals lack the ability to think. Despite his utilitarian argument for the human consumption of animals to make, he still appealed to the moral concern to animals the same time; he was opposed to vivisection on animals.