On-Demand Instructional Strategies
Academic Expectation 1.11: Students write using appropriate forms, conventions, and styles to communicate ideas and information to different audiences and for different purposes.
Core Content: On-Demand Writing
The purpose of Kentucky’s on-demand writing assessment is to determine if
students can independently apply skills and knowledge of the writing criteria. Under supervision in a testing situation, students produce a single response to a prompt, written in a single, limited time frame. Prompts provide a context which includes an audience, purpose, and form for the piece of writing. The prompts are structured to elicit student writing which narrates an event, persuades, or responds to text, graphic, or chart.
(Note: Despite the limited time frame of 90 minutes, students are given the opportunity to ask for additional time)
Common Forms of Written Response
4 7 12
Letter Letter Letter
Article Article Article
; Narrate an event for a purpose
; Respond to text, graphic, or chart
Instructional Strategies Used Over Time
; Incorporate opportunities for on-demand writing within standards based units
; Utilize teacher generated on-demand prompts for both formative and
; Read and discuss the forms in which students are asked to write (i.e., letter,
article, editorial and speech)
; Analyze techniques writers use in these forms
o idea development appropriate to mode (i.e., narrate, persuade, respond)
o organization appropriate to mode
o sentence structure
o word choice
; Provide students opportunities to select a prompt to which they respond
; Review with students the requirement of the prompts (i.e., form, audience and
; Scaffold this review through utilizing think-alouds, guided practice and
; Guide students in selection of a prompt based on their experiences and their
knowledge of themselves as writers
; Scaffold instruction of the independent use of the writing process through
whole group guided practice, small group practice and independent practice ; Monitor use of the writing process through the phases of development ; Adapt instruction of the stages of the writing process to meet the needs of the
; Guide students in use of resources (i.e., dictionary and thesaurus)
; Provide opportunities for student reflection following on-demand writing (e.g.,
writer’s notebook entries, exit or admit slips, informal conferences)
; Provide specific feedback to students based on writing criteria (i.e.,
purpose/audience, idea development, organization, sentences, language and
; Meet with other teachers to analyze students’ on-demand writing in order to
Situation 1: Your school newspaper is Task 1: Think of a school related issue seeking student writing addressing that you and your peers care about:
immediate issues and current concerns • longer breaks between classes
of teens in public schools • beginning classes later in the day
• building a new wing
• offering an alternative year-
• going to a block schedule
Choose one of the topics above, or one
of your own, and write a letter to your
site-based council that clearly
expresses your topic of concern.
Include specific examples of support
and offer suggestions. Persuade the
council to make any changes you think
Situation 2: Our school district has Task 2: Take a stand regarding snack adjusted their policy on snacks sold to sales in your school. Write a letter to students. This change has caused some your school principal explaining your schools to stop selling snacks all stand and persuade him/her to consider together. your thoughts.
Situation 3: Kentucky’s state Task 3: Write a letter to the state legislatures are concerned about child legislatures (or an editorial for your obesity. The state is proposing new school newspaper) voicing your opinions
guidelines about the sale of soft drinks about the sale of soft drinks during the during the school day. school day.
Situation 4: The newspaper is looking Task 4: Using one of the problems for student articles about current above, or an idea of your own, write an problems at their school such as: article persuading members of the
• new roof to prevent water leaks community to take action and correct
• enclose covered walkway this problem.
• provide a greater variety of
options during lunch
• seatbelts on school busses
• homework issues
Situation 5: At lunch each day, students Task 5: Write a letter to the principal are forced to sit at a table with only persuading him to allow children to sit children from their homeroom. Many with friends at different tables in the
children wan to be able to sit at other cafeteria.
places with friends.
Situation 6: the local newspaper is Task 6: Write an editorial for your local seeking student editorials addressing paper persuading your city council to concerns of the cities in the county that build a swimming pool for the public to are building swimming pools. use.
Situation 7: The advancements in Task 7: Margaret Fuller wrote: “Today a technology and entertainment have led reader, tomorrow a leader.” If this is to a decrease in reading among children. true, how will students lack of interest American students as a majority read in reading effect the future of our less and less every year. country? If it is not true, what has
replaced “reading” to prepare leaders of
Situation 8: State test scores for the Task 8: Write a letter to inform the th7 grade dropped significantly from the school board of the positive benefits of past year. Imagine the school board has P.E. Use persuasive arguments to made the decision to eliminate P.E. from encourage them to reverse their the elementary schedule. This policy decision.
was implemented so that students would
have more time in the classroom on
academic areas of science, language
arts, social studies, and math.
Situation 9: Teachers in your community Task 9: Write an editorial persuading are threatening to strike if the state citizens to band together to help put government does not meet or discuss and keep high quality teachers in public certain demands about salary and schools for good.
Situation 10: Due to a drop in test Task 10: Write a letter to your scores, administrators have been looking principal stating your view on his
at data to resolve any problems within suggestion. Tell him why this would or the building. One suggestion the would not work.
principal suggests is separating males
and females in all classes.
Situation 11: The number of overweight Task 11: Write a letter to local
children is on the rise. Your school businesses asking them to donate money wants to create a gym/workout room to for fitness equipment.
do something to help resolve this
Situation 12: The noise level and amount Task 12: Write an article for the school of litter is increasing in the school newspaper informing the students of cafeteria. The principal wants to keep the problem and give
this time of socialization but needs to meaningful/practical solutions.
control litter and noise.
Situation 13: Students often disagree Task 13: Write a letter to your teacher with or are disappointed by their persuading him/her that your field trip teacher’s choice of field trip location. choice is the best due to its educational This year, however, your teacher has value.
asked for student help in coming up with
an educationally-based field trip.
Situation 14: A new elementary school Task 14: Form your own opinion and is being built to replace one of the 3 write a letter to the superintendent schools in the county. The new building explaining the pros or cons of having all is being built large enough to elementary students in one central accommodate the population of all 3 location.
schools. Community members are raising
questions concerning the well being of
the other two within the county.
Situation 15: According to research Task 15: Every year the Shriner’s obtained in science class. Animals in circus is asked to perform for our captivity that are used for performance school district. Write a letter to the
purposes such as zoos, rodeos, and superintendent persuading him/her to circuses live out their lives in an choose a different type of reward for unnatural, miserable habitat. our students this year.
Situation 16: Arts and humanities Task 16: Write a letter to the school scores in our district vary school to board stating your opinion whether school. Some schools have a full-time every student should be given the art teacher, while others only have a opportunity to have a full-time art
visiting art teacher for nine weeks. teacher in his or her school.
Situation 17: Your school district is Task 17: Write an editorial for a trying to help students fight obesity. newspaper about child obesity that gives
suggestions for what schools can do for
Situation 18: When dealing with a bully Task 18: Write an article for your everyone tends to react differently. school newspaper telling why children Some children get their feelings hurt, are bullies. Relate instances and give others are frightened. Some even try advice to help others deal successfully to bully back. Knowing how other with a bully.
children have dealt with bullies can
better prepare us for dealing with
Situation 19: In recent years, the high Task 19: Write a letter to the high school’s administration has instituted school site-based council voicing your several changes at the school to opinion of whether this change would be increase security. Students are now of real benefit to the school escorted to lunch, scrutinized by atmosphere.
surveillance cameras in the hall and
restricted to the gym or cafeteria
before school. The administration is
now considering another change. They
propose to assign students permanent
seats in the cafeteria for breakfast and
Situation 20: The principal has been Task 20: Write an article for the school
noticing that students have been mean newspaper narrating a time a classmate to other students by teasing them or teased you or left you out. Identify leaving them out. things you did or could have done to
stand up for yourself.
Situation 21: What do you find yourself Task 21: Write an editorial explaining doing in your spare time? Do you spend why parents should or should not limit most of your evening playing video the amount spent playing video games games? each day.
Situation 22: It is sometimes hard to Task 22: Write an article to your school make friends or keep friends at school. newspaper about being a good friend. Sometimes a person you think is your Include examples of some times when friend ends up not treating you very your feelings have been hurt by a friend well. All of us have had experiences or someone you wanted to be friends when this happened. Think back to one with. (Do not use names.) Give or more of those times. suggestions on how to make and keep
Situation 23: Many schools have snack Task 23: Write a letter persuading your and pop machines for students to superintendent whether having snacks purchase from after lunch. Your and pop in school after lunch would be a
superintendent is thinking about putting good idea or bad idea.
these type of machines in our school.
Situation 24: Middle school students Task 24: Write an article for your are faced with many new challenges, school newspaper explaining one of such as an increase in the amount of these challenges that an incoming middle
homework and writing portfolios. school student might face. Be sure to
support your choice with suggestions
and tips so that these students can have
a successful fourth grade year.
Situation 25: Your class will have the Task 25: Write a letter to your opportunity to take a field trip to one of teacher persuading her to plan a class these places describe in the chart trip to one of these tourist attractions below. on the chart to support your reason for
choosing the location.
Situation 26: Your class has been Task 26: Write a letter to your teacher learning about tourist attractions in persuading her to plan a class trip to one Kentucky. You will be taking a field trip of these Kentucky tourist attractions.
one of the places described in the chart. Use activities on the chart to support
your reason for choosing this location.
Situation 27: There has been a lot of Task 27: As a middle school student, research recently suggestion that when write a letter to the school board that students are separated by gender (all discusses what you see as advantages or boy or all girl classes) that their test disadvantages of trying same sex scores and overall achievement goes up. classes in your school.
Our school board is reviewing this
information and discussing trying same
sex classes in our middle school.
Situation 28: The classroom furniture in Task 28: Write a letter to persuade your school is falling apart. The the members to buy furniture that members of our school board, the would be best for your classroom and superintendent, the principals, and why.
teachers are considering different
types of student furniture. These
members are asking for suggestions as
to what type of furniture to buy.
Situation 29: The SBDM council at your Task 29: Write a speech that you would high school is considering a policy that deliver at a SBDM meeting that would would mandate that if a student misses support or refute this proposal.
20 days a semester, that student
Situation 30: Gym class is an essential Task 30: Write a letter to the SDBM part of the school; however, some council persuading them to support your middle school students are not opinion about adding PE to the middle scheduled in a PE class the entire school school schedule for all grades 6-8.
Situation 31: February is Dental Health Task 31: Write an article for the school
month. Many school age children have newspaper narrating a trip to the not visited the dentist before and are dentist that you’ve taken or tell the scared of the possibility. consequences that happened when you
didn’t go to the dentist.
Situation 32: Our class received a Task 32: Write a letter to the student.
thletter from a 7 grade student that Tell the student about yourself, your lives in Alaska. His class is participating school, and your community.
tin the “Great Mail Race.” The goal is
for students in other states to receive
letters from other students telling
about themselves, their school, and
Situation 33: Our school recently Task 33: Write a letter to the SBDM adopted a dress code. Many kids wear stating your opinion and convincing them the uniforms; however, many kids do not to support your view about the dress and receive no consequence. code.
Situation 34: Students, parents, and Task 34: Write a letter to the SBDM teachers have realized that too often encouraging them to write a policy students who behave in an appropriate providing for a school wide reward way do not get rewarded because of a program.
few students who misbehave. Knowing
how the majority of students feel can
help us see that something needs to be
Situation 35: In December 2004, a Task 35: Write a letter or the school tragic event occurred in Southern Asia. newspaper explaining what happens in a A tsunami occurred in India, Sri Lanka, tsunami and explain ways our school can Indonesia, and Thailand. help.
Situation 36: Our school has snack and Task 36: Write a letter to the principal soft drink machines for students to buy explaining why healthier choices should if they choose. Most of the choices in be added or why the choices should stay the machines are not healthy choices the same. Include whether or not you which may be contributing to child believe that the snack choices
obesity. contribute to child obesity.
Situation 37: A new student has moved Task 37: Write a letter to him/her into our town, knowing nothing about suggesting things to do for fun in our entertainment and recreation community.
Situation 38: Many schools throughout Task 38: Write a letter to the SBDM the nation have struggled with a lack of council addressing a need our school has money. As a result, some schools have but has not been able to fulfill due to a been forced to fire teachers or delete lack of money. Discuss how we can solve curriculum courses, such as music and the problem and why it is necessary to foreign language. do so.
Situation 39: With the opening of a new Task 39: Write an article for the local school, students are asked to leave old newspaper narrating an event at our new friends and traditions behind and come school that has made the transition into together with new friends and make new new friends and traditions easier.
Situation 40: The discipline committee Task 40: Choose one rule from the of our school is meeting to revise the student handbook which students
student handbook for next year. Among believe either should be revised or the topics to be discussed are: hats, CD removed. Write a speech to the players, parking passes, and students discipline committee to discuss your skipping/leaving for lunch. reasons for changing or keeping one
current school rule as it is.
Situation 41: Lunch calendars go out at Task 41: Write a letter to the the beginning of the month for each lunchroom workers how the change student to see what will be served on a without notice of school lunches affects
given day. However, it never fails when you. Be sure to give an example of a the most popular item is going to be time this happened to you and how you served they change the menu without felt.
Situation 42: The bell rings dismissing Task 42: Write an article for the you from class, you have five minutes to school newspaper giving advice to