DOC

quiz32

By Judy Clark,2014-06-06 09:54
10 views 0
quiz32

    Chapter 32 A Macroeconomic Theory of the Open Economy

    1. Households make their savings available to borrowers through ( )

    a. resource markets.

    b. the loanable funds market.

    c. the labor market.

    d. taxes.

2. The supply of funds curve is upward-sloping because a rise in the interest rate ( )

    a. decreases the opportunity cost of firms’ investment spending.

    b. increases the opportunity cost of firms’ investment spending.

    c. decreases the opportunity cost to households of consuming.

    d. increases the opportunity cost to households of consuming.

3. Market clearing in the loanable funds market ( )

    a. guarantees that total spending will be just sufficient to purchase whatever

    output is produced.

    b. means that the interest rate will never change.

    c. guarantees that total spending will equal the quantity of loanable funds

    demanded.

    d. requires that the government run a budget deficit.

    4. Which of the following changes would cause a movement along the U.S. demand curve for a foreign currency? ( )

    a. An increase in U.S. real GDP.

    b. A decrease in U.S. real GDP.

    c. An increase in the U.S. interest rate.

    d. A change in the real exchange rate.

    5. As the U.S. interest rate falls relative to the British interest rate, ( )

    a. the U.S. demand curve for pounds will not change.

    b. the U.S. demand curve for pounds will shift to the left.

    c. the U.S. demand curve for pounds will shift to the right.

    d. there will be a move down the existing U.S. demand curve for pounds.

     Chapter 32 (51)

6. The supply of foreign exchange is ( )

    a. determined by the real exchange rate.

    b. independent of the real exchange rate.

    c. determined by central bankers.

    d. determined by the President.

    7. Which of the following could increase the supply of dollars in the foreign exchange market? ( )

    a. A lower inflation in foreign countries than in the U.S.

    b. Lower interest rates in foreign countries than in the U.S.

    c. Higher prices in the U.S.

    d. A depreciation of other currencies.

    8. Which of the following could decrease the supply of dollars in the foreign exchange market? ( )

    a. A higher inflation rate in foreign countries.

    b. Lower interest rates in foreign countries.

    c. Lower prices in the U.S.

    d. An appreciation of other currencies.

    9. Equilibrium in an open economy is characterized by ( )

    a. net exports = net capital outflow.

    b. net exports + net capital outflow = savings.

    c. domestic investment + net capital outflow = savings.

    d. both a and c.

    10. After reunification, Germany experienced a tremendous increase in the demand for loanable funds as many rebuilding projects were initiated. As a result, ( )

    a. interest rates rose, there was a decrease in net capital outflow, there was a

    decrease in the supply of marks, and the real exchange rate fell.

    b. interest rates rose, there was a decrease in net capital outflow, there was a

    decrease in the supply of marks, and the real exchange rate rose.

    c. interest rates fell, there was an increase in net capital outflow, there was a

    decrease in the supply of marks, and the real exchange rate rose.

    d. interest rates fell, there was an increase in net capital outflow, there was an

    increase in the supply of marks, and the real exchange rate fell.

     Chapter 32 (52)

    11. The link between the loanable funds market and the foreign exchange market is ( )

    a. the governments of the countries involved.

    b. the International Monetary Fund.

    c. net capital outflow.

    d. purchasing power parity.

    12. Japan has historically had a high savings rate relative to other countries. This means that ( )

    a. the supply of loanable funds is larger interest rates are lower, and net capital

    outflow is higher.

    b. the supply of loanable funds is smaller, interest rates are lower, and net capital

    outflow is higher.

    c. the demand for loanable funds is larger, interest rates are lower, and net

    capital outflow is higher.

    d. the government must subsidize production in order to encourage international

    trade.

13. Foreign investment in the U.S. causes the ( )

    a. balance on current account to become positive.

    b. sum of the capital and current accounts to be positive.

    c. balance of trade to become negative.

    d. value of the dollar to increase.

14. The “twin deficits” refer to ( )

    a. the U.S. and Canadian trade deficits.

    b. the U.S. trade deficit and the U.S. federal government budget deficit.

    c. the current account and capital account deficits.

    d. trade deficits that match one another when two countries trade.

    15. If the United States government wants to eliminate a trade deficit, it could ( )

    a. reduce tariffs.

    b. encourage imports.

    c. reduce quotas on imports.

    d. depreciate the dollar.

     Chapter 32 (53)

16. Which of the following would not be an appropriate response to a trade deficit for the

    United States? ( )

    a. Increase tariffs.

    b. Appreciate the dollar.

    c. Subsidize exports.

    d. Impose import quotas.

17. Currently, the U.S. government is running a budget deficit. This means that the

    ( )

    a. supply of loanable funds has increased.

    b. supply of loanable funds has decreased.

    c. real interest rate has fallen.

    d. real exchange rate has fallen.

    18. Crowding out caused by government budget deficits will lead to ( )

    a. an increase in the real exchange rate.

    b. a decrease in the real exchange rate.

    c. no change in the real exchange rate.

    d. a devaluation in a nation’s currency.

    19. Surprisingly, government trade policies ( )

    a. can eliminate a trade imbalance.

    b. often increase a trade deficit.

    c. have no real affect on the trade balance.

    d. can lower a deficit on current account but not on the capital account.

20. A tariff is a ( )

    a. tax on goods produced domestically.

    b. tax on exported goods.

    c. tax on imported goods.

    d. limit placed on the quantity of goods that a country can import.

21. A import quota is a ( )

    a. tax on goods produced domestically.

    b. tax on exported goods.

    c. tax on imported goods.

    d. limit placed on the quantity of goods that a country can import.

     Chapter 32 (54)

22. In response to an import quota ( )

    a. exports increase by more than imports.

    b. imports increase by more than exports.

    c. imports and exports are unaffected, but the government collects revenues.

    d. imports and exports are both reduced but net exports are unchanged.

    23. A large and sudden movement of capital out of a country is called ( )

    a. a capital inflow.

    b. capital flight.

    c. a trade deficit.

    d. a trade surplus.

    24. The first step to analyzing capital flight is to expect a(n) ( )

    a. increase in net capital outflow for the country experiencing the flight.

    b. decrease in net capital outflow for the country experiencing the flight.

    c. decrease in the supply of domestic currency for the country experiencing the

    flight.

    d. decrease in the demand for loanable funds for the country experiencing the

    flight.

25. Capital flight is often caused by ( )

    a. political stability.

    b. shifts away from the industrial sector and towards the service sector.

    c. political instability.

    d. policies of the International Monetary Fund.

     Chapter 32 (55)

Report this document

For any questions or suggestions please email
cust-service@docsford.com