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At what age should sexuality education begin

By Teresa Lee,2014-04-22 19:53
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At what age should sexuality education begin

    At what age should sexuality education begin?

    What to cover and when….

Becoming a Sexual Person….

    We are sexual beings from womb to tomb

Sexuality is a natural part of life

Individuals express their sexuality in varied ways….

Coercive or exploitive sexual behavior

Sexual exploration is a natural process

    All sexual decisions have effects or consequences

Children who are sexually educated…..

Developmental Messages

    Content

    Age

    As a framework

Why Developmentally Appropriate??

    To provide:

    Meaningful

    Pertinent

    Relevant

Learning experiences for a variety of ages and learning levels

Sample topics to be covered Preschool through Upper Elementary

Preschool

    Roles of family members

    A recognition of the authority and concern of parents and others responsible for the care of

    preschool children

    Opportunities to make friends with children of both genders Ways to cooperate with family members and others in work and play An understanding that living things grow, may reproduce, and die Consideration for the behavior of babies

    Early Elementary (K-3)

    Information about HIV/AIDS

    Encouraging positive feelings in children as it relates to their bodies Distinguish the differences between boys and girls

    Define AIDS as a serious disease.

    Caution against play with hypodermic syringes and to avoid contact with other peoples blood

    Assertiveness skills

    Begin a study of growth and development, be aware of needs to care for things

Be active in managing body’s health and safety

    Be able to enumerate ways to develop and maintain friendships

    Upper Elementary (4&7)

    Affirm that bodies have natural sexual feelings

    Help children examine and affirm their own families' values Provide basic information about human sexuality, helping children understand puberty and the

    changes in their bodies

    Information about HIV/AIDS, and how to prevent infection

    Range of times at which normal developmental changes begin, including differences in male and

    female timing of these events

    Menstruation and nocturnal emissions

    General stages of the body’s growth

    The fact that emotional changes are to be expected during this time

    ththHigh School (9-12)

    In addition to the other topics from the earlier grades….

    Recognition of the impact of media presentations that encourage sexual involvement The understanding of differences in sexual behavior

    Articulated value system about interpersonal relations, including sexual behavior STD causes/cures

    Contraceptive alternatives

    An awareness of the potentially harmful consequences of sexual relationships An understanding of the right NOT to have sexual relations

    The ability to have and maintain friends

    Information on changing relationships in families

    An awareness of the mixture of independence and responsibility needed at their age Reference: Anspaugh, David J. and Gene Ezell. (1998). Teaching Todays Health, 5th edition. Boston, Massachusetts: Allyn and Bacon.

Sexuality Education Resources

    SIECUS Sexuality Information and Education Council of the United States www.siecus.org

    SIECUS develops, collects, and disseminates information

    Promotes comprehensive education about sexuality (Guidelines for Sexuality Education) Advocates the rights of individuals to make responsible sexual choices Planned Parenthood of America

    www.plannedparenthood.org

    Supports sexuality education through educational resources and medical services

SIECUS Key Concepts

    Key Concept 1: Human Development

    The interrelationship between physical, emotional, social, and intellectual growth. Key Concept 2: Relationships

    Relationships play a central role throughout our lives.

    Key Concept 3: Personal Skills

    Healthy sexuality requires the development and use of specific personal and interpersonal skills. Key Concept 4: Sexual Behavior

    Sexuality is central to being human, and individuals express their sexuality in a variety of ways.

Key Concept 5: Sexual Health

    The promotion of sexual health requires specific information and attitudes to avoid unwanted consequences of sexual behavior.

Key Concept 6: Society and Culture

    Social and cultural environments shape the way individuals learn about and express their

    sexuality.

    SIECUS Developmental Levels

    The levels reflect four stages of development:

    Level 1: middle childhood, ages 5 through 8; early elementary school Level 2: preadolescence, ages 9 through 12; later elementary school Level 3: early adolescence, ages 12 through 15; middle school/junior high school Level 4: adolescence, ages 15 through 18; high school

SIECUS KEY Concepts and their topics

    Human Development

Relationships

Personal Skills Sexuality and Society

Sexual Behavior

Sexual Health

Society and Culture

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