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SC10-Exam Review-Unit C-Climate Change

By Kevin Chavez,2014-06-11 22:53
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SC10-Exam Review-Unit C-Climate ChangeUnit,10

SNC2D1 Date: Name:

    Weather Unit Review

    1. What is the difference between weather and climate?

    ; Weather

    ; Climate

    2. Identify which of the following refer to climate and which refer to weather by writing “climate”

    or “weather” in the space to the left of the following statements:

    _______ In central Ontario, snowfall on December 25 occurs less than 50% of the time.

    _______ December 25, 1999, was warm and cloudy.

    _______ Hurricane Hortense struck the Nova Scotia mainland on September 15,1996.

     _______ Most hurricanes in Atlantic Canada occur in September or October.

3. Describe the three methods of how energy can be transferred:

    ; Radiation:

    ; Conduction:

    ; Convection:

4. For each statement below, write the method of energy transfer:

     Warm water near the equator moves north or south by ocean currents ___________________

     A metal spoon that is left in a pot of boiling water becomes warm ___________________

     Energy from the sun travels through space to reach the Earth's surface __________________

    5. What is a heat sink? ____________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    Give an example: ________________________

    6. What does heat capacity describe? _________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    How does the heat capacity of water compare to land? ________________________

    7. The Earth's atmosphere is mostly made up of _______________________________ gas.

    8. Put the layers of the atmosphere in order, starting with the layer that is closest to the earth:

    _______ Stratosphere

    _______ Exosphere

    _______ Troposphere

    _______ Thermosphere

    _______ Mesosphere

    9. For each statement below, write in the name of the atmospheric layer each describes:

     Where most of our weather occurs _______________________

     Contains most of the ozone layer _______________________

     Contains ions, and is where the northern lights occur _______________________

     The coldest temperatures in the atmosphere _______________________

     Can be called "space" because there are very few particles _______________________

    1. The Earth's rotation causes a rotating effect in weather systems. This rotating effect is called the

    ______________________________ effect.

    ; in the Northern Hemisphere ocean currents rotate

    ; in the Southern Hemisphere ocean currents rotate

    ; the ocean current moving north along the East side of North America is the

    ; this current is (slow, fast) and (warm, cold)

    10. The Gulf Stream has the following effect on the summer climate of Newfoundland when

    compared to an inland location in Central Canada at the same latitude:

    a. it is colder with more precipitation.

    b. it is colder with less precipitation.

    c. it is warmer with more precipitation.

    d. it is warmer with less precipitation

    11. There are two main types of air currents that are responsible for the wind patterns across the

    world. These are the _________________________ and _________________________.

    12. The earth's rotation causes the movement of air masses and depending on your location from the

    equator, you will experience different wind patterns:

    a. From the equator to 30; latitude, the prevailing winds are _______________________

    b. From 30 ; latitude to 60 ; latitude, the prevailing winds are _______________________

    c. From 60 ; latitude to the north pole, the prevailing wind are _______________________

    13. What are jet streams? ___________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    14. Knowledge of the daily jet streams is useful to which profession? ________________________

    Explain why. __________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    15. What are the two different types of clouds? Describe each different type.

    ; ____________________: _______________________________________________

    ; ____________________: _______________________________________________

16. What is the name of storm clouds? _______________________________

    How are these type of clouds recognizable? _________________________________________

    17. Clouds are also classified according to their height:

    ; low-level clouds: ___________________________

    ; middle-level clouds: ___________________________

    ; high- level clouds: ___________________________

18. Forecasting weather is not easy and a specific task. Regional forecasts may differ. Explain why

    this is the case.

    19. There are many different types of precipitation.

    a. What is precipitation?

    b. What causes the formation of the different types?

    20. Not all places receive the same amount of precipitation.

    a. In general, which cities receive more?

    b. Why is this the case? Explain.

21. Complete the following table to summarize how the various factors introduced in this chapter

    interact to produce a global weather model. Write your answers for a typical Northern

    Hemisphere winter day.

    Factor How It Affects Global Weather Patterns

    Solar Energy

    Cloud Cover

    Earth’s Rotation

    Jet Streams

    Prevailing Winds

    Ocean Currents

    Land Masses

    The Hydrosphere

    For each of the following questions determine whether the statement is true or false.

    1. Wind direction is reported as the direction from which the wind is blowing.

    2. Clouds associated with stormy weather are classified as nimbus clouds.

    3. Jet streams are fast moving ocean currents.

    4. The names of middle level clouds start with the prefix "alto".

    5. Fog is a cloud that forms near the ground.

    6. The Earth's atmosphere is mostly made up of oxygen gas.

    7. Any object or material that absorbs energy and becomes warmer is called a heat sink.

    8. Carbon dioxide is a greenhouse gas.

    9. Low-pressure systems are associated with clear, dry weather.

    10. Air tends to fall at the equator.

    11. The Coriolis effect causes ocean currents to rotate clockwise in the Northern Hemisphere.

    12. As you move further from the equator, the radiation that strikes the Earth’s surface is more spread out.

    For each of the following questions choose the best answer .

    1. The method by which energy is transferred from the Sun to the Earth through space is:

    a. conduction c. radiation

    b. convection d. all of the above

    2. The energy from the sun heats the air near the surface of the Earth. Warm air rising is an example of:

    a. conduction c. radiation

    b. convection d. all of the above

    3. A metal spoon is left in a pot of boiling water will eventually heat up and become very warm. This is an example of:

    a. conduction c. radiation

    b. convection d. all of the above

    4. The correct order of the layers of the atmosphere from the surface of Earth upwards is:

    a. mesosphere, thermosphere, stratosphere, exosphere, troposphere

    b. stratosphere, troposphere, mesosphere, exosphere, thermosphere

    c. troposphere, stratosphere, mesosphere, thermosphere, exosphere

    d. troposphere, mesosphere, thermosphere, stratosphere, exosphere 5. Chinook winds occasionally occur on the leeward side of the Rocky Mountains. These winds tend to be:

    a. Warm and dry c. Cold and dry

    b. Warm and moist d. Cold and moist

    6. Which of the following statements is not true about the hydrosphere?

    a. It is made up of all the fresh water and salt water in the world.

    b. Approximately 15 % of Earth’s water is fresh water.

    c. No new water is produced anywhere on Earth.

    d. Approximately 98% of Earth’s water is salt water.

    7. The Gulf Stream has the following effect on the winter climate of Newfoundland when compared to an inland

    location in Central Canada at the same latitude:

    a. it is colder with more precipitation.

    b. it is colder with less precipitation.

    c. it is warmer with more precipitation.

    d. it is warmer with less precipitation.

    8. Cumulus clouds are:

    a. low, uniform sheet clouds c. always found at mid-latitudes

    b. thin, wispy clouds made up of ice crystals d. billowing and rounded in shape

    9. Stratus clouds are:

    a. low, flattened clouds

    b. thin, wispy clouds made up of ice crystals

    c. always found at mid-latitudes

    d. billowing and rounded in shape

    10. Which set of conditions would you find in a maritime tropical air mass?

    a. cold, dry c. warm, moist

    b. cool, moist d. dry, warm

    11. In a high pressure area,

    a. Air is rising and moving inwards in a counter-clockwise motion.

    b. Air is rising and moving outwards in a clockwise motion.

    c. Air is descending and moving inwards in a counter-clockwise motion.

    d. Air is descending and moving outwards in a clockwise motion. 12. Which of the following is not a form of precipitation?

    a. rain c. hail

    b. snow d. fog

    13. Snow falls through a warm layer of the atmosphere and partially melts. It then passes through a layer of the

    atmosphere where the temperature is below 0;C before it reaches the Earth’s surface. This forms:

    a. Drizzle c. Ice pellets

    b. Rain d. Freezing rain

    14. An ozone molecule is made up of how many atoms of oxygen?

    a. one c. three

    b. two d. four

    15. A forested area has all of the following effects on the climate of a region, except:

    a. It moderates air temperature.

    b. It absorbs rainfall reducing the effects of floods.

    c. It releases much carbon dioxide into the atmosphere.

    d. It increases the amount of water vapour in the air through transpiration. 16. Which of the following is not an effect of deforestation?

    a. There is a wider fluctuation in temperatures.

    b. There is an increase in the rate of transpiration.

    c. There is less absorption of rainwater in the area.

    d. There is a decrease in the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. 17. The tundra is particularly fragile because:

    a. The temperatures are so low. c. The soil is so thin and poor.

    b. The growing season is so short. d. All of the above.

     Match the information in column A with the answers in column B. Column A Column B

    1. Can be called "space" because there are very few particles a. stratosphere 2. The coldest temperatures in the atmosphere b. mesosphere 3. Contains ions, and is where the northern lights occur c. troposphere 4. Contains most of the ozone layer d. exosphere

    5. Where most of our weather occurs e. thermosphere

    6. Water that reaches the ground in solid or liquid form a. heat capacity 7. Filters the harmful ultraviolet (UV) radiation b. precipitation 8. How much heat a substance requires to increase it's temperature c. thermal 9. A measurement of the percentage of light that an object reflects d. ozone 10. A rising current of warm air e. albedo

11. The leading edge of a cold air mass a. warm front

    12. When a cold air and warm air collide together, but do not move b. cold front 13. A cold front catches up with a warm front c. stationary front 14. The leading edge of a warm air mass d. occluded front

Weather Maps

    http://www.dnr.state.sc.us/climate/sercc/education/wxmap/wxmap.html

    1. Point to the area of the map above where you would expect the warmest temperatures to occur.

    2. Point to the area of the map above where you would expect to find the coolest temperatures.

    3. Point to the area of the map above where you would expect to find the highest atmospheric pressure.

    4. Point to the area of the map above where you would expect to find the lowest atmospheric pressure.

5. Point to the area of the map above where you would expect precipitation to occur.

    6. Point to the area of the map above where you would expect the highest wind speeds to occur.

    Textbook Review: Unit 4 Review p.652 1-7,9

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