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CoextensivewithSanFrancisco

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CoextensivewithSanFrancisco

    《新时代交互英语》教案?读写译? Book ONE

    Chapter I College Life

     Teaching Objectives

     I. Develop some efficient study habits, such as how to use an English dictionary to learn

     New words, preview their reading, devise an efficient study plan, and start a reading

     notebook

    II. Understand the main ideas of Readings 1 and 2 III. Understand the organization of Reading 1 IV. Master key language points and grammatical structures in the texts:

    a) new words include envelope; scar; remember (to do/doing); miss; achieve;

    promise; organization; intelligence; application (to/for); hopeless, congratulations;

    responsibility; assignment; punctual; regularly; courteous; considerate; drop;

    distract; expectation; schedule; handout

    b) expressions include more than; free from; on the honor roll; tear...open; prepared

    for; walk around; make sure; hand in; on time; ready to V. Master some writing skills, such as the use of free writing and graphic organizers, knowing the rules of capitalization and how to fill in an application form VI. Grammar Review: Time and Tense

     Teaching allotment

     st1 period: Strategy Intro; While-reading of Reading 1 (key language points and grammatical

     structures)

     nd2 period: While-reading of Reading 1 ((main idea; text structure; cultural notes; exercises) rd 3 period: While reading (grammar review)

     th4 period: While-reading of Reading 2 (main idea;; grammatical structures;) th 5 period: Check on students online reading (language points; assignments);

     Background Information of text 1

     1. San Francisco, city in western California. Famous for its beautiful setting, San Francisco is built on a series of steep hills located on the northern tip of a peninsula at the entrance to San Francisco Bay. The bay and its extensions, which include San Pablo Bay and Suisun Bay, constitute one of the great natural harbors of the world, embracing nearly 1,200 sq km (more than 450 sq mi) of water. Because of this, San Francisco was once the major Pacific Coast seaport of the United States. Today the city is an important center for finance, technology, tourism, and culture. The city was named after San Francisco Bay, which in turn was named for Saint Francis of Assisi by early Spanish explorers. Coextensive with San Francisco County, the city of San Francisco is bordered on the west by the Pacific Ocean, on the

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    《新时代交互英语》教案?读写译? Book ONE

    north by the strait known as the Golden Gate, on the east by San Francisco Bay, and on the south by San Bruno Mountain. San Francisco’s boundaries extend north and east to include Alcatraz, Treasure, and Yerba Buena islands in San Francisco Bay, and to the west to the Farallon Islands, 52 km (32 mi) out in the Pacific Ocean.

     Teaching Activities of Text 1

     Warm Up

     Discuss the following questions with your classmates:

     1. Everyone has a dream in life. What is your DREAM?

     2. Do you think your dream will COME TRUE one day?

     3. HOW will you make your dream come true?

     Language points

     Vocabulary Check

     1. Eduardo studied, read, and wrote poetry and short stories.

     (Para. 4) poetry: n. [U] poems in general e.g. He reads a lot of

     poetry.

     poem: n. [C] piece of writing in verse form

     e.g. / decided to write a poem about how I felt when I came to my university for the first time. [主谓一致] 主语中心词为表示度量、距离、金额、时间、书名等复数名词时?往往把这些复数名词看作一 个整体。

    The Poems of Li Bai was published long ago.

     Three years has passed. poet: n. someone who writes poems e.g. He dreams to be a poet in the future.

     2. Eduardo achieved one of his dreams ... (Para.

     achieve v.

     1) to successfully complete sth or get a good result, especially by

     working hard

     e.g. She eventually achieved her goal of becoming a dancer. Wilson has achieved considerable success as an artist. 2) to be successful in a particular kind of job or activity e.g. We want all our students to achieve success in their chosen professions. Even some smart children do not achieve in school. achievement n. 1) [U] successful accomplishment 达到?完成?实现?成功

    e.g. a sense of achievement

    the achievement of one s aim

    2) [C] sth done successfully with great effort 业绩?成绩 e.g. The test measures students' achievements in listening, reading and writing. His great achievement was uniting all the players into a team. [Suffix ment], The suffixes (后缀) -ment, -ation, -tion, -sion and -ion are used to form nouns

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    《新时代交互英语》教案?读写译? Book ONE

     from verbs. Study the table below and then give the noun form of each of the following

    verbs. Make changes in the spelling where necessary.

     Verb Suffix Noun

    assign -ment assignment

     inform -ation information

    produce -tion production

     decide -sion decision

    educate -ion education Exercise:

     1. announce 2. collect

     3. examine 4. develop

     5. connect 6. imagine

     7. govern 8. discuss

     9. organise 10. improve

     11. express 12. permit

     13. move 14. concentrate

     15. divide 16. solve

     17. participate 18. revise

     3. As he flew, he felt free from his life of hard work in the fields. (Para. 5)

     free (a.) from/of: not controlled by; not containing 摆脱了„„的?无„„的 e.g. Being a little boy, he longed to be free of his family. All our drinks are free from artificial coloring and flavoring. free (v.) from/oft to release; not to control; to relieve 使自由?解放?使摆脱

     e.g. All the victims have now been freed from the wreckage.

    He hoped that this new medicine would free his patients from pain. for free: without charge免费 e.g. He offered to do the work for free. My neighbor often cleans my car for free.

     set free: to release; liberate 释放?自由

     释放人质 e.g. to set free the hostages

     They have called on the government to set all political prisoners free.

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    《新时代交互英语》教案?读写译? Book ONE

     4. promised himself not to return to that life. (Para. 5)

     promise v.

     1) to tell sb that one will definitely do 答应?允诺 e.g. She's promised to do all she can to help the poor students. Hurry up We promised we wouldn’t’ t be late. You ve promised me that you will help me in my English. 2)to show signs of sth. 有„„的可能?有希望 e.g. Dark clouds promise showers later. It promises to be warm tomorrow.

    3) I promise you: (spoken) to emphasize a promise, warning, or statement

     e.g. I promise you, it will work! 9I won1 go there again, I promise you!

     promise n.

    1) statement or declaration that sth. will or will not be done 承诺

     帮助的承诺 e.g. a promise of help to give/make/keep/break a promise He made a promise to his parents that he would visit them once a month

     2) hope of good results or success 希望?出息

     e.g. a young man full of promise

     Bill shows great promise as a pianist

     promising a. showing signs of being successful or good in the future 有希望的?有前途

    

     e.g. a promising career in law/a promising start/a promising actor

     roll.(Para. 7) His name was listed among the top students. 5. He was on the honor

     roll n. a name list

     e.g. to call the roll/roll call the electoral roll (BrE)/the voter roll (Am?) 选民名单

    praised him for his organization and intelligence.(Para. 7) 6. Teachers

    to speak with approval of; say that one admires 为„„而表扬 praise sb. for sth.:

     e.g. The mayor praised the rescue team for its courage.

    The teacher praised Tom for helping the blind man cross the street.

    intelligence

     and thinking clearly 聪明的?有理解力的

     e.g. a group of highly intelligent students/an intelligent question

     clever/smart a. good at learning or understanding things quickly

     bright a. used especially to describe young people

     brilliant a. extremely intelligent and doing very good work

     gifted a. used especially to describe children who are extremely intelligent

     wise a. used to describe a person who has a lot of experience and knowledge and can give

     good advice

     cunning/crafty a. good at using one's intelligence to trick people

     genius n. someone who is extremely intelligent and has great ideas

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    《新时代交互英语》教案?读写译? Book ONE

     intellectual n. someone who is well-educated and interested in art, science, or literature at a

     high level

     intelligentsia n. a country's intellectuals, considered as a class

    7. He tore open the envelope and began reading the letter inside. (Para. 8)

     Here "open" is an adjective used as the object complement. The sentence can be written as

     "He tore the envelope open (the envelope was open)... ."

     e.g. He was so angry that he threw the door open and ran down the stairs.

     The door flew open and a noisy group burst in.

     tear n.

     in tears: crying 在哭着?流着泪

     e.g. The players were all in tears when they heard that they had lost the game.

     The child had lost his backpack and was almost in tears.

     tear v.

     tear at: to pull violently at sb. or sth.撕?扯

     e.g. He tore at the wrapping of the parcel.

     The two children were screaming and tearing at each other’ s hair. tear away: to make sb leave with difficulty?使?勉强离去 e.g. We were having such a good time that I had trouble tearing myself away from the party. Tom’ s mother finally managed to tear him away from the TV. tear down: to destroy a building deliberately if 拆除?拆掉 e.g. They tore down the old library when I passed there. A lot of old one-story houses have been torn down to make way for new housing. tear into: 1) to criticize sb. very strongly and angrily 抨击

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    《新时代交互英语》教案?读写译? Book ONE

     e.g. From time to time, she would really tear into her staff.

     2) to attack sb. by hitting hard 攻击

     e.g. 7776" army tore into the enemy.

     tear up: 1 ) to tear (a piece of paper or cloth) into small

     pieces

     e.g. She tore up his letter and threw it away.

     2) to cancel (an agreement, a contract, 撕毁?协议? 同等? e.g. to tear up the peace agreement; to tear a contract up 8. it was the answer to his application to the state university. (Para. 8)

    answer to+ n/gerund

    e.g. the answer to the question

    This letter was also the beginning of the answer to his dream of becoming a pilot.

    Look at the other phrases of "n. + prep."

     access/appeal/approach/attention/attribution/clue/credit/damage/danger/devotion/indifferenc

     e/invitation/preface/proportion/reaction/response/solution to

     application n.

     a formal, usually written request for sth such as a job, a place at university, or permission

     to do sth 申请?申请表?申请书

     e.g. a job application/to fill in the application form/ to accept sb' s application/ to

     reject sb's application/a letter of application

     The university welcomes applications from overseas students. He has made an application to the university for the teaching post. apply (to sb.) (for sth.) v. to formally ask for e.g. / applied to four universities and was accepted by all of them. She applied for a job with the local newspaper. Structure Review: Capital Letters (Seeing Page13) Reading Procedure First Reading: Skimming Read the entire passage at your own pace, Pay more attention to main points. And finish question1 in After You Read. (Answers: Refer to the Keys to the Exercises) Second Reading: Reading for detail Read the entire passage at your own pace, and try to notice as many details as possible. And finish question2 in After You Read. (Answers: Refer to the Keys to the Exercises) Organization of Reading 1 Brief Intro to narration(记叙),flashbacks(倒叙),and narration interspersed with flashbacks(插叙)

    Teaching Activities of Text 2

     Reading Procedure 1. Select three rules that you think are the most important in college, and explain why?

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    《新时代交互英语》教案?读写译? Book ONE

     2. First reading: skimming

     how many rules for the college classroom can you find in the reading?

     3. Compare the rules you choose with the rules you wrote down before the reading? Are

     they the same?

     Language points

1. What are your responsibilities as a student in a college classroom? (Para. 2)

     responsibility n.

     responsibility (for): a duty to be in charge of sb./sth. 责任?职责 e.g. My responsibilities include answering the phone and dealing with customers' enquiries. It is your responsibility to inform us of any changes. No one has yet claimed responsibility for yesterday's bombing.

     responsible a.

    1) responsible (to sb.) for (sth.): in charge of 承担责任的?需负责任的

    e.g. The airline is legally responsible for the safety of its passengers.

    You should be responsible to the passengers for their safety. He is responsible for

    training new staff.

    2) trustworthy 责任可靠的?有责任感的 e.g. Please give the job to a responsible man.

    You may leave the children with your neighbor he is very responsible.

    3) involving the obligation to make decisions

    e.g. He is too young for such a responsible job.

    He finally got a responsible position in the company.

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    《新时代交互英语》教案?读写译? Book ONE

2. First, you should be prepared for class. (Para. 2)

    1) be prepared for: to be ready to do sth. or deal with a situation

    e.g. / wasnt prepared for all their questions.

    e.g. As there was no news, we were prepared for the worst.

    2) be prepared to do sth.: to be willing to do sth., especially sth. difficult or sth.

    that you do usually do 愿意

    e.g. You have to be prepared to take risks in this kind of work.

    e.g. The teacher told the students that he wasrf t prepared to accept any excuses for then

    being late.

    3. Read your assignments and finish your homework before coming to class. (Para. 2)

    assignment n. [C] a piece of work that a student is asked to do 指定的作业

    homework n. [U] work that a student is asked to do at home 家庭作业

     e.g. a history assignment vs. history homework the homework assignments

    do/start/finish your homework ( Do not say " write/make your homework?)

    4. Next, you should be punctual and attend class regularly . (Para. 2)

    regularly ad. regular a. regularity n.

    1) happening repeatedly in a fixed pattern, with equal time or distance between one

    and the next

    e.g. We meet regularly, once a month.

    Trees are planted at regular distance along the avenue

    The regularity of the design gets boring after a while.

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《新时代交互英语》教案?读写译? Book ONE

2) happening or doing sth. very often 经常(/)

     e.g. Regular exercise helps keep your weight down.

    If s important to exercise regularly.

    His mother reads these books with amazing regularity.

    5. At some colleges, you may be dropped for not attending classes, ... (Para. 4) drop v. drop out dropout n.

    drop: to stop, give up 停止?放弃

    e.g. You cannot expect me to drop everything whenever you come back.

    Those science students are allowed to drop history in Grade

    2. drop out:

    1) to leave school or university before the term has ended 退学

    e.g. Bill dropped out of school after his first year.

    He was dropped from university because he had failed five courses. 2) not to take part in退出

    e.g. He dropped out of that football team after the traffic accident.

    The group gets smaller as members drop out.

    dropout n. a student who leaves school before finishing the required courses 退学者 e.g. As a high school dropout, he is unlikely to get a decent job.

    6. If you miss a class, you must find out what you missed. (Para. 4) find out: to get information after trying to discover it or get it by chance e.g. Did you find out whether there are any seats left?

    I just found out that they cheated in the exam.

    Compare find out and find:

    e.g. He promised to find me a good job.,(get by searching)

    We found a very good bar near our university. (see by chance) I found him difficult to get

    along with. (feel or know by experience) I think you’ll find more women entering the film

    business now. ( find sb doing sth) He found out the answer all by himself, {get the

    knowledge by effort)

    7. Being late distracts the other students and the instructor. (Para. 5) distract: to take one's attention away from 分散注意力?干扰

     e.g. Turn down the radio. Dont distract the other students.

    The noise of the TV distracted me from my reading.

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《新时代交互英语》教案?读写译? Book ONE

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