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Sample GED Examdoc - Wheelock Consulting

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Sample GED Examdoc - Wheelock Consulting ...

GED Social Studies Section

    50 m/c questions

    1. This is a picture by J. Howard Miller, from World War II.

    It depicts Rosie the Riveter for the many U.S. Women

    whose husbands went to war. What is the most likely

    reason this picture was created?

    a. Women were encouraged to go to war themselves.

    b. Women were entering the workforce for the first time

    and this picture encouraged them to go for it.

    c. Women were encouraged to divorce their husbands.

    d. Women were encouraged to start exercising.

Click the link to answer question number 2:

    http://distancelearn.about.com/gi/dynamic/offsite.htm?zi=1/XJ&sdn=distancelearn&cdn=education&tm=18&g

    ps=299_352_1276_604&f=20&su=p897.3.336.ip_&tt=2&bt=1&bts=1&zu=http%3A//www.archives.gov/ (chia scroll to the bottom and you will find the speech on audio)

    2. What did President Franklin D. Roosevelt mean when he called it “a date that will live in infamy”?

    a. Hawaii will be famous

    b. December 7, 1941 would be easily forgotten

    c. The day that Pearl Harbor was attacked will be remembered because of the horror of the

    attack thd. The United States and Japan had a date on December 7

GED Sample Questions

    Social Studies Page 1

3. What was Franklin D. Roosevelt urging Congress to do in this speech?

    a. Go to War with Japan and enter World War II

    b. To remain calm and not to retaliate

    c. Mourn the dead

    d. None of the above

    th4. What does the 19 Amendment state?

     a. The Right to Vote

     b. The Right to Suffer

     c. Women’s right to vote th d. The 15 Amendment is void

    5. What does suffrage mean?

     a. To suffer

     b. To vote

     c. To be in pain

     d. To register

    GED Sample Questions

    Social Studies Page 2

On May 17, 1954, U.S. Supreme Court Justice Earl Warren delivered the unanimous ruling in the landmark civil

    rights case Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas. State-sanctioned segregation of public schools was a

    violation of the 14th amendment and was therefore unconstitutional. This historic decision marked the end of the

    "separate but equal" precedent set by the Supreme Court nearly 60 years earlier in Plessy v. Ferguson and served

    as a catalyst for the expanding civil rights movement during the decade of the 1950s.

    Arguments were to be heard during the next term to determine just how the ruling would be imposed. Just over

    one year later, on May 31, 1955, Warren read the Court's unanimous decision, now referred to as Brown II,

    instructing the states to begin desegregation plans "with all deliberate speed."

    Despite two unanimous decisions and careful, if vague, wording, there was considerable resistance to the Supreme

    Court's ruling in Brown v. Board of Education. In addition to the obvious disapproving segregationists were some

    constitutional scholars who felt that the decision went against legal tradition by relying heavily on data supplied by

    social scientists rather than precedent or established law. Supporters of judicial restraint believed the Court had

    overstepped its constitutional powers by essentially writing new law.

    However, minority groups and members of the civil rights movement were buoyed by the Brown decision even

    without specific directions for implementation. Proponents of judicial activism believed the Supreme Court had

    appropriately used its position to adapt the basis of the Constitution to address new problems in new times. The

    Warren Court stayed this course for the next 15 years, deciding cases that significantly affected not only race

    relations, but also the administration of criminal justice, the operation of the political process, and the separation

    of church and state.

    6. What do segregationists and some scholars have in common, in regards to the Brown v. Board decision?

    a. They think the decision was step in the right direction.

    b. They believe it was wrong and violated judicial power

    c. They were supportive and excited to start integrating schools

    d. They were champions of the Warren Court

    7. Based on this passage, what is a reasonable conclusion to draw about the Warren Court?

    a. It marked a dark time in U.S. History with conservative, religious views

    b. It was an embarrassing time for the U.S. Judicial System

    c. It marked a progressive period of time, focused on civil rights and liberties

    d. The Warren Court summarily destroyed the Constitution and its Amendments

    US PRESIDENT Total Number of Precincts 438 Precincts Reporting 438 100.0 % Times Counted 327341/495731 66.0 % Total Votes 326197

    Baldwin and Castle AI 1660 0.51%

    Barr and Root LIB 1589 0.49%

    McCain and Palin REP 193841 59.42%

    Nader and Gonzalez IND 3783 1.16%

    Obama and Biden DEM 123594 37.89%

    Write-in Votes 1730 0.53%

    GED Sample Questions

    Social Studies Page 3

    8. Based on the table above, what percentage of the vote did the winning party receive in the Alaska vote

    for U.S. President?

    a. 37.89%

    b. 100%

    c. 59.42%

    d. 66%

American Indian peoples have continuously occupied the Colorado Plateau of the Southwest for over 10,000 years.

    From about AD 1000 - 1150, Chacoan culture presided over much of the Four Corners region. The Chacoan people

    created an urban center of spectacular public architecture by employing formal design, astronomical alignments,

    geometry, unique masonry, landscaping, and engineering techniques that allowed multi-storied construction for

    the first time in the American Southwest.

The people built monumental public and ceremonial buildings in the canyon. The buildings were massive, multi-

    storied masonry structures of rooms, kivas, terraces, and plazas. The largest building-Pueblo Bonito-is estimated to

    have contained over 600 rooms and rose four, possibly five, stories high. Hundreds of miles of formal roads

    radiated out from the canyon and linked Chaco to distant communities.

The cultural phenomenon centered in Chaco Canyon was the achievement of a group of people archaeologists call

    the Chaco Anasazi. Today, their descendants are members of 20 Indian tribes in New Mexico and Arizona. The

    accomplishments of the ancient people of Chaco Canyon are part of the history and traditions of the modern-day

    Pueblo tribes of New Mexico, the Hopi of Arizona, and the Navajo.

    9. What conclusion can be drawn about the Chacoan people?

    a. They are extinct

    b. Their efforts resulted In the evolution of the Pueblo tribes of the Southwest

    c. They were warriors

    d. Their architectural and engineering efforts were better than the Romans

GED Sample Questions

    Social Studies Page 4

10. Which of the following states does not contain a U.S. National Heritage Area, a division of the National

    Parks.

    a. Tennessee

    b. Illinois

    c. Michigan

    d. California

    Some national parks are called National Monuments, National Seashores, National

    Historical Parks, National Battlefields, National Recreation Areas, National Scenic

    Rivers, and National Preserves. The different names reflect different purposes and

    histories. Areas with the words "National Park" in the name are generally the most

    strictly preserved, "National Preserves" have the most leeway for non-preservation

    uses such as mineral extraction.

    11. Based on this passage, which of the following is NOT considered a national park?

     a. Gateway Arch in Saint Louis

     b. Mt. Rushmore

     c. Yellowstone

     d. New York Stock Exchange

GED Sample Questions

    Social Studies Page 5

1776

    "Common Sense." Thomas Paine moved many to the cause of independence with his pamphlet titled "Common

    Sense." In a direct, simple style, he cried out against King George III and the monarchical form of government.

    The British Evacuate Boston. American General Henry Knox arrived in Boston with cannons he had moved with great difficulty from Fort Ticonderoga, New York. Americans began to entrench themselves around Boston,

    planning to attack the British. British General William Howe planned an attack, but eventually retreated from

    Boston.

    Congress Calls for the Colonies to Adopt New Constitutions. In May, the Second Continental Congress

    recommended that the colonies establish new governments based on the authority of the people of the respective

    colonies rather than on the British Crown.

    Congress Declares Independence. When North Carolina and Virginia empowered their delegates to vote for American independence, Virginian Richard Henry Lee offered a resolution stating that the colonies "are, and of

    right ought to be, free and independent States." A committee was appointed to draft a declaration of

    independence, and Thomas Jefferson was chosen to write it. On July 2, Congress voted in favor of independence,

    and on July 4, the Declaration of Independence was approved. Copies were sent throughout the colonies to be

    read publicly.

    Battle of Long Island. After leaving Boston, British General Howe planned to use New York as a base. The British captured Staten Island and began a military build-up on Long Island in preparation for an advance on Brooklyn.

    Washington succeeded in saving his army by secretly retreating onto Manhattan Island. Washington eventually

    retreated from Manhattan, fearing the prospect of being trapped on the island, and the British occupied New York

    City.

    Congress Names Commissioners to Treat with Foreign Nations. Congress sent a delegation of three men to

    Europe -- Silas Deane, Benjamin Franklin, and Arthur Lee -- to prepare treaties of commerce and friendship, and to

    attempt to secure loans from foreign nations.

    The Battle of White Plains. British and American forces met at White Plains, New York, where the British captured an important fortification. Washington once again retreated, still attempting to save his army from the full force of

    the British army.

    Retreat through New Jersey. Washington and his army retreated across New Jersey, crossing the Delaware River into Pennsylvania. Congress, fearing a British attack on Philadelphia, fled to Baltimore.

    Battle of Trenton. On December 26, Washington launched a surprise attack against a British fortification at

    Trenton, New Jersey, that was staffed by Hessian soldiers. After one hour of confused fighting, the Hessians

    surrendered. Only five American soldiers were killed.

    12. Which U.S. location, in 1776, did not witness defeat or occupation by a British army?

    a. White Plains, NY

    b. New York, NY

    c. Boston, MA

    d. Long Island, NY

    13. What battle was George Washington’s greatest victory in 1776?

    a. Battle of Trenton

    b. Battle of White Plains

    c. Battle of Long Island

    d. Battle of Staten Island

GED Sample Questions

    Social Studies Page 6

    14. What conclusion on the education system can be drawn from the graph above?

    a. Prior to 1999, home schooling was not allowed

    b. If the trend continues, home schooling populations are likely to continue to rise

    c. Home schooling is cheaper than public school

    d. There were no home school children between 1999 and 2003

Branches of Government

Executive Branch Judicial Branch Legislative Branch

    The power of the executive The judicial branch hears cases The legislative branch of the

     branch is vested in the President, that challenge or require federal government consists of who also serves as Commander interpretation of the legislation the Congress, which is divided in Chief of the Armed Forces. passed by Congress and signed into two chambers -- the Senate

    by the President. and the House of

    Representatives.

    15. Which branch of government makes federal laws?

    a. Legislative

    b. Executive

    c. Judicial

    GED Sample Questions

    Social Studies Page 7

    16. This political cartoon was created 1994 when leaders from the Irish

    Government, British Government and the Irish Republican Army were to sit

    down to discuss peace talks. What do you believe is the point of the cartoon?

     a. The leaders were late to the meeting

     b. It was unlikely that peace would be met between these warring parties

     c. The party leaders were more likely outside fighting

     d. Both b and c

The United States decided that a government system based on federalism would be established. In other words,

    power is shared between the national and state (local) governments. The opposite of this system of government is

    a centralized government, such as in France and Great Britain, where the national government maintains all power.

    Sharing power between the national government and state governments allows American Citizens to enjoy the

    benefits of diversity and unity. For example, the national government may set a uniform currency system. Could

    you imagine having 50 different types of coins, each with a different value? You would need to take along a

    calculator to go shopping in another state. By setting up a national policy, the system is fair to everyone and the

    states do not have to bear the heavy burden of regulating their currency. On the other hand, issues such as the

    death penalty have been left up to the individual states. The decision whether or not to have a death penalty

    depends on that state's history, needs, and philosophies.

    17. Based on this passage, what is another example of federalism?

    a. You don’t need a passport to travel from state to state?

    b. States cannot declare war on one another

    c. All states must allow gambling

    d. Both a and b

    18. What is an example of a law or policy left up to the states?

    a. Gambling

    b. Minimum Wage

    c. Prayer in Schools

    d. Education standards

    GED Sample Questions

    Social Studies Page 8

World War I is the cradle of modern civilization. More than any other event, it shaped the 20th century, toppling

    kings, ushering in the Soviet Union, transforming relations between and within nations. The first truly mechanized

    war, it was fought with poison gas and bombs dropped from the air, with tanks and machine guns and in trenches

    stretching for 600 miles. Offsetting the lethal ingenuity of modern mass warfare, the Great War also inspired

    unforgettable songs, poetry, and literature. Words like liaison, Tommy, and doughboy enriched the popular

    vocabulary. On the home front, Americans saw their government swell to a cost and scope never before imagined.

    Self-denying patriotism spawned Meatless Mondays and Wheat-less Wednesdays, and sugarless gum was invented

    as a caloric test of Allied solidarity.

    19. Why would World War 1 be considered the first truly mechanized War?

    a. There was no mechanical energy prior to WWI

    b. There was no hand to hand combat

    c. The Germans were mechanical engineers

    d. For the first time, soldiers were using tanks, planes, and bombs; not just guns and swords

    20. What does “self-denying patriotism” mean?

    a. Americans sacrificed their well being for the country by giving up meat and wheat during the war

    b. Americans hated the war, and denied their allegiance to America

    c. In order to be a true American, you couldn’t eat meat or wheat on certain days

    d. Americans were embarrassed to admit they agreed with World War I

GED Sample Questions

    Social Studies Page 9

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