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AL GEOG SECTION C URBAN PROBLEMS

By Sally Perez,2014-09-05 17:54
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AL GEOG SECTION C URBAN PROBLEMS

AL/ GEOG/ SECTION C/ URBAN PROBLEMS

TRANSPORT PROBLEMS交通問題

What is TRANSPORTATION?何謂交通

    It acts as an index指標

    : _________________________________________________________ It reflects反映

    :__________________________________________________________

    The seperation of land use within a city generated a lot of traffic: 城市裡土地用途的分隔產生很多交通往來

    :__________________________________________________________

Transport 交通: ___________________________

     ____________________________

Reasons for Transport Problems交通問題的原因

    : ________________________________________________________

    Different aspects of Urban Transport Problem 不同層面的城市交通問題

    1. _________________

    2. _________________

    3. _________________

    4. _________________

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1. Congestion阻塞

    : ___________________________________________________

It means代表 : __________________

     __________________

     __________________

Cases

    : ____________________________________________________ : ____________________________________________________

2. Accidents意外

    : ________________________________________________________ : ________________________________________________________

Case

    : ________________________________________________________

3. Environmental Problems環境問題

    - Air pollution空氣污染

    : _______________________________

    : _______________________________

- ___________

4. Inadequacy不足

    - Quantity數量

    : ____________________________________________________

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- Quality質素

    : ____________________________________________________

Case

    :________________________________________________________

- Inadequate parking space泊車地方短缺

Causes of Transport Problem 交通問題的成因

Demand 需求for transportation Supply供應 of transportation

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Suggested Solutions建議解決方法

    1. Restrict the use of private cars限制私家車的使用

    : ________________________

    : ________________________

    : ________________________

    : ________________________

2. Encourage the use of Mass Transit System 鼓勵使用集體運輸系統

    : ________________________

    : ________________________

3. Building of ring roads and by-pass建築環形道路

    : ___________________________________________________

    4. ____________________________ : ________________________________________ : ________________________________________

    5. ____________________________

    6. ____________________________

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Transport Problems in LESS DEVELOPED COUNTRIES

    發展中國家的交通問題 --- DHAKA達卡

    Basic Causes of the transport problems in the Third World Countries第三世界國家交通問題的基本成因

POOR PLANNING 缺乏規劃

    : ________________________________________________ : ________________________________________________ : ________________________________________________

Dhaka達卡

    : ____________________________

    : ________________________________________________

    I.) INADEQUATE TRANSPORT FACILITIES

    交通設施不足

Urban Transport System城市交通系統: (Fig.1)

    :_________________________________________________________

1. Population Growth人口增長 Vs Infrastructure基本建設

    Population Growth人口增長 (Table1)

    :________

    Population Density人口密度 : _________

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Due to因為 ____________________

     ____________________

Urban growth城市增長 (Fig. 1)

    :__________

    :_________________________________________________ :_________________________________________________ :_________________________________________________ :_________________________________________________ :_________________________________________________

Infrastructure基本設施

    :_________

    : streets街道 - ______________

     - ______________

    : transport network交通網絡- ____________________________

     - ____________________________ : streets街道and highways高速公路 ____________________________ : _____________________________________________ : _____________________________________________

2. Limited Accessibility 可達度有限 (Fig.3)

    : East to West direction西方向 - ____________________

     - ____________________

    : Bus Transportation 巴士 - _______________________

     - _______________________

     - _______________________

    : Train Service鐵路服務 - ____________________________

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    : _________________________________________ : _________________________________________

3. Stock Problem現貨問題 (Fig. 4)

    : _________________________________________________________ : _________________________________________________________ : Bus fleet 巴士車隊 - ___________________________________

     - ___________________________________

     - ___________________________________

4. Overcrowding過度擠迫, Long Waiting Time等候時間長

    : overcrowding過度擠迫 : ________________________

     : ____________________

     ( )

: At Peak Hours繁忙時間

    - _____________________________________________ - _____________________________________________ ( table 3)

    II.) TRANSPORT MODES交通工具

    : __________________________________________________ (table4)

    : __________________________________________________

    III.) TRAFFIC PROBLEMS交通問題

    1. Traffic Congestion交通阻塞

    : Traffic jams交通擠塞 - ________________ (Fig. 3)

     - ________________

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: Causes成因 - ________________

     - ________________

     - _________________

     ( )

     - _________________

     ( )

     - __________________

     - ___________________

: Moving on a congested road在擠塞的道路上行駛

    - _____________________

    - _____________________

    - _____________________ (Fig. 5)

( ________________________________________________________ )

Traffic density交通密度 : _______

    Width of road道路闊度 : _______ ( Fig.7)

    ( _______________________________________________________ )

2. Road Accident道路意外

    : No of road Accident: ______________ : ________________________________ (Fig.8)

    : ________________________________ : ________________________________

Causes 成因: ________________

     : ________________

     : ________________

     : ________________

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    IV.) SUGGESTED SOLUTIONS建議解決方法 Bus巴士

    - ____________________

    - ____________________

    - ____________________

    - ____________________

Parking泊車

    - ______________________ - ______________________ - ______________________

Land use土地用途

    - _________________

    - _________________

    - _________________

Better Traffic Management改革交通管理

    - ___________________

    - ___________________

    Establish 建設_______________________

Control Urban Population Growth,控制城市人口增長

    - __________________________________________

    - __________________________________________

    - __________________________________________

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    Transport Problems in DEVELOPED COUNTRIES

    已發展國家的交通問題 --- LONDON倫敦

Transport Problems : _________________

     : ________________

     : ________________

CAUSES成因

    1. Suburbanization市郊化

    - _________________________________________________ - _________________________________________________

Case

    _____________________________________________________

2. High Private Car Ownership私家車所有權高

    - __________________________________________________

Case

    _____________________________________________________

    3. __________________________________________________

    4. __________________________________________________

Cases:

    __________________________________________________________

5. _____________________________

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