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Nanuck of the North

By Elsie Hudson,2014-06-29 10:10
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Nanuck of the North ...

Road Scholar Event 2008: To Tournament/Event Supervisor:

    This is a Road Scholar Event developed as an ―Emergency Event‖ for use when other plans fall through. You will need about a week lead time (with luck) to obtain materials. The event room should have large flat desks and good lighting. Since this event may be used at different places and times, you must keep all event materials secure until after SO nationals in May 2008.

To run this event you will need 2 maps:

USGS Leavenworth, WA 7.5 min topographic map, 2003.

    (Available from USGS on line, about $5 each

AAA Alaska-Northwest Canada Map, 2007 (free to AAA members)

    In a real pinch, if you have a computer lab, you can have students view the Leavenworth topo on www.topozone.com. Since the website will block students from doing some questions and

    will give them the answers to others, this is a last resort.

    There are no time-sensitive questions in this event, so the same maps with different dates would probably work perfectly well.

    If you are using this event for a regional competition you may wish to edit it down. A recycle bin of stray questions is included.

    I suggest you make all questions should be worth the same amount. I do not allow part credit for missing units, etc, but you do what you want. Same thing with answer key- feel free to change answer ranges, fix mistakes, etc.

Road Scholar gets a lot of ties. I suggest breaking them as follows:

    Work from the last question forward, using ―closeness to ideal‖ for calculation questions.

    The first question one team gets (or is closer) and the other misses acts as the tiebreaker. This is really fast, and most of the harder questions are at the end of the event.

Students must bring a protractor, ruler, and a USGS Map Symbol Sheet. They can bring a

    calculator, notes, reference materials, and other measuring devices. They may not bring computers.

Brendan Herlihy

    Event Writer

    New Fairfield, CT

    Bherlihy1@sbcglobal.net

    Road Scholar Competition

    ―Yukon Jack‖

To the Student: Welcome to Road Scholar!

To do this event, you will need two maps:

    AAA Alaska- Northwest Canada road map.

    USGS Leavenworth, WA Topographic Map.

You will need pens, pencils, a ruler, protractor, and calculator.

    You may use any printed resources you brought with you.

    You may not use computers in this event.

Your names, team name, and team number must be written both on this booklet and the

    answer sheets.

You may write in this booklet for scrap, but your final answers must be written on the answer

    sheets provided.

Your answers must be complete measurements must have units; town names must include

    state, province, or other appropriate identification.

If you are not certain as to what you should be doing, what map to use, or if a question does

    not make sense to you, ask the event supervisor what to do.

Make sure you read the story line in italics. Some of the questions will not make sense

    without the story, so they will be harder to do.

Cautions: Avoid penalty points or disqualification!!!

Make sure you do not make any marks on any of the maps provided to you.

Make sure you start working only when told to do so, and stop exactly when told to do so by

    the event supervisor.

Good luck!

Road ScholarYukon Jack -- Answer Sheet

    Student signatures: ________________________ Team Number ______

     ________________________ Team Name _________________

    1. ________________ , _______________ , _________________

2. _________________

3. _________________

4. __________________

5. _________________

6. _________________

7. ________________

8. _________________

9. _________________

10. __________________

11. __________________

12. __________________

13. ___________________

14. __________________

    15. AK8 is _________________;Yukon 1 is _______________

16. _____________________

17. _____________________

18. ___________________

19. ___________________

20. ___________________

21. __________________

22. __________________

23. _____ hours and ____ minutes # correct page 1= ________

    Ties are broken from the last question forward. Closeness to

     ideal values is used on measurement and calculation problems.

Road Scholar Yukon Jack -- Answer Sheet

    Student signatures: ________________________ Team Number ______

     ________________________ Team Name _________________

24. ____________________

25. _____________________

    26. latitude= _______________ longitude = _________________

27. ____________________

28. _____________________

29. _______________________

    30. ____________________________________________________

    31. East is _________ and _________ ; West is _______ and ________

32. _________________________

33. _________________________

34. __________

35. _____________________

36. _____________________

37. ___________

38. _____________________

39. ____________________

40 . latitude = __________________

41. longitude = _________________

42. Azimuth = _____________________________

43. Bearing = ______________________________

44. section _____ , town ______, range_______ # correct map problem= ____

45. UTM Easting =____________ # correct page 2 = ______

    Ties are broken from the last question forward. Closeness to

     ideal values is used on measurement and calculation problems.

Road Scholar Yukon Jack -- Answer Sheet

    Student signatures: ________________________ Team Number ______

     ________________________ Team Name _________________

Questions 46 to 49:

    Thanks for offering to draw a map! The map will show an area of one square mile. Mark the square mile section off into quarters, just like the PLSS would do. Then imagine each quarter is broken up again. You are drawing a topo map with a 10 foot contour interval.

    In the map area, the land is mostly flat with a few hills. At the exact center of the area, there is a house for Jack and Nukka. It sits on top of a hill that rises to an elevation of 675 feet. The hill is mostly round, except for its western side which is steep going down to a stream. The stream flows North to South across the property and into the nice round lake (with a dock) in the Southwest quarter. The surface elevation of the lake is 623 feet, which is the lowest point on the map. There is a planted apple orchard covering the Northeast quarter section. Jack will be able to go out his front door to fish and his back door to pick apples! Jack likes to help children, so there is a school at the SE1/4 of the SE1/4 of this land section. The school is on a little hill, elevation 635 feet.

     North

     South

Check list: 1 pt each for- House on hill Orchard Stream and Lake School on hill

Student signatures: __________________ Team Number ______

     ____________________ Team Name _______________

    Yukon Jack

     Hey there, Southerners! Welcome to Alaska!! My name’s Yukon Jack. Now, I know you folks may not think of yourselves as Southerners, but to us up here in Alaska pretty much

    everyone else is a Southerner.

     I work on an oil rig up here at Prudhoe Bay, AK. That’s just about as far north as you can go these days without getting your feet wet. Time was, the whole arctic was frozen, but

    well—we got us a little global warmin’ goin’ on these days. It’s sort of an inconvenient truth, if you know what I mean.

     Now, I just love bein’ in Alaska, but once a year I need to go down South on vacation. This year I’m headed for Leavenworth, WA. It’s right on the Wenatchee River and the whole area is famous for its apples. We can’t grow apples up here yetmy friend Al says maybe soon --but I would just love to pick a few. I even got a copy of the USGS Leavenworth, WA

    topographic map to bring along! Nukka, my trusty sled dog, is coming along so I have

    someone to talk to. You can’t be too fussy up here.

     We’re going to drive South all the way to Homer, AK. I keep a float plane there, and

    we can fly on down to Leavenworth. I got myself a raggedy old copy of the AAA Alaska-Northwest Canada Map to help. My eyes ain’t what they used to be since that fight with the

    grizzly bear-- so maybe you and Nukka can help me read the map.

     With our weather, ice, and mud, driving around Alaska can be sort of tricky. Why, the

    AAA even tells you how to prepare for Alaska driving right on the map.

1. For winter driving, what are three things the AAA suggests you have in your car so you

    can survive in case you get stuck?

    Well, I’m glad to see that you know how to prepare. But it’s June 21, the first day of summer, the sun is shinin’ and we’re goin’ on summer vacation! OOO—EEE!!!

2. What are the AAA map grid references for Prudhoe Bay, AK?

3. What other states of the United States of America border directly on Alaska?

    I’m going to start off by driving Southwards from Prudhoe Bay on AK Route 11.

4. What material makes up the surface of the road on AK 11?

    Nukka rides with her head out the window of the truck. ―Hey Jack‖, she says, ―what’s that utility line running alongside the road?‖

5. What is the specific name of this utility line?

    Nukka notices a lot of rivers along the road. ―Hey Jack‖ , she says ―do you notice that pretty much all these rivers flow in the same direction?‖

6. In what cardinal direction do the rivers that Nukka sees flow?

     Nukka and I take turns driving all day (Yeah, it’s easy to get a license up here)

    until we reach the Yukon River. We decide to camp for the night along the banks of the

    Yukon.

7. How many miles does the AAA say Jack and Nukka drove between Prudhoe Bay and the

    Yukon River?

Nukka gets a real funny and confused look on her face as we watch the sun set from the

    campsite. Jack! Something is wrong!! The sun is going away!‖ she barks. I have to remind

    you Southerners that Nukka is from Prudhoe Bay and in June the sun never, ever sets. Right

    now, she is one confused looking dog.

    8. Tracing Jack and Nukka’s route Southwards from Prudhoe Bay to the Yukon River, at what point would they first be able to see the sun set below the horizon on June 21?

While we watch the sun set, my cell phone rings. It’s my cousin Julie, who is homesteading in

    Wales, AK (AAA C-3). That place is so isolated that her neighbors sometimes use their dog

    sleds to travel over to Asia to visit family.

9. What body of water separates North America and Asia at this point?

10. At their closest point, how far apart are the mainlands of North America and Asia?

     (Do not count islands, only mainlands). Express your answer in miles.

Julie tells me she is calling me to wish me a happy Summer Solstice day, June 21. She just

    got off the phone with her friend Vladimir in Uelen, Russian Federation (B-3). Vladimir

    criticized President Putin, and is now on vacation in Ulen.

11. On June 21 in Alaska, what is the date in Uelen, Russian Federation?

Next morning, we leave the Yukon River and drive the rest of the way South to Fairbanks, AK.

    We have a nice baked salmon dinner in a real restaurant and notice many men and women in

    military uniforms.

12. Name two military bases close to Fairbanks.

We leave Fairbanks driving South along AK Rte 3. A few hours South of Fairbanks, we

    approach Denali National Park. Denali is famous for its wildlife and for containing the

    highest mountain in North America. We decide to stay overnight in the area and visit the

    park. WE decide to stay in Healy, AK, ten miles North of the park entrance, because I know

    there is some AAA recommended lodging.

13. How can Nukka find out about the AAA recommendations for Healy, AK?

14. What is the highest mountain in North America? Give its name and summit elevation.

Denali was great! We saw a grizzly bear and he didn’t want to fight me! A few miles South

    of the entrance to Danali Nationla Park, we see AK 8 turn off to the East. It has weather

warning signs at its entrance. Nukka is reading the map and looks at Yukon Route 1 ( AAA

    K-19 to H-17) in Yukon Territory, Canada. Yukon 1 runs along the MacKenzie River, and it

    has weather warnings too. ―I’ll be dog-gonned! Says Nukka. ―Can’t these humans make up

    their minds?‖

15. How do the weather warnings differ between AK 8 and Yukon 1?

     (Answer as: AK8 is _____ and Yukon 1 is _____)

16. Many roads in the Yukon Territory cross rivers by ferry during the summer. How does

    traffic cross these rivers during the winter?

    It’s just too confusing to drive over to the Yukon Territory, so Nukka drives as we head on South towards Anchorage, AK.

Map Change*** Map Change*** Use Anchorage, AK Insert Map

We drive into Anchorage. ―He Jack—Look at this! A real city!‖ says Nukka. ―We should

    stop and tell the mayor and governor how impressed we are!‖ I start looking for City Hall.

17. What is the location of City Hall in Anchorage? (Answer as: Closest to the intersection of

    __ and __ _)

Map Change*** Map Change*** Return to Main Alaska Map

Nukka is surprised to learn that the governor is not in Anchorage. At City Hall, Mark the

    mayor tells us that the governor is in Juneau, AK (AAA N-13). He also tells us we cannot

    drive to Juneau because no roads go there. ― You could take the ferry to Juneau‖ he says.

    We are building a bridge to nowhere, but not to Juneau‖

18. If I want to take the Inside Passage ferry system to Juneau, who do I contact for fare

    information?

We stop for a nice baked salmon lunch in Anchorage. After lunch we continue towards

    Homer, AK (AAA K-6). Then we can fly down to Leavenworth to pick apples. For this part of

    the trip we are going to use the AAA Strip Map #6A-it’s on the opposite side of the main Alaska map.

    Map Change**** Map Change**** Use AAA Strip Map #6A-

Nukka reads the strip map to me as I drive. She notices right away that the strip maps have a

    few notations different than the main Alaska map, so she reads the map legend. She does not

    want to have to pull me around on a sled if I leave the road.

19. Along what section of the road is the best scenery located?

20. This strip map differs from the usual practice of North being ―straight up‖. How many

    degrees away from ―straight up‖ is compass North on this map? (no direction needed)

    21. Heading South and East from Anchorage on AK 1, we see a traffic light at mile 78.9 and make a left turn to drive to Whittier, AK. What special road feature do we use to reach Whittier?

    22. After a nice walk around Whittier, we return to the AK Rte. 1 and continue South towards Homer. We stop for lunch in Soldotna, AK at mile 94.2. What three types of travel services are available at Soldota?

After some nice salmon for lunch, we continue on to Homer. It’s been a long trip, but lots of

    funand I got to spend quality time with Nukka.

    23. If we had driven non stop from Fairbanks, AK to Homer, AK, how long does the AAA estimate it would have taken us? (Answer as __ hours, __ minutes)

    We get in my float plane. I warm up the engine, head across the water, and take off. Leavenworth, here we come! I can taste the apples already, and they don’t taste like salmon!!

Map Change** Map Change*** Use USGS Leavenworth, WA Topographic Map

    We fly the float plane into the Leavenworth, WA topographic map area. Nukka is navigating while I fly the plane. Nukka is looking for some flat water to land on.

    There is a sewage disposal pond in the middle of the map area that looks pretty flat, and running right past it is a straight stretch of Icicle Creek. We make a perfect landing and have a rest at the sewage plant. We breathe in the fresh mountain air while Nukka shows me the topo map.

24. What is the contour interval of this map?

25. What is the scale of this map?

26. What is the latitude and longitude in the Southeast corner of the map?

27. What protected area makes up most of the map area?

    28. The compass in the airplane is not reading correctly, and I am going to adjust it for this area. What is the magnetic declination at the center of the Leavenworth Quadrangle map? (Give amount and direction)

    Nukka is looking around the Leavenworth National Fish Hatchery. We have been paying for salmon at restaurants and she sees a lot of free fish here. She notices two buildings on the map and measures the map distance between them as 1.00 cm.

29. In what map sector is the fish hatchery located?

30. How far apart are the 2 buildings on the earth’s surface?

    Leavenworth depends on visitors for most of its income. A worker at the sewage disposal plant loans us his car so we can drive around a bit and spend money. We came here to buy apples, so that’s OK with us. We drive a few hundred meters West from the plant, then North

on an unnamed road. As we drive North on this road, we notice that the land along the East

    and West sides of the road are quite different.

31. How does the land along the East side of the road differ from the land along West side of

    the road? (Answer as: the East is ___ and ___ but the West is __ and __)

We cross over the Wenatchee River. Nukka sees people coming downstream really fast on

    rafts. ―Oh Wow-- Oh Wow- - Oh Wow! Can we-- Can we-- Can we go rafting? How steep is this River?‖ Nuthin’ like an excited Husky.

32. From its entry into the map area, how much does the River drop? (Measure the

    maximum possible drop from the map edge ―neat line‖ to the bridge we just crossed.)

Right after we cross the Wenatchee River, we see a road going off toward a golf course to

    our right. Nukka is anxious to reach town. ―Are we there yet?‖ she asks.

33. Measured along our road, what is the distance from the golf course road to

     US Route 2? (express your answer in meters)

At the end of the road we reach US 2. Just at the intersection we see a brass marker to our

    right. ―USGS, 1175‖ it says.

34. What three types of information has USGS recorded for this site?

Almost due North of our location, up in map sector N2, we can see a big Communications

    Tower up on Tumwater Mountain. No wonder our cell phones are working so well! The

    map shows several US Forest Service roads going to the tower.

35. What is the ground elevation at the base of the tower?

36. What kind of vehicle is needed to use the US Forest roads near the tower?

37. What is the straight line distance from the 1175 USGS brass marker to the

    communications tower? (Express your answer in meters.)

38. Nukka is surprised to see all the shops in Leavenworth. ―I know that USGS usually

    shows every building, and I saw very few marked here‖ she says. How does USGS indicate

    that they are not trying to show each building within Leavenworth?

Our first stop in town is a place selling rafting trips. ―Come and raft on Snow Creek, in

    beautiful map Sector SW7‖ says the sign.

39. In what compass direction does Snow Creek flow?

We do some shopping, then drive Eastward on US 2 towards the Eastern map boundary. A

    little before we reach the edge of the map area, Nukka sees an apple orchard between US 2

    and the Wenatchee River. Wow!! I finally found some fresh Delicious apples! In fact, I see a

    lot of orchards along the Wenatchee River. You can’t get any fresher apples than here, so we

    both eat a bunch.

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