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    DRAFT 24 AUGUST 2009

    Environment Select Committee

    Review of Carbon Management

    2009

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Environment Select Committee, Stockton-on-Tees Borough Council, Municipal

    Buildings, Church Road, Stockton-on-Tees TS18 1LD

    Environment Select Committee

Select Committee Membership

Councillor Mrs Rigg (Chair)

    Councillor Smith (Vice-Chair)

Councillor Cains

    Councillor Larkin

    Councillor Leckonby

    Councillor Rix

    Councillor Stoker

    Councillor Womphrey

    Councillor Woodhead

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

The Committee thank the following contributors to this review:

Mike Chicken, Environmental Policy Manager, Development and Neighbourhood

    Services (DNS)

    Stephen Calvert, Carbon Reduction Officer, DNS

    Tara Connor, Business Unit Manager, DNS

    Scott Roberts, Architect, DNS

    Mike Gent, Mechanical Engineer, DNS

    Ian Ithurralde, Adviser, Children, Education and Social Care

    Ian Miles, Head of ICT and Design & Print Services, Xentrall Shared Services

    Gordon Mallory, Architectural Manager, DNS

    Mike Robinson, Head of Technical Services, DNS

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    Environment Select Committee

Foreword

    Councillor Mrs Rigg Councillor Smith Chair Environment Select Vice-chair Environment Committee Select Committee

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    Environment Select Committee

    Original Brief

1. What services are included?

    All aspects of the Council including the co-operation of many partners including

    schools and Tees Active.

    2. The Thematic Select Committee’s / EIT Project Team overall aim / objectives in

    doing this work is:

    To identify options for future strategy / policy / service provision that will deliver

    efficiency savings and sustain / improve high quality outcomes for SBC residents.

    ? Public leadership and how effective the plans we have will be on impacting

    upon carbon emissions. The Council needs to play an effective social

    leadership role if it is to have the credibility to influence external partners and

    champion carbon reduction.

    ? Examine the opportunities to reduce the costs of our energy.

    3. Expected duration of enquiry? What are the key milestones?

    6 Months

    4. In addition to analysis and benchmarking costs, performance, assets etc, what

    other processes are likely to be required to inform the review? (e.g. site visits;

    observations; face-to-face questioning, telephones survey, written

    questionnaire, co-option of expert witnesses etc).

    Site visit to Rosebrook School and any other identified buildings that have energy saving factors.

    5. How will key partners and/or the public be involved and at what stages?

Presentation by ARUP representative (commissioned to calculate the Council‟s carbon

    footprint)

    Renew

    Carbon Trust

6. Please give an initial indication how transformation will enable efficiencies

    and improvements to be delivered by this review?

    To determine feasibility of council-wide energy/carbon budget To identify taxation costs and benefits

    To analyse investing for the future opportunities (i.e. new build vs refurbishment; IT;

    renewable energy)

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    Environment Select Committee

1.0 Executive Summary and Recommendations

(The recommendations are submitted for approval, in principle, subject to a full

    assessment of both service and medium term financial planning implications.)

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    Environment Select Committee

2.0 INTRODUCTION

2.1 The Government wants to encourage and empower local authorities to take

    additional action in tackling climate change, where they wish to do so. It

    believes that people should increasingly be able to look to their local authority

    not only to provide established services, but also to co-ordinate, tailor and

    drive the development of a low carbon economy in their area.

2.2 The nine English regions are already taking action to help meet the UK‟s

    greenhouse gas targets and budgets. The Local Democracy Economic

    Development and Construction Bill will require each English region to develop

    a new single Regional Strategy, which must include plans to tackle climate

    change.

2.3 As well as ensuring that governance frameworks are aligned, the Government

    wants to encourage local authorities and others in bringing forward more

    community scale heat and electricity generation. For example, community

    heating provides 2% of heating needs in the UK, but it could play a bigger role

    of up to 14%. To help achieve an increase in community energy generation,

    the Government has tasked local authorities to incorporate energy planning

    into their decision making processes, through the Climate Change Planning

    Policy Statement.

    2.4 The public sector is directly responsible for around 1% of UK‟s emissions.

    Public sector emissions have already reduced by a third between 1990 and

    2007, compared to an 18% reduction by the UK economy as a whole.

2.5 Budget 2008 announced the Government‟s ambition for new public sector

    buildings to be zero carbon from 2018. In addition, action is taking place

    across the public sector:

    ? All new schools will be zero carbon by 2016 and the higher education

    sector is developing a carbon reduction strategy. Over the next fifteen

    years, all secondary schools and up to 50% of primary schools will be

    refurbished to be better adapted to climate change and have lower carbon

    footprints.

    ? 35 Local Authorities have committed to set targets in their Local Area

    Agreements to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from their operations,

    and all authorities will be required to report progress against these

    national indicators, with outcomes publicly reported from November 2009.

2.6 In November 2002 Stockton Council signed the Nottingham Declaration on

    Climate Change. In doing so it made a commitment to “prepare a plan with

    our local communities to address the causes and effects of climate change

    and to secure maximum benefit for our communities.”

2.7 Stockton-On-Tees Borough Council is part of the Tees Valley Climate

    Change partnership, which aims to tackle climate change in the most efficient

    way through sharing resources and efficient sub-regional collaboration on

    cross-boundary issues. The emissions target set by the Partnership is to

    reduce greenhouse gases emissions by 8.75% below 2000 level by 2012,

    and as an active supporter of this pioneering sub-regional partnership,

    Stockton-On-Tees has agreed to contribute to the delivery of this target.

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    Environment Select Committee

3.0 EVIDENCE/FINDINGS

(The recommendations are submitted for approval, in principle, subject to a full

    assessment of both service and medium term financial planning implications.)

Background:

Stockton Borough Council accounts for 2 per cent of carbon emissions in the

    borough which although is not a significant percentage overall is considered high as

    the Council is not a manufacturing organisation.

The local authority carbon management programme has been developed by the

    carbon trust and provides technical and change management support to help local

    authorities realise carbon savings. The programme has been running for six years

    with 270 organisations participating.

The programme has five steps:

    ? Mobilise the organisation June 2007

    ? Set baseline, forecast and targets August 2007

    ? Identify and quantify options: November 2007

    ? Finalise Strategy and Implementation plan: March 2008

    ? Implement plan 2008 2013

A target of 25% carbon saving by 2013 has been adopted, based upon both the

    experience of other local authorises in previous phases of the programme and from

    the information supplied by members of the project team relating to actions that are

    planned or expected to happen over the next five years.

The scope of the project includes schools, leisure facilities, council administrative

    buildings, libraries, the fleet, business mileage, and street lighting. As the carbon

    impact of our waste management strategy is highly complex it is subject to a

    separate review process. However, it is expected that carbon „expenditure‟ will be a

    major consideration in determining waste management strategies and will add to our

    overall target.

Tristar homes have not been included in the scope of this programme as there are

    other drivers and programmes in place to improve the energy efficiency of the social

    housing stock.

Benefits to Participation in the Carbon Management Programme

Participation in the carbon management programme sends out a clear message that

    the Council is committed to reducing its contribution to climate change and is utilising

    resources responsibly. During the course of the programme there will be

    opportunities to engage with local businesses to encourage their participation in

    achieving carbon savings through ideas sharing, networking and support from the

    carbon trust.

The carbon management programme has been running for several years and it

    provides a tried and tested methodology to deliver carbon reduction and financial

    savings. It offers technical and specialist support to enable both the cultural shift

    within the organisation as well as offering proven technological solutions to energy

    issues within the local authority environment.

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    Environment Select Committee

Carbon management has links to, and will contribute towards targets and objectives

    within:

    ? The Stockton on Tees Climate Change Action

    ? The Tees Valley Climate Change Strategy

    ? Sustainable Community Strategy 2008 - 2021

    ? Asset Management Plan

    ? Building Schools for the Future

    ? Procurement Strategy

    ? The Corporate Travel Plan

Producing and Delivering the Action Plan:

A cross-service project team was established, including membership from Tees

    Active. This group has brought together the necessary information to form the

    baseline position in terms of our carbon emissions and our energy costs as well as

    the following:

    ? Developed a project plan with objectives, deliverables, governance

    and some potential opportunities for energy savings ;

    ? Setting the target of 25% carbon reduction by March 2013, from the

    2005/06 baseline;

    ? An innovative awareness campaign including a draft communications

    strategy, considered an example of excellence by the Carbon Trust,

    has been devised in-house by officers within Development and

    Neighbourhood Services based around the carbon dioxide molecule

    and utilising the “CO2” in captions and messages.

The plan is being delivered by the group who individually have responsibility for one

    or more of the 23 projects within the plan. Bi-monthly meetings of the project group

    take place to steer progress on these projects and to consider additional schemes or

    variations to the original plan.

Governance Arrangements:

Quarterly progress reports are considered by the corporate management team with

    annual reports being presented to Cabinet (see attached report presented on 11

    June 2009).

Annual reports are submitted to the carbon trust and to the Salix finance organisation

    primarily to record carbon savings and spend on projects.

Additional Drivers for Action:

Since joining the carbon management programme there have been a number of

    additional drivers to take action to reduce our carbon emissions. The most significant

    being the impending carbon reduction commitment which is in effect a tax on carbon

    emissions if we do not achieve savings year on year. This is likely to be ?12 per

    tonne starting in 2011 but likely to rise in later years of the programme.

The comprehensive area assessment is looking much closer at our use of natural

    resources and having a carbon management plan as well as a sustainable

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    Environment Select Committee

procurement strategy with measurable impacts on carbon emissions is likely to put

    the council in a good position.

The new national indicator NI 185 which measures the carbon emissions from our

    operations is included within the local area agreement and as such sets very clear

    targets for reduction over the next few years.

There is also a new national indicator NI 194 which measures the air quality impact

    form our operations and looks at not only the carbon emissions but also the oxides of

    nitrogen emitted from vehicles and boiler plant.

Additional Risks and Opportunities:

The economic downturn presents both risks and opportunities to the carbon

    management programme. One of the original projects was to look at the office

    accommodation and rationalise what we had with perhaps the disposal of some of

    the portfolio which is now going to be very difficult to achieve on the scale perhaps

    originally envisaged. We have also had set backs on the supply of some equipment

    where companies have gone into receivership.

On a more positive note this programme does provide an opportunity to support

    emerging “green” businesses which may well provide part of a long term solution to

    the current economic situation.

The Committee was given evidence of „Small Steps, Big Strides!‟ which is the

    Council‟s Carbon Management Communication Strategy & Action Plan 2008 2010. Due to delays in appointing staff the plan was not introduced until January 2009.

Questions were raised about what was going to be delivered and by when. The

    following table highlights the key milestones

    Key Milestones Target Re-launch the We’ve Made a Co2mmittment brand. March 2009 Launch new awareness campaign Small Steps Big Strides March 2009 School assemblies Presentation on the whole theme of the January 2009 - Environment, with specific information on Carbon Management October 2010 and recycling. Schools and individual children will be encouraged

    to look at how they can actively reduce their own carbon

    footprint.

    Issue primary schools with Small Steps Big Strides information February 2009 booklets detailing how to reduce carbon emissions. Information

    will include signposting to relevant websites, competitions and

    project and also up-to-date information on the Eco Schools and

    Solar4schools projects.

    In conjunction with the Climate Change Officer, deliver 4 staff October 2010 road show events, including Municipal Building, Stirling House,

    Kingsway House.

    Attend 4 Community Events, including Summer Carnival and October 2010 Greener Living Road Show.

    Develop marketing and awareness plan for Travel Smart. April 2009

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    Particular focus was on the length of time actions needed before being undertaken especially when buildings were in control of the Council.

    Members also received an update for the School Programme Delivery Plan which listed 10 schools in the Borough that were progressing against targets to improve their carbon footprint. With approximately 80 schools in the Borough questions were raised regarding the actions of schools not identified as it gave an impression that nothing was being done to contribute to reducing CO2. In order to identify strengths and weaknesses within schools it was recommended that a report be compiled so that all schools were identified showing their level of commitment to the carbon reduction strategy.

    Officers identified that as the schools programme developed more schools wanted to be a part of the initiative. As energy monitors became available it was seen that they would become a useful tool to teach children the benefits of carbon management in reducing climate change.

    It was suggested that as Stockton Council had obtained energy monitors and as part of raising public awareness that an article should be placed in Stockton News to highlight how energy is used and how it can be reduced.

    Councillors were unaware of the Travel Smart scheme although it had been given a completion date of April 2009. They were informed that this had not been met as raising awareness had not been developed as had been expected but was still within the action plan.

    Questions were raised regarding bus companies operating in Stockton Borough as to the level of contribution they are making to reduce their impact on climate change. Members were informed that included in the Government‟s wider transport objectives are means to address climate change by cutting emissions of carbon dioxide and

    other greenhouse gases, by offering and encouraging greener travel choices and using of low-carbon technologies. Through Kickstart bus funding, the Department for Transport‟s looking to pump-prime bus services which will contribute to the overall

    objectives of increasing bus patronage, and in particular developing bus services as an alternative to car use, bringing with it a reduction in congestion and benefits to the environment.

    Stockton Borough Council has developed an energy centre but it was felt that this might lack public awareness. Signage to the energy centre from the High Street was suggested as a way of raising public knowledge as the centre contained useful information and energy saving devices. Alternatively, as SBC own The Shambles and as the tourist information is to relocate there it was suggested that the energy centre could also be considered as this would give it a more prominent position being located on the High Street.

The Council‟s architect‟s department gave evidence showing how consideration is

    given to building quality and energy saving for properties including schools which make up the majority of Council buildings. A recent addition to building regulations is the Display Energy Certificate (DEC) Rating (A to G).

    Schools with buildings that have a floor area in excess of 1000m? are required to have a Display Energy Certificate (DEC). This was effective from 1st October 2008. DEC's have been introduced to raise public awareness of the actual energy use and energy efficiency of the buildings they visit. A DEC certificate presents the

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