历史的作用？总叙. History is indispensable to understanding why such changes occur. And in many ways historical analysis is a more challenging kind of exploration than genetic experimentation.
解释 Once we determine when the trend began, we can try to identify which of the factors present at the time combined to set the trend in motion. Do the same factors sustain the trend still, or are there new ingredients that have contributed to it in more recent decades? A purely contemporary analysis may shed some light on the problem, but a historical assessment is clearly fundamental—and essential for anyone concerned about American political health today.
明白社会 It also focuses attention on the complex processes of social change, including the factors that are causing change around us today. 对个人 History as art and entertainment serves a real purpose, on aesthetic grounds but also on the level of human understanding. Stories well done are stories that reveal how people and societies have actually functioned, and they prompt thoughts about the human experience in other times and places. The same aesthetic and humanistic goals inspire people to immerse themselves in efforts to reconstruct quite remote pasts, far removed from immediate, present-day utility.
involves a sense of beauty and excitement, and ultimately another perspective on human life and society.
对道德思想 History also provides a terrain for moral contemplation. Studying the stories of individuals and situations in the past allows a student of history to test his or her own moral sense, to hone it against some of the real complexities individuals have faced in difficult settings.
"History teaching by example" is one phrase that describes this use of a study of the past—a study not only of certifiable heroes, the great men and women of history who successfully worked through moral dilemmas, but also of more ordinary people who provide lessons in courage, diligence, or constructive protest. 这句好么
对个人鉴定 History also helps provide identity, and this is unquestionably one of the reasons all modern nations encourage its teaching in some form. Merely defining the group in the present pales against the possibility of forming an identity based on a rich past. 挖塞;说话这么经典;
对国家忠诚 Histories that tell the national story, emphasizing distinctive features of the national experience, are meant to drive home an
understanding of national values and a commitment to national loyalty.
还是作用的总结 studying history helps us understand how recent, current, and prospective changes that affect the lives of citizens are emerging or may emerge and what causes are involved.
encourages habits of mind that are vital for responsible public behavior, whether as a national or community leader, an informed voter, a petitioner, or a simple observer.这句能用再用
1；人看着舒服 it creates more attractive places to live and work.
好排比要记住A flat-faced modern office block or an elegantly detailed pre-war commercial building?
A strip mall fronted by a parking lot or a pedestrian-friendly retail district? A McMansion with a huge garage or a Victorian with a wraparound porch? 2；维护比新建花少钱？
例子 Recent projects prove that preservation is often cheaper. In Chicago, where the public school system is now spending $2.5 billion to upgrade facilities, bare-bones new construction is costing $155 per square foot -- but renovation is costing just $130.
Destroying our past has costs that extend far beyond money. Lost is the work of talented craftsmen who created beautiful, lasting buildings. Lost are the memories and pride that a community took in one of its landmarks. And lost is the opportunity for future generations to enjoy and to learn from the places that help us understand and appreciate where we came from.
例子 Destroying our past has costs that extend far beyond money. Lost is the work of talented craftsmen who created beautiful, lasting buildings. Lost are the memories and pride that a community took in one of its landmarks. And lost is the opportunity for future generations to enjoy and to learn from the places that help us understand and appreciate where we came from.
4；面向未来 AND 总结性发言
Preservation does care about the past. It cares about honoring the achievements of
previous generations, the places they lived and worked, and the history and
achievements we now enjoy.
But preservation also cares about the present and the future. By protecting our past, it helps us remember how we came to be where we are and what we ought to do
now. And it cares about giving future generations the same opportunities to enjoy
beautiful buildings and landscapes that we have today.
A city is an animated person, having past and stories, stands in the world. The old architectures provide vivid proofs and concrete scenes for persons to see and feel its existence while the words and pictures cannot. For instance, for those who want to experience the local customs as well as the history and culture of Beijing, the Siheyuan (quadrangle) is an indispensible part of a visit as unique Beijing architectural structures. Actually, it’s not only a kind of architecture, but also serves as a window into Beijing folk life and the encyclopedia of the history and culture of Beijing. 历史建筑
Beijing Forbidden city
New York the State of Liberty
Sydney the Sydney Opera House
历史的作用 孙子兵法 文化 各学科知识的融合
One example aptly illustrate this point involves that the book “The Art of War”, a Chinese military treatise written during 6th century BC by Sun Tzu, also exerts a huge influence on Eastern military thinking and business tactics to make the commanders and leaders more effective and wise.
Mendel, who is hailed as the father of genetics, prompted the foundation of genetics through his study of the inheritance of traits in pea plants. But the significance of Mendel’s work was not recognized until the turn of the 20th.