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08 sample key

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08 sample key

2008 National English Contest for College Students (Level C -

     Sample) 参考答案

    Script for Listening Comprehension

    Part I Listening Comprehension

    Section A

    Directions: In this section, you will hear 5 short conversations. At the end of each conversation,

    a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the question will be read only once. After each question, there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the three choices marked A, B and C, and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter

    on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

    1. M: I have passed the test of spoken English and I wonder if I can get the job of the teaching assistant.

     W: Yes, certainly. But if only you had sent in your application in time.

     Q: What does the woman imply?

    2. W: Oh, Jack. You're so formally dressed today, a black jacket, a white shirt and a red tie. Are you going to take a picture?

     M: No, this is my first day in the new section of the company and I have to see my new boss

    today.

     Q: What is Jack going to do today?

    3. M: Excuse me, but has anyone turned in a brown briefcase? I've lost my briefcase. It contains my documents for the conference, and they are pretty important to me.

     W: Yes. We had a briefcase brought in this morning. Wait here just a minute, please.

     Q: What will the woman probably do?

    4. M: Hi, little sister, how is your first month away in university?

     W: Well, I have to say that the dorm life has some major negatives. Some of the rules are too

    strict. Like, we have to be back in the building by 10 p.m. What I really cannot stand is that we eight girls share a room as small as our home kitchen.

     Q: What is the girl complaining about?

    5. M: Oh, Susan, you look quite different from what I saw you two years ago.

     W: Sure, I started jogging regularly one year ago and my weight went from 243 pounds to the 160 pounds now. And that's how I get the figure today.

     Q: What do we know about the woman?

    Section B

    Directions: In this section, you will hear two long conversations. Each conversation will be read only once. At the end of each conversation, there will be a one-minute pause. During the pause,

    you must read the five questions, each with three choices marked A, B and C, and decide which

    is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

    Conversation One

    W: Good morning, Mr. Lombard. Thank you for taking the time to receive us.

    M: Oh, my pleasure.

    W: The French Culture Year is soon to open in China. We are looking forward to it. Could you please introduce your plan for the great event?

    M: I'm glad to hear that you are so interested in French Culture. France seldom organizes similar activities abroad, and holding such a huge culture year in China means a new experience for us. We value the experience and are dedicated to bring about large-scale activities with diversified

    subjects, including 200 exhibitions, which cover exhibition of French cultural relics, modern

    stage arts and achievements in science and technology.

    W: That would be great. Have you ever considered making more Chinese audience see the exhibitions and shows because China is such a big country with a huge population?

    M: Yes. Making the French culture approach the Chinese public is the key to success. We will arrange some large activities such as the Forbidden City Concert at the opening ceremony and the Great

    Lunch at the foot of the Great Wall whereby tens of thousands of people will taste delicacies

    from France.

W: Terrific! People are sure to appreciate them.

    M: I hope so. And the activities of the culture year are not staged in Beijing and Shanghai only.

    Other cities like Guangzhou, Chengdu, Wuhan and Shenzhen will see such activities too. Last but may be the most important, we will make full use of television which is the media with most audience.

    Many important programs will be showed on TV.

    W: Yes. TV shows will certainly contribute a lot to the success of the French Culture year activities... Thank you for your important information about the coming French Culture Year.

    M: You are always welcome. And thank you for interviewing me.

    Conversation Two

    M: Hello, everyone! Today, English teacher Nina Weinstein is back to talk about some ways to sound less formal in a casual conversation. Nina, please.

    W: Well, generally speaking, whenever we have the chance to use a two-word verb, that is kind of an instant way to sound more informal and more natural.

    M: Why don't you give a couple of examples?

    W: Get together: Let's get together for a meeting this weekend rather than Let's meet

    this weekend. And we say, Let's set up a meeting rather than Let's arrange a meeting.

    M: So get together instead of meet, set up instead of arrange. Adding one word kind of softens them a little bit.

    W: Right, it makes it more informal. We also say I'm tied up next week rather than I'm busy

    next week. Busy, we have many, many ways to say I'm busy, I have a lot on my plate,

    I have a million things to do, I have a ton of paperwork. So all of these very colorful idioms sound more like a native speaker, more informal and more natural.

    M: Although actually, just going back to the word busy for a second, I mean that doesn't sound too bad if you say I'm busy next week. You could say I'm tied up, but...

    W: You can say I'm busy. But if that's the only way you can say it, it makes your vocabulary

    sound as if it's pretty limited.

    M: Well, is there any difference between I'm busy and I'm tied up?

    W: Well, I'm tied up - that's much different than I'm busy. There's a meaning that I cannot change whatever it is I'm doing. For instance, if you call a company and you ask for Mr. Jones

    and they say I'm sorry, he's tied up in a meeting, the implied meaning is that you cannot

interrupt him. We don't want to just say I'm busy because then it doesn't carry that implication.

    M: So we've talked about sounding more natural. But as you point out, there's something else

    traditionally important when talking to Americans - that is, making eye contact.

    W: In some cultures it's not considered polite to look in the person's eyes when they're talking to you. But in our culture, if you don't make eye contact and look at their eyes when they're

    talking, the speaker might feel that you're bored or you're not listening. And so this is really important. Or, in business, they might not feel like you're telling the truth.

    M: If you're looking away?

    W: If you're looking away. Exactly.

    M: Nina Weinstein comes to us from the VOA bureau in Los Angeles and I'm Avi Arditti, until next time. Good-bye.

    Section C

    Directions: In this section, you will hear 5 short news items. After each item, there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the question and then the three choices marked A, B and C, and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

    16. The environmental group the WWF says it will take at least two decades for new forests in

    areas of Greece destroyed by recent fires to grow back. The fires which killed 65 people raged across much of southern Greece in August. The WWF director in Greece Dimitris Karavellas told BBC that they would establish a group of lawyers to intervene if lands developers try to take advantage of the disaster.

    17. When Jimmy Carter left the White House in 1981, he returned to his home state of Georgia as a defeated politician, unable to win a second term in office. Like most former presidents, he

    planned to focus his efforts on a presidential library. With his wife Rosalynn, they also formed an idea to create a place to resolve international disputes, modeled after the Camp David presidential retreat.

    18. A homemade bomb has exploded in a busy park in the capital of the Maldives, Male, injuring 12 tourists. A government spokesman Mohamed Shareef said it was taking the attack very seriously as tourism was the lifeblood of the Maldives.

    19. WHO Director-General Margaret Chan says many sick people in developing countries die because

    they cannot afford medicine that can cure them. In some cases, she says, resistance to diseases develops because they fail to be treated promptly and properly. She blames much of this on the inability of the poor to get hold of the medicine and health care they need.

    20. California's wildfires sent millions of tons of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. University of Colorado researchers report that from October 19th to the 26th, an estimated 8.7 million tons

    of the global warming gas were released. Armed with that report, a key U.S. House committee on energy and warming sought answers from a panel of scientists.

    Section D

    Directions: In this section, you will hear a short passage. There are ten missing words or phrases

    in it. Fill in the blanks with the exact words you hear on the tape. Remember to write the answers on the Answer Sheet.

    A researcher says lead in the environment could be a major cause of violence by young people. Doctor Herbert Needleman is a professor at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine in

    Pennsylvania and he presented his findings at the yearly meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Doctor Needleman says the presence of lead in the brain changes the

    neurons that control actions and that can cause a person to act in antisocial and criminal ways.

    In the 1970s, Doctor Needleman found lower scores on intelligence tests even in children who did

    not have such signs of lead poisoning. After that, lead was removed from gasoline and paint in

    the United States. Yet many homes still have old lead paint. Lead was also used in older water

    pipes. In fact, officials just announced stronger testing and reporting requirements as from next year for lead in American drinking water.

    The newest research shows that even very small amounts of lead in bones can affect brain development. A simple blood test can measure lead except that an X-ray process is needed to measure

    levels in bone. In 2004, such tests were done on 190 young people who were in jail and the findings

    showed that their average levels were higher than normal. And, in 1998, three hundred children were studied and the test scores showed higher levels of aggression and learning problems in those

    with increased levels of lead. Yet these levels were still considered safe by the government.

    参考答案;

    Part I Listening Comprehension

    Section A

1. B 2. A 3. B 4. A 5. C

    Section B

    6. B 7. A 8. C 9. A 10. B 11. C 12. A 13. A 14. B 15. C Section C

    16. B 17. A 18. C 19. C 20. B

    Section D

    21. professor 22. presented 23. brain 24. criminal 25. intelligence tests 26. removed

    from 27. water pipes 28. blood test 29. in jail 30. aggression and learning Part II Vocabulary and Structure

    31. D 32. A 33. D 34. B 35. A 36. D 37. C 38. B 39. C 40. B 41. B 42. A 43. A 44.

    C 45. D

    Part III Reading Comprehension

    Section A

    46. B 47. C 48. A 49. D

    Section B

    50. Y 51. N 52. NG 53. N 54. Y 55. Y

    56. individual rooms on the tour

    57. umbrellas, wallets, cell phones and car keys

    58. public transportation / subway

    59. public telephones

    Section C

    60. Water.

    61. Nitrogen. / The presence of nitrogen.

    62. The search for water.

    63. The small amount (2% to 3%) of nitrogen in the Martian atmosphere . 64. Because current instruments aren't very sensitive. Section D

    65. separate movements 66. secure this connection 67. Ludwig Guttmann 68. international

    event 69. Special Olympics 70. organizations

    Part IV Cloze

Section A

    71. personality 72. singer 73. leading 74. famous 75. industrialist

    Section B

    76. term 77. medical 78. reduce 79. better 80. identify 81. examine 82. consider 83. speech 84. perform 85. respond

    Part V Translation

    Section A

    86. 中国正迅速进入老龄化社会(目前存在的失业和人口过剩问题在十年之内将转变成新的问(即劳动力短缺和孩子少老年人多的问题。

    87. 其部分原因是缺少将基础理论和实践技能相结合的学校和过分关注通过高考精英选拔考试。 88. 只有10%25%的毕业生有资格被跨国企业雇用(其部分原因就是语言问题,这一点被我所见过的每位在中国或印度工作的人力资源经理都认同。

    89. 中国和印度刚刚取得学士学位的学生就想马上读硕士(而且他们自己以及他们的父母都不理解实践经验的价值。

    Section B

    90. If you tell them the truth, you will be able to obtain this opportunity without being

    misunderstood by them.

    91. I will try to accomplish the translation of the literature in time no matter how hard it is!. 92. Nobody can deny the fact that China has made great achievements in raising living standards

    of rural residents.

    Part VI IQ Test

    93. 3245 94. 10 95. 1/16 96. shorter than 97. 8

    Part VII Writing

    Task I

    NOTICE

    We are very honored to have Prof. Richard Gilbert from Harvard University to give us a lecture on American Liberal Education. Prof. Gilbert, who graduated from Standford in 1979 and received

    his Ph.D. in Education from Harvard in 1984, has been conducting research and teaching

international students in Harvard for more than 20 years. He has become a leading expert in this

    field and has published several books and numerous papers on liberal education and education policy. His humorous and thought provoking speech will surely benefit all the audience.

     The lecture will be given in the English Department Conference Hall from 2:30 to 4:30. p.m.,

    Friday afternoon, November 16, 2007. All the teachers and students are welcome.

    English Department

    Task II

    The Anti-Addiction System

    Now in China, the adoption of the anti-addiction system and a real name checking system in

    netbars has led to a heated debate among students.

     Some say that students' self-discipline is very limited and now at least 14 percent of the urban teenage players are addicted to the Internet and some children even repeatedly disappear

    from home to spend their nights at local Internet cafes, and play truant from school also. Therefore, they have failed quite a few school exams. In this sense, the new policy can prevent minors developing online addiction.

     Others claim that the anti-addiction system is only a means to an end and cannot remove the root of the online addiction completely and they believe the key is to guide the minors to improve their self-control and balance their work and play.

     In my opinion, the latter point hits home for me because it cuts to the chase. However, education is a long process and takes time, which means before education produces effects on children, some supplementary measures should also be taken to speed up the process and the

    anti-addiction system is one of them.

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