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Unit 4 Classroom management

By Eddie Marshall,2014-10-17 01:50
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Unit 4 Classroom management

    Unit 4

    Classroom management

I. What’s the goal of classroom management?

    The goal of classroom management is to create an atmosphere conductive to

    interacting in English in meaningful ways.

     Effective classroom management can be achieved when the following three

    conditions are met:

    1) the appropriate roles of the teacher. 2) Suitable grouping of the students

    3) Discipline and harmony in the class. II. The roles of the teacher

    1.Richards and Rodgers’ viewpoint

    Teacher’s roles are related ultimately to assumptions about language and language learning at the level of approach.

     Different approaches stipulate;规定;different roles for the teacher.

     2. teacher’s roles:

     Although different approaches stipulate different teacher roles, there are some

    common roles that teachers play in most of the major approaches.

    a.controller

    b. assessor

    c. organizer

    d. prompter

    e. participant

    f. resource provider

    III. Student grouping

    1. Methods of common student grouping

    1) lockstep

    2) pair work

    3) group work

    4) individual study

    2. the advantages and disadvantages of the above grouping Grouping Advantages Disadvantages

    Lockstep All the class are Students have little chance to speak;

    concentrating; good Same speed for different students;

    modeling from teacher; Nervous in front of the whole class;

    comfortable in choral Not enough communication;

    practice

    Pair work More chance for practice; Students stray away from the task;

    Encouraging co-operation; Using native language;

    Relaxing atmosphere; Noise and indiscipline.

    Group work Communication in its real The same as those in pair work;plys

    sense; some students might dominate;

    More dynamic than pair Difficult to group;

    work;

    promoting self-reliance;

    Individual No outside pressure; Less dynamic classroom;

    study Study at own speed; No co-operation;

    3. Further suggestions about student grouping methods.

     1) When working in lockstep, the teacher should not speak too much.

     2) When organizing pair work, the teacher should give the clearest instructions. If necessary, the teacher should demonstrate with one student first.

     3) some possible ways to group the students:

     grouping the students according to seating arrangement;

     students select their own group members,(risky)

     strong students and weak students are missed together.

     Strong students and weak students are grouped separately to do different takes.

     Group the students by drawing lots.

     4) Although pair work and group work can provide students more chances for practice, individual study should not be totally neglected.

    IV. Discipline in the language classroom

    1. What’s the final goal of discipline in the language classroom?

     The ultimate goal of discipline is to make more effective learning possible, but the relationship between discipline and learning is not as straight forward as it appears. 2. Practical hints for teachers on classroom discipline.

    3. measures for indisciplined acts and badly behaving students( by Harmer) 1) Act immediately.

    2) Stop the class.

    3) Rearrange the seats.

    4) Change the activity.

    5) Talk to students after class.

    6) Use the institution

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