Pen name of Samuel Langhorne Clemens
1. Literary Status
??1??leading figure of local colorism/language reformer of English novel
??2??Novelist, humorist, lecturer, journalist, literary and cultural critic
??3??monumental figure in the development of western novel ??4??The Adventure of Tom Sawyer was an immediate success as ??a boy??s book??; its sequel, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn became his masterpiece, the one book from which, as Ernest Hemingway noted, ??all modern American literature comes.??
Life on the Mississippi is another masterpiece of his.
In his later works the change from an optimist and humorist to an almost despairing determinist is unmistakable. Some critics link this change with the tragic events of his later life, the failure of his investments, his fatiguing travels and lectures in order to pay off his debts, and added to this, the death of his wife and two daughters which left him absolutely inconsolable
??5??The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
Theme: humanism will finally win
The novel used vivid details from actual life successfully. Special point of view: serious social problems discussed through the narration of a little illiterate boy
Colloquial style: a very important contribution of this novel to American literature
Features of the language used in the novel: mostly Anglo-Saxon in origin, short, concrete and direct in effect; sentence structure is mostly simple or compound; repetition of words; ungrammatical elements Mark Twain made the colloquial speech an accepted, respectable literary medium in the literary history of America.
Another feature of the book which helps to make it famous is its language. The book is written in the colloquial style, in the general standard speech of uneducated Americans.
One of Mark Twain??s significant contributions to American literature lies in the fact that he made colloquial speech an accepted, respectable literary medium in the literary history of the country. Its influence is clearly visible in twentieth-century American literature.