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TEST 14

By Gladys Turner,2014-06-29 08:18
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TEST 14 ...

    TEST 14

    Reading 1hours

    PART ONE

    Questions 17

    ? Look at the statements below and the advice of four market analysts about a company's

    future strategy on the opposite page.

    ? Which analyst's advice (A, B, C or D) does each statement 1-7 refer to? ? For each statement 1-7, mark one letter (A, B, C or D) on your Answer Sheet. ? You will need to use some of these letters more than once.

    1 The kind of promotion Dexter has relied on so far, is unlikely to influence its target

    customers.

    2 Although Dexter can probably extend its range, finding enough capital will be difficult. 3 Dexter needs to think carefully about the brand image of its products. 4 Supplying niche retailers could give Dexter access to a new group of customers. 5 Dexter should consider working with a company experienced in advertising on a large

    scale.

    6 Increasing the margin on the current range is an area Dexter should concentrate on. 7 Dexter's approach to doing business has enabled it to compete with larger companies.

    What next for Dexter?

    Dexter's new shaving cream is a hit in the UK. The company's next challenges are to branch out into new products and to succeed in America. Four top analysts give their advice.

Joe Hutchinson

    For Dexter the hardest part is yet to come. Many British companies fail in the U.S. and

    Dexter is, unsurprisingly, finding it tough. And what's the sense in seeking cash for

    expansion into new product areas while having to support a loss-making American

    operation? There are more important things to do with the money, for example dealing

    With the company's low profitability - a 2% return on sales. It might well be time to look at a few cost headings.

Dan Valero

    Breaking out of the shaving cream market should not be impossible for Dexter, but raising

    the money to launch the products is the real challenge. Dexter might seek a partner with

    the promotional skills needed for mass marketing, or focus on product development and

    franchising. They ought to consider whether they should continue to attack the American

    market, and, if so, they should seek a local partner. If control is apriority, the European market may be worth a look instead.

James Sunderland

    Dexter's entrepreneurship, which has helped it get a share of a market previously

    dominated by two players, will be the key to further growth. The American market is

    particularly challenging, but a possible strategy is to target distributors to American

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    retailers or a British-based subsidiary of an American parent. Another approach may be to form alliances with like-minded cult fashion or sports outlets and attract a slice of the U.S. market open to trying new products.

Melanie Leconte

    Dexter intends to increase its market share, and one way of doing this is to introduce new products, perhaps aimed at women, into its existing range. However, its managers must be aware that the women's grooming market is crowded, and that to extend here they must remain loyal to the values of their existing range while still proving attractive to the new sector. They need to take a hard look at how to generate demand; so far it's worked well through word of mouth but the average American buyer expects a huge advertising campaign.

PART TWO

    Questions 8-12

    ? Read the article below about developments at a bank. ? Choose the best sentence from the opposite page to fill each of the gaps.

    ? For each gap 8-12, mark one letter (A-G) on your Answer Sheet.

    ? Do not mark any letter more than once.

    ? There is an example at the beginning (0).

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    A Liking what they saw, they put in a bid, in fierce competition with at least five other

    financial institutions.

    B Despite this, and although he is one of the relatively few to have prospered, he feels

    that his position is far from secure.

    C Gradually, though, as the new structure took shape, the bank began to feel like a

    modern company with an exciting future.

    D Young employees were given responsible positions, including Miroslav, who was put in

    charge of a department.

    E The bank has, in effect, become a financial supermarket, where customers can

    purchase the services they need off the shelf.

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    F They decided that it was the right moment to exploit this area of weakness.

    G With a client base restricted to national corporations, for whom it financed overseas

    trade, the P-STB put its success down to reliability and conservatism.

PART THREE

    Questions 13-18

    ? Read the article below about careers in children's book publishing and the questions on

    the opposite page.

    ? For each question 13-18, mark one letter (A, B, C or D) on your Answer Sheet for the

    answer you choose.

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    13 The writer says that in comparison to publishing, other companies

     A are more concerned with pleasing their shareholders.

     B are more focused on achieving their goals.

     C place greater importance on keeping their best managers.

     D work harder on interpersonal relationships.

    14 Sarah Carter changed her job within William Davis Publishing because

    A the Public Relations department made it clear they wanted her.

     B she saw more long-term potential in public relations.

     C she did not want to relocate to another floor.

     D it represented a promotion for her.

    15 Virginia Coutts says that when she first started at Prodigy Publications

    A she intended to move on quickly.

     B she had a wide range of skills.

     C she had to do too many different jobs.

     D she had a good line manager.

16 What does Mark Harlock say about formal training?

    A It is faster than learning on the job.

    B It should be based on the trainee's specific needs.

    C It is more often approved for managers than other employees.

    D It enables better working relationships to be built.

17 In using the words 'scratch the surface' (line 24), Barbara Foster means that her actions

     A have started something that will take a lot of work to complete.

     B have revealed big problems that she could not have foreseen.

     C may turn out to be unpopular with some employees.

     D may cause disputes with other publishers.

18 In the final paragraph, the writer recommends that the publishing industry should

     A encourage managers to delegate minor matters more often.

     B put pressure on directors to change the way they work.

     C look for people with business flair and good ideas.

     D spend more time training existing managers.

PART FOUR

    Questions 19-33

    ? Read the article below about the UK retail sector.

    ? Choose the best word to fill each gap from A, B, C or D on the opposite page. ? For each question 19-33, mark one letter (A, B, C or D) on your Answer Sheet. ? There is an example at the beginning, (0).

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    19 A made B formed C created D appointed 20 A expansion B increase C addition D extension 21 A getting B pushing C turning D giving 22 A normal B medium C average D common 23 A figure B sum C data D calculation 24 A emergency B disaster C trouble D crisis 25 A weight B force C power D pressure 26 A climbs B rises C increases D advances 27 A advantage B benefit C worth D value 28 A care B responsibility C duty D reliability 29 A cause B present C produce D bring 30 A development B outcome C continuation D progress 31 A report B distinction C credit D record

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32 A policy B code C procedure D theory

    33 A knowledge B contact C history D experience

PART FIVE

    Writing TIME 45 minutes

    Questions 34-45

    ? Read the book review below.

    ? In most of the lines 34-45 there is one extra word. It is either grammatically incorrect

    or does not fit in with the meaning of the text. Some lines, however, are correct.

    ? If a line is correct, write CORRECT on your Answer Sheet.

    If there is an extra word in the line, write the extra word in CAPITAL LETTERS on

    Advertising for the Small Business

    By Nick Daws

0 Good communication with existing and potential customers is at the hear of

    00 successful business. That is one reason why advertising should, and does, play on such

    34 an important role in so many organizations itself. However, for the small business, unfamiliar

    35 With or inexperienced at using advertising, the investment can seem uncertain. Unlike

    36 to their counterparts in larger companies, with sizeable marketing departments and

    37 professional advertising agencies, no managers in smaller times often find themselves

    38 facing a range of decisions about which campaign objectives and strategy, creative content,

    39 budgets and media choice. The list goes on, That is why I was pleased about to read

    40 Nick Daws guide to the world of marketing communications. I use this phrase rather than

    41 advertising because the book goes beyond of the weekly display advertisements in the local

    42 paper. It also covers sales promotion, direct mail, point-of-sale and PR, all whose components of

    43 the marketing mix that can be easily overlooked, but which are in fact resulting highly effective.

    44 It also provides clear and comprehensive advice on the development of strategy, thus ensuring

    45 that careful readers will succeed avoid the costly mistake of rushed or ill-considered decisions.

PART ONE

    ? You are a manager in an international company. ? You want to reduce the company's spending on courier services. ? Write a memo to the staff in your department:

     ? explaining that spending on courier services has risen

    ? suggesting how savings could be made

     ? saying how the money saved will be used.

    ? Write 40 - 50 words.

    ? Write on the opposite page.

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    MEMORANDUN

    To:

    From

    Date:

    Subject:

PART TWO

    ? You work in the customer services department of a large store. Your line manager has

    asked you to write a report on the results of a recent customer survey. ? Look at the information below, on which you have already made some handwritten

    notes.

    ? Then, using all your handwritten notes, write your report. ? Write 120 - 140 words.

    ? Write on the opposite page.

LISTENING

    TIME Approx. 40 minutes (including 10 minutes' transfer time) PART ONE

    Questions 1-12

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    ? You will hear three telephone conversations or messages. ? Write one or two words or a number in the numbered spaces on. the notes or forms

    below.

    ? You will hear each recording twice.

    Conversation One

    (Questions 1-4)

    ? Look at the notes below.

    ? You will hear a woman giving information about a timetable.

Conversation Two

    (Questions 5 - 8)

    ? Look at the note below.

    ? You will hear a woman leaving a message about some problems with her company's

    new product.

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Conversation Three

    (Questions 9- 12)

    ? Look at the notes below

    ? You will hear a manager telling a colleague about what happened in a meeting

PART TWO

    Questions 13-22

    Section One

    (Questions 13-17)

    ? You will hear five short recordings about delivery problems. ? For each recording, decide which problem each speaker is talking about. ? Write one letter (A-H) next to the number of the recording.

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