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1997

By Marvin Cooper,2014-07-14 18:13
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1997

    1997

    1.The Social Security Retirement Program is made up of two trust funds, ________ could go penniless by next year.

    [A] the larger one[B] the larger of which

    [C] the largest one[D] the largest of which

    2.Nowhere in nature is aluminum found free, owing to its always ________ with other elements, most commonly with oxygen.

    [A] combined[B] having combined[C] combine[D] being combined

    3.Andrew, my father’s younger brother, will not be at the picnic, ________ to the family’s disappointment.

    [A] much[B] more[C] too much[D] much more

    4.I would have gone to visit him in the hospital had it been at all possible, but I ________ fully occupied the whole of last week.

    [A] were[B] had been[C] have been[D] was

    5.Help will come from the UN, but the aid will be ________ near what’s

    needed.[A] everywhere[B] somewhere[C] nowhere[D] anywhere

    6.The chief reason for the population growth isn’t so much a rise in birth rates ________ a fall in death rates as a result of improvements in medical care.[A] and[B] as[C] but[D] or

    7.He claims to be an expert in astronomy, but in actual fact he is quite ignorant on the subject. ________ he knows about it is out of date and inaccurate.[A] What little[B] So much[C] How much[D] So little

    8.Although we feel dissatisfied with the election results, we have to become reconciled ________ the decision made by our fellow countrymen.

    [A] for[B] on[C] to[D] in

    9.Just as the value of a telephone network increases with each new phone ________ to the system, so does the value of a computer system increase with each program that turns out.

    [A] adding[B] to have added[C] to add[D] added

    10.The vocabulary and grammatical differences between British and American English are so trivial and few as hardly ________.

    [A] noticed[B] to be noticed[C] being noticed[D] to notice

    Part B

    Part C

    Example:

    The lost car of the Lees was found ________ in the woods off the highway.[A] vanished[B] scattered[C] abandoned[D] rejected

    The sentence should read, “The lost car of the Lees was found abandoned in the woods off the highway.” Therefore, you should choose

    [C].

    21.When workers are organized in trade unions, employers find it hard to lay them ________.[A] off[B] aside[C] out[D] down

    22.The wealth of a country should be measured ________ the health and happiness of its people as well as the material goods it can produce.

    [A] in line with[B] in terms of[C] in regard with[D] by means of

    23.He has failed me so many times that I no longer place any ________ on what he promises.[A] faith[B] belief[C] credit[D] reliance

    24.My students found the book ________: it provided them with an abundance of information on the subject.

    [A] enlightening[B] confusing[C] distracting[D] amusing

    25.Nobody yet knows how long and how seriously the shakiness in the financial system will ________ down the economy.

    [A] put[B] settle[C] drag[D] knock

    26.In this factory the machines are not regulated ________ but are jointly controlled by a central computer system.

    [A] independently[B] individually[C] irrespectively[D] irregularly

    27.Every chemical change either results from energy being used to produce the change, or causes energy to be ________ in some form.

    [A] given off[B] put out[C] set off[D] used up

    28.If businessmen are taxed too much, they will no longer be motivated to work hard, with the result that incomes from taxation might actually ________.

    [A] shrink[B] delay[C] disperse[D] sink

    29.American companies are evolving from mass-production manufacturing to ________ enterprises.

    [A] moveable[B] changing[C] flexible[D] varying

    30.If you know what the trouble is, why don’t you help them to

    ________ the situation?

    [A] simplify[B] modify[C] verify[D] rectify

    31.I can’t ________ what has happened to the vegetables, for they were freshly picked this morning.

    [A] figure out[B] draw out[C] look out[D] work out

    32.I tried very hard to persuade him to join our group but I met with a flat ________.

    [A] disapproval[B] rejection[C] refusal[D] decline

    33.From this material we can ________ hundreds of what you may call direct products.

    [A] derive[B] discern[C] diminish[D] displace

    34.She had clearly no ________ of doing any work, although she was very well paid.

    [A] tendency[B] ambition[C] intention[D] willingness

    35.What seems confusing or fragmented at first might well become ________ a third time.

    [A] clean and measurable[B] notable and systematic

    [C] pure and wholesome[D] clear and organic

    36.The public opinion was that the time was not ________ for the election of such a radical candidate as Mr. Jones.

    [A] reasonable[B] ripe[C] ready[D] practical

    37.Hudson said he could not kill a living thing except for the ________ of hunger.

    [A] sensation[B] cause[C] purpose[D] motive

    38.For the new country to survive, ________ for its people to enjoy prosperity, new economic policies will be required.

    [A] to name a few[B] let alone[C] not to speak[D] let’s say

    39.Foreign disinvestment and the ________ of South Africa from world capital markets after 1985 further weakened its economy.

    [A] displacement[B] elimination[C] exclusion[D] exception

    40.When a number of people ________ together in a conversational knot, each individual expresses his position in the group by where he stands.

    [A] pad[B] pack[C] squeeze[D] cluster

    Section II Cloze Test

    Manpower Inc., with 560,000 workers, is the world’s largest temporary employment agency. Every morning, its people __41__ into the offices and factories of America, seeking a day’s work for a day’s pay. One day at a time. __42__ industrial giants like General Motors and IBM struggle to survive __43__ reducing the number of employees, Manpower, based in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, is booming.

    __44__ its economy continues to recover, the US is increasingly becoming a nation of part timers and temporary workers. This __45__ work force is the most important __46__ in American business today, and it is __47__ changing the relationship between people and their jobs. The phenomenon provides a way for companies to remain globally competitive __48__ avoiding market cycles and the growing burdens __49__ by employment rules, healthcare costs and pension plans. For workers it can mean an end to the security, benefits and sense of __50__ that came from being a loyal employee.

    41.[A] swarm[B] stride[C] separate[D] slip

    42.[A] For[B] Because[C] As[D] Since

    43.[A] from[B] in[C] on[D] by

    44.[A] Even though[B] Now that[C] If only[D] Provided that

    45.[A] durable[B] disposable[C] available[D] transferable

    46.[A] approach[B] flow[C] fashion[D] trend

    47.[A] instantly[B] reversely[C] fundamentally[D] sufficiently

    48.[A] but[B] while[C] and[D] whereas

    49.[A] imposed[B] restricted[C] illustrated[D] confined

    50.[A] excitement[B] conviction[C] enthusiasm[D] importance

    Section III Reading Comprehension

    Text 1

    It was 3:45 in the morning when the vote was finally taken. After six months of arguing and final 16 hours of hot parliamentary debates, Australia’s Northern Territory became the first legal authority in the world to allow doctors to take the lives of incurably ill patients who wish to die. The measure passed by the convincing vote of 15 to 10. Almost immediately word flashed on the Internet and was picked up, half a world away, by John Hofsess, executive director of the Right to Die Society of Canada. He sent it on via the group’s on-line service, Death NET. Says

    Hofsess: “We posted bulletins all day long, because of course this isn’t just something that happened in Australia. It’s world history.”

    The full import may take a while to sink in. The NT Rights of the Terminally Ill law has left physicians and citizens alike trying to deal with its moral and practical implications. Some have breathed sighs of relief, others, including churches, right-to-life groups and the Australian Medical Association, bitterly attacked the bill and the haste of its passage. But the tide is unlikely to turn back. In Australia -- where an aging population, life-extending technology and changing community attitudes have all played their part -- other states are going to consider making a similar law to deal with euthanasia. In the US and Canada, where the right-to-die movement is gathering strength, observers are waiting for the dominoes to start falling.

    Under the new Northern Territory law, an adult patient can request death -- probably by a deadly injection or pill -- to put an end to suffering. The patient must be diagnosed as terminally ill by two doctors. After a “cooling off” period of seven days, the patient can sign a certificate of request. After 48 hours the wish for death can be met. For

    Lloyd Nickson, a 54-year-old Darwin resident suffering from lung cancer, the NT Rights of Terminally Ill law means he can get on with living without the haunting fear of his suffering: a terrifying death from his breathing condition. “I’m not afraid of dying from a spiritual point of view, but what I was afraid of was how I’d go, because I’ve watched people die in the hospital fighting for oxygen and clawing at their masks,” he says.

    51.From the second paragraph we learn that ________.

    [A] the objection to euthanasia is slow to come in other countries

    [B] physicians and citizens share the same view on euthanasia

    [C] changing technology is chiefly responsible for the hasty passage of the law

    [D] it takes time to realize the significance of the law’s passage

    52.When the author says that observers are waiting for the dominoes to start falling, he means ________.

    [A] observers are taking a wait-and-see attitude towards the future of euthanasia

    [B] similar bills are likely to be passed in the US, Canada and other countries

    [C] observers are waiting to see the result of the game of dominoes

    [D] the effect-taking process of the passed bill may finally come to a stop

    53.When Lloyd Nickson dies, he will ________.

    [A] face his death with calm characteristic of euthanasia

    [B] experience the suffering of a lung cancer patient

    [C] have an intense fear of terrible suffering

    [D] undergo a cooling off period of seven days

    54.The author’s attitude towards euthanasia seems to be that of ________.

    [A] opposition[B] suspicion[C] approval[D] indifference

    Text 2

    A report consistently brought back by visitors to the US is how friendly, courteous, and helpful most Americans were to them. To be fair, this observation is also frequently made of Canada and Canadians, and should best be considered North American. There are, of course, exceptions. Small-minded officials, rude waiters, and ill-mannered taxi drivers are hardly unknown in the US. Yet it is an observation made so frequently that it deserves comment.

    For a long period of time and in many parts of the country, a traveler was a welcome break in an otherwise dull existence. Dullness and loneliness were common problems of the families who generally lived distant from one another. Strangers and travelers were welcome sources of diversion, and brought news of the outside world.

    The harsh realities of the frontier also shaped this tradition of hospitality. Someone traveling alone, if hungry, injured, or ill, often had nowhere to turn except to the nearest cabin or settlement. It was not a matter of choice for the traveler or merely a charitable impulse on the part of the settlers. It reflected the harshness of daily life: if you didn’t take in the stranger and take care of him, there was no one else who would. And someday, remember, you might be in the same situation.

    Today there are many charitable organizations which specialize in helping the weary traveler. Yet, the old tradition of hospitality to strangers is still very strong in the US, especially in the smaller cities and towns away from the busy tourist trails. “I was just traveling through, got talking with this American, and pretty soon he invited me home for dinner -- amazing.” Such observations reported by visitors to the US are not uncommon, but are not always understood properly. The casual friendliness of many Americans should be interpreted neither as superficial nor as artificial, but as the result of a historically developed cultural tradition.

    As is true of any developed society, in America a complex set of cultural signals, assumptions, and conventions underlies all social interrelationships. And, of course, speaking a language does not necessarily mean that someone understands social and cultural patterns. Visitors who fail to “translate” cultural meanings properly often draw wrong conclusions. For example, when an American uses the word “friend,” the cultural implications of the word may be quite different from those it has in the visitor’s language and culture. It takes more than a brief encounter on a bus to distinguish between courteous convention and individual interest. Yet, being friendly is a virtue that many Americans value highly and expect from both neighbors and strangers.

    55.In the eyes of visitors from the outside world, ________.

    [A] rude taxi drivers are rarely seen in the US

    [B] small-minded officials deserve a serious comment

    [C] Canadians are not so friendly as their neighbors

    [D] most Americans are ready to offer help

    56.It could be inferred from the last paragraph that ________.

    [A] culture exercises an influence over social interrelationship

    [B] courteous convention and individual interest are interrelated

    [C] various virtues manifest themselves exclusively among friends

    [D] social interrelationships equal the complex set of cultural conventions

    57.Families in frontier settlements used to entertain strangers ________.

    [A] to improve their hard life

    [B] in view of their long-distance travel

    [C] to add some flavor to their own daily life

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