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The Walt Disney Company

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The Walt Disney Company ...

Exam I; F4360; Fall, 2004 Name ______________________________

    Short answer questions/problems

Note: if you write more than a couple of sentences on a short-answer question, you are likely writing too much.

1. Using the attached information, calculate General Motors’ PE Ratio for 2003.

2. Assume you are interested in whether General Motors has excessive debt. If you could only calculate one ratio,

    which would you calculate?

3. Assume you are calculating General Motors’ EVA for 2003 using the Harnischfeger approach. What would you

    use for Operating Cash when you calculate capital?

4. Calculate the NOPAT you would use in calculating General Motors’ Basic EVA for 2003.

5. Assume you read an article that states that EVA is a poor measure of performance because it doesn’t allow for

    differences in risk between firms. Briefly respond to this statement (a sentence or two should be sufficient).

6. Assume that two years ago your parents made the first of 22 monthly deposits into a savings account. After the

    initial deposit, your parents increased the deposits by 2% each. Beginning three months from today, you will be

    able to make the first of 10 annual withdrawals of $400 each from this account to help pay for Christmas trips.

    List the sequence of steps (including what you are solving for in the final step) that you would need to

    undertake to solve for the first deposit your parents made into this account. (Note: no calculations

    necessary…just list the steps).

7. For a given annual percentage rate, what happens to the effective annual interest rate as the number of

    compounding periods per year increases?

8. Assume that IBM’s reward to risk ratio is below that of other assets. Describe the process that will drive the

    reward to risk ratio for IBM to equal that of other assets.

Note: Question 10 is an extension of question 9. Draw your answers to questions 9 and 10 on the same graph.

9. Assume you are considering investing in General Electric and Microsoft. Assume that expected return and

    standard deviation of returns is higher on Microsoft than on General Electric. Sketch Microsoft, General

    Electric, and a reasonable feasible set and label a portfolio consisting of 80% Microsoft and 20% General

    Electric.

10. Assume you decide to add Kellogg to your portfolio of General Electric and Microsoft. Kellogg has a lower

    expected return and standard deviation of returns than either General Electric or Microsoft. On the same graph

    you drew for 9, sketch a feasible set using the 3 stocks. Label the point that is the best possible combination of

    the 3 assets that allows you to have the same expected return that you had in question 9. Are you better off or

    worse off at this new point? Why?

Problems/Essays

1. You have just deposited $100,000 into a savings account that pays an interest rate of 6% per year compounded

    continuously. Eight months from today, you plan to make the first of a series of quarterly withdrawals that

    grow by 1% each. You plan to make your final withdrawal five years and two months from today. How large

    can you make your first withdrawal?

2. Based on the following returns (August to August), what is your estimate of the beta for Pepsico?

    Pepsico: 2004: 14%, 2003: 13%, 2002: -15%, 2001: 12%

    S&P 500: 2004: 11%, 2003: 9%, 2002: -19%, 2001: -25%.

     Page 1 of 6

    Month-end stock prices for General Motors

Source: WRDS

DATE COMPANY NAME TICKER PRICE

    200001 GENERAL MOTORS CORP GM 80.5625 200002 GENERAL MOTORS CORP GM 76.0625 200003 GENERAL MOTORS CORP GM 82.8125 200004 GENERAL MOTORS CORP GM 93.6250 200005 GENERAL MOTORS CORP GM 70.6250 200006 GENERAL MOTORS CORP GM 58.0625 200007 GENERAL MOTORS CORP GM 56.9375 200008 GENERAL MOTORS CORP GM 72.1875 200009 GENERAL MOTORS CORP GM 65.0000 200010 GENERAL MOTORS CORP GM 62.1250 200011 GENERAL MOTORS CORP GM 49.5000 200012 GENERAL MOTORS CORP GM 50.9375 200101 GENERAL MOTORS CORP GM 53.7000 200102 GENERAL MOTORS CORP GM 53.3200 200103 GENERAL MOTORS CORP GM 51.8500 200104 GENERAL MOTORS CORP GM 54.8100 200105 GENERAL MOTORS CORP GM 56.9000 200106 GENERAL MOTORS CORP GM 64.3500 200107 GENERAL MOTORS CORP GM 63.6000 200108 GENERAL MOTORS CORP GM 54.7500 200109 GENERAL MOTORS CORP GM 42.9000 200110 GENERAL MOTORS CORP GM 41.3200 200111 GENERAL MOTORS CORP GM 49.7000 200112 GENERAL MOTORS CORP GM 48.6000 200201 GENERAL MOTORS CORP GM 51.1400 200202 GENERAL MOTORS CORP GM 52.9800 200203 GENERAL MOTORS CORP GM 60.4500 200204 GENERAL MOTORS CORP GM 64.1500 200205 GENERAL MOTORS CORP GM 62.1500 200206 GENERAL MOTORS CORP GM 53.4500 200207 GENERAL MOTORS CORP GM 46.5500 200208 GENERAL MOTORS CORP GM 47.8600 200209 GENERAL MOTORS CORP GM 38.9000 200210 GENERAL MOTORS CORP GM 33.2500 200211 GENERAL MOTORS CORP GM 39.7000 200212 GENERAL MOTORS CORP GM 36.8600 200301 GENERAL MOTORS CORP GM 36.3300 200302 GENERAL MOTORS CORP GM 33.7700 200303 GENERAL MOTORS CORP GM 33.6200 200304 GENERAL MOTORS CORP GM 36.0500 200305 GENERAL MOTORS CORP GM 35.3300 200306 GENERAL MOTORS CORP GM 36.0000 200307 GENERAL MOTORS CORP GM 37.4300 200308 GENERAL MOTORS CORP GM 41.1000 200309 GENERAL MOTORS CORP GM 40.9300 200310 GENERAL MOTORS CORP GM 42.6700 200311 GENERAL MOTORS CORP GM 42.7800 200312 GENERAL MOTORS CORP GM 53.4000

     Page 2 of 6

    GENERAL MOTORS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

    CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME

    Years Ended December 31,

(dollars in millions except per share amounts)

    2003 2002 2001 GENERAL MOTORS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

    Total net sales and revenues (Notes 1 and 24) $185,524 $177,324 $169,051

     ------- ------- ------- Cost of sales and other expenses (Note 5) 152,071 146,793 138,847 Selling, general, and administrative expenses 21,008 20,690 19,433 Interest expense (Note 16) 9,464 7,503 8,317

     ------- ------- -------

     Total costs and expenses 182,543 174,986 166,597

     ------- ------- ------- Income from continuing operations before

     income taxes, equity income

     and minority interests 2,981 2,338 2,454 Income tax expense (Note 11) 731 644 1,094 Equity income (loss) and minority interests 612 281 (138)

     ----- ----- ----- Income from continuing operations 2,862 1,975 1,222 Loss from discontinued operations (Note 2) (219) (239) (621) Gain on sale of discontinued operations 1,179 - -

     ----- ----- -----

     Net income 3,822 1,736 601 Dividends on preference stocks - (46) (99)

     ----- ----- -----

     Earnings attributable to common stocks

     (Note 20) $3,822 $1,690 $502

     ===== ===== ===

     Page 3 of 6

    GENERAL MOTORS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

    CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

    December 31,

    ASSETS (dollars in millions)

    2003 2002

    Cash and cash equivalents (Note 1) $32,554 $20,320 Other marketable securities (Note 6) 22,215 16,825

     ------ ------

     Total cash and marketable securities 54,769 37,145 Finance receivables - net (Note 8) 173,137 134,643 Loans held for sale 19,609 15,720 Accounts and notes receivable (less allowances) 20,532 16,337 Inventories (less allowances) (Note 9) 10,960 9,737 Assets of discontinued operations - 18,653 Deferred income taxes (Note 11) 27,190 39,767 Net equipment on operating leases

     (less accumulated depreciation) (Note 10) 34,383 31,026 Equity in net assets of nonconsolidated affiliates 6,032 5,097 Property - net (Note 12) 38,211 35,956 Intangible assets - net (Notes 1 and 13) 4,760 10,796 Other assets (Note 14) 58,924 14,176

     ------- -------

     Total assets $448,507 $369,053

     ======= =======

     LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

    Accounts payable (principally trade) $25,422 $21,138 Notes and loans payable (Note 16) 271,756 200,168 Liabilities of discontinued operations - 7,956 Postretirement benefits other than pensions (Note 17) 36,292 38,152 Pensions (Note 17) 8,024 22,679 Deferred income taxes (Notes 11 and 15) 7,508 6,523 Accrued expenses and other liabilities (Note 15) 73,930 65,344

     ------- -------

     Total liabilities 422,932 361,960 Minority interests 307 279 Stockholders' equity (Note 19)

    $1-2/3 par value common stock (outstanding,

     561,997,725 and 560,447,797 shares) 937 936 Class H common stock (outstanding,

     958,284,272 shares in 2002) - 96 Capital surplus (principally additional paid-in capital) 15,185 21,583 Retained earnings 12,752 10,031

     ------ ------

     Subtotal 28,874 32,646 Accumulated foreign currency translation adjustments (1,815) (2,784) Net unrealized gains (losses) on derivatives 51 (205) Net unrealized gains on securities 618 372 Minimum pension liability adjustment (2,460) (23,215)

     ----- ------

     Accumulated other comprehensive loss (3,606) (25,832)

     ----- ------

     Total stockholders' equity 25,268 6,814

     ------- ------- Total liabilities and stockholders' equity $448,507 $369,053

     ======= =======

     Page 4 of 6

    GENERAL MOTORS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

    CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

     For The Years Ended December 31,

     2003 2002 2001

     ---- ---- ---- Cash flows from operating activities (dollars in millions) Income from continuing operations $2,862 $1,975 $1,222 Adjustments to reconcile income from

     continuing operations to net cash

     provided by operating activities

     Depreciation and amortization expenses 13,978 11,865 11,764

     Mortgage servicing rights

     amortization 1,602 3,871 948

     Provision for financing losses 1,608 2,028 1,472

     Other postretirement employee benefit

     (OPEB) expense 4,599 4,108 3,720

     OPEB payments (3,536) (3,334) (3,120)

     VEBA (contributions)/ withdrawls (3,000) (1,000) 1,300

     Pension expense 3,412 1,780 540

     Pension contributions (18,168) (5,156) (317)

     Retiree lump sum and vehicle voucher

     expense, net of payments 923 (254) (136)

     Net change in mortgage loans 456 (4,715) (4,615)

     Net change in mortgage securities 236 (656) (777)

     Change in other investments and

     miscellaneous assets 1,741 1,335 180

     Change in other operating assets and

     liabilities (Note 1) 792 4,477 (234)

     Other 95 (842) 233

     ----- ------ ------ Net cash provided by operating activities $7,600 $15,482 $12,180

     ----- ------ ------

Cash flows from investing activities

    Expenditures for property (7,330) (6,871) (7,832) Investments in marketable securities -

     acquisitions (28,660) (39,386) (38,248) Investments in marketable securities -

     liquidations 24,253 35,688 37,560 Net change in mortgage servicing rights (2,557) (1,711) (2,075) Increase in finance receivables (149,419) (143,024) (107,566) Proceeds from sale of finance receivables 107,505 117,276 95,949 Proceeds from sale of business units 4,148 - - Operating leases - acquisitions (11,761) (16,624) (12,938) Operating leases - liquidations 9,952 13,994 11,892 Investments in companies, net of cash

     acquired (Note 1) (201) (870) (1,283) Other (1,422) 1,004 126

     ------ ------- ------- Net cash used in investing activities (55,492) (40,524) (24,415)

     ------ ------- -------

     Page 5 of 6

Cash flows from financing activities

    Net increase (decrease) in loans payable 235 770 (21,740) Long-term debt - borrowings 97,391 51,411 62,956 Long-term debt - repayments (38,963) (24,365) (19,789) Repurchases of common and preference stocks - (97) (264) Proceeds from issuing common stocks - 62 100 Proceeds from sales of treasury stocks 60 19 418 Cash dividends paid to stockholders (1,121) (1,121) (1,105) Other 1,320 333 924

     ------ ------ ------ Net cash provided by financing activities 58,922 27,012 21,500

     ------ ------ ------

    Net cash provided by discontinued operations 275 - -

Effect of exchange rate changes on

     cash and cash equivalents 929 495 (96)

     ------ ------ ------

    Net increase in cash and cash equivalents 12,234 2,465 9,169 Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of

     the year 20,320 17,855 8,686

     ------ ------ ------

Cash and cash equivalents at end

     of the year $32,554 $20,320 $17,855

     ====== ====== ======

     Page 6 of 6

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