Innovative Mobility Showcase Exploring the Future

By Alex Franklin,2014-06-28 17:25
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Innovative Mobility Showcase Exploring the Future ...

    Innovative Mobility Showcase: Exploring the Future

    In 1769 1770, Gaspar de Portolá led an expedition of 64 explorers, including Father Junipero

    Serra, founder of the California missions, up the California coast to make claim for new territory

    and San Francisco. The Portola Expedition was visionary in that it established territory,

    developed maps and set the stage for nearly 100 years of influence.

Given the parallel with the Portola Expedition, perhaps the venue for the 12th World

    Congress on Intelligent Transport Systems held November 5 10, 2005, was

    appropriately San Francisco. Over 200 years after the expedition dramatically

    transformed the California coast, could the World Congress, highlighted by the

    Innovative Mobility Showcase (IMS), be as seminal? Could the IMS portend ―nearly 100 years of influence‖? Does it, in a most visionary manner, map the future? The answer

    may be a resounding YES.

Imagine this: a massive, nearly 200,000 square foot parking lot of near AT&T (formerly

    SBC) Park, busy with activity along temporary, futuristic roads with names as ITS Way,

    Innovation Drive and Mobility Lane. Vehicles, a live intersection, a test track and

    importantly, the world audience of ITS leaders and innovators, plus print and television

    media. Technology and information everywhere.

Figure 1. Aerial view of the IMS, where the future and information were explored.


We describe the experience, discuss the institutions or the movers and shakers that

    enabled this watershed event, highlight the participants, and then we portend the future.

The Experience: Technology and Information Everywhere

Guests arrived at SBC Park by bus or Volkwagen limousine from the main conference

    venue, the Moscone Center. If lucky, they arrived via a SamTrans/California PATH bus

    outfitted for urban forward collision warning. Once in the lot, visitors were hosted to

    attend a series of IMS events, some on ―The Streets of San Francisco,‖

The attendees experienced multiple transportation demonstrations, each very interesting

    and in toto an exciting glimpse into the future. Demonstrations encompassed areas such


    Traffic probe data

    From the Traffic Management Center perspective


    Road Condition


    For traveler dynamic route advisory

    Intersection safety

    Intermodal connectivity


     Mobility options

We note that what enabled this variety of demonstrations is a concentration of technology,

    much of this information technology. In fact, a key technology, one which gives rise

    to… information everywhere is wireless communication, and most specifically, Vehicle-

    Infrastructure Integration (VII) (see Consider this:

    vehicles that talk to and listen to the roadside and vice versa. Consider also that this

    talking this information everywhere enables the services above. Hence, while indeed there were a host of other innovative transportation demonstrations at the IMS, one of the

    shining stars was VII. To that end, the City and County of San Francisco (SFGo) and

    Caltrans provided unprecedented access to their infrastructure to allow VII Roadside

    Units (RSU), housed within traffic controller cabinets, outfitted with computer and radio,

    and supplemented a radio antenna. This enables RSU to send and receive wireless

    signals via Dedicated Short Range Communication (DSRC). To add to that, vehicle

    manufacturers (VW and DaimlerChrylser) provided complementary Onboard Units

    (OBU). The RSU and OBU talked and listened to one another. Hence, VII; hence,

    information everywhere


The Enablers: The Public (Innovative Corridors Initiative, or ICI) and The Private

a. Innovative Corridors Initiative

    The Innovative Corridors Initiative (ICI) is a multi-year Caltrans and MTC project, begun long before the IMS and ending with an evaluation considerably after the IMS (period of performance: June 2003-Dec 2006). The project is designed to transcend and perpetuate many of the elements innovated and demonstrated during the IMS. Indeed, the intent of the ICI is to encourage the early deployment of innovative technologies for ITS in California. The ITS technologies used in the ICI are defined through a broad array of information and vehicle control technologies, all designed to improve traffic and transit management. The services these technologies are targeted to improve include safety, user choice, congestion, and incident response.

    Why the ICI? For over a decade, ITS technologies have been gaining acceptance and are now utilized in every major metropolitan area in the United States to enhance transportation system management. However, the full potential of ITS technologies to revolutionize transportation system management and enhance individual decisions remains to be fulfilled. A critical impediment to realizing the full potential of ITS is the dichotomy between the public sector owning and operating the roadways and transit systems for the public benefit and the private sector inventing and operating ITS technology and services with a profit motive. The ICI project was designed to address this separation between public sector mandate and private industry motivation by creating a forum where the mutual benefits to both sectors could be realized.

    In addition to Caltrans and MTC, project partners include the Los Angeles Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA), the California Center for Innovative Transportation (CCIT), Partners for Advanced Transit and Highways (PATH), and the Intelligent Transportation Society of America (ITSA).

    The ICI partners issued a ―Call for Submissions‖ to solicit private industry participation to form the public-private partnerships that became the basis of the ICI. Many of the industry partners that joined the ICI through the CFS also demonstrated their technologies at the IMS. In fact, the chance to demonstrate their technologies to a worldwide audience at the IMS was a motivator for industry to participate. The premise of the CFS was that significant benefits to Californians could be delivered and experienced by introducing and leveraging innovative technologies into California's transportation system. The demonstration projects resulting from the CFS were expected to deploy current and emerging intelligent transportation system technologies and to test the benefits to all parties and to be part of the ICI and in many cases, the IMS.

    The CFS is different from a typical request for proposals (RFP) in four significant ways:

    1. The CFS did not specify the types of projects to be submitted;


    2. The CFS process was designed with a period of time for public agency and

    private industry to negotiate the details of the project;

    3. No public funding was awarded with the CFS contract(s), and:

    4. Unlike an RFP where one bidder is generally awarded a contract, the CFS

    could result in several agreements with the private sector as long as projects

    fit the CFS requirements and public agency staff resources.

The CFS resulted in 28 proposed project ideas from 16 private companies. Eight of the

    16 projects developed to final agreement. Five of the proposals that reached final

    agreement were with Caltrans and three were with MTC. The final list of CFS projects

    all part of the World Congress exhibition hall or the IMS is:

    Project Title/Description Company Agency

    Circumnav Caltrans D4 and Dynamic Route Advisory System

    Networks, Inc. MTC

    ENCOM Wireless Data Solutions Project ENCOM Wireless

    Data Solutions Caltrans D7

    Caltrans D4 and Intelligent Loop Detector

    Infotek Associates D7

    Vehicle Infrastructure Cooperation NAVTEQ Caltrans D4

    511 Level Two ―My 511‖


    Bay Area Web Congestion Mapping and Traffic

    Forecasting Outreach MTC

    Speed Sensor Demonstration

    SpeedInfo Caltrans D4

    TV511 Tele Atlas North

    America, Inc. MTC

It is important to highlight that NAVTEQ Vehicle Infrastructure Cooperation project,

    since the implementation of that for the ICI spawned a multi-agency, multi-company,

    private-public effort: the IMS. In short, NAVTEQ and ITSA provided the impetus and

    leadership to realize the IMS.

b. IMS Participants

As shown in Figure 2, many individuals, working for a host of participating organizations,

    combined their talents for the set of IMS demonstrations shown during the World



Figure 2. “Family” photo of IMS participants at the Econolite Intelligent

    Intersection. Note that at the time of the photo, there were many pedestrians and no


    The IMS demonstrations and organizations that put them on included:

ParkingCarma Get your spot!(tm)


Connected Mobility Services Platform


Extended Floating Car Data Applications


Intersection Opposite Direction Gap Advisor




VII California Testbed Demonstration







Automated Bus Rapid Transit and Transit Integrated Collision Warning













Probe-based Traffic and Navigation


Streets of San Francisco


IMS Communication Infrastructure


    GDI Communications, LLC


Live Video Feed from IMS to Moscone


Traffic Signal Violation Warning



Wireless Map Updates



Intelligent Intersection Technologies


Vehicle-to-Vehicle Communication for Driver Assistance


Intelligent Loop Detector


Traffic Signal Monitoring, Amber Alert, Electronic Toll Collection


Road Hazard Alert Application

    Wireless Map Replacement

    Forward Collision Warning

    Curve Speed Warning

    Map-Enabled VII

    Intelligent Intersections


Traffic Via Probe Fleets

    My 511


Lane Departure Warning


Dynamic Parking Information



GPS-Based Road Pricing


Real-time Traffic Network


TV 511


Pre-Crash Safety System

    Intelligent Parking Assist

    Hybrid Vehicle Technologies


Mobile Internet Café


Stop Sign Assistant


Intelligent Vehicle Initiative





VW Fuel Cell

    VII for Safety and Mobility

    Advanced Electronics


    Detailed descriptions and points of contact for these demonstrations are listed in the



The Future

While the future may be difficult to prognosticate, the themes of the IMS, the clear

    linkage to the Portola Expedition, and the combined vision of the participants portends

    information and technology everywhere. The spirit of the IMS, the combination of companies and organizations public and private to explore and then plant innovation

    into the ground portends that the future of ITS and a lasting legacy of the IMS will be

    cooperation and collaboration. ITS projects will involve traditional ―infrastructure‖ and

    ―vehicle‖ and, down the road, operators of other modes and methods of transportation to

    enjoin for these efforts.

Specific legacies of this exploration will for certain include:

    Talking cars and talking roads, or VII. The IMS included among the first in-the-ground VII demonstrations, drawing from a wide array of potential service providers,

    technologies, applications and stakeholders into this combined vision. Since the IMS,

    and under the leadership of ITSA, a large subset of these stakeholders are pressing the

    mission of understanding and advocating VII as the basis of a potential revolutionary set

    of communications-based ITS solutions to safety and congestion problems. A solid

    objective of this effort, crystallized at the IMS, is for the next Congressional

    transportation bill reauthorization to include explicit provision for a nationwide

    deployment of VII.

Innovative methods and institutions for public-private partnership. The ICI was an

    integral part of the IMS and innovations such as the CFS point the way toward future

    collaborative relationships between public and private sectors in quickly and effectively

    deploying ITS technologies on public right-of-way.

Raising the bar. The IMS was a resounding technological and institutional success, borne

    from hard work and a common vision. This raises the bar, not only for future World

    Congresses but for ITS as a whole. More IMS-type demonstrations will engender and

    cross-fertilized ideas, imagination, and in the end, deployment.

Exploring the future. Portola explored the future and mapped new territory in California,

    and the IMS did the same. The lasting legacy of the IMS will be the maps drawn in

    November, 2005 as they chart a future course for ITS, with technology and information



APPENDIX: IMS Demonstrations and Points of Contact

    In the words of each participant

ParkingCarma Get your spot!(tm)


    CCIT, Third Floor, 2105 Bancroft Way

    Berkeley, CA 94720-3830, United States


    Tel: 510.985.0093



    Product URL:

    Press URL:

    Acme Innovation Inc. is an applied technology company, specializing in converged communications and dynamic data services, with SmartParking? and ParkingCarma? as its flagship products. We support sustainable development and congestion mitigation by providing information in one critical area: finding a place to park. The SmartParking demonstration provides accurate real-time data on expected parking availability in our on-site demo lot, taking into account ParkingCarma‘s advance hourly parking reservations for exhibitors. ParkingCarma‘s innovative US patent pending technology

    allows drivers to determine the real-time availability of parking spaces. Using ParkingCarma‘s voice activated phone reservation system drivers can reserve a spot quickly and easily. San Francisco and the surrounding Bay Area is the first of many congested urban areas to benefit from using SmartParking and ParkingCarma as part of an award-winning research program with BART, Caltrans and UC Berkeley PATH.

Connected Mobility Services Platform



    Tel: 312.373.5914


    Avanade will demonstrate how mobility services offered by several service providers can be bundled and delivered to the driving public in their vehicles as subscription and non-subscription services. In this demonstration of the Connected Mobility Service Platform, the public will be able to subscribe to specific services over the web from their home and have those services delivered in their car. The demo will also show how drivers can receive important contextual real-time alerts in their cars alerts sent by transportation agencies. Services will be targeted for delivery at specified RSUs using VII. Subscription services like downloadable music (MP3) and vehicle service information can also be provisioned using this model to subscribing vehicles. The success of any ITS based mobility service is going to be determined by how easily it is made available to the driving public and how readily it can be consumed. This is a very important consideration


    given that there is an emergence of a plethora of disparate mobility services. Using the Connected Mobility Service Platform from Avanade, multiple services can be bundled and provisioned at various levels of service. The benefit to DOTs and transportation agencies is that they can centrally manage the deployment and delivery of region-wide nonsubscription services like safety, toll collection, amber alert, highway advisory and weather.

Extended Floating Car Data Applications



    Tel: 201.307.3790


    BMW presents a vehicle safety solution, which detects a dangerous road condition and warns following vehicles as appropriate. This demonstration will be located at SBC Park, as another Innovative Mobility Showcase demonstration. BMW will demonstrate how a vehicle can be used as an intelligent probe in traffic. The vehicle will drive on a slippery road, detecting hazardous road conditions by its on board sensors. On board computers process the data and generate a warning message. This message is sent to a following vehicle, that is about to reach the hazardous road section. The driver receives a warning though a vehicle driver interface and can slow down in time in order to pass the dangerous road situation safely. The information may be made available to a traffic control center, too, in order to show the dangerous road event to a broader audience. Event generated vehicle probe data ―Extended Floating Car Data‖ – can be used to

    detect hazardous road conditions as well as congested roads and making it transparent to following vehicles and transportation managers efficiently.

Intersection Opposite Direction Gap Advisor


    1357 S. 46th Street, Bldg. 452

    Richmond, CA 94804, United States



    Tel: 510.665.3406

    Fax: 510.665.3537



    Division of Research and Innovation

     P.O. Box 942873, MS-83

    1227 O Street

    Sacramento, CA 94273-0001



    Tel: (916) 654-7252



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