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Unit 1 Friendship1

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Unit 1 Friendship1

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    Unit 1 friendship

    Participants: 靳燕!黄洋!董妮娅!仝亚军!李桂秀!吴晓!邹舍龙

     School: Tai Zhou No.1 Senior Middle School 1.Teaching aims and demands 类别 课程标准要求掌握的项目

    话题 Friends and friendship; interpersonal relationships

    词汇 Add point upset ignore calm concern loose cheat reason

    list share feeling Netherlands German outdoors crazy nature

    purpose dare thunder entirely power according trust indoors suffer

    teenager advice questionnaire quiz situation editor communicate

    habit

    add up calm down have got to be concerned about walk the

    dog go through hide away set down a series of on

    purpose

    in order to face to face according to get along with fall in love

    join in

    功能 1. 态度(attitudes)

    Are you afraid that---?

    I’ve grown so crazy about---

    I didn’t dare---

    2. 同意和不同意?agreement and disagreement

     I agree. I think so. Exactly.

     I don’t agree. I don’t think so. I’m afraid not.

    3.肯定程度?certainty

     That’s correct. Of course not.

    语法 直接引语和间接引语(1): 陈述句和疑问句

    1. 陈述句

    “I don’t want to set down a series of facts in a diary.” Said Anne.

    -----Anne said that she didn’t want to set down a series of facts in a

    diary.

    2. 一般疑问句

    He asked, “Are you leaving tonight?”

    ---He asked us whether we were leaving that night.

    3. 特殊疑问句

    “When did you go to bed last night?” father said to Anne.

    --- Father asked Anne when she went to bed the night before.

2. Suggested teaching notes

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    1). Analyses of the teaching contents

    This unit is about friendship, and nearly all the teaching materials center on it.

    Warming up---The questionnaire leads students to think and talk about

     friendship, get to know the problems between friends

     and seek solutions, which makes preparations for the

     further teaching in topics, background and vocabulary. Pre-reading---The questions prompt students to think critically about

     friends and friendship in reality, alerting them to the fact

     that besides people, a diary can be a friend, too. Reading--- The diary by theJewish girl Anne gave a glimpse of her life

     during her family’s shelter in Amsterdam from the German

     Nazis’ killing in world war 2. she treats the diary as her best

    friend, and in it reveals her longing for a normal life and

    close contact with nature, which helps her get through the

    days.

    Comprehending---It helps students further understand the text by

    doing

     multiple choices, questions and answers, and

     matching.

    Learning about language---It teaches the important expressions and

     structures and grammar: direct and

    indirect

     speeches.

    Using language---The two letters, listening, questionnaire design,

    letter

     writing and fun writing prepares students to further

     talk about friendship, especially the problems with

     misunderstanding, and unfriendliness, thus

     strengthening students’ abilities to practice

     language, discover, and solve problems. Summing up---It summarizes the whole contents of this unit from the

     aspects of topics, vocabulary and grammar. Learning tip--- This part encourages students to form the habit of

    writing

     a diary.

    Integrating skills--- The text introduces the way Hawaiians express

     friendship, to get students to realize the cultural

     differences in the values of friendship in addition

     its importance in all cultures.

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    2) Making of the teaching plan

    This unit centers on friends and friendship, exploring different types of friendship with particular attention to that one can develop with

    oneself,

    i.e., the comfort and support one seeks from an imaginary friend. Students are expected to come to be truly aware of the qualities and conducts that make a good friend, display and develop the ability to cope with misunderstanding, conflicts and problems related to friendship, and give advice on it. The concept that even an ordinary thing can be a friend should break down the traditional belief in the interpersonal nature of friendship. Also, the comparison of similarities dissimilarities in friendship comprehension between the East and the West leads students to know better the values of friendship in

    Westerns’

    eyes. All in all, this unit promises to unveil the true essence of

    friendship

    and helps students to lead a more friendly and harmonious life. Thus, based on the theme, contents and teaching objectives, the

    whole

    teaching procedures can fall into five periods as follows:

    Period 1 Warming up and speaking

    Period 2 Reading

    Period 3 Grammar

    Period 4 Integrating skills (WB)

    Period 5 Using language

3. Teaching plans for each period

    Period 1 Warming-up and Speaking

    1. Teaching objectives:

    1) Target language

    I (don’t) think…… I (don’t) think so. I (don’t) agree.

     I believe…… That’s correct. In my opinion, ……

    2) Ability goals

    a. Describe your friends in English

    b. Figure out the problems between friends and then find different

    ways to solve the problems.

    3) Learning ability goals

    a. To encourage students to think and talk about friends and

    friendship by using some phrases and structures.

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    b. To learn to solve problems that may occur between friends. c. To cultivate the students to form the good habit of learning English

    in Senior Middle School.

2. Teaching important points:

    a. Use the given adjectives and sentence structures to describe

    one of your friends.

    b. Learn to evaluate friends and friendship.

3. Teaching difficult points:

    a. Work together with partners and describe one of your good

    friends.

    b. Discuss with partners and find out ways to solve the

    problems.

4. Teaching methods

    a. Task-based teaching and learning

    b. Cooperative learning

    c. Discussion

5. Teaching aids:

    CAI

6. Teaching procedures and ways:

    Step 1 Lead-in and Warming-up

    Before the lesson, the teacher can arouse the students’ interests

    by showing a video of Auld Lang Syne .

    At the beginning of the first class, we can get the students to talk

    about their summer holidays. The students can talk freely as they

    like.

    1. How did you spend your summer holidays? How did you

    feel? What did you do in your summer holidays? What did

    you do in your spare time?

    2. What do you think of our new school? Do you like it?

    Could you say something about it?

    3. Do you like making friends? How do get in touch with

    your friends? Do you have many friends? Where are they

    now? Do you have any old friends in our school? Have you

    made any new friends in our class?

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Step 2 Think it over

    1. Give a brief description of one of your friends. The following

    phrases and structures may be helpful:

    His/Her name is ……

    He /She is …… years old.

    He /She likes …… and dislikes ……

    He /She enjoys …… and hates……

    He /She is very kind/friendly/……

    When /Where we got to know each other.

    2. What types of friendship do you have? Please tick them out.

    Then fill in the blanks.

    girl friends boy friends pen friends

    long -distance friends friends of the same age

    e-friends (friends over the internet) friends across

    generations

    unusual friends like animals, books……

    1).______ is /are most important to you.

    2). You spend most of your free time with ____.

    3). You will share your secrets with _____.

    4). When in trouble, you will first turn to _____.

Step 3 Make a survey

    1. List some qualities of a good friend or your ideal friend. Have the students get into groups of four to find out what each has listed. Tell your partner your standards of good friends by using the following structure:

    I think a good friend should (not) be……

    In my opinion, a good friend is someone who……

    1. Have a member of each group report on what their lists have in

    common and list them on the board.

    2. Ask the class whether or not they agree with all the qualities listed. 3. Then have the students do the survey in the textbook. 4. Have the students score their survey according to the scoring sheet

    on page 8.

    5. The teacher ask some students how many points they got for the

    survey and assess their values of friendship:

    ? 4~7 points: You are not a good friend. You either neglect your

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    friend’s needs or just do what he/she wants you to do. You should think more about what a good friend needs to do.

    ? 8~12 points: You are a good friend but you sometimes let your friendship become too important, or you fail to show enough concern for your friend’s needs and feelings. Try to strike a balance between your friend’s needs and your own responsibilities.

    ? 13+ points: You are an excellent friend who recognizes that to be a good friend you need balance your needs and your friend’s. Well done.

    (You may also show your students the results above and let themselves self-reflect upon their own values of friendship)

Step 4 Talking and sharing( work in pairs)

    1. If your best friend does something wrong, what will you do? Try to use the following phrases:

     I (don’t) think…… I (don’t) think so.

     I (don’t) agree. I believe……

     That’s correct. In my opinion, ……

     What to do reasons

2. What is a friend?

    A British newspaper once offered a prize for the best definition(定义)

    of a friend. If you were the editior, choose the best one from the following entries(条目), and explain why.

    One who understands my silence.

    A friend in need is a friend indeed.

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    Friends are just the people who share your happiness and sorrow. When you look at your watch at 4 am, but still know you can call them and wake them up, and they’ll still want to talk to you ,that’s

    friendship.

    To have a friend, you need to be a good friend.

Step 5 Group work (output)

    The teacher can give each group one of these questions below to talk about. Then let the class share their ideas. It’s better to stimulate the students to express their own opinions about these questions. 1. Do you think it is a good idea to borrow money from your friend?

    Why and Why not?

    2. What factors may cause the breakdown of a good friendship? 3. What can be your unusual friend besides human beings? And why?

Step 6 homework

    1. Write down a short passage about your ideas /the factors/your

    unusual friends.

    2. Prepare for the new lesson.

    Period 2 Reading “Anne’s Best Friend”

    1. Teaching objectives:

    1) To develop the students’ reading ability, learn to use some reading

    strategies such as guessing, key sentences, skimming and so on; 2). To get the students to realize the importance of friends and friendship, and to tell true friends from false friends; 3). To grasp some useful words and expressions in this passage, such as on purpose, be crazy about etc.;

    4). To learn the writing style of this passage.

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2. Teaching method: Task-based teaching

3). Teaching procedure:

    Step 1.Pre-reading

    1. Please enjoy three pieces of music and find out what they are about.

    2 .Why do you think friends are important to you?

    3. What do you think a good friend should be like? List the good qualities a good friend should have .

    4. Have you ever considered making friends with animals, plants or even an object? Why or why not?

Step 2.Reading

    1. Try to guess what Anne’s friend is and what the passage is about by reading the title and having a quick at the pictures in this passage without reading it.

    2. Skimming the first two paragraphs to confirm your guessing. 1) What was Anne’s best friend? Why did she make friends with it?

    2) Did she have any other true friends then? Why?

    3) What is the difference between Anne’s diary and those of most people?

    4) Do you keep a diary? What do you think most people set down in their diaries?

    5) We are going to read one of Anne’s diaries .but before reading ,can you tell me what the diary is about with the help of one key sentence in the 2nd paragraph?

    3. Reading of Anne’s diary

    How she felt in the hiding place

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    Two examples to show her feelings then

Step 3.Post-reading

    1.What would you miss most if you went into hiding like Anne and her family? Give your reasons.

    2.Group work

    Work in groups to decide what you would do if your family were going to be killed just because they did something the Emperor did not like.

     Where would you plan to hide?

     How would you arrange to get food given to you every day?

     What would you do to pass the time?

     ------

    3. Discovering useful words and expressions

    Complete the following sentences, using words and expressions from Reading

    1) She has grown _______ about computer games.

    2) Was it an accident or did David do it on _______?

    3) From the beginning ,Paul made it clear that he would be ______ (

    全地)in control.

    4) He used to work _______ even in the middle of winter. 5) Just the _______ of more food made her feel sick.

    6) You had better have a _________ talk with him.

    7) Born in a poor family, the manager _________ lots of hardships in his childhood.

    8) A diary is often kept to ________ what happens in people’s daily lives.

Step 4.Talking about friends and friendship

    1.There are many proverbs about friends and friendship. Choose the one you agree with and explain why, then choose one you disagree

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    with and explain why.

    A friend in need is a friend indeed.

    Friends are like wine; the older, the better.

    A friend to all is a friend to none.

    The same man cannot be both friend and flatterer(阿谀奉承者).

    False friends are worse than open enemies.

    Walking with a friend in the dark is better than walking alone in the light.

    2. We have talked about friends and friendship today, can you write one or two sentences to express your understanding of friends and friendship.

Step 5.Homework:

    1. Interview a high school student, a businessman, a police officer and a housewife to find out their opinions about friends and friendship. Write a report to share it with the whole class.

    2. Describe one of your best friends following the writing style of this passage.

    Ending: Let’s sing this song about friends together

    Period3 Grammar

     1Teaching objectives

    Learn to use direct speech and indirect speech

     2. Teaching important point

    Summarize the rules of Direct Speech and Indirect Speech.

     3. Teaching difficult point

    Learn about the special cases in which the tenses shouldn’t be

    changed.

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