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somethingsomeone

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somethingsomeone

    Unit Five

    The Silver Screen

    Part I

    Language focus

    A: Word study

    Topic words

    What kind of movies are you interested in? Who are your favorite actors or actresses? Do you prefer movies or TV plays or others? In everyday life, everyone, especially the young people, has his\ her own idol. They are totally struck by their idols. They collect everything about their idols from magazines, TV and newspapers, even from the Internet. Their idols performances and smiles attract them greatly. But

    how to make comments or give opinions on a film is what we are going to discuss in this unit.

    When we talk about stars and movies, we always use such words and expressions: silver screen, hero, heroine, career, role, award, Oscar, actor, actress, prize, director, script, think highly of etc. Find out the meaning of these words with the help of a dictionary.

Exercises:

    1. Try to answer some questions according to the topic words in this unit. silver screen, drama, role, award, prize, choice, degree, speed, academy, studio, creature, outer, adult, follow-up, cruelty, peace, industry, owe, accept, determine, live(adj.), comment, action etc.

    1) Who has directed the film Breaking The Silence? What else has he directed?

    What role does the actress, Gong Li, play in the movie?

    2) Which actor plays the leading role in the movie Forrest Gump?

    th3) Which movie got the 75 annual Oscar nomination?

    4) Which scene is your favorite in the movie Harry Potter?

    5) Do you know where Hollywood is? And what is it regarded as?

2. Fill in the blanks with the given words in the box.

    career choice determine accept live owe cruel law action peace creature comment

1) _____ speaks louder than words.

    2) Listen! The English program is broadcasting ______.

    3) Are you ______ to go to settle in Canada?

    4) He had no ______ but to wait until his mother came back. 5) She began her teaching ______ at the age of 18.

    6) I received a present from one of my friends yesterday and I _____ it happily.

    7) A _____ treaty was signed between the two countries last month. 8) It's against the _________ not to wear seat belts at the front seats. 9) She is a lovely _______ but also a poor one.

    10) Its _______ of him to make the donkey carry such a heavy load. 11) The teacher __________ that the two essays were very similar. 12) He’s bought a new house and now he _______ about $ 5000 to the bank. B: Grammar

    B1: Useful phrases

    1. take off: to become successful or popular

    She has been working very hard and her career has just taken off.. Some other meanings of the phrase take off.

    1) (of an aircraft) leave the ground and rise

    The plane took off despite the frog.

    2) remove(esp. in the phrase of take sth. off)

    Take off your shirt please before going into the concert hall. 3) conduct; lead away somewhere (esp. in the phrase of take sb. off)

    She took me off to see her garden whenever I pay her a visit. 2. owe sth. to sb. : be in debt to sb. for sth.; to feel an obligation to do sth.; have sth.

    as a result of

    1) He owes his father $50 ./ He owes $50 to his father. 2) I owe a great deal to my parents and my teachers. 3) He owed his success to his hard work and wisdom. 3. in all : altogether; as the total

    There are fifty seats in this room in all.

    There were twenty people at the meeting in all. 4. on the air: broadcasting

    Lichtenburg is on the air 24 hours a day.

    The new programme will be on the air in about two weeks. 5. think highly of : (not in the progressive tenses) have a high opinion of

    His work is highly thought of by the critics. People all think highly of the new government.

Tips

    1. We have learned some other similar phrases with “all”. Go them over

    quickly by reading the following examples.

    after all: in spite of expectations or efforts

    After all, he is a small boy.

above all: most of all; especially

    We should pay attention to the English words and expressions. Above all, the

    English idioms.

    at all: used for emphasis

    Many years have passed, but he hasn't changed at all. 2. The phrase “on the air” has a different meaning from the phrase of “in the air”. Read the following, you will know why.

    in the air: a) uncertain b) (of opinions) spreading out

    1) My plans are still in the air.

    2) There are rumors in the air that prices will go up again. 3. Instead of saying think highly of, we can also use “think well of” and

    “sing highly of” to make a comment on something/someone we like. On the other hand, if you consider somebody or something as to be so-so or

    not good enough or something else, you can use “think little of” and “think not much of”…

    Look at the following examples.

    1) She always think little of herself.

    t think 2) Miss Diana has seldom shown her interest in diving, because she doesn

    much of it.

    3) Most parents usually sing highly of what their kid has done for them. 4) Most of the girls in my class think well of that pop singer from Korea.

B2: Useful grammatical structures

    1. How long have you been working as?

    In this sentence the present perfect continuous tense is used to express actions that start in the

    past and continue into the present.

    1) What have you been doing lately?

    2) Ive been working for two jobs in the last six months. 3) Have you been saving money?

    No, I havent been saving any money. Ive been spending it.

    2. What roles did you act?

    role means a part in a play or film; a person task or duty in an undertaking.

    Play a role in the film.= Act a role in the play.

    3. most people couldnt help crying

    In this structure, cant help must be followed by doing .

    On hearing the bad news, she couldnt help crying.

    Exercises:

    Fill in the blanks with the words and expressions we have learnt in this

    unit.

    1) When they met each other, they _____ ______ ______(情不自禁地拥抱起来).

    2) He _____ _______ ______ _______ (扮演了主角)in the TV play.

    3) We ______ _______ ________ (已经学了)English for five years since we came to a

    middle school.

4) The headmaster _______ _______ ________ (给予了高度赞扬)the work we had

    done.

    5) The plane will ______ _______ (起飞)on time.

    6) We are ______ _______ _______ (广播)in five minutes.

B3: Key grammatical items and practice

    Attributive Clause ( II )

    In the Unit 4, we learnt mainly the usage of the relative pronouns. Now we are going to learn the usage of the relative adverbs. The relative adverbs are used as the adverbial in a clause whose antecedents refer to the place, the time and the reason.

    1) Montreal is a city where( in which) both English and French are spoken.

    2) People often visit Kyoto in April when (in which) they can see the beautiful

    cherry blossoms .

    3) He is ill and that's the reason why he is absent today.

    Usually when means at that time or on which and where means at this /

    that place or in which.

    We can also place a preposition before the relative pronouns, for example:

    1) There used to be a temple in front of which sat two stone lions.

    2) The pencil with which she was writing broke.

    3) He is the person to whom I write a letter every week.

    Have you found that when we place a preposition before the relative pronouns, we can only use which or whom to refer to the things or the persons?

    Fill in the blanks with proper relative pronouns and relative adverbs in the passage.

    1. I shall remember the days ________ we studied together.

    2. Thats the hotel _________ we stayed last year.

    3. He wanted to know the reason ________ I was so excited.

    4. Do you know the student with ________ I often talk?

    5. He met my mother, from _________ he got the news of my marriage. 6. His uncle works in a factory_________ bicycles are made

    7. Do you still remember the day________ when we first came to school? 8. Thats the house _________ the great man was born.

    9. I know a place __________ we can have a quite talk.

    10. Tell me the exact time _________ he is to arrive in London.

    11. She doesnt know the reason ________ her husband said that , either. 12. The railway tunnel, through________ the train goes, will be completed soon.

Part II

    Integrating skills

Task One

    Listening and talking

    1. Listen to the 3 dialogues very carefully and write down some word

    describing what you heard was like and how you felt.

    Dialogue 1

    Fang Ming thinks _______ movies are kind of _______ .He / she ______ _______ movies.

    Dialogue 2

    An assistant ________ who is often relatively _______ to journalism , __________ the stories __________ for the editor. And a movie critic gets to see all the _________ movie _________ _________.And also he\she __________those sarcastic reviews.

    Dialogue 3

    John likes ________ movies because he thinks they are _________and gives him a ________. But Mary likes ________ movies. At last they decided to see a _________ movie.

    2. Listen to Passage 1 and Passage 2 and try to write down the main points

    by filling in the blanks.

    Passage 1:

    1. Geppetto _____________________called Pinocchio. He wished Pinocchio to be _______________ . After some adventures Pinocchio proved himself _________, __________, and _________.So he finally became a real boy.

    2. Halle Berry grew up in a _________ home. She worked as a _______ in her teens and then went into ________. With Monsters Ball, Berry became the _______

    ________ to win a best-actress ________.

3. Situational descriptions for talking:

    1) Say something about one of your favorite directors, such as Zhang Yimao, Chen Kaige etc.

    2) Talk with your partner about the type(s) of movies you like. 3) Name the types of entertainments according to the following pictures.

Task Two

    B: Reading and doing

    Cloze

    Read the following passages carefully and fill in the blanks with the words which should match with the meaning of the following passages. Passage 1

    Charlie Chaplin(18891977), British-American film actor and director,

    _______(who\ that) is famous ______(for\ as) his _______(sound\ silent) film comedies, in ________( that\which) he created and acted_______ (the\ a) part of the little man. His many films ________(include\ contain) Easy Street, Shoulder Arms, The Gold Rush, and Modern Times. He _________(accepted\ received) a knighthood in 1975.

    Passage 2

    Catch Me If You Can

    Starrying: Leonardo DiCaprio,

     Tom Hanks,

     Jennifer Garner,

     Martin Sheen,

     Christopher Walken

    Produced by: Steven Spielberg

    _______ by: Walter F.Parkes

    Written ______ : Jeff Nathanson

    Plot: Frank Abagnale, Jr. (DiCaprio) worked _______ a doctor, a lawyer and as a

    thco-pilot for a major airline---all before his 18 birthday. A master of deception, he

    was ______a brilliant forger _____skill gave him his first real claim to fame. ______ the age of 17, Frank ______ the most successful bank robber in the history of the United States. FBI Agent Carl Hanratty (Hanks) had made it his prime mission to

    capture Frank and _______ him to justice,________ Frank is always one step ahead of him, baiting him to continue his chase.

Task Three

    C: Reading comprehension

    Hero

    It was more than 2,000 years ago when China was divided into seven separate states, fighting ruthlessly with each other for supremacy. Among them, the Kingdom

    of Qin was the most determined of all, with Ying Zheng, Qins king, obsessed with

    defeating other kingdoms and becoming the first emperor of the enormous land. As a result, Ying remained an assassination target of the other six states. Of all those trying to stop him from conquering all of China, his men Broken Sword, Flying Snow and Sky were the most legends. That is the story told in director ZhangYimous martial

    arts flick Yingxiong (hero),which has stirred high expectations around the world.

    Zhang and his crew made the movie with a budget of $US31 million. They hope

    it will attract a strong international following, copying the success of acclaimed Taiwan director Ang Lees 2001 martial-arts blockbuster, Crouching Tiger, Hidden

    Dragon.

    Zhang has made huge efforts for the project, including assembling the hottest

    talents from the Chinese mainland and Hong Kong. Heading the stellar cast is international martial-arts superstar Jet Li of The Shaolin Temple and Kiss of the

    Dragon fame, who now commands $US10 million per movie. Li plays Nameless, a county governor who is determined to challenge the three would be assassins.

    Hong Kong superstars Tony Leung Chiu Wai and Maggie Cheung ( Cheung Man Yuk) - fresh from their award-winning performances in Hong Kong director Wong Kar Weis In the Mood for Love- reunite to play Broken Sword and Flying Snow.

    Both are megastars in Hong Kong, whose movie industry was booming in the late 1980s but has dwindled more recently. Leung has won the award for best actor at the Cannes Film Festival, while Cheung has been named best actress at the Berlin Film Festival.

    Crouching Tiger actress Zhang Ziyi, who has quickly become known

    throughout the world in recent years, plays Broken Swords devoted servant, Moon.

    Chen Daoming, a distinguished actor from the mainland, plays Ying Zhang, the powerful king of Qin.

    1. Look up the underlined words in the passage in your dictionary and write down their explanations on the paper.

    1) ruthlessly:

    2) supremacy:

    3) obsess:

    4) conquer:

    5) martial:

    6) budget:

7) assemble:

    8) assassin:

    9) megastar:

    10) dwindle:

    2. Do you know Zhang Ziyi ? Say something about her in your own words with no more than three sentences.

    3. Read the passage again and try to answer the following questions. 1) When did the story take place?

    2) As the result of the fighting , who became the first emperor of the enormous land?

    3) Who directed the film? And how do you like Zhang Yimous films?

    4) How many superstars appeared in the film?

    nd5) At the 22 Hong Kong Film Awards, Hero won seven awards from the 14

    nominations, didnt it?

    Task Four

    D. Writing

    1. How to write about a film?

    Learn how to make comments on a film.

    Tips 1. Whats the title of the film?

    2. Whats the film about?

    3. Does the film have a happy or sad ending? And why?

    4. What do you think about the story of your film? And why?

    5. How do you feel about the ending of the film? And why?

    Sample film review

     According to the tips of how to make comments on a film in our textbook, Page 33, well take the film ―Shaolin Soccer as an example.

    Shaolin Soccer, a comedy that will soon hit US cinemas, scored a resounding victory on Sunday at Hong Kong Film Awards, one of the most prestigious accolades in the Chinese movie circuit.

     With its unusual mix of martial arts and soccer, the film grabbed seven of 19 awards just below the eight that Oscar-winning Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon

    took last year.

    2. Choose a moving, exciting love story and write something about it.

    Unit Six

    Good Manners

    Part One

    Language focus

    A: Word study

    A1: Topic words

    What do we use to say about people who have good manners or bad manners?

    1. Here are some words we use to describe people’s behavior or

    comment on their manners. Can you divide them into two groups? You can add more words you have learned.

    badly-behaved, considerate, cooperative, courteous, ill-mannered, impolite, inconsiderate, modest, noisy, polite, punctual, rough, respectful, rude, well-behaved, well-mannered.

     Good manners Bad manners

     polite; impolite;

2. Please fill in the blanks with the proper words:

    1) Praise is a wonderful teacher. Let your children know how proud you are when

    you ―catch‖ them being ____________. (polite; impolite)

    2) At all times, it’s the best to be ____________ whether you are a host or a

    guest. (rough; respectful)

    3) If you make an appointment, arrive on time. If you must be late, call first.

    Everyone should be ____________. (late; punctual)

    4) It’s ____________ to play jokes on the disabled people. (rude; considerate)

    5) People are considered to be ____________ in the west when speaking to

    others without any eye contact. (well-mannered; ill-mannered)

    6) Jack is very popular with us in the company. He is always ____________ and

    helpful. (courteous; inconsiderate)

    7) We should help our kids understand the importance of being ____________ in

    school and in life. Also let them know that it’s the kind of behavior we expect.

    (noisy; cooperative)

    8) Though Madame Curie made great contributions to the world, she was

    ______________ about her achievements. (modest / well-behaved)

    A2: Focus words in this unit

    1) Here are some new words for us to learn in this unit. Can you match the new words on the left with their meanings on the right? 1. forgive A. to do things in a particular way

    2. interrupt B. to break the continuity of something

    3. impress C. to say one is sorry

    4. behave D. slightly wet

    5. apologize E. to fix something in sb’s mind

    6. fault F. to stop blaming or wanting to punish sb.

    7. unfold G. not include or omit

    8. damp H. mistake

    9. leave out I. to open something that is folded

    2) Please choose one word from the box on the left above to finish the

    sentence, paying attention to the verb’s form:

    1) I’m terribly sorry last night I ____________ like a child.

    2) This word is wrongly spelt; you____________ a letter.

    3) Trade between the two countries ____________ by the war. 4) I must ____________ for not being able to see you off at the airport. 5) What ____________ me most was the hospitality of the Canadian people. 6) At last she ____________ his thoughtless and unkind remarks about her. 7) Georgia ____________ the map and spread it on the table. 8) Jimmy failed the test but it was his own ____________. He didnt study hard.

    9) Please help me wipe the leather with a piece of ____________ cloth.

    B: Grammar

    B1: Useful phrases

    1. What does Bill say to apologize for taking the bike without Cliff?

    Here ―apologize‖ means ―to tell someone that you are sorry for what you’ve done‖ It is

    used as an intransitive verb (vi.). So pay attention to its structure: ―apologize

    (to sb.) for (doing) sth.

    More related phrases: ―make an apology‖ and ―accept sb’s apology‖

    Example:

    1) Jan apologized to Simon for not being able to come to his birthday party. 2) The US has apologized to Britain for the accident.

    2. I’m sorry. I didn’t mean to

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