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Successful Nursing Assistant Care by Diana Dugan

By Jerome Hall,2014-06-28 14:09
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Successful Nursing Assistant Care by Diana Dugan ...

Successful Nursing Assistant Care by Diana Dugan

Chapter 1

    1. Spell and define all STAR words.

    Say all STAR words out loud with/without meaning.

    2. Discuss the importance of professional behavior and goal-setting. Define terms related to professional behavior and goal-setting: ? Professionalism

    ? Goals

    ? Star employee

3. Define seven terms in the Grammar Connection.

    Define each of the following seven terms relating to grammar. ? Grammar

    ? Noun

    ? Adjective

    ? Pronoun

    ? Verb

    ? Adverb

    ? Conjunction

    ? Sentence

    4. Describe five punctuation marks in the Punctuation Corner. Define each of the five styles of punctuation and their usage. ? Comma

    ? Semicolon

    ? Colon

    ? Apostrophe

    ? Quotation Mark

5. Explain ten capitalization rules in Capital Row.

    Review the ten rules of capitalization.

    6. Identify the five steps to improve your reading skills.

    Discuss the seven steps to star reading.

    1. Site

    2. Eyesight

    3. Lighting

    4. Back and neck comfort

    5. Saying words out loud

    6. Asking for help

    7. Dictionary usage

7. Name three methods of note-taking.

    Review the three methods of note taking: ? Outline Method

    ? Index Card Method

    ? Rewrite Method

8. Identify the two “Secrets of the Stars” memory tips.

    Discuss memory tips one and two.

    9. List nine tips to improve your organizational skills. Review the nine tips including four methods of organizing each chapter and five methods

    of organizing your personal life.

    10. List seven materials needed for expert studying. Review the seven study materials needed. ? Large pad of paper

    ? Pens and highlighters ? Cassette tape player ? Timer

    ? Regular dictionary

    ? Medical dictionary

    ? “Pocketful of Terms” personal notebook

    11. Discuss three ways to study effectively around children. Discuss the three methods of studying effectively around children.

    ? Computer help

    ? Quizzing the parents ? Household duties

    12. Describe three ways to prepare physically before an exam. Discuss the three ways to prepare for an exam: ? Adequate sleep

    ? Adequate nutrition

    ? Reducing stress levels

    13. Describe five common mistakes to avoid while taking a test. Discuss five mistakes to avoid:

    ? All answers circled ? Colored paper or ruler for guide ? Questions read twice ? Number of answers requested ? Cover sheet for answer form

    14. Demonstrate skill in four basic types of mathematics. Review the four basic math skills. ? Addition

? Subtraction

    ? Multiplication

    ? Division

    15. Explain how to convert decimals, fractions, and percentages. Discuss the relationship between decimals, fractions and percentages.

16. List three different kinds of graphs.

    Describe the three styles of graphs: ? Pie

    ? Line

    ? Bar

Chapter 2

    1. Spell and define all STAR words.

    Say all STAR words out loud with/without meaning.

2. List seven qualities of a STAR employee.

    Review and discuss the seven qualities of a STAR employee. ? Patience and understanding ? Honesty and trustworthiness ? Enthusiasm

    ? Courtesy and respect ? Empathy and listening skills ? Dependability and responsibility ? Humility and growth potential

    3. Discuss seven grooming skills of a STAR employee. Discuss the seven grooming skills of a STAR employee. ? Uniforms

    ? Breath

    ? Overall cleanliness and hygiene ? Avoiding scents

    ? Care of the teeth

    ? Nail care

    ? Shoe care

    4. Describe six hairstyle, makeup, and nail care guidelines. Describe six hairstyle, makeup, and nail care guidelines. ? Hairstyles

    ? Beards

    ? Makeup

    ? Nail length

? False nails

    ? Nail polish rules

5. State two reasons team members must not use any scented materials, such as

    perfumes and after-shaves.

    Discuss the two reasons caregivers should not use scented materials on the job.

    6. Explain five ways jewelry can pose a problem in resident care. Discuss the five ways jewelry can affect resident care.

    7. Discuss two factors about appropriate footwear in long-term care. Discuss two factors regarding footwear in facilities.

    8. Explain two reasons to wear an identification badge and the importance of leaving personal valuables at home.

    Discuss the necessity of wearing an identification badge and limiting personal valuables

    in the workplace.

    ? Access to the facility

    ? Identification for visitors

    9. Describe necessary organizational skills and ten sample nursing assistant tasks. Discuss necessary organizational skills.

    Review and discuss the ten sample nursing assistant tasks. ? Serving trays and feeding

    ? Soaks

    ? Dressing

    ? Bathing and bedmaking

    ? Shampooing

    ? Shaving

    ? Ice application

    ? Vital signs

    ? Back massages

    ? Reporting observations

10. Describe the residents for whom you will care.

    Discuss the statements made about residents from long-term care facilities.

    11. Demonstrate the ability to convert regular time to military time. Discuss the concept of regular time versus military time.

12. Discuss three common types of time clocks.

    Describe the three styles of time clocks.

    ? Manual

    ? Automated

    ? Swipe a card

Discuss tips for using time clocks.

    ? Use own card.

    ? Add hours carefully.

    ? Write down all hours actually worked.

Chapter 3

    1. Spell and define all STAR words.

    Say all STAR words out loud with/without meaning.

    2. List the three branches of the United States government. Discuss the three branches of the government. ? Legislative

    ? Executive

    ? Judicial

    3. Identify different courts in the United States judicial system. Discuss the various courts in the judicial system. ? Supreme Court

    ? Court of Appeals

    ? District Courts

    ? Other courts

4. Name and define the terms used to identify the people involved in the court system.

    Define each of the terms used to describe people in the court system.

    ? Defendant

    ? Plaintiff

    ? Judge

    ? Lawyer for the defense

    ? Lawyer for the prosecution ? Bailiff

    ? Court reporter

    ? Member of the jury

    ? Clerk

5. Define, discuss, and compare the terms “law,” “ethics,” “moral values,” and

    “etiquette.”

    Discuss the following terms.

    ? Law

    ? Ethics

    ? Moral values

    ? Etiquette

6. Identify two different types of laws.

    Define criminal and civil law along with the two categories of criminal law. ? Criminal Law

    ? Civil Law

    ? Misdemeanor

    ? Felony

    7. Name the “Standards Three” relating to legal and ethical issues in the nursing assistant profession.

    Define and discuss the “Standards Three” pertaining to legal and ethical issues and the nursing assistant profession.

    ? Standards of Behavior

    ? Standards of Care

    ? Standards of Training and the OBRA Act of 1987

    8. Explain the nine components of professional and ethical behavior as described in the acronym “CATCH ME UP.”

    Define and discuss the nine components of the acronym CATCH ME UP. If necessary, explain what an acronym is before beginning this activity.

    ? Communication skills and Common Sense

    ? Attitude

    ? Tact

    ? Confidentiality

    ? Honesty

    ? Managing Mistakes

    ? Empathy

    ? Understanding

    ? Patience

9. Describe a nursing assistant code of ethics.

    Review each of the points in the Nursing Assistant Code of Ethics. ? Quality of care

    ? Communication and committees

    ? Attitude

    ? Privacy and confidentiality

    ? Trust and honesty

    ? Safety issues and mistakes

    ? Empathy and encouragement

    ? Respect

    ? Patience

10. Identify nine specific components of the Residents’ Rights.

    Explain and discuss the overview and each of the nine Residents’ Rights.

    Overview ? Quality of Life

? Services and Activities

Nine Rights

    ? Being Informed

    ? Participation in Care

    ? Independent Choices

    ? Privacy and Confidentiality

    ? Dignity, Respect, and Freedom ? Security of Possessions

    ? Transfer and Discharge Issues ? Complaints

    ? Visitation

11. Explain the importance of the OBRA Act of 1987.

    Describe the OBRA Act of 1987 covering the important points of the law.

    ? Minimum standards for nursing assistant training ? Nursing assistant competency evaluation ? Continuing educational requirements ? State registry

    ? Instructor trainer standards

    12. Describe six legal issues relating to the nursing assistant. Define tort and six legal terms.

    ? Tort

    ? Assault

    ? Battery

    ? Invasion of privacy

    ? False imprisonment

    ? Fraud

    ? Defamation of character, libel, slander

    13. Summarize negligence and what it means to the nursing assistant. Define negligence and discuss its relationship to nursing assistants.

    ? Definition of negligence

    ? Double-check for safety

    14. Recognize the importance of obtaining liability insurance. Explain the purpose of liability insurance and discuss the pros and cons of purchasing

    this type of insurance.

    ? Malpractice vs. negligence

    ? Personal liability insurance

    15. Discuss the Good Samaritan Act and how it relates to nursing assistants. Define and discuss the Good Samaritan Act.

    ? Degree of protection

    ? Protection may be limited in some states ? Legal aid society or other agency

    16. Explain seven types of resident abuse and describe signs of abuse. Define and discuss the seven types of resident abuse and describe signs of abuse.

    ? Psychological abuse, verbal abuse ? Physical abuse

    ? Neglect

    ? Sexual abuse

    ? Domestic abuse

    ? Involuntary seclusion

    ? Financial abuse, exploitation

    ? Signs of abuse

    17. Explain methods of reporting resident abuse when following the chain of command. Discuss the various methods of reporting abuse. ? Following the chain of command and how to report abuse ? State abuse hot-line

    ? State agency that protects the elderly ? When a resident wishes to report abuse

18. Discuss the ombudsman’s role in preventing resident abuse.

    Define the term “ombudsman” and the role they play with residents and facilities.

    ? Legal advocate

    ? Watchdog committee

Chapter 4

    1. Spell and define all STAR words.

    Say all STAR words out loud with/without meaning.

2. Define nine common terms related to diversity.

    Define and discuss the nine common terms related to diversity. ? Culture

    ? Cultural diversity

    ? Bias

    ? Customs

    ? Traditions

    ? Race

    ? Taboo

    ? Ethnic group

    ? Stereotype

    3. Define immigrate and emigrate and list two reasons people may move to the United States.

    Discuss terms relating to people wishing to leave their particular country and live in another country.

    ? Persecution

    ? Immigration

    ? Emigration

    4. Explain four ways to promote cultural competence as described in the acronym “DOOR.” Define each letter in the acronym DOOR.

    ? Don’t judge.

    ? Obtain an interpreter.

    ? Observe to learn.

    ? Respect all people.

5. Name five ways residents may want health information communicated.

    Explain five ways residents may want their health information communicated. ? Directly to resident

    ? Directly to family members

    ? Resident unable to process information

    ? Family/friends asks staff to withhold information from resident. ? Resident asks staff to withhold information from family/friends.

6. Discuss different methods of seeking health care.

    Describe the different methods of seeking health care.

    ? Asking family members for assistance

    ? People showing fear, shyness or intimidation regarding seeking health care ? Seeking help first from special cultural medical people, such as “Medicine Men” or

    “Women”

7. Describe two ways to deal with a language barrier.

    Discuss two methods of dealing with language barriers.

    ? Interpreter

    ? Common medical phrases

    8. Describe eight responses to pain and why it is important for nursing assistants to understand residents’ views of pain.

    Describe the eight responses to pain.

    ? Responses to pain

    ? Recognizing pain

    9. Describe ways cultural and ethnic practices relating to food and nutrition impact health care.

    Describe cultural and ethnic practices relating to food and nutrition. ? Food choices

    ? Caregiver observations

? Dietary rules and choices

    ? Familiarity with diet orders

    10. Define spirituality and religion and discuss the ways religion should be accommodated in health care.

    Define the terms relating to spirituality and religion and discuss religion and its impact

    on resident care.

    ? Spirituality

    ? Religion

    ? Rituals

    ? Taboo

    ? Holy periods

    ? Special religious items

    11. Identify the ways religious beliefs can affect death practices. Describe the ways religious beliefs can affect death practices. ? No rituals

    ? Special ceremonies

    ? Avoiding judgment

    ? Familiarity with resident’s beliefs

12. Explain why the behavior of nursing assistants serves as a role model for their

    residents.

    Discuss reasons why healthcare employees may be seen as role models for others in

    society.

    ? Respecting differences

    ? Diversity education

Chapter 5

    1. Spell and define all STAR words.

    Say all STAR words out loud with/without meaning.

    2. Summarize the use of a root, prefix, suffix, and abbreviation in medicine. Discuss the use of word buddies and their relationship to the language of medicine.

    ? Define word parts and words.

    ? Pronounce word parts and words:

    ? Roots

    ? Prefixes

    ? Suffixes

    ? Abbreviations

    3. Recognize, pronounce, define, and spell some common prefixes. Discuss and practice using each of the prefixes.

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