By Alex Watson,2014-08-27 08:36
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Unit 4 American Dream

    Text A Tony Trivisonno’s American Dream

    Teaching Subjects:

    Teaching Objectives:

    1). Cognitive objective:

    ; understand the main idea (Tony realized his American Dream through his own efforts)

    and structure of the text (one part telling the story of Tonys life and the other giving

    the authors comments on it)

    ; learn to describe a person by his or her characteristic features, together with

    supporting details which demonstrate the features

    ; grasp the key language points and grammatical structure in the text ; conduct a series of reading, listening, speaking and writing activities centered on the

    theme of the unit.

    ; 2). Affective objective:

    After learning this text, let students know that American dream is the belief that everyone can succeed as long as he/she works hard enough, and that the country offers opportunities for a good and successful life. For minorities and immigrants, the dream also includes freedom and equal rights. The American Dream also describes an attitude of hope and faith that looks forward to the fulfillment of human wishes and desires. Teaching Procedures:

    1: Lead-in Questions;

    2: Text Analysis

    3: Text-structure;

    4: Language points

    5: Writing Strategy.

    Step 1: Lead-in Questions.

    1. What do you often associate America with?

    I am sure all of you are very familiar with America, so what do you often

    associate America with? (People often associate Lanzhou with Beef Noodles <牛肉




     Business Education (study)

     Freedom America

     Opportunities (chances)

     Better life Travel


     From this we can see that people go to America with different goals and aims. All

    the goals are just like their dreams. They want to seek their own dreams in America.

    Do you know Yao Ming (姚明)? He is one of the best basketball players in CBA

    Chinese Basketball Association). He went to America and joined Rockets in

    Houston( 休斯顿火箭队). Now he is a famous star in NBA (National Basketball

    Association). Yao Ming’s dream is to play basketball in NBA. Now he made it. Today

    let’s walk into a common person’s dream. He is Tony Trivisonno. (Turn to page 9, and

    let’s see the Text A---- Tony Trivisonno’s American Dream in Unit 4. )

Step 2: Text Analysis

    1. Can you tell me something on Tony?

    S: He is the hero (主人公) or the main character in the text---- Tony Trivisonno’s

    American Dream.

    2. Where did Tony come from?

     Equal rights ?平等权?

    S: Italy----immigrant

     ?移民? Political freedom?政治自由?


    Religious freedom(宗教自由)

     In the history, many newcomers made their way to America. They went there for

    different purposes, some for equal rights, some for freedom such as political freedom

    and religious freedom. After two hundred year’s development, America has become a


    melting pot (大熔炉) with people from all over the world. It is a new nation of immigrants compared with the old world, such as U.K.?英国?, German. In fact, America is a multi-cultural ?多文化? and multi-national?多民族?country. (Word formation

    in Unit 3.第三单元构词法)Prefix <前缀> multi means many. )

    4. Why did Tony come to America?

    S: He went to America for a better life there.

    5. What was Tony’s American dream?

    S: To own a farm, and set up his own business

    6. How did Tony make his dream come true? (To this question, please turn your

    textbook to page 98. Let’s see the Text Organization Exercise 2.) Process

     The life story of Tony is, in fact, made up of several events. Through the five

    main events, Tony achieved his American Dream step by step. Tony worked as a helper at Mr. Crawford’s house. (mow the lawn, weed the garden, sweep the walks, clean up the yard, lift heavy objects and fix things.)

    ; When winter comes, Tony got a job to clean up the snow at Mr. Crawford’s

     factory. (did some cleaning)

    ; Months later, Tony learned to become a skilled worker.

    ; One or two years later, Tony bought a house with Mr. Crawford’s help.

    ; After about two years, Tony bought a farm.

    7. What were the difficulties Tony met on his way to success? Problems

     On his way to success, Tony must met many difficulties. What are the

    difficulties? We know Tony came from Italy (意大利)?so his English was very poor.

    He spoke broken English, which was very hard to comprehend (Understand fully).

    So he has Language Problem(语言问题). Try to find some examples in the text to

    show that Tony was very poor in English.

    ; Language----broken English.

    a). “snow pretty soon”

    Correction: “It is going to snow pretty soon.” (Para11).

    b). “When winter come, you give me job clearing snow at factory.”(Para 11)

    Correction: “When winter come, you give me the job of clearing snow at


    c). “I like a buy a house.”

    Corrections: “I like to buy a house.” (Para 18)


    d). “Mr. Craw, I sell my house!”

    Correction: “Mr. Craw, I have sold my house!” (Para 23)

    e). “Mr. Craw, I buy a farm.”

    Correction: “Mr. Craw, I have bought a farm.” (Para 25)

    ; Money problem----get loan from the bank to buy a house.

    Besides the language problem, we know Tony came to America around 1930s. At

    that time, America was experiencing the Great Depression days ?大萧条?. (do you

    know) It refers to the period of economic failure in most countries of the world that

    lasted from 1929 until World War II. It began in the U.S when the New York Stock

    Exchange fell on 29 October 1929, know as Black Tuesday?纽约股市??黑色星

    . Many business and banks failed and millions of people lost their jobs. President 期二?.Franklin D. Roosevelt ??improved the situation with his New Deal 富兰克林罗斯福

    policy, but the Great Depression was ended only by the industrial ?新经济政策?

    production for the war.

    8. Why could Tony make his dream true? (Reasons)

    ; “I mow your lawn” (three times) (Strong-minded / Determination)

    ; Help from Mr. Crawford (help)

    ; Bought a house sold the house bought a farm (Far-sighting

    /vision 远见)

    ; Get loan from the bank (a man of character/ honesty/ integrity 诚实)

    ; Problems (Confidence / optimism 乐观)

Step 3: Text-structure

    Part I: paras1-29: With determination and with help from Mr. Crawford, Tony achieved his dream of opening his own farm.

    一( Type of writing

    We have four kinds of writing, namely, description, narration, exposition and

    argumentation. From the title, can you guess what kind of writing Text A belongs to?


    1. Narration:

    To narrate is to give an account of an event or series of events. In a broad sense,

    narrative writing includes stories, biographies(传记)?histories, news and so on. The

    first part focuses on the life story of Tony, so Text A belongs to narration. 2. How is his story narrated? That is what kind of sequence?


    Generally speaking, a narrative may be according to time sequenc It narrates the story

    according to time sequence. e and space sequence. So, what kind of sequence is

    employed in This Text? (Time sequence.). It narrates the story according to time

    sequence. Please find all the time words, phrases or sentences in Part I.

    ; One evening (Para. 1)

    Find / see/ watch/ notice/ hear sb do/ doing sth

    ; The next two days (Para 8)

    Compliment sb on sth praise sb for sth

    ; Summer passed into fall (Autumn)

    ; The months passed (Para 13)

    Personnel/ personal

    Personal: (adj) belonging or relating to a particular person

    e.g. He learned this lesson from his own personal experience.

    Personnel: (n.) the people who work in a company or organization (staff)

    e.g. The board of education id responsible for hiring teachers and other


     Personnel department

    Human resources

    ; One day (Para 14)

    ; A year or two passed (17)

    ; After about two years (22)

    A look of confidence / a look of love / a sense of loss

    ; Sometime later (Para 27)

     Amaze / amuse/ presume / assume / consume resume

    ; After he passed away

    Pass away die kick a bucket go west

    From the above, we can see that this text is written according to time sequence. All the time words or phrases serve as transitional devices by which the author switches from one event to another.

    ;;Narration often goes hand in hand with description. Can you find out some description

    of Tony’s physical appearance? Is it simply a description? What is the author’s


     Para 1. He was about five-foot-seven or eight, and thin.

     Para 21.He seemed to stand a little straighter. He was heavier. He had a look if confidence

    Para 27. Tony arrived on a Sunday afternoon, neatly dressed.

    From the three instances where Tony’s physical experience is described, they present

    an increasingly well-to-do Tony. Tony’s social status was improving step by step.

    Step 4: Writing Strategy:


How to write a personal description (I)

     A personal description is painting a picture of a person in words. When describing a person, you should pay attention to the following points:

    Focus on characteristic features

    In writing a personal description, you will find that the person you write about often reveals many ideas sides of his personality. In a short essay you must choose only a few of these sides to work with, that is, to focus on the person’s characteristic features that make him different from all other people.

    Supporting facts

    Suppose you central purpose in describing a person is to emphasize his main

    determination. Not only do you say that he is determined, but you characteristic feature

    also give facts. What a person does and says and how he behaves to other often reveal his character.

    ; Writing: After you may describe a person as you like. Of course, you can

    describe me.

    Part II: paras30-33: Tony’s career set the author thinking about why and to what extent he

    had been successful. / The author’s made comments on Tony’s career.

    Step 5: Language Study

    1). Key words:

    1. broken English (poor English): some speaks slowly and make a lot of mistakes because they only

    know a little of the language.

    E.g. No one can follow him because of his broken English.

    Please try to speak English at any time no matter what your broken English is. 2. afford: 通常与can, could, be able to 连用 A: to be able to buy or pay for B: to provide, give

    E.g. Thanks to the support of the Hope Project, these poor students can afford the tuition.

    The tree afforded us shelter from the rain.

    3. turn away, turn out, turn up, turn down, turn on

    turn away: to refuse to help (sb.)or to allow (sb.)to enter a place

     E.g. Everyone cant turn your friend away when he or she is in trouble.

     The train was already full and many of the travelers were turned away. 4. work out: plan, solve, calculate

    E.g. I have drawn up the main outlines, and we will work out the details later.

    Every student couldnt work out the answer except the genius.

    a) Carry out


    5. assume: to believe sth. to be true without actually having proof that it is ; suppose

     E.g. If he is not here in five minutes, we will assume that he isn’t coming.

    6. we thought it strange that he had not asked for pay. it做形式宾语。(We thought it was strange that

    he had not asked for pay.)

    a) find.

    7. manage to do sth 通常与can, could, be able to 连用 to succeed in dealing with(sth. or someone


     E.g. I finally managed to find what I was looking for.

    8. clean up: make clean and tidy.

     E.g. In his family he usually clean up the kitchen by himself after dinner. 9. do with, deal with, cope with, handle, tackle

    E.g. what do you do with such rude boys?

    Many of you dont know what to do with your weekend.

    10. turn down: refuse

     E.g. He proposed to her, but she turned him down.

    11. call on?visit sb. for a short time.

    E.g. You’d better call on your former teacher when you go back to your hometown.

    a) Call at (a place)

    12. for sale?to offer to be sold, esp. by a private owner

    E.g. There is a For Sale sign outside their house.

    Every June many senior students who would be graduated put their books up for sale on campus

    a) on sale

    13. character: the particular collection of qualities that make sb. a particular kind of person.

    E.g. The twins look alike but they have very different characters

    a) A man of good character. personality

    14. discard: (formal ) throw away

     E.g. The milk smells not fresh and wed better discard them.

    15. amaze: surprise (sb.) very much

    E.g. Your legend life amaze me.

    It amazed us to hear that you were leaving.

    16. send for: ask for the arrival of

     E.g. He sent for his parents to attend the graduation ceremony at Harvard. 17. abandon: give up completely or forever

    E.g. He abandoned his wife and children when he became a rich man.

    The bad weather forced us to abandon our search.

    18. sponsor: support (a person, organization or activity)by giving money, encouragement or other help

    E.g. If were going to go and live in the US, we must get an American sponsor.

    The soccer team is sponsored by Coco-Cola, so the player wear the letters Coco-Cola on

    their shirts.

    19. approach: come near(er) to

    E.g. The mid-exam is approaching.

    The old man is approaching 80.

    He is a good player, but doesnt approach international standard.


20. pass away, die, kick a bucket

    E.g. the old lady passed away peacefully in her sleep.

    a) Do exercises on Euphemism on page Euphemism

    21. handle: manage, control

    E.g. It was a difficult situation and he handled it very well.

    She couldnt handle the pressures of her new job. She had to quit it. 22. owe: to have to pay, for something already done or given.

    E.g. We owe loyalty to our county

    He seems to think the world owes him a living.

    She owes her success to good luck.

    2) Key structure



    1(Full of apologies?the manager approached us(经理向我们走来?嘴里不停地说着抱歉的话。

    (He was too excited?unable to say a word(他太激动了?一句话也说不出来。 2

    3(He stared at the footprint?full offear(他盯着脚印?满心恐惧。



    1(He sat there?silent(他一声不响地坐在那儿。

    2(Breathless?she rushed in throughthe back door(穿过后门?他气喘吁吁地冲了进来。

    3(He went to bed?coldand hungry(他又冷又饿地上床睡觉了。

Teaching reflections:



    Quiz for Unit 4

    Paper One (compulsory)

    I. Spell the following words with the help of their definitions and the first letters. 20% 1. a__________ give up completely or forever

    2. c__________ understand fully

    3. c__________ praise

    4. g__________ of great size or force

    5. p__________ land, buildings or both together

    II. Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary. 20% determine skill confident approach week

    1. His story was published in a _________ newspaper.

    2. The personnel manager is pressing for _________ workers.

    3. It took unusual courage and __________ for him to break with his family. 4. I have every __________ in your ability to succeed.

    5. As people __________ old age their energy may diminish.

    III. Choose the best answer. 20%

    1. Sports is not just for fun or exercise. It is also good for _________ building.

    A. capacity B. reputation C. confidence D. character

    2. She is terribly upset because her father, all of a sudden, ___________ last week.

     A. passed off B. passed away C. passed by D. passed down

    4. To his regret, his request for a raise in salary was finally ___________.

     A. turned away B. turned down C. turned over D. turned back

    5. Scientists will have to _________ new methods of increasing the worlds food supply.

     A. come on B. come with C. come up D. come up with

    6. The police were _______ immediately after the disturbance began in the inner-city area.

     A. run into B. waited on C. sent for D. brought about

    IV. Cloze. 20%

     After he passed away, I thought more and more about Tonys ___1____. He grew in ____2___ in

    my mind. In the end, I think he stood as tall, and as proud, as the great American _______3____.

     They had all reached their ___4_____ by the same route and by the same values and _______5__: vision, determination, self-control, optimism, self-respect and, above all, _____6__.

     Tony did not begin on the bottom rung of the ladder. He began in the ___7____. Tonys affairs

    were tiny; the greatest industrialists affairs were giant. But, after all, the _____8___ sheets were exactly the same. The only difference was where you put the decimal point.

    Tony Trivisonno came to America seeking the American Dream. But he didnt find ithe ___9__

    it for himself. All he had were 24 _____10__ hours a day, and he wasted none of them. Paper Two (selective)

    V. Reading comprehension.20%

     I didnt know the city at all and what is more, I couldnt speak a word of the language. After

    having spent my first day sight-seeing in the town-center, I decided to lose my way deliberately on my second day, since I believed that this was the surest way of getting to know my way around. I got on the first bus that passed and descended some thirty minutes later in what must have been a suburb.

     The first two hours passed pleasantly enough. I discovered mysterious little book-shops in back


    streets and finally arrived at a market-place where I stopped and had coffee in an open-air café. Then I decided to get back to my hotel for lunch. After walking about aimlessly for some time, I determined to ask the way. The trouble was that the only word I knew of the language was the name of the street in which I livedand even that I pronounced badly.

     I stopped to ask a friendly-looking newspaper-seller. He smiled and handed me a paper. I shook my head and repeated the name of the street and he thrust the paper into my hands. Seeing that it would be impossible to argue about the matter, I gave him some money and went on my way. The next person I asked was an old lady who was buying vegetables. She was very hard of hearing and I repeated the word several times. When she finally heard me, she seemed to take offence and began shouting and shaking her walking-stick at me. I hurried away quickly and was relieved to see a policeman on a corner. He certainly would be able to help me. The policeman listened attentively to my question, smiled and gently took me by the arm. There was a distant look in his eyes as he pointed left and right and left again. He glanced at me for approval, and repeated the performance. I nodded politely and began walking in the direction he pointed. About an hour passed and I noticed that the houses were getting fewer and green fields were appearing on either side of me. I had come all the way into the country. The only thing left for me to do was to find the nearest railway-station! 1. The writer believes that if you want to know a strange city you should ______.

    go everywhere on foot

    ask people the way

    get lost on purpose

    get on the first passing bus

    2. The main cause of all the writers troubles was that _______.

    A. he followed the policemans direction

    B. he couldnt speak the language

    C. he left the city center

    D. he went around without a guidebook

    3. The newspaper-seller __________.

    A. understood what he said

    B. thought he would buy a newspaper

    C. showed him around the city

    D. told him how to get to the bus stop

    4. Why did the writer leave the old woman in such a hurry?

    A. She did not understand what he said.

    B. She had no idea where his hotel was.

    C. She was very hard of hearing.

    D. She was getting angry with the writer.

    5. After following the policemans direction, the writer __________.

    A. came back to the hotel

    B. went all the way into the country

    C. got to the nearest railway-station

    D. took a taxi to the hotel

    Key to Quiz 4

I. 1. abandon 2. comprehend 3. compliment 4. giant 5. property


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