By Stacy Ramos,2014-08-27 09:36
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    Section A



    W: This is one of our best and least expensive two-bedroom listings. It’s located in a quiet building and it’s close to bus lines.

    M: That maybe true. But look at it, it’s awful, the paint has peeled off and carpet is worn and the stove is ancient.

    Q: What can we infer from the conversation?


    M: The pictures we took at the botanical garden should be ready tomorrow.

    W: I can’t wait to see them, I’m wondering if the shots I took are as good as I thought. Q: What is the woman eager to know?


    W: The handle of the suitcase is broken. Can you have it fixed by next Tuesday?

    M: Let me see, I need to find a handle that matches but that shouldn’t take too long.

    Q: What does the man mean?


    M: This truck looks like what I need but I’m worried about maintenance. For us it’ll have to operate for long periods of time in very cold temperatures.

    W: We have several models that are especially adaptive for extreme conditions. Would you like to see them?

    Q: What do we learn about the man from the conversation?


    M: I think your boss would be very upset when he gets your letter of resignation.

    W: That may be so. But in the letter, I just told him frankly I could no longer live with his poor management and stupid decisions. Q: What do we learn about the woman?


    W I’d like to exchange the shirt. I’ve learned that the person bought it for allergic to wool. M Maybe we can find something in cotton or silk. Please come this way.

    QWhat does the women want to do


    M: Excuse me, MissDid anyone happen to

    turn in a new handbag? You know, its a

    birthday gift for my wife.

    W: Let me see. Oh, we’ve got quite a lot of women’s bags here. Can you give me more detailed information, such as the color, the size and the trademark?

    Q: Where does this conversation most

    probably take place?


    M What are you going to do with the old house you are in heritage from your


    W I once intended to sell it, but now, I’m thinking of turning it into a guest house, because it's still a solid structure.

    Q: What does the man plan to do with his old house?


    W: When you write a novel, do you know where you’re going, Dr. James?

    M: Yes, you must, really, if you’re writing the classical detective story, because it must be so carefully plotted and so carefully clued. I have schemes. I have charts. I have diagrams. It doesn’t mean to say that I always get it right, but I do plan before I begin writing. But what is so fascinating is how a book changes during the process of writing. It seems to me that

    creative writing is a process of revelation, really, rather than of creativity in the ordinary sense.

    W: When you’re planning the basic structure, do you like to go away to be sure that you’re by yourself?

    M: I need to be by myself certainly, absolutely. I can’t even bare anybody else in the house. I don’t mind much where I am as long as I’ve got enough space to write, but I need to be completely alone.

    W: Is that very important to you?

    M: Oh, yes. I’ve never been lonely in all my life.

    W: How extraordinary! Never?

    M: No, never.

    W: You’re very lucky. Someone once said that

    there’s a bit of ice at the heart of every writer.

    M: Yes. I think this is true. The writer can stand aside from experience and look at it, watch it happening. There is this ‘detachment’ and I realize that there are obviously

    experiences which would overwhelm everyone. But very often, a writer can appear to stand aside, and this detachment makes people feel there’s a bit of ice in the heart.

Questions 19 to 21 are based on the

    conversation you have just heard.

    19. What is the key to write a good classical detective story according to the man? 20. What does the man mainly need when working on a book?

    21. What does the man say about writers?

W: There is an element there about

    competition then, isn’t there? Because British railways are a nationalized industry. There’s

    only one railway system in the country. If you don’t like a particular kind of big beans, you can go and buy another. But if you don't like a particular railway, you can’t go and use another.

    M: Some people who write to me say this. They say that if you didn’t have monopoly, you wouldn’t be able to do the things you do. Well, I don’t think we do anything deliberately to upset our customers. We have particular problems. Since 1946, when the Transport Act came in, we were nationalized.

    W: Do you think that’s a good thing? Has it been a good thing for the railways, do you think, to be nationalized?

    M: Oh I think so, yes. Because in general, modes of transport are all around. Let’s face the fact. The car arrived. The car is here to stay. There is no question about that.

    W: So what are you saying then? Is it if the railways happen being nationalized, they would simply have disappeared?

    M: Oh, I think they would have. They’re disappearing fast in America. Er, the French railways lose 1 billion ponds a year. The German railways, 2 billion ponds a year. But you see, those governments are preparing to

    pour money into the transport system to keep it going.

    W: So in a sense, you cope between two extremes. On the one hand, you’re trying not to lose too much money. And on the other hand, you’ve got to provide the best service.

    M: Yes, you are right.

    Questions 22 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

    22. What does the woman say about British railways?

    23. What do some people who write to the man complain about?

    24. What does the man say threatens the existence of railways?

    25. What does the man say about railways in other countries?

Section B

Passage One

    Among global warming’s most frightening threats is the prediction is that the polar ice-caps will melt, raising sea level so much that coastal cities from New York to Los Angles to Shanghai will be flooded. Scientists agree that key player in this scenario is the West Antarctic ice sheet, a Brazil-size mass of frozen water that is much as 7000 feet thick. Unlike floating ice shelves which have little impact on sea level when they break up, the ice sheet is anchored to bedrock will blow the sea surface. Surrounded by open ocean, it is also vulnerable, but Antarctic experts disagree strongly on just how unstable it is. Now, new evidence reveals that all or most of the Antarctic ice sheet collapsed at least once during the past 1.3 million years, a period when global temperatures probably were not significantly higher than they are today. And the ice sheet was assumed to have been stable. In geological time, a million years is recent

    history. The proof, which was published last week in Science, comes from a team of scientists from Uppsala University in Sweden and California Institute of Technology who drew deep holes near the edge of ice sheet. Within samples collected from the solid substances lying beneath the ice. They found fossils of microscopic marine plants which suggest that the region was once open ocean not solid ice. As Herman Engleheart, a co-author from the California Institute of Technology says, ‘the West Antarctic ice sheet disappear once and can disappear again.’

    26. What is one of the most frightening threats of global warming according to the passage?

    27. What did scientists disagree on?

    28. What is the latest information revealed about the West Antarctic ice sheet?

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