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counterproductive

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counterproductive

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    华南理工大学

    2006年攻读硕士学位研究生入学考试试卷

    ;试卷上做答无效?请在答题纸上做答?试后本卷必须与答题纸一同交回; 科目名称?英语综合水平测试

    适用专业?英语语言文学 外国语言学及应用语言学

     15 Part I. Vocabulary (20 marks)

    Section One

    Directions: In each of the following sentences, there is one word underlined, followed by

    three possible choices. Choose the one that is closest in meaning to this word. (10 marks)

    1. The lecture given by the famous philosopher last night was not very erudite.

    a. scholarly

    b. moderate

    c. solemn

    2. I read the preamble of his book and realized that it was a scholarly work.

    a. conclusion

    b. introduction

    c. result

    3. The title of this chapter is so equivocal.

    a. equivalent

    b. ambiguous

    c. lucid

    4. His presentation is clear and incisive.

    a. penetrating

    b. diffuse

    c. rudimentary

    5. Whether we like it or not, meetings have become a ubiquitous part of everyday life for

    many professionals.

    a. all-powerful

    b. omnipresent

    c. unique

    6. He is a benevolent and wise old man.

    a. charitable

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    b. likeable

    c. genuine

    7. He illuminates his point by reference to current life.

    a. elucidates

    b. entitles

    c. complicates

    8. Of the ten board members, only one dissented.

    a. disagreed

    b. banished

    c. dissuaded

    9. The dress is too ostentatious to wear to a reception.

    a. miscellaneous

    b. showy

    c. delicate

    10. The powers concerned could not reach an agreement on the fifth article of the protocol.

    a. dissertation

    b. draft

    c. archetype

    11. This is an orthodox linguistic theory.

    a. essential

    b. original

    c. officially accepted 12. His opinions were quite pedantic.

    a. scholastic

    b. eccentric

    c. lucrative

    13. I concur with the speaker in condemning that what has been done.

    a. deprive

    b. agree

    c. condescend

    14. Little substantive progress was achieved during the first round of negotiations.

    a. essential

    b. efficient

    c. subservient

    15. Many species have been extirpated from those areas.

    a. rejected

    b. eradicated

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    c. disentangled

    16. The right of the state to tax is generally conceded.

    a. ignored

    b. acknowledged

    c. publicized

    17. I could not fathom his meaning.

    a. comprehend

    b. foil

    c. examine

    18. I dont like his writings, for he always writes in a very ponderous fashion.

    a. depressed

    b. dull

    c. careless

    19. He seemed to be oblivious of the danger while he was walking toward the shore.

    a. conscious

    b. aware

    c. unaware of

    20. Mr. Smith seldom expounds a theory directly in class.

    a. restrains from

    b. sets forth

    c.criticized

Section Two

    Directions: In each of the following sentences, there is one underline word or phrase. Write

    down its Chinese equivalent in the answer sheet. (10 marks)

    21. For all we know, the dog may be able to tell other dogs that his parents were poor but

    honest, in a kind of canine idiom we cannot understand. 22. The young man acted foolishly in spite of all his fathers exhortations.

    23. She takes the rough with the smooth.

    24. I passed the examination by learning everything by rote.

    25. It was clear from the telltale look in her eyes that she loved him.

    26. The unexpected news gave him a jolt.

    27. Can you substantiate your claim in a court of law?

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28. I havent a great deal of money in the bank, but if it came to the push I could lend you

    $100.

    29. We should revamp our whole method of production.

    30. In Britain, the right to make new law is vested in the representatives of the people.

    31. That race was just a walkaway for my horse.

    32. This is still orange juice.

    33. He passed his examination by a fluke; he knew very little about his subject.

    34. He is an old head on young shoulders.

    35. He showed a surprising nonchalance the first time he flew a plane.

    36. Her eyes dilated with terror.

    37. They are now accepting women as entrants to the Government service.

    38. Hes home on furlough.

    39. We are rather pinched for money these days.

    40. They were brought under the yoke of the king.

Part II. Reading Comprehension (50 marks)

    Section One

    Directions: Read the following passages and choose the best answer to complete each statement. Write down your answers on the answer sheet.

Questions 41-45 are based on the following passage.

    In 776 B. C, the first Olympic Games were held at the foot of Mount Olympus to honor the Greeks chief god, Zeus. The Greeks emphasized physical fitness and strength in their education of youth. Therefore, contests in running, jumping, discus and javelin throwing, boxing, and horse and chariot racing were held in individual cities, and the winners competed every four years at Mount Olympus. Winners were greatly honored by having olive wreaths placed on their heads and having poems sung about their deeds. Originally there were held as games of friendship, and any wars in progress were halted to allow the games to take place.

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    The Greeks attached so much importance to these games that they calculated time in

    four-year cycles called Olympiads dating from 776 B. C.

    41. Which of the following is not true?

    a. Winners placed olive wreaths on their own heads.

    b. The games were held in Greece every four years.

    c. Battles were interrupted to participate in the games.

    d. Poems glorified the winners in song.

    42. Why were the Olympic Games held?

    a. to stop wars

    b. to honor Zeus

    c. to crown the best athletes

    d. to sing songs about the athletes

    43. Approximately how many years ago did these games originate?

    a. 776 years

    b. 2,277 years

    c. 1,205 years

    d. 2,760 years

    44. Which of the following contest was not mentioned?

    a. discuss throwing

    b. boxing

    c. skating

    d. running

    45. What conclusion can we draw about the ancient Greeks?

    a. They liked to fight.

    b. They were very athletic.

    c. They liked ceremonies a lot.

    d. They couldnt count, so they used Olympiads for dates.

    Questions 46-48 are based on the following passage.

    Tampa, Florida, owes a great deal of its growth and prosperity to a Cuban cigar

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    manufacturer named Vicente Martinez Ybor. When the Cuban Revolution broke out in 1869, he was forced to flee his country and moved his business to south Florida. Sixteen years later, serious problems caused him to seek a better location along the west coast of the state. His original land purchase of sixteen blocks expanded to more than one hundred acres near Tampa. This newly developed area was called Ybor City in his honor. With the demand for factory workers for Ybors business, the surrounding areas expanded and

    thrived.

    46. Where is Ybor City located?

    a. south Florida

    b. Cuba

    c. west Florida

    d. in the Florida countryside

    47. In what year was Ybor forced to leave south Florida?

    a. 1854

    b. 1869

    c. 1885

    d. 1895

    48. Why will people probably continue to remember Ybors name?

    a. He suffered a great deal.

    b. An area was named in his honor.

    c. He was a Cuban revolutionary.

    d. He was forced to flee his homeland.

Questions 49-52 are based on the following passage.

    Lichens are a unique group of complex, flowerless plants growing on rocks and trees. There are thousands of kinds of lichens, which come in a wide variety of colors. They are composed of algae and fungi which unite to satisfy the needs of the lichens.

    The autotrophic green algae produce all their own food through a process called photosynthesis and provide the lichen with nutritional elements. On the other hand, the heterotrophic fungus, which depends on other elements to provide its food, not only

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    absorbs and stores water for the plant, but also helps protect it. This union by which two dissimilar organisms live together is called symbiosis.

    This sharing enables lichens to resist the most adverse environmental conditions found on earth. They can be found in some very unlikely places such as the polar ice caps as well as in tropical zones, in dry areas as well as in wet ones, on mountain peaks and along coastal areas.

    The lichens strong resistance to its hostile environment and its ability to live in harmony with such environments is one example that humanity should consider in trying solve its own problems.

    49. Which of the following it not true?

    a. Lichens are not simple plants.

    b. The lichen habitat is limited to the polar ice caps.

    c. Lichens can resist a hostile environment.

    d. Heterotrophic plants depend on other elements to supply their food. 50. What can be said about autotrophic plants and heterotrophic plants?

    a. They produce their food in the same manner.

    b. Heterotrophic plants produce all their own food.

    c. Autotrophic plants need other elements to supply their food.

    d. Their methods of food production are completely different.

    51. Which of the following conclusions could be made about lichens?

    a. They are found worldwide and are complex plants made up of algae and fungi.

    b. They are found worldwide and are simple plants, symbiotic in nature.

    c. They are found worldwide and are compound plants made up entirely of algae.

    d. Although found worldwide, lichens are found mostly as a simple plant form in the

    tropics.

    52. Which of the following directly relates to algae?

    a. It offers protection to lichens.

    b. It supplies water for lichens.

    c. It supplies its own food.

    d. It is dependent on other plants for its food supply.

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Questions 53-59 are based on the following passage.

    Napoleon Bonapartes ambition to control all the area around the Mediterranean Sea led him and his French solders to Egypt. After losing a naval battle, they were forced to remain there for three years. In 1799, while constructing a fort, a soldier discovered a piece pf stele (stone pillar bearing an inscription) known as the Rosetta stone. This famous stone, which would eventually lead to the deciphering of ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics dating to 3100 B. C., was written in three languages: hieroglyphics (picture writing), demotic (a shorthand version of hieroglyphics), and Greek. Scientists discovered that the characters, unlike those in English, could be written from right to left and in other directions as well.

    Twenty-three years after discovery of the Rosetta stone, Jean Francois Champollion, a French philologist, fluent in several languages, was able to decipher the first word

    Ptolemy name of an Egyptian ruler. This name was written inside an oval called a cartouche. Further investigation revealed that cartouches contained names of important people of that period. Champollion painstakingly continued his search and was able to increase his growing list of known phonetic signs. He and an Englishman, Thomas Young, worked independently of each other to unravel the deeply hidden mysteries of this strange language. Young believed that sound values could be assigned to the symbols, while Champollion insisted that the pictures represented words.

    53. How many years elapsed between the date of the oldest hieroglyphics deciphered by

    means of the Rosetta stone and the stones discovery?

    a. 1,301

    b. 1,799

    c. 3,100

    d. 4,899

    54. Which of the following languages was not written on the Rosetta stone?

    a. French

    b. demotic

    c. Greek

    d. hieroglyphics

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55. Which of the following statements is not true?

    a. Cartouches contained names of prominent people of the period.

    b. Champollion and Young worked together in an attempt to decipher the

    hieroglyphics.

    c. One of the Napoleons soldiers discovered the Rosetta stone.

    d. Thomas Young believed that sound values could be assigned to the symbols.

    56. When was the first word from the Rosetta stone deciphered?

    a. 3100 B.C.

    b. 1766

    c. 1799

    d. 1822

    57. What was the first word that was deciphered from the Rosetta stone?

    a. cartouche

    b. Ptolemy

    c. demotic

    d. Champollion

    58. Why were Napoleons solders in Egypt in 1799?

    a. They were celebrating a naval victory.

    b. They were looking for the Rosetta stone.

    c. They were waiting to continue their campaign.

    d. They were trying to decipher the hieroglyphics. 59. Who was responsible for deciphering the first word?

    a. Champollion

    b. Young

    c. Ptolemy

    d. Napoleon

    Questions 60-65 are based on the following passage.

    Sequoyah was a young Cherokee Indian, son of a white trader and an Indian squaw. At

    an early age, he became fascinated by the talking leaf, an expression that he used to

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describe the white mans written records. Although many believed this talking leaf to be

    a gift from the Great Spirit, Sequoyah refused to accept that theory. Like other Indians of the period, he was illiterate, but his determination to remedy the situation led to the invention of a unique 86-character alphabet based on the sound patterns that he heard.

    His family and friends thought him mad, but while recuperating from a hunting accident, he diligently and independently set out to create a form of communication for his own people as well as for other Indians. 1821, after twelve years of work, he had successfully developed a written language that would enable thousands of Indians to read and write.

    Sequoyahs desire to preserve words and events for later generations has caused him to be remembered among the important inventors. The giant redwood trees of California, called sequoias in his honor, will further imprint his name in history.

    60. What is the most important reason that Sequoyah will be remembered?

    a. California redwoods were named in his honor.

    b. He was illiterate.

    c. He created a unique alphabet.

    d. He recovered from his madness and helped mankind.

    61. How did Sequoyahs family react to his idea of developing his own talking leaf?

    a. They arranged for his hunting accident.

    b. They thought he was crazy.

    c. They decided to help him.

    d. They asked him to teach them to read and write.

    62. What prompted Sequoyah to develop his alphabet?

    a. People were writing things about him that he couldnt read.

    b. He wanted to become famous.

    c. After his hunting accident, he needed something to keep him busy.

    d. He wanted the history of his people preserved for future generations. 63. The word illiterate means most nearly

    a. fierce

    b. poor

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