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Important Milestones

By Virginia Thompson,2014-10-06 12:39
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Important Milestones

    Babies develop at their own pace, so it's impossible to tell exactly when your child will learn a given skill. The developmental milestones listed below will give you a general idea of the changes you can expect, but don't be alarmed if your own baby's

    development takes a slightly different course.

    Sharing Concerns For tips on sharing Social and Emotional concerns about a child's development,; Enjoys social play click on one of the following: ; Interested in mirror images -Parent to Physician ; Responds to other people's expressions of emotion and appears -Physician to Parent joyful often -Parent to ParentCognitive

    ; Finds partially hidden object

    ; Explores with hands and mouth

    ; Struggles to get objects that are out of reach

    Language

    ; Responds to own name

    ; Begins to respond to "no"

    ; Can tell emotions by tone of voice

    ; Responds to sound by making sounds

    ; Uses voice to express joy and displeasure

    ; Babbles chains of sounds

    Movement

    ; Rolls both ways (front to back, back to front)

    ; Sits with, and then without, support on hands

    ; Supports whole weight on legs

    ; Reaches with one hand

    ; Transfers object from hand to hand

    ; Uses hand to rake objects

    Vision

    ; Develops full color vision

    ; Distance vision matures

    ; Ability to track moving objects improves

    Developmental Health Watch

    Alert your child's doctor or nurse if your child displays any of the following signs of possible

    developmental delay for this age range.

    ; Seems very stiff, with tight muscles

    ; Seems very floppy, like a rag doll

    1

    ; Head still flops back when body is pulled to a sitting position

    ; Reaches with one hand only

    ; Refuses to cuddle

    ; Shows no affection for the person who cares for him or her

    ; Doesn't seem to enjoy being around people

    ; One or both eyes consistently turn in or out

    ; Persistent tearing, eye drainage, or sensitivity to light

    ; Does not respond to sounds around him or her

    ; Has difficulty getting objects to mouth

    ; Does not turn head to locate sounds by 4 months

    ; Does not roll over in either direction (front to back or back to front) by 5 months

    ; Seems impossible to comfort at night after 5 months

    ; Does not smile on his or her own by 5 months

    ; Cannot sit with help by 6 months

    ; Does not laugh or make squealing sounds by 6 months

    ; Does not actively reach for objects by 6 to 7 months

    ; Does not follow objects with both eyes at near (1 foot) and far (6 feet) ranges by 7

    months

    ; Does not bear weight on legs by 7 months

    ; Does not try to attract attention through actions by 7 months

    ; Does not babble by 8 months

    ; Shows no interest in games of peek-a-boo by 8 months

    ; Experiences a dramatic loss of skills he or she once had

From CARING FOR YOUR BABY AND YOUNG CHILD: BIRTH TO AGE 5 by Steven Shelov, Robert E.

    Hannermann, ? 1991, 1993, 1998, 2004 by the American Academy of Pediatrics. Used by permission of Bantam Books, a division of Random House, Inc.

Email this page Babies develop at their own pace, so it’s impossible to tell exactly when your child will

    learn a given skill. The developmental milestones listed below will give you a general

    idea of the changes you can expect, but don’t be alarmed if your own baby’s

    development takes a slightly different course. Sharing Concerns For tips on sharing Social and Emotional concerns about a child's development,click on one of the ; Shy or anxious with strangers following: ; Cries when mother or father leaves -Parent to Physician ; Enjoys imitating people in his play -Physician to Parent -Parent to Parent; Shows specific preferences for certain people and toys

    ; Tests parental responses to his actions during feedings

    2

    ; Tests parental responses to his behavior ; May be fearful in some situations

    ; Prefers mother and/or regular caregiver over all others ; Repeats sounds or gestures for attention ; Finger-feeds himself

    ; Extends arm or leg to help when being dressed

    Cognitive

    ; Explores objects in many different ways (shaking, banging, throwing, dropping)

    ; Finds hidden objects easily

    ; Looks at correct picture when the image is named ; Imitates gestures

    ; Begins to use objects correctly (drinking from cup, brushing hair, dialing phone, listening to

    receiver)

    Language

    ; Pays increasing attention to speech

    ; Responds to simple verbal requests

    ; Responds to “no”

    ; Uses simple gestures, such as shaking head for “no ; Babbles with inflection (changes in tone) ; Says “dada” and “mama”

    ; Uses exclamations, such as “Oh-oh!”

    ; Tries to imitate words

    Movement

    ; Reaches sitting position without assistance ; Crawls forward on belly

    ; Assumes hands-and-knees position

    ; Creeps on hands and knees

    ; Gets from sitting to crawling or prone (lying on stomach) position

    ; Pulls self up to stand

    ; Walks holding on to furniture

    ; Stands momentarily without support

    ; May walk two or three steps without support

    Hand and Finger Skills

    ; Uses pincer grasp

    ; Bangs two objects together

    ; Puts objects into container

    ; Takes objects out of container

    ; Lets objects go voluntarily

    ; Pokes with index finger

    ; Tries to imitate scribbling

    3

    Developmental Health Watch

    Alert your child's doctor or nurse if your child displays any of the following signs of possible

    developmental delay for this age range.

    ; Does not crawl

    ; Drags one side of body while crawling (for over one month)

    ; Cannot stand when supported

    ; Does not search for objects that are hidden while he or she watches

    ; Says no single words ("mama" or "dada")

    ; Does not learn to use gestures, such as waving or shaking head

    ; Does not point to objects or pictures

    ; Experiences a dramatic loss of skills he or she once had

From CARING FOR YOUR BABY AND YOUNG CHILD: BIRTH TO AGE 5 by Steven Shelov, Robert E.

    Hannermann, ? 1991, 1993, 1998, 2004 by the American Academy of Pediatrics. Used by permission of Bantam

    Books, a division of Random House, Inc. Content source: National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities

Children develop at their own pace, so it's impossible to tell exactly when yours will learn a given

    skill. The developmental milestones below will give you a general idea of the changes you can expect

    as your child gets older, but don't be alarmed if your child takes a slightly different course.

    Social

    ; Imitates behavior of others, especially adults and older children

    ; More aware of herself as separate from others

    ; More excited about company of other children

    Emotional

    ; Demonstrates increasing independence

    ; Begins to show defiant behavior

    ; Separation anxiety increases toward midyear then fades

    Cognitive

    ; Finds objects even when hidden under two or three covers

    ; Begins to sort by shapes and colors

    ; Begins make-believe play

    Language

    ; Points to object or picture when it's named for him

    ; Recognizes names of familiar people, objects, and body parts

    4

; Says several single words (by 15 to 18 months)

    ; Uses simple phrases (by 18 to 24 months)

    ; Uses 2- to 4-word sentences

    ; Follows simple instructions

    ; Repeats words overheard in conversation

    Movement

    ; Walks alone

    ; Pulls toys behind her while walking

    ; Carries large toy or several toys while walking

    ; Begins to run

    ; Stands on tiptoe

    ; Kicks a ball

    ; Climbs onto and down from furniture unassisted

    ; Walks up and down stairs holding on to support

    Hand and Finger Skills

    ; Scribbles on his or her own

    ; Turns over container to pour out contents

    ; Builds tower of four blocks or more

    ; Might use one hand more often than the other

    Developmental Health Watch

    Alert your child's doctor or nurse if your child displays any of the following signs of

    possible developmental delay for this age range.

    ; Cannot walk by 18 months

    ; Fails to develop a mature heel-toe walking pattern after several months of

    walking, or walks only on his toes

    ; Does not speak at least 15 words

    ; Does not use two-word sentences by age 2

    ; By 15 months, does not seem to know the function of common household

    objects (brush, telephone, bell, fork, spoon)

    ; Does not imitate actions or words by the end of this period

    ; Does not follow simple instructions by age 2

    ; Cannot push a wheeled toy by age 2

    ; Experiences a dramatic loss of skills he or she once had

From CARING FOR YOUR BABY AND YOUNG CHILD: BIRTH TO AGE 5 by Steven Shelov,

    Robert E. Hannermann, ? 1991, 1993, 1998, 2004 by the American Academy of Pediatrics. Used by

    permission of Bantam Books, a division of Random House, Inc.

    5

Children develop at their own pace, so it's impossible to tell exactly when yours will learn a given

    skill. The developmental milestones below will give you a general idea of the changes you can

    expect as your child gets older, but don't be alarmed if your child takes a

    slightly different course.

    Social

    ; Imitates adults and playmates

    ; Spontaneously shows affection for familiar playmates

    ; Can take turns in games

    ; Understands concept of "mine" and "his/hers"

    Emotional

    ; Expresses affection openly

    ; Expresses a wide range of emotions

    ; By 3, separates easily from parents

    ; Objects to major changes in routine

    Cognitive

    ; Makes mechanical toys work

    ; Matches an object in her hand or room to a picture in a book

    ; Plays make-believe with dolls, animals, and people

    ; Sorts objects by shape and color

    ; Completes puzzles with three or four pieces

    ; Understands concept of "two"

    Language

    ; Follows a two- or three-part command

    ; Recognizes and identifies almost all common objects and pictures

    ; Understands most sentences

    ; Understands placement in space ("on," "in," "under")

    ; Uses 4- to 5-word sentences

    ; Can say name, age, and sex

    ; Uses pronouns (I, you, me, we, they) and some plurals (cars, dogs, cats)

    ; Strangers can understand most of her words

    Movement

    ; Climbs well

    ; Walks up and down stairs, alternating feet (one foot per stair step)

    ; Kicks ball

    ; Runs easily

    ; Pedals tricycle

    ; Bends over easily without falling

    Hand and Finger Skills

    6

    ; Makes up-and-down, side-to-side, and circular lines with pencil or crayon

    ; Turns book pages one at a time

    ; Builds a tower of more than six blocks

    ; Holds a pencil in writing position

    ; Screws and unscrews jar lids, nuts, and bolts

    ; Turns rotating handles

    Developmental Health Watch

    Alert your child's doctor or nurse if your child displays any of the following signs

    of possible developmental delay for this age range.

    ; Frequent falling and difficulty with stairs

    ; Persistent drooling or very unclear speech

    ; Cannot build a tower of more than four blocks

    ; Difficulty manipulating small objects

    ; Cannot copy a circle by age 3

    ; Cannot communicate in short phrases

    ; No involvement in "pretend" play

    ; Does not understand simple instructions

    ; Little interest in other children

    ; Extreme difficulty separating from mother or primary caregiver

    ; Poor eye contact

    ; Limited interest in toys

    ; Experiences a dramatic loss of skills he or she once

From CARING FOR YOUR BABY AND YOUNG CHILD: BIRTH TO AGE 5 by

    Steven Shelov, Robert E. Hannermann, ? 1991, 1993, 1998, 2004 by the American Academy of Pediatrics. Used by permission of Bantam Books, a

    division of Random House, Inc.

Children develop at their own pace, so it's impossible to tell exactly when yours will learn a given

    skill. The developmental milestones below will give you a general idea of the changes you can

    expect as your child gets older, but don't be alarmed if your child takes a slightly different course.

    Social

    ; Interested in new experiences

    ; Cooperates with other children

    ; Plays "Mom" or "Dad"

    ; Increasingly inventive in fantasy play

    ; Dresses and undresses

    ; Negotiates solutions to conflicts

    ; More independent

    Emotional

    ; Imagines that many unfamiliar images may be "monsters"

    ; Views self as a whole person involving body, mind, and feelings

    7

    ; Often cannot tell the difference between fantasy and reality

    Cognitive

    ; Correctly names some colors

    ; Understands the concept of counting and may know a few numbers

    ; Tries to solve problems from a single point of view ; Begins to have a clearer sense of time

    ; Follows three-part commands

    ; Recalls parts of a story

    ; Understands the concepts of "same" and "different" ; Engages in fantasy play

    Language

    ; Has mastered some basic rules of grammar ; Speaks in sentences of five to six words ; Speaks clearly enough for strangers to understand ; Tells stories

    Movement

    ; Hops and stands on one foot up to five seconds ; Goes upstairs and downstairs without support ; Kicks ball forward

    ; Throws ball overhand

    ; Catches bounced ball most of the time

    ; Moves forward and backward with agility

    Hand and Finger Skills

    ; Copies square shapes

    ; Draws a person with two to four body parts ; Uses scissors

    ; Draws circles and squares

    ; Begins to copy some capital letters

    Developmental Health Watch

    Alert your child's doctor or nurse if your child displays any of the following signs

    of possible developmental delay for this age range. ; Cannot throw a ball overhand

    ; Cannot jump in place

    ; Cannot ride a tricycle

    ; Cannot grasp a crayon between thumb and fingers ; Has difficulty scribbling

    ; Cannot stack four blocks

    ; Still clings or cries whenever parents leave ; Shows no interest in interactive games ; Ignores other children

    8

    ; Doesn't respond to people outside the family

    ; Doesn't engage in fantasy play

    ; Resists dressing, sleeping, using the toilet

    ; Lashes out without any self-control when angry or upset

    ; Cannot copy a circle

    ; Doesn't use sentences of more than three words

    ; Doesn't use "me" and "you" correctly

    ; Experiences a dramatic loss of skills he or she once

From CARING FOR YOUR BABY AND YOUNG CHILD: BIRTH TO AGE 5 by Steven

    Shelov, Robert E. Hannermann, ? 1991, 1993, 1998, 2004 by the American Academy of Pediatrics. Used by permission of Bantam Books, a division of Random House, Inc.

Children develop at their own pace, so it's impossible to tell exactly when yours will learn a given skill. The

    developmental milestones below will give you a general idea of the changes you can expect as your child gets older,

    but don't be alarmed if your child takes a slightly different course.

    Social

    ; Wants to please friends

    ; Wants to be like her friends

    ; More likely to agree to rules

    ; Likes to sing, dance, and act

    ; Shows more independence and may even visit a next-door neighbor by herself Emotional Milestones

    ; Aware of gender

    ; Able to distinguish fantasy from reality

    ; Sometimes demanding, sometimes eagerly cooperative

    Cognitive Milestones

    ; Can count 10 or more objects

    ; Correctly names at least four colors

    ; Better understands the concept of time

    ; Knows about things used every day in the home (money, food, appliances) Language

    ; Recalls part of a story

    ; Speaks sentences of more than five words

    ; Uses future tense

    ; Tells longer stories

    ; Says name and address

    Movement

    9

; Stands on one foot for 10 seconds or longer

    ; Hops, somersaults

    ; Swings, climbs

    ; May be able to skip

    Hand and Finger Skills

    ; Copies triangle and other shapes

    ; Draws person with body

    ; Prints some letters

    ; Dresses and undresses without help

    ; Uses fork, spoon, and (sometimes) a table knife

    ; Usually cares for own toilet needs

    Developmental Health Watch

    Alert your child's doctor or nurse if your child displays any of the following signs of possible

    developmental delay for this age range.

    ; Acts extremely fearful or timid

    ; Acts extremely aggressively

    ; Is unable to separate from parents without major protest ; Is easily distracted and unable to concentrate on any single activity for more than five

    minutes

    ; Shows little interest in playing with other children

    ; Refuses to respond to people in general, or responds only superficially ; Rarely uses fantasy or imitation in play

    ; Seems unhappy or sad much of the time

    ; Doesn't engage in a variety of activities

    ; Avoids or seems aloof with other children and adults ; Doesn't express a wide range of emotions

    ; Has trouble eating, sleeping, or using the toilet

    ; Can't tell the difference between fantasy and reality ; Seems unusually passive

    ; Cannot understand two-part commands using prepositions ("Put the doll on the bed,

    and get the ball under the couch.")

    ; Can't correctly give her first and last name

    ; Doesn't use plurals or past tense properly when speaking ; Doesn't talk about her daily activities and experiences ; Cannot build a tower of six to eight blocks

    ; Seems uncomfortable holding a crayon

    ; Has trouble taking off clothing

    ; Cannot brush her teeth efficiently

    ; Cannot wash and dry her hands

    ; Experiences a dramatic loss of skills he or she once

    Speech And Language Milestones

    What are speech and language?

    10

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