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2010 deep research report on china pv power station .doc

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2010 deep research report on china pv power station .doc

2010 Deep Research Report on China PV Power Station

2010 Deep Research Report on China PV Power Station

    Published】,Jan/ 2010

    Report Code】,S

    Report Pages】,350

    Report Charts】,457

    Form】, PDF or Hard copy

    Delivery】, E-mail or EMS

    Report Price】,Hard Copy $2500 Electronic (PDF) $2500 Enterprise wide

    $3000

    Telephone】,0755-25407713 25407397 25407295 25407296 25193391

Report Highlights】,

    China has become the largest Solar Cell Module producer in the world since 2008, and this figure includes the output of Taiwan, which accounted for 40% in the worldwide. Due to the short demand of photovoltaic products in the home markets, almost less than 1%, the Solar Cell Module in china are almost exported. However, this situation has changed since 2009. The construction photovoltaic subsidy policy, issued in March, 2009, was once considered optimistic in the photovoltaic industry. Although there was no great demand in the actual implementation, this indeed showed that Chinese photovoltaic market had come out. The following “Golden Sun”

    policy, issued in July, 2009, brought about a real demand of 640MW. Meanwhile, many project subsidies will have been allocated to the project owner before the December 31st, 2009. This phenomenon suggests that it is a government-supported industry and appropriate measures can be taken efficiently. However, the most concerned on-grid price policy has still not been issued in the end of 2009. QY research estimated that it would be promulgated in 2010. If the previous policies, such as building photovoltaic and golden sun, were a prelude, then the on-grid price policy would be the basis for explosive photovoltaic demands. Up to the end of 2009, an intention agreement for solar power plant project of more than 13GW has been signed; meanwhile, the first phase project of more than 1 GW has commenced. These are the arrival signs of on-grid price policy. According to the estimates from QY research and strategies from the senior government officials, QY research is optimistic about this policy; furthermore, it is estimated that the accumulated installation capacity of China PV industry will reach 20 GW by 2020, and this prediction is just the same with the energy bureau. Unlike Europe and the United States, where the photovoltaic products are mainly used in the household and construction industry, China will make the ground photovoltaic station as the backbone in the development of PV industry. Therefore, the great photovoltaic demands in China might drive the global PV industry into a new stage in the PV recession period.

    "Deep industry research report on China PV power station in 2010", is a professional and comprehensive report in the field of China photovoltaic power plants. In the report, information on the solar energy resource is first introduced, then followed by the various links of photovoltaic industry chains, and then the design and construction of photovoltaic power plants and other relevant information. The main photovoltaic subsidy policy, including national policies, some key provincial and municipal policies and other relevant photovoltaic projects: the building 中商情报网订购电话, 0755-25407295 25407296 25407713 25407397 25193391

2010 Deep Research Report on China PV Power Station

    photovoltaic projects, Golden Sun projects and other big intention project on the on-grid price policy, is described in detail. It also covers the large-scale grid projects of more than 10 MW and relevant statistics on installation capacity of different types of owners, such as roof, Golden Sun, ground, on-grid, off-grid, lamps, energy-saving, China Guangdong Nuclear Power Plants, crystalline silicon, thin film and so on. Meanwhile, the prediction on the installation capacity between 2010 and 2014 is made; and newly installed capacity and accumulated capacity between 2010 and 2020 is also listed. Finally, detailed and comprehensive investment analysis on grid power station of 100KW BIPV and the 10MW ground PV are described, respectively. Generally speaking, it is a professional and comprehensive deep research report on the PV power stations in China. Therefore, it will be a suitable reference for investment enterprises and solar energy industry chain-related enterprises in the decision-making or marketing analysis. During its preparation, it has gained large supports from engineers, technicians and senior experts in PV power plants, installation companies, inverter companies, relevant government agencies and various areas of PV industry. Here, we want to express our great gratitude..

Report Framework

Chapter One Solar Energy and Related Resources Overview 1

    1.1 Introduction 1

    1.1.1 PV Power Station Industry Chain Structure 1

    1.1.2 Methodology 4

    1.2 Definition 6

    1.2.1 About Solar Energy 6

    1.2.2 Advantages and Disadvantages of Solar Energy 6

    1.2.3 About PV Power Station 7

    1.2.4 Types of PV Cells 7

    1.2.5 Types of PV Systems 8

    1.2.6 Classification of PV Power Station 8

    1.2.7 About Solar Energy Production 8

    1.2.8 About Carbon Emission Reductions 10

    1.3 China Solar Energy and Related Definitions 10

    1.4 China Energy Productions Supply, Sales, Demand, Market Overview 15

    Chapter Two Industry Summary of PV Power Station 23

    2.1 PV Systems Overview 23

    2.2 Classification and Analysis of PV Power Station 30

    2.3 Solar Polysilicon Overview 34

    2.4 Industry Summary of PV Cell and PV Module 41

    2.4.1 Definition of PV Cells 41

    2.4.2 Classification of PV Cells 43

    2.4.3 Cost of PV Cells and Analysis 46

    2.4.4 Global and China PV Cell Market Analysis 48

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    2.4.5 2009 Top Ten New Technology of Solar Energy 51 2.4.6 Investment Analysis of PV Cell and PV Module 54 2.4.7 Analysis and Summary of China PV Cell and PV Module Industry 55 2.5 Industry Summary of PV Inverter 57

    2.5.1 Definition of PV Inverter 57

    2.5.2 Feature of PV Inverter 57

    2.5.3 Classification of PV Inverter 58

    2.5.3 Global PV Inverter Productions Supply Sales Demand Market Overview 63 2.5.4 Investment Analysis (200MW Capacity) 66

    2.5.5 Analysis and Summary of PV Inverter 68

    Chapter Three Design and Construction of PV Power Station 69 3.1 Design Ideas of PV Power Station 69

    3.2 Selection of PV Cells 71

    3.3 Design of BIPV 73

    3.3.1 Definition of BIPV and BAPV 73

    3.3.2 Classification of BIPV 74

    3.3.3 Design of BIPV 76

    3.3.4 PV Cells Installation of BIPV 77

    3.3.5 Program of On-grid BIPV 84

    3.4 Design ideas of On-grid PV Power Station 87

    3.4.1 Design and Considerations of On-grid PV Power Station 87 3.4.2 Automatic Tracking System Introduction and Analysis 89 3.4.3 Engineering Construction Design of On-grid PV Power Station 95 3.5 Installation of PV Power System Equipment 100

    3.6 Common problems of PV Power System 109

    3.7 Case Study of PV Power Station 111

    3.8 Solar Streetlights Summary 118

    Chapter Four Related Policy Analysis of PV Power Station 131 4.1 Interpretation of “Solar PV Building” Policy 131

    4.2 Interpretation of “Golden Sun” Policy 135

    4.3 Interpretation of the local PV Policy 141

    4.3.1 Interpretation of

    Province> Policy 142

    4.3.2 Interpretation of Policy 143

    4.3.3 Interpretation of Shanghai PV-related Policies 145 4.3.4 Interpretation of Ningxia Province PV-related Policies 146 4.3.5 Interpretation of Qinghai Province PV-related Policies 148 4.3.6 Interpretation of Shandong Province PV-related Policies 151 4.3.7 Interpretation of Zhejiang Province PV-related Policies 152 4.4”On-grid Electricity Price of the Solar Power”and”The Revitalization of China New Energy”

    Policy Forecast 153

    4.4.1 Interpretation of China adopts Amendment to Renewable Energy Law 153 4.4.2 “On-grid Electricity Price of the Solar Power”Policy Forecast 153

    4.4.3”The Revitalization of China New Energy”Policy Forecast 154

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    4.5 PV-Related National Standards System Directory 155 Chapter Five Related Projects and Company Information of PV Power Station 159

    5.1 Five Large Power Generation Groups Overview 159 5.1.1 China Huaneng Group (CHNG) Overview 159

    5.1.2 China Datang Corporation (CDT) Overview 175 5.1.3 China Guodian Corporation (CGDC) Overview 191 5.1.4 China Huadian Corporation (CHD) Overview 200 5.1.5 China Power Investment Corporation (CPI) Overview 208 5.2 Power and PV Power Overview of China Top10 Power Generation Groups 218

    5.3 China PV Power Station Project Summary 221

    5.4 Directory of China PV System and Related Suppliers 235 Chapter Six Data Statistics and Market Share 268 6.1 “Solar PV Building”, “Golden Sun”,and Land PV Power Station 268

    6.2 TOP10 PV Power Plant Owners270

    6.2.1 Suntech 270

    6.2.2 First Solar 271

    6.2.3 China Technology Development Group Corporation(CTDC 271

    6.2.4 China Energy Conservation Investment Corporation(CECIC272

    6.2.5 China Guangdong Nuclear Power Holding Corporation (CGNPC)279 6.2.6 China Datang Corporation (CDT) 280

    6.2.7 China Guodian Corporation (CGDC) 280

    6.2.8 China Water Investment Group Corporation(CWI) 281 6.2.9 State Development & Investment Corporation (SDIC) 281 6.2.10 China Power Investment Corporation (CPI) 284 6.2.11 Enfinity Corporation 284

    6.2.12 China Huadian Corporation (CHD 286

    6.2.13 China Huaneng Group (CHNG) 287

    6.2.14 Other 287

    6.2.15 Owners Market share Summary 290

    6.3 On-grid,Off-grid and other291

    6.4 2010-2014China PV Power Station development Forecast 294 Chapter Seven Feasibility Analysis of PV Power Station296 7.1 100KWp of BIPV Project ROI Analysis 297

    7.2 10MWp of On-grid PV Power Ground Station ROI Analysis 298 7.2.1 Overview 298

    7.2.2 Necessity of Construction of PV Power Station 300 7.2.3 Power Resources Overview of Selected places 302 7.2.4Climate Geographic Resources Overview of Selected places 304 7.2.5 PV Power Station Pre-design 307

    7.2.5.1 Solar PV Module Selection 307

    7.2.5.2 Efficiency Calculation of On-grid PV System 309 7.2.5.3 Calculation of Solar Radiation 310

    7.2.5.4 PV Modules On-grid or Off-grid program 312 7.2.5.5 Design of PV Array Layout 312

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7.2.5.6 Design of Lightning Box 314

    7.2.5.7 DC Power Distribution Cabinet Design 314 7.2.5.8 Choice of On-grid Inverter 315

    7.2.5.9 Design of AC Lightning Protection Power Distribution Cabinet 317

    7.2.5.10 Design of AC step-up Transformer318 7.2.5.11 Principles of System Solutions 319 7.2.5.12 Design of Photovoltaic Systems with Access to Grid 319 7.2.5.13 Important Unit Choice of On-grid Systems 320 7.2.5.14 Choice of Monitoring Device 321

    7.2.5.15 Environmental Test Equipment 323

    7.2.5.16 PV Systems Installed Lightning Protection Grounding 323

    7.2.5.17 Improvements of PV System Program 323 7.2.6 Design of Construction 324

    7.2.6.1 Construction Conditions 324

    7.2.6.2 Construction Traffic Transport 324

    7.2.6.3 Cover Area 324

    7.2.6.4 Main Building 324

    7.2.6.5 Solar PV Array Installation 324

    7.2.6.6 Construction Layout 325

    7.2.6.7 Construction Schedule 325

    7.2.7 Environmental Impact Assessment 325

    7.2.8 Generation Capacity Analysis 326

    7.2.9 Investment Estimation 326

    7.2.10 Financial Analysis 328

    Chapter Eight Research Conclusions 331

Report Charts

    Figure PV DC-load Off-grid System Simple Diagram 1 Figure PV AC-load Off-grid System Simple Diagram 1 Figure PV On-grid System Simple Diagram 1

    Figure PV Power Station Industry Chain Structure 2 Figure Site Selection and influencing factors of PV Power Station Structure 2

    Figure Construction of flow charts of PV Power Station 3 Figure Solar Energy calculation Structure Diagram 4 Figure Distribution of China Solar radiation resource 10 Figure China Solar Annual radiation intensity 11 Figure China Solar Annual Sunshine Percentage12 Figure China Solar annual Sunshine hours 12 Figure Distribution Status of China Land-use Types 13 Table4 Types of deserts in China 13

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2010 Deep Research Report on China PV Power Station

Figure China population density distribution 14

    Figure Comparison of(Wind/PV/water/nuclear/biomass/coalEnergy supply Systems 15

    Table 1978-2008 China total Energy production (100 million TCE) and (Wind /PV /water /

    nuclear /biomass /coalEnergy accounts for the proportion (%) 16

    Table 1978-2008 China total Energy consumption(100 million TCE)and (Wind /PV /water /

    nuclear /biomass /coalEnergy accounts for the proportion (%) 16

    Figure 1978-2008 China Energy consumption Structure Diagram 17 Figure 1978-2008 difference between China Energy consumption and Energy production (100 million TCE) 18

    Figure 2001-2008 China total Energy consumption (100 million TCE) 18 Figure 1990-2007 China Electric Power Consumption Structure(100 million kilowatt hours 19

    Table 2000-2007 Electricity consumption in various regions of China(100 million kilowatt hours

    19

    Figure 2008 China Renewable Energy Scale and annual Energy use (100000 KW) 20 Figure 2002-2008 China Annual Installed Capacity of Hydropower Energy (100000 KW) 21 Figure 2002-2008 China Annual Installed Capacity of Wind Energy (100000 KW) 21 Figure 2002-2008 China Annual Installed Capacity of PV Energy(100000 KW) 22 Table Since 2000, Average growth rate of On-grid,Off-grid Solar and other new Energy sources in

    China 22

    Table 2010 China total Installed PV Market volume (MWp) and Different Types of PV Systems Market share(,; 22

    Table 2020 China total Installed PV Market volume (MWp) and Different Types of PV Systems Market share(,;Forecast 23

    Table Characteristics of PV Power System 23

    Table Benefits of Installation of PV System (100kW PV System as an example) 24 Table Type and scope of photovoltaic Power Generation System Application 24 Figure PV System Structure Diagram: By Product Classification 25 Figure PV System Structure Diagram: By Market Classification 26 Figure Rural-Electrification 27

    Figure Communication and Industry Applications 28

    Figure Solar Products 28

    Table Contrast of Office Daily Power consumption curve and Daily PV curves29 Figure(LS-PVIntroduction and Technical Characteristics 29

    Figure PV DC-load Off-grid System Simple Diagram 30

    Figure PV AC-load Off-grid System Simple Diagram 30

    Figure PV On-grid System Simple Diagram 30

    Table Comparison and Analysis of three Types of PV System 30

    Table.(Small DC,Simple DC,Large DC,AC/DC,Utility Grid Connect,HybridFeatures and

    Applications 31

    Figure PV Power Station Equipment configuration Diagram 33

    Figure Wind Generating Systems 33

    Figure Off-grid PV System Structure Diagram 34

    Table 2007-2008 proportion of the PV Power Plant Cost 34

    Table Overview of polysilicon industry chain 34

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    Figure Q1/07-Q2/09 Global Solar Polysilicon Spot Price ($/kg), and the contract price ($/kg) 35 Table Development of Solar silicon material Overview 35

    Figure Solar silicon production methods, Classification and Overview 36 Table Main features of "Improved Siemens Process" 36

    Table Domestic Present Situation of "Improved Siemens Process" Overview 37 Table Main processes and Equipment of "Improved Siemens Process" 38 Table Overview and Process Route of Physical metallurgy 38

    Table Contrast of "Improved Siemens Process" and “Physical metallurgy” 39

    Figure 2005,2010 Different Technology of poly-silicon manufacturing process and Market share 39

    Table Production(MWand Production Capacity(MWof China major Solar silicon supply 39

    Table Analysis of China Solar Polysilicon Industry Overview 40

    Table Investment Prospects of China Solar Polysilicon Industry Overview 40 Figure Solar Cell Industry Chain Structure 41

    Figure PV Cell PV Module PV Array 42

    Figure Cross-sectional profile of PV Cell 42

    Table Package Types of PV Cell 42

    Figure PV Cell Classification according Technology 43

    Table 1999~2008 global(Poly c-Si,Mono c-Si, a-Si, Ribbon-sheet c-Si,CdTe,CISPV Module

    Market share 44

    Table 2009 Different Types of photovoltaic Cells conversion Efficiency Overview44 Table Crystalline silicon Solar Cells Production Process Overview 45 Table Measures of Improving the conversion Efficiency and high-life of crystalline silicon 45 Table Overview of Five Dynasties a-Si thin film 45

    Table PECVD Deposition System Classification and related companies 45 Figure 2009 China polysilicon PV Cell industry chain Structure of and Cost(Cost price and

    related processing charge of Silicon materials/poly-silicon/wafer/PV Cell/PV Module/PV System,/kg 46

    Figure 2010 China polysilicon PV Cell industry chain Structure of and Cost Forecast(Cost price

    and related processing charge of Silicon materials/poly-silicon/wafer/PV Cell/PV Module/PV System,/kg 46

    Table 2009 Global Different Types of PV Cells Contrast and Analysis(Poly c-SI:, a-Si, CdTe,

    CIGS PV Cells Industrial conversion Efficiency %,Cost price /kg, Photosensitive area

    m2/KWp, Mono c-Si,and the relevant requirements of "Golden Sun" Policy 46

    Table 2009 Global Different Types of PV Cells Contrast and Analysis(Poly c-SI:,a-Si, CdTe,CIGS

    PV Cells Manufacturing Energy Consumption, Costs,Raw materials Richness Rate, Operation reliability,Light attenuation Rate, other materials of the PV Module 47

    Table By the end of 2009 China Thin-film PV suppliers, production Equipment suppliers , Type and Efficiency of the product 47

    Figure 2000-2013 Global Solar Market(MW,Solar supply(MW,Solar Demand (MW 48

    Figure 2000-2009 Silicon supply(GW,Capacity c-Si(GW,Solar Demand(GW 48

    Table 2007-2009 Global 25 Vendors PV Cell/Module Production (MW) and Market share 48 Figure 2005-2013 Global PV Cell/Module new Installed Capacity(GW,Production (MW) and

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Capacity (MW) Forecast 49

    Table 2007-2009 China 30 Vendors PV Cell/Module Production (MW) and Market share 50 Table Introduction of water-cooled Solar panels Introduction of water-cooled Solar panels 51

    Table Introduction of Solar Energy conversion into hydrogen 51 Table Introduction of Solar Roof panels and Solar panels, which could be brushing 51 Table Introduction of large Thin-film Solar 52

    Table Introduction of Organic Solar Collector 52

    Table Introduction of Space Solar Energy Technology 53

    Table Introduction of Solar Road Profile53

    Table Introduction of Concentrated Solar Technology 54

    Table Introduction of Nano-Solar Energy Technology 54

    Table Introduction of Integrated Solar Energy Technology 54 Table Different Types of Solar Cells Investment Analysis 54 Table Different Types of Solar Cells Market Analysis and Summary 55 Figure PV Inverter Industry Chain Structure 57

    Figure Manufacturing Process Flow of PV Inverter 58

    Figure Centralized low voltage Inverter Introduction n 59

    Figure Centralized high voltage Inverter Introduction 59

    Figure Centralized Master - slave Inverter Inverter Introduction 60 Figure Distributed PV Arrays and PV panel string Inverter Introduction 61 Figure Distributed PV Arrays Inverter Introduction 62

    Table Selection of Inverter Installation location 62

    Table 2008 Global PV Inverter Capacity/Production/Sales (MW) 63 Figure 2007-2008 Changes in Market Share of PV Inverter 64

    Figure 2006-2009 China Demand for Grid-on PV Inverter (MW) 64 Table 2008 Global 15 Manufacturers PV Inverter Price, Cost($/W) and Profit Margin 65 Table Dec 2007-Jul 2009 Global PV Inverter Retail Price ($/w) 66 Table 200MW PV Inverter Project Investment Feasibility Analysis 67 Figure Site Selection and influencing factors of PV Power Station Structure 69 Table Design ideas of On-grid PV Power Station 70

    Table Five-point advantage of On-grid PV Power Station compared with Off-grid PV Power Station 71

    Table Considerations of Different PV Cells Types Selection 71 Figure Different Types of PV Cells 72

    Table Required Area of 1kWp PV Power System By Different Cell Type 72 Figure BIPV Structure 74

    Table Classification of BIPV 74

    Figure BIPV case: Building Integrated PV 75

    Figure BAPV case: Building Attached PV 75

    Table Design Ideas of BIPV 76

    Table PV Module selection Considerations in the BIPV 76

    Figure Functions of Building integrated PV Modules 77

    Figure Electric connection of PV Modules 77

    Figure Generate electrical Energy of Different towards PV Modules Installation 78 中商情报网订购电话, 0755-25407295 25407296 25407713 25407397 25193391

2010 Deep Research Report on China PV Power Station

Figure Shutter Influence to c-Si or Thin-film Modules 78

    Table Installation of PV Cells in BIPV or BAPV 78

    Figure Temperature and Power Generation Effect of PV Modules by Different ventilation Installation 79

    Figure BIPV examples: Use of common Building-integrated PV Modules 79 Figure BIPV examples: Use of Waham filled 80

    Figure BIPV examples: PV Modules as Building materials Installed on the flat Roof 80 Figure BIPV examples: South elevation surface to Install PV Modules 80 Figure Contrast with Glass- a-Si PV Cells and the c-Si PV Cells 81 Figure BIPV examples: Solar shading devices 81

    Figure 10KVA outdoor-Type On-grid Inverter 82

    Figure Case of BIPV Roof reconstruction 83

    Figure On-grid PV electrical construction program 1::On-grid pricing method 84 Figure On-grid PV electrical construction program 2::Net meter measuring 85 Table Technical indicators of On-grid Inverter 86

    Figure On-grid Solar Power station Structure Diagram 87

    Table Characteristics of large-scale photovoltaic Power Plants (LS-PV) 87 Figure LS-PV Configuration 88

    Figure LS-PV Equipment and Selection88

    Table LS-PV Other Considerations 88

    Figure Full tracking and polar axis tracking System Structure Diagram 91 Figure Contrast with Different tracking methods of Annual Solar Energy gains 91 Table Specifications of Single-axis tracking System, double-axis tracking System 92 Table Analysis of Single-axis tracking System Power consumption 92 Figure Mechanical Structure Diagram: Single-axis tracking System 93 Table Mechanical Structure Diagram: double-axis tracking System 93 Table Analysis of double-axis tracking System Power consumption 93 Table Feasibility Analysis of tracking System 94

    Figure Automatic Tracking System Project 94

    Table Condensation tracking light and heat System Introduction 94 Table Automatic tracking System Investment Analysis 95

    Figure Large On-grid PV Power Station: Calculation of PV phalanx spacing 95 Figure Large On-grid PV Power Station: Calculation of PV Power Station area 96 Figure Large On-grid PV Power Station: Examples of Site preparation 97 Figure Large On-grid PV Power Station: Classification and examples of Solar Cell bracket 97 Figure Large On-grid PV Power Station: Classification and examples of Plant rooms 98 Figure Large On-grid PV Power Station: Cabling examples 98

    Figure Large On-grid PV Power Station: Lightning protection and Grounding examples99 Figure Large On-grid PV Power Station: Construction of flow charts 100 Figure Construction of flow charts of on-gird PV Power Station 101 Table PV System Construction and Construction 101

    Table Construction sequence 101

    Table Construction of technical preparation 101

    Table Construction site preparation 102

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2010 Deep Research Report on China PV Power Station

Table Equipment Installation 102

    Table Checking and debugging 102

    Table Commissioning and operation: Installation of photovoltaic Cells 104 Table Commissioning and operation: Installation of storage battery 105 Table Commissioning and operation: Installation of controller106 Figure PV Power Station Computer Monitoring System107

    Table Commissioning and operation: Installation of Inverter 107 Table Commissioning and operation: Other Equipment 107 Table 12V PV System wire selection 108

    Table 24V PV System wire selection 108

    Figure PV System Common fault 109

    Table PV Cells Common fault 110

    Table Storage battery Common fault 110

    Table Controller, Inverter Common fault 110

    Figure PV Systems classical case - (DB Lehrter Station, Berlin) 111 Figure PV Systems classical case - Mont-Cenis Academy Herne Sodingen 111 Figure PV Systems classical case Japan Sanyo 112

    Figure PV Systems classical case - Japan Kyocera 113

    Figure PV Systems classical case -Roofing Application113 Figure PV Systems classical case BIPV Roof 114

    Figure PV Systems classical case - Shade Application 114 Figure PV Systems classical case - Parking shed Application115 Figure PV Systems classical case - Slant wall Application 115 Figure PV Systems classical case - glass curtain wall Application 116 Figure PV Systems classical case -Roof skylight Application 117 Figure PV Systems classical case - Modeling 117

    Table Solar Streetlight Configuration 118

    Figure Test Data of Lamp lighting effects 118

    Table Solar-head lamp configuration 119

    Figure Test Data of 35W High-pressure sodium lighting Effects 119 Table Solar Double lamp configuration 120

    Figure Test Data of LX lighting effects 120

    Table Parts request of Solar Streetlight 20

    Table Capacity design steps of Solar Streetlight 121

    Table Calculation of Solar radiation 121

    Table Beijing 12V18W System design 122

    Table Beijing 24V35W System design 123

    Table relevant Parameters of Different Types of Streetlight 125 Table Comparative advantages and disadvantages of Different Types of Streetlight 125

    Table Discussion of high-brightness LED light source 125 Table Controller Technical Features of Streetlight 126 Figure storage battery life and the relationship between Depth of discharge 128 Figure Principles of Solar street light 128

    Table Construction of Solar street light attention to the problem 129 中商情报网订购电话, 0755-25407295 25407296 25407713 25407397 25193391

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