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Market Review

By Loretta Snyder,2014-01-11 15:20
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Market Review

    Market Review

    Somemagneticmaterialsheatupwhentheyare placedinamagneticfieldandcooldownwhentheyare removedfrOmamagneticfieldotherwiseknownasthe magnet0caIOriceffect.GermanphysicistEmilWar

    burgdiscoveredthiseffectin1881inpureiron,where themagnitudeoftheeffecthadbeenaround0.5to2. CperTeslachangeinmagneticfield(OneTeslais about20,000timestheearth'smagneticfield).AI

    thoughthemagnetOcaIOriceffectofcertainmetalshas beenknownfordecades.itwasn'tuntiI1997whenKarl GschneidnerandhiscolleaguesattheAmesLabs demonstratedarobusteffectusingarareearthalloy, gadoliniumsilicongermaniumGd5(Si2Ge2).Itisalso understoodthatpraseodymiumalloyedwithnickel (PrNi5)hassuchastrongmagnetocaloriceffectthatit hasallowedscientiststoapproachwithinonethou

    sandthofadegreeofabsolutezero.

    Currently,alloysofgadoliniumproducing3to4K pertesla(K/.r)ofchangeinamagneticfieldcanbe usedformagneticrefrigerationorpowergeneration purposes.Experimentalrefrigeratorsbasedonthe magnet0cal0riceffecthavebeentestedinlaborato

    desusingmagneticfieldsofaround5Tproducedby supercOnductingmagnets.

    "Room-temperaturemagneticrefrigerationcannot

    beputintopracticalapplicationwithoutrareearths," saysHuangJiaohong,aseniorscientistatBRIRE whoseIabdiscoveredin2005thatalanthanum.based composite,dopedwithboron,alsohasshownapow- erfulmagnetOcaIOrlceffect.

    Apparentlylabsinatleast10countrieshavedevel

    opedprototyperefrigerators,WhileHuangpredicts thefirstmodelsshouldcomeonthemarketinseveral years,otherexpertssaythatcouldtakeadecadeor longer.

    Briefnews

    ?ALEDindustriaIbasewilIbebuiltinJiangmen AnnouncedbyWUZili,vicemayorofJiangmencity, onJanuary24,2010,ontheReleaseandPublicizing &ImplementationConferenceof2010Electronicln

    dustrialStandardofSemiconductorLighting,"Jiang

    menwilIexertgreatefforttodevelopLEDindustry andtheoutputvalueisexpectedtoreach50billion yuanby2015.JiangmenwilIbuilditselftoanimpor- tantLEDindustrialbaseinChina".Currently.there aremorethan100LEDlightingproductionandappli

    cationenterprisesand1.000affiliatesinJiangmen. Jiangmenisanimportantgreensemi--conductorclus-. ter,f0rmlnganintegratedsemiconductorlightingin

    dustriaIchainfrOmexternalcomponents.chips.sea1 ing&packingtoapplications.

    ?WidetemperaturerangeNiMHbatterydeveloped

    bySichuanenterprise

    Afterthreeyears.pilotproduction,widetempera

    turerangeNjMHbatteryrealizedscaleproductionin Sichuanprovincerecently.Thetechnologyisexpect

    edtopromotethenewenergyautosshiftingfrOm conceptintroductiontocommercialproduction.Itis saidthatinternationalleadingautoproducersinclud

    ingBenz.BMWandToyotaaretargetingatthisbat

    terytechnology.WidetemperatureNiMHbatterycan runatawidetemperaturerangeof500cto70~C.The

    capacityisupto90Wh,20%higherthantraditional NiMHbatteryand3timeshigherthanIeadacidbat

    tery.Rawmaterialforsuchbatteryisnonneodymium

    rareearths,whichisregardedastherareearth waste.ThecostishalflowerthanthatofLibattery withthesamecapacity.Inthecomingtwoyears,pro

    ductionofwidetemperatureNiMHbatterieswillex

    pandto5billionAhfrOmcurrent80millionAh. achievinganannualsalesincomeof50billionyuanin SiChaLJn

    MarketReview

    May2031,2010

    TherewasnosignofrecoveryfrOmthedownturnof rareearthmarket.Theoverallrareearthmarketstill presentedslippingtrend.Therewasnosufficientre

    plenishmentfromNdFeBandphosphorproducers. Dealingsofrareearthconcentratewereinactive. Priceofrareearthcarbonatedroppedslightly.But supplyofyttrIummediumandeuropiumrichminerals

    remainedtight.Quotedpriceofthemineralstabilized atRMBY93,00094,000/tonorso,maintainingsimi- larpricelevelaspreviousstage.

    NdFeBplantsreplenishedtheirinventorieson smallquantitiesrecently.Theywerewaitingtosee furthermarkettrend.Transactionsofdidymiumoxide andthealloyremainedsluggishinthelatestone CElvl6N54

    monthandthepricekeptonfalling.Quotedpricesof didymiumoxideandthealloywereRMB$155. 000~160,O00/tonandRMB$190,000-210,000/ton. respectively,orevenlower.Basedoncurrentmarket situation,droptendencyofdidymiumoxideandthe alloywasanticipatedtocontinueforsometime. Althoughproducersmainlyconsumedtheirstock

    pilesrecently,separationplantswerenotwillingtore- ducetheirquotedpriceofneodymiumoxideand praseodymiumoxideconsideringslightpricedropof rareearthconcentratepriceandsmalImarketstocks ofneodymiumoxideandpraseodymiumoxide.Spot pricesofneodymiumoxideandpraseodymiumoxide stabilizedatRMB$175.000-180.000/tonandRMB $175,000178,000/ton,respectively.

    Themarketoflanthanumoxide(99-99.9%1and ceriumoxide(99~99.9%)remainedstablerecently. QuotedpricesofIanthanumoxidef99-99.9%)and ceriumoxide(9999.9%)bykeyplantsmaintainedat RMB$34.000/tonandRMB$23.000/tonorso.How

    ever.theactualdealingpriceofIanthanumoxideand ceriumoxidestabilizedatRMB$30.000~31,000/ton andRMBY22,000/tonorsorespectively.

    Dealingsofdysprosiumoxidewereinactive.Sepa

    ratingplantsreducedthepriceofdysprosiumoxide

slightlytoRMB$980~990/kgforthecurrencywith

    drawn.However,transactionofdysprosiumoxidewas inactiveaffectedbysluggishdealingsofDyFef80% Dy).QuotedpriceofDyFe(8O%Dy)slippedtoRMB $1,0501,060/kg.

    Phosphormarketwasstil1weakandthemarketof rareearthforphosphormaterialscontinuedthedrop trend.Priceofeuropiumoxidef99.99%)feIItoRMB $2.700/kgorsoanddealingswerefew.Mainstream priceofterbiumoxide(99.99%)slippedcontinuously, frOmpreviousRMB$2,5002,600/kgtoRMB$2,

    450/kg.Priceofytumoxide(99.999%)droppedto

    RMB~44,000-45.000/ton.Quotedpriceoftheproduct wasevenlowerinspotmarketbutinquirieswerefew BusinessIink

    BaotouHongbotechnologyCo.,Ltd

    BaotouHongbotechnologyCo.,Ltdwasregisteredin BaotouRareEarthHighTechDevelopmentZonein

    2008.Thecompanyisintegratedwithscientificre

    searchanddevelopment,productionandtradebusi

    ness.MainproductsincludeindividuaIandmixediight rareearthsalts,oxidesandmetals,phosphorsandso on.Annualproductioncapacityofthecompanyis2, 000tons.Besidesrareeadhproduction,thecompany isdevotingitselftothedevelopmentofnewproducts. Thecompanyhasestablishedapilotproductionline inBaiyingHiTechIndustrialZone,Gansuprovince, producingenvironmentalfriendlypigment-cerium sulfideforthesubstitutionofcadmiumsulfideand plumbumsulfide.Hongboisdevelopingarareearth

projectinKyrgyzstan.

    Thecompanyhasestablishedlongtermbusiness relationswithmanyoverseaclientsfrOmtheUS.Ko- rea,Italy,Belgiumandothercountriesandisexpect

    ingtomakemanyfriendsworldwide.

    President:Mr.LIUJiangang

    Tel:+864725311183/5161762

    Fax:+864725161773

    http://www.bhbre.cnEmail:liujiangang@bhbre.cn

    GreatWesternMineralsGroupLtd.

    CHNOLO…?n

    Western

    M-UERALSeR0UPITD

    GreatWesternMineralsGroupLtd.isaCanadi

    anbasedcompanywithsixrareearthexplorationand developmentpropertiesinNorthAmericawithanop

    tiononasizableadditionalpropertyinSouthAfrica.In addition,aspartoftheCompany'sstrategytopursue avertically-integratedbusinessmodel,theCompany's whollyownedsubsidiariesofLessCommonMetals LimitedIocatedinBirkenheadUK.andGreatWestern TechnologiesInc.,locatedinTroy,Michigan,produce avarietyofspecialtyalloysforuseinthebattery, magnetandaerospaceindustries.These''designer" alloysincludethosecontainingcopper,nickel,cobalt andtherareearthelements.

    Contact:Mr.GaryBillingsley,CAPEngPGeo,Execu- tireChairman

    Add.:226CardinalCrescent.Saskatoon.SKS7L6H8

Phone:(306)6594512Fax:(306)6594501

E-mail:gbillingsley@gwmg.ca

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