By Bruce Rivera,2014-08-25 12:21
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    Lesson Five Say Yes

I. Teaching Aims:

    1. Get the students to grasp the new words and phrases.

    2. Get the students to discuss the theme of the article.

II. Important & Difficult Points:

    1. Words:

    undress; unattached; squeeze; rummage; rinse; racist; nozzle; imply; hypocritical; demonstrate; considerate; brow

    1. Phrases:

    congratulate sb. on sth; pitch in; take someone's word for it; be at it; make it up to sb; 3. Structure:

    The noun phrases beginning with “the way”

    The sentences using the “with + noun + preposition phrase/ participle/ adjective” construction

    Noun clauses beginning with wh-words

III. Introduction to the Text

    Our first impression of this text may be that this is a story about the relationship between husband and wife. If we look deeper, however, we find that it really is a discussion of subtle expressions of racist feelings that are found in many ordinary people.

    Racism is one of the most irrational and dangerous sentiments in our world. History has recorded countless stories of human cruelty and suffering caused by racism. We can never forget how 6 million innocent people were slaughtered in German concentration camps simply because they were Jews; we cannot forget what the Japanese did to the Chinese during the Second World War because they were made to believe that they were the superior race; we cannot forget how hundreds of thousands of people were brutally murdered in a matter of a few months in Rwanda, a country of

    stonly three million people. Indeed, even as mankind enters the 21 century, racism is

    still far from being a thing of the past.

    Racism has been called the national curse of the United States ever since the first black slaves were brought into this continent. We all know the sufferings of the blacks

as described in Uncle Tom's Cabin; we also know about the Ku Klux Klan and the

    Jim Crow laws. But since the Civil Right movement of the 1960s, a lot of changes have taken place, and the racial relationship has somewhat improved. However racism is still very much alive. The only thing is that it now may take more subtle forms. The present article deals precisely with this subtle manifestation of racial prejudice. The little argument between this white couple reveals a very disturbing truth, that is, racism is by no means only the problem of a few terrible monsters; in a certain sense, we are also often guilty of the crime, and unless all of us ordinary people open our eyes to this fact and determine to say no, it is bound to continue to plague the world.

IV. Language Points:

    1. do the dishes: wash the dishes or clean the dishes.

    2. pitch in: <>

    (1) to offer help and support协力,做出贡献 e.g. Everywhere people pitched in to


    (2) 投入,把..扔入

    (3) 动手干,使劲干 e.g. pitch in on help.

    3. congratulate sb. on/upon sth. 为某事向某人祝贺 e.g.

    They all congratulated me on winning the first prize.

    When I grew older, I realized that I really should have congratulated myself on

    having such a poor but loving father.

    Congratulate oneself on sth. 自我庆幸 e.g.

     She congratulated herself on her narrow escape.

    4. ... somehow got on the subject of whether white people should marry black people.

    (1) somehow: in some way (I don't remember how it happened) 由于某种未知的原

    因,不知怎的,以某种方式,用某种方法,从某种角度 e. g.

    That day somehow I didn't feel like eating.

    We went to Wang Fujing together the other day and somehow I couldn't find

    him anywhere.

    We shall get there somehow.

    (2) get on to :

    (i) to begin to discuss?在谈话、讲课等中?转入?另一话题等?,转入?另一

    活动等? e.g.

    Somehow we got on to grandparents.

     Now we’ll get on to the next item on the agenda.

    (ii) ?使?骑上?马、自行车等?,?使?登上?公共汽车、火车等?

    (iii) 学会、掌握?新技术、一门学科等?

    (iv) <>联系 e.g. get on to the police

    (v) <>察觉,发觉?秘密、不法行为等?,识破?某人?的欺骗性 e.g.

     He tricked people for years until the police got on to him. (vi) <>要求,请求,斥责 e.g. I’ll get on to the manufacturers to replace these

    damaged goods.

     e.g. I’ll get on to a good idea for increasing production. (vii) 想到

    (viii) <> 理解,懂 e.g. The children didn’t quite get on to what the teacher

    was saying.

    (3) whether white people should marry black people: whether it is advisable or a

    good idea for white people to marry black people. "Should" here does not mean "must".

    5. Sometimes his wife got this look where she pinched her brows together and bit her

    lower lip. "Where" here is used as a relative adverb introducing an attributive clause which modifies the word "look". E.g.

    He went to a school, which was very far from where he lived.

    He went to school where he learned many interesting things.

    I saw a movie last night which was real junk.

    I saw a movie last night where there was a lot of violence.

    6. ... and I've worked with blacks and we've always gotten along just fine. Notice


    the man tried to show that he was not a racist. The man of course was by no means the worst kind of racist. In fact, he would be considered quite liberal. But it is precisely the

    fact that even decent people are deeply influenced that shows the seriousness of the matter.

    7. I just don't see what's wrong with a white person marrying a black person, that's all.

    Here's another example of a complex object (a white person marrying...) to a preposition (with). E.g.

    What's wrong with peasants coming to big cities to look for jobs?

    What's wrong with people demanding to know how their taxes are being spent?

    8. Like you know me?

    In informal English, "like" is often used as a conjunction (= as or as if). E.g.

    Like I said, I can't get there by 5 p. m.

    Do you speak to Children like you speak to adults? 9. Oh boy, he thought.

    "Oh boy" is used often in American English when someone is slightly annoyed. The

    man was annoyed because his wife was determined to pursue the argument. 10. Don't take my word for it. Look at the statistics. You don't have to accept what

    I say as true. Look at the statistics.

    take sb's word for it: (spoken) used to say that someone should accept what you say as true, 相信某人说的是真的e. g.

    Take my word for it, this boy is going to have a bright future.

    You can take my word for it, I will never let you down.

    Don’t take my word for it if you don’t want --- go back and see for yourself! 11. break up:

    (1) 打碎,粉碎,破碎 e.g.

    You can break up that box for firewood.

     I broke up the chocolate bar and gave each child a small piece.

     The ice began to break up.

    (2) <>散开,消散,解散,驱散 e.g.

    “Get out of here! Break it up!” cried the policeman.

    (3) 终止,打破的连贯性,期终放假 e.g.

    Meetings have been broken up.

     The school breaks up on Friday.

    (4) 震动,搅动,使烦乱 e.g.

    The move almost broke up the family.

     The news broke me up.

    (5) <> ?使?大笑 e.g. I had to bite my tongue to keep from breaking up. (6) ?被?分解,?被?分离,?使??夫妇?离异,?使??人与人关系?发

    生破裂 e.g. Sentences break up into clauses.

    (7) 变得衰弱,?在精神、士气等方面?衰颓,垮下去 e.g.

     The old man was breaking up.

     He broke up under stain.

    (8) ?天气?突变?尤指在一段时间维持某一气候特征之后?,变坏

    12. She was piling dishes on the draining-board at a terrific rate. Many of them were still greasy.

    greasy: covered with grease (animal fat softened by cooking or heating) as in ~ food, ~ dishes, ~ skin, ~ hair, ~ fingers.

    13. as a matter of fact: 事实上,其实,事实恰恰相反 e.g.

    I finished it yesterday, as a matter of fact.

    You must have spoken to him today. As a matter of fact, I haven’t.

    14. ... and threw all the silverware back into the sink. "Ware" means manufactured goods. It is often used to form compound words such as silverware, ironware, software, hardware, glassware, earthenware, ovenware.

    15. She stared down at it, her lips pressed tight together, then plunged her hands

    under the surface. She stared down at it, with her lips pressed tight ... plunge: (to cause sth. ) to fall suddenly and with force, e. g.

    The fish plunged deep into the water.

    This scandal plunged the government into a serious crisis. 16. He ran upstairs to the bathroom and rummaged in the medicine chest for alcohol, cotton, and a Band-Aid.

    rummage: to search for sth. by moving things around in a careless way翻找,仔细检


    It is usually used in the following patterns: to rummage in a place for sth.?在翻找

    某物? ; to rummage through a place for sth.?翻遍为找某物? ; to rummage


    17. ... (he) dabbed at her thumb with the cotton.

    dab: to touch sth. lightly, usually several times 轻拍,轻触,轻搽,轻涂 e.g.

    to dab at a certain place (a bleeding lip for instance) with sth.

    to dab sth. on/onto/over some place

    dab the boy in the face

    18. He'd acted out of concern for her, he thought that it would be a nice gesture on her part not to start up that conversation again,... The man had shown concern

    for his wife, and he hoped that his wife would show her concern in return by not continuing this unpleasant conversation.

19. be tired of: 厌倦的,厌烦的 e.g.

    I’m tired of your stupid conversation.

    Tire of: 厌倦,厌烦 e.g. He never tires of helping others. 20. wouldn't have done if … had done

    He knew there was a burglar in the house, but he was alone and unarmed. Now

    what would you have done if you had been in that situation?

    He discovered a bag of gold. Do you know what he did with it? What would you

    have done if you had found so much money?

    If you had been in Tangshan that night, what would you have done the moment

    you realized that it was an earthquake?

    21. For Christ's/ God’s/ goodness’/ heaven’s/ mercy’s/ pity’s/ pete’s sake: is often

    used to express annoyance too, like "Oh boy".<>?用于加强请求的语气或表示

    厌烦、惊奇?看在上帝份上,做做好事吧,请帮帮忙,天哪,哎呀,Here, the

    man was really upset that his wife wouldn't stop. E.g.

     For goodness’ sake, stop arguing!

     Why for heaven’s sake didn’t you tell me you were feeling ill.

    22. would have been doing sth.

    If it had not been for his help, my father would have been begging in the street still.

    If he had not hit upon this idea, he would have been living on government relief still.

    23. There was no possible way of arguing with the fact that she would not be herself if she were black.

    What follows the word "fact" is an appositive clause which explains what the "fact" is rather than modifies it like in attributive clauses. Nouns that are often used to introduce such appositive clauses are: reason, fact, idea, view, decision, etc. Ask students to complete the following sentences:

    What do you think of the idea that ______________?

    How do you explain the fact that ______________?

    What is the reason (why)______________?

    Do you accept the view that ______________?

     24. snap:

    He snapped two little twigs off a tree and used them as chopsticks. 咔嚓折断

    She snapped her briefcase shut and left angrily.

    I only told him that a certain Miss Li had called and he snapped at me for no


    He only stayed long enough to snap a few pictures. 快照

    At first I treated it as a joke, but then I suddenly snapped.?神经?突然崩溃

    25. put sth. away:

    (1) put sth. in the place where it is usually kept 把?某物?收拾起来?放

    回原处? e.g.

     She put her clothes away in the dresser.

     Let me just put these files away.

    (2) save money 储存?钱?,贮存 e.g.

     My grandfather had put away over $5,000.

     The fruit should be carefully put away in the fridge.

     He had a good sum of money put away in the bank for his old age. (3) (informal)to eat or drink a lot<>吃?喝?很多 e.g

    You would be surprised at the amount that the boy can put away in a

    single day.

    (4) 抛弃,放弃 e.g.

    To put grief away is disloyal to the money of the departed. Put sb. away: (informal) to put sb. in a prison or in a mental prison<>


     She acted so strangely that she had to be put away. 26 be at it: to be in a continuous state or activity, <>忙个不停,在

    工作,在从事某项活动 e. g.

    to be at war; to be at work; to be at peace

    He is at it night and day.

    I caught him at it red-handed.?他正干得起劲,被我当场抓住。?

    27. When he was done the kitchen looked new, the way it looked when they were


    shown the house.

    When he was done: When he had finished, e. g.

    When you are done with the book, pass it on to Chen.

    When he was done walking, he went home.

    28. The night was clear: The night was starry, no clouds, no mist, no smoke. E.g.

    clear water; clear air; clear meanings; clear situation; clear case; clear sky; clear

    picture; clear head; clear example; clear view; clear conscience

    Cf. The street is clean, (no garbage; not dirty)

    The street is clear, (no traffic; not blocked)

    29. matter: vi 有关系,要紧 e.g.

    Does it matter when we start?

    It doesn’t matter much whether we go together or separately.

    30. make it up to sb. : to do sth. good for sb. because you feel responsible for sth. bad that happened between you, 酬谢,报答,偿还,弥补 e. g.

    I can't take you to the park today, son. I'm sorry, but I will make it up to you one day.

    31. He knew that he had to come up with the right answer. He knew that he had to

    think of the right answer. It is clear that the man was merely trying to make peace with his wife. It does not mean that he has realized his mistake. come up with:

    (i) to think of (an idea, plan or reply)?针对问题、挑战等?提出,想出,提供 e.g.

     He could always come up with a reason for them to linger another month. (ii) 赶上,走近

    32. "We'll see, "... 等着瞧吧

    This expression is used in spoken English when you do not want to make a decision right now. Ann said this to show that she refused to be hoaxed this time. V. Consolidation

    1. Group discussion: Get the students to discuss two topics: one is family and the other one is racial discrimination.

    2. Homework: Get the students to write a composition of about 200 words to answer the question what have you learned about the married life of the couple?

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