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Unit 4 Sharing

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Unit 4 Sharing

Unit 4 Sharing

    Warming-up Reading

    A Letter Home --By Jo

    (a volunteer works in Papua New Guinea)

    1(Enjoy what some famouspeople think about Sharing Kofi Annan, Secretary General of the United Nations

    each contribution- no matter how small- can help make a difference

     韦维

    If everybody offers a little love, the world will become more beautiful

    2(The definition of volunteer

    (1)People who help others _in_ their community or _outsides____ their community would be

    called volunteers.

    (2)What is a volunteer?

    What kind of people can be called as volunteer? AB A.People who help others in their community B.People who help others outside their community C.People who help their parents

    D.People who help other relatives or friends.

What are the volunteers doing?

    fight against the flood and rescue the old and the plant trees and protect our environment

    help the disabled

    clean the community

    Teach the kids in the mountainous areas

The important factors

    1. Not for rewards esp. money and materials

    2. Volunteer not forced to do so

    3. Not only the person but also the society and the environment benefit from it

There are many famous volunteers you know.Here are some photos below.

    Norman Bethune 白求恩

    Mother Teresa特蕾莎修女

    She lived in India (1910-1997).She helped the poor and the sick and won the NOBEL PEACE

    PRIZE in 1979 .

    濮存昕The image ambassador for HIV // Aids

    徐本禹Teaching the kids in the mountainous areas

(3)The sign of United Nations Volunteer in China (中国青年志愿者)

What does the sign remind you of?

    A hand: __help_______________

    A heart:__love and care_______________ A dove: __peace_______________

    A letter:__Y stands for youth_______________ December,5th is International Volunteer Day March,5th is UNV day.80,000,000 volunteers in China Pre-reading

    Jo,a young Australian woman, was a volunteer teacher who worked in Papua New Guinea

    (PNG) for two years.

    What do you know about Papua New Guinea? Independent State of Papua New Guinea巴布亚新几内亚独立国

PNG’s national flag and national emblem(国徽)

    巴布亚在马来语中意为卷发人16世纪中叶;葡萄牙人来到该岛时;见当地居民和自然景观很像非洲的几内亚;故称之为新几内亚.

    红色象征剽悍、勇敢,极乐鸟亦称天堂鸟;是巴布亚新几内亚特有的鸟;象征国家、民族独立和自由与幸福,黑色代表国家领土处于黑人群岛之中,五颗星的排列位置象征南十字星座,南天小星座之一;星座虽小;但明亮的星很多(;表明该国地处南半球。

    图案为一只极乐鸟停歇在两只皮鼓和一支长矛上。极乐鸟为国鸟;寓意同国旗,皮鼓和长矛象征该国的传统文化。下方的文字为巴布亚新几内亚

Captial 莫尔兹比港 Port Moresby

    Location: situated to the north of Australia

    Population: about 5.7 million

    Language: English as the official language

     Pidgin English as the language for

     communication

    Economy: a poor country with most people

     living in tribal villages and depending

     on subsistence farming to make a living.

    Education: About 85% of children start

     school but only about 60% of these

     reach Year 5

PNG is a poor country with most people living in tribal(部落的) villages.Its educational and

    living conditions are especially poor.

    This reading passage is an airmail from Jo,a volunteer teacher in PNG

    A letter home

    Photos 1 to 3

    1 What was Jo's job in PNG? A teacher.

    2 What kind of students were in her class? Teenage boys. They are poorly dressed.

    3 Describe the classrooms.

    The classrooms are small. They have no windows. They are made of wood and bamboo and have grass roofs.

    Photos 4 to 10

    1. Jo took many photos of a visit to a student's village. What can you say about the village? The village is very small. It is by a river at the bottom of a valley. It has steep slopes all around it.

    2. What can you say about life in the village?

    The village huts are small. They have no windows. They are made of wood and bamboo and have grass roofs. Meals are prepared and cooked outside. One of the crops grown is peanuts. The tool used for this crop is a digging stick. There is a woman carrying a naked baby on her shoulders. She is also carrying a heavy-looking bag. She has bare feet.

CHOOSE1

    1.Read and get its main idea.

    The passage is written in the form of a letter by a young__VOLUNTEER_______(voluntary), Jo. It is about her experience_AS___ a teacher and her first visit _TO__ a village __WHICH/THAT_______ is the home of her students.

    2.Now ,can you divide the passage into two parts? How?

    Jo’s high school It’s a(n) 1_BUSH___ school the classrooms are made of

    2__BAMBOO______and the roofs of grass.

    There’s no 3_ electricity or water___ and we don’ t have any textbooks.

    Jo’s first visit to a Time to get there Two and a half hours of walking

    village

    Description of the house A low bamboo hut with grass 4___

    sticking out of the roof

     No windows

     Narrow doorway

     5_inside___ the A newly made 6__platform_______

    house for Jenny and me to sleep on

     A(n) 7__fireplace________ in the

    centre of the hut near the doorway

     A few tin plates and cups and 8_ a

    couple of_ jars

    Outside the house Mukap 9___laid__ stones in the fire,

    and he placed them in an empty oil

    drum with kau kau, corn and greens.

     He then 10___covered___ the

    vegetables with banana leaves and left

    them to steam.

    Task2 Careful-reading2

    Guess the reasons for the facts according to the reading passage.

    1. The boys jumped out of the windows in the science lesson. 2. Tombe’s mother cried ―ieee ieee‖ when she saw Jo.

    3. The tin can was standing upside down on the grill. Reasons

    1.Because they were frightened; they had never seen anything like this before.

    2.It was her way to welcome visitors to the village and she drew everyone’s attention to their

    arrival.

    3.The tin can was used to dry out the leftover food, which might attract evil spirits, so the tin

    can was thrown out of the hut.

    Task3 Post-reading Discussion

From the text we know that Jo worked as a volunteer teacher in a poor area. Did she enjoy her

    life there?.

    From the text we know that Jo worked as a volunteer teacher in a poor area. Did she enjoy her

    life there?.

    Would you like to work as a volunteer teacher as Jo ? Why?

     Why would you …?

     Because I want to share… with others/ …

     The reason is that …

CHOOSE2

    Fast reading

    Match each part with its main idea

    1Part 1(Para 1) A A visit to a local village

    2Part2(Para_ 2-3___) B The end of the letter

    3Part 3 (Para_ 4-8___) C The beginning of the letter and introduction to the topic 4Part 4 (Para 9) D The school and Jo’s work as a teacher

    1C2B3A4D

Detailed reading

    Reading (two parts

    1.her school life 2.the villagers life

    Task I: Read paragraph 2-3 and finish the following exercises SCHOOL LIFE P1-3

    1. Describe their school.

    2The difficulties of the school.

    3. In the passage which sentence can be replaced by “I am trying to adjust to these conditions but

    it is certain that I have had more imagination in teaching I’m still trying to adapt to these conditions. However, one thing is for sure, I’ve become more

    imaginative in my teaching

    4.Why did the boys start jumping out of the windows?C A. Because the boys were naughty.

    B. Because the boys were not interested in chemistry experiment. C. Because they had never come across anything like bubbling and they were frightened.

    5. Why does Jo wonder how relevant chemistry is to the kids?B A. Because the kids there hardly came across anything of chemistry. B. Because she thought chemistry might make little difference to the kids life and most of them would live their lives as farmers.

    C. Because she thought chemistry useless for them. TASK2 the VILLAGEˋs LIFE

    Task II: Read paragraph 4-8 and finish the chart about the life in the village

     Mens house is a __ low bamboo hut with grass sticking out of

    the roof. No _windows________, small ____doorway______. Floor Type of houses was covered with __fresh grass________.

     Heat _stones_____ first, and then place them in an empty __oil

    drum______ with __kaukau ,corn and Cooking methods greens_____,______________. Then cover them with _____ banana

    leaves_ and leave them to steam.

     The villagers believe that any _leftovers_______ attract __evils

    spirits_______ in the night so the food is _dried up_______ in the beliefs can and the can is then thrown out of the hut.

     What have Jo learned about the customs and lives of the people in Tombes village during her visit?

    Types of houses Diet

    Family relationships Possessions

    Cooking methods Agriculture

    Sleeping arrangements Beliefs

    1 Types of houses

     Men’s hut is a _____________ with _____________________. No _____, small ________.

    Floor was covered with ___________.

    2Family relationships

    Everyone seemed to be a ________of Tombe’s . (large extended family

    3Cooking methods

    ____________ are placed in an _______, then _________ are placed in the drum, covered

    with ____________ and _________.

    4Sleeping arrangements

    Kiak usually slept in her _________. A newly made ________ for Jenny and me to sleep on.

    5Diet

    6Possessions

    I could only see a ________ ______ and a couple of ______. 7Agriculture

    Tools are very basic. There is no __________. 8Beliefs

    The villagers believe that any ________attract __________ in the night so the food is

    _________in the can and the can is then ________ of the Skimming

    1. It was wonderful for ________ to hear from Rosemary. 2___________ is dying to hear about Jos life there.

    3.___________ started jumping out of the window because they had never came across

    anything like it.

    4._____ started crying ieee ieee to welcome them.

    5 _______ led us to his house, a low bamboo hut with

     grass sticking out of the roof.

    6 Jo felt it a privilege to have spent a day with his student, ________s family.

speaking (5m)

    would you like to work as a volunteer in a poor area? Sharing

    Have you got anything to share with your classmates? What are they

    Sharing is helping.

    Sharing is enjoying

    Sharing is understanding

    Sharing is perfecting

    If everybody offers a little love, the world will become more beautiful

Choose3

    Scanning

    Divide it into four parts, and summarize what each part is about.

    Part 1 (Paragraph 1) Opening of the letter and introduction to what will be talked about in

    the passage.

    Part 2(Paragraph 2-3):The school where Jo worked and Jos work at school. Part 3 (Paragraph 4-8):Jo and Jenny visited Tombes home in the village. Part 4 (Paragraph 9):Closing of the letter. Reading carefully

    Read the passage carefully to complete the tables below! Table 1 (about the school

    Conditions Our school The school described in the

    letter

     Equipped Not equipped Classrooms (Equipped or

     not)

     Go to college or Return to the villages Students’ future

     work

     yes no Electricity and water (Y/N)

     yes no Textbook (Y/N)

     many few Chemistry experiments

    (Many/few)

    Conclusion:

    Jo’s high school ; It’s a(n) 1__bush__ school the classrooms are made from

    2_bamboo_______ and the roofs from grass.

    ; There’s no 3 __electricity or water__________ and we don’ t

    have any textbooks.

    Table 2 (about the life in the village)

Jo’s first visit to a Time to get there Two and a half hours of walking

    village

    Description of the house ; A low bamboo hut with grass

    4___________ of the roof

    ; No windows

    ; Narrow doorway

     5 ____ the house ; A newly made 6_____ for

    Jenny and me to sleep on

    ; A(n) 7_______ in the centre of

    the hut near the doorway

    ; A few tin plates and cups and

    8__________ pots

    Outside the house ; Mukap 9_____ stones in the fire,

    and he placed them in an empty

    oil drum with kau kau, corn and

    greens.

    ; He then 10______ the

    vegetables with banana leaves and

    left them to steam.

Homework

    . Finish Exercise 3 on Page 31.

    2. Read the passage again after class and find all the attributive clauses in it.

    3. Recite the key sentences in the text.

    4. Preparations: Learning about Language on Page 32.

CHPPSE4 Scanning

     1. _________ is a young Australian woman.

     2. _________ was dying to hear all about Jo’s life in Papua New Guinea.

     3. _________ walked a long way to get to the school.

     4. ______________ didn’t have any textbooks.

     5. ___________ became a lot more imaginative when teaching.

     6. ____________ started jumping out of the windows during a chemistry experiment.

     7. __________ visited a village that was the home of one of the boys, Tombe.

     8. _________ started crying “ieee ieee” to welcome them.

     9. _________ led us to a low bamboo hut.

    10. _________ was going to share the platform with Jenny and Jo. 11. ____________ softly talked to each other in their language Jo didn’t understand.

1.Why did Jo send Rosemary some photos?

    It was difficult for Rosemary to imagine how life was hard / different in Jos ---

    2. Why was the high school called a bush school? The classrooms were made of bamboo and the roofs of grass.

    3. Were the boys and villagers friendly to Jo? How do you know?

     Lots of good mornings ; cry ieee ieee ; shake hands with all the villagers; many

    goodbyes; firm handshakes

    4. Why was Science the most challenging subject for Jo? Her students had no concept of doing experiments. And there was no equipment

    5. Why did the boys start jumping out of the window?

    The boys never came across something like bubbling mixture

    6. Why should it take Jo and Jean two and a half hours to get to the village?

    They had to climb up a mountain to a ridge first and then down a steep path to the valley below. Structure

    Try to divide the whole article into four parts, and summarize what each part is about.

    A Letter Home

    Part 1 (para.1) Opening of the letter: 1._______C_________________

    An introduction

    Part 2 (para.2-3) the Para.2 Something about my high school: 2.F___

    conditions of the school Para.3 Poor teaching conditions: 3._B___

     Para. 4 My first visit to a village.

    Part 3 (para.4-8) how I get Para. 5 4.__E__ to know the local people ( a

    Para. 6 5.__A__ visit to a local village)

    Para. 7 6._G___

    Para. 8 7.__D__

    Part 4 (para.9) the ending Para.9 The close of the letter.

    A. We had a meal together.

    B. The experiment frightened the boys.

    C. I am glad to receive Rosemarys letter and Ive included some photos. D. I left and I felt privileged.

    E. I saw the poor condition of the room. F. Its a bush school and the students live far away. G. I saw a strange custom.

    Careful-reading

    Read Paragraph 4-7 and finish the chart Type of houses Mens hut is a Diet ___________, _____ and ______.

    ______________ with

    _____________________.

    No _______, small

    __________. Floor was

    covered with ___________.

Family Everyone seemed to be a Possessions

    relationships ________ of Tombes. (large I could only see a few __________ and

    extended family) _____ and a couple of ____.

Cooking methods _________ are placed in an Agriculture

    _______, then ___________ Tools are very basic, e.g. a digging stick.

    are placed in the drum, There is no machinery.

    covered with ____________

    and _____.

Sleeping Kiak usually slept in her Beliefs The villagers believe in

    arrangement _______. A newly made _________. They believe that leftover food

    ________ for Jenny and me to ________ evil spirits so that dry it out in a

    sleep on. can over the fire and throw it.

Sum up

    There are many people around us, in our country or even in the world who need different

    kinds of help. So voluntary work is an important and great cause. Not only can it make

    people live better but also it can bring happiness to volunteers. So we should form a sense of

    helping others and take an active part in any kind of voluntary activities from now on and

    try to make the world more beautiful and harmonious.

Learn them by your hearts

    Give roses to others and the lasting fragrance will remain in your hand. Share your happiness with others, happiness doubles.

    Share your sadness with others,

    sadness halves.

    Share your love with others, love spreads.

Homework

    1. Writing

     Topic ―An Announcement for a Voluntary Program‖

    1(校学生会组织一次志愿活动;现招募志愿者。

    2(本次志愿者活动的目的、意义、内容及安排。

    3(报名条件和联系方式。

     2. Surf the Internet to find more information about the volunteers. http://www.beijing2008.cn/volunteers/

     http://www.zgzyz.org.cn

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