Unit 4 Pygmalion
Reading (Act One) Fateful meetings Warming Up
1.This play by Bernard Shaw is an adaptation of a Greek story.。The Fair Lady by George Bernard Shaw is an adaptation of a Greek story. Do you know the story?
； Pygmalion, a gifted artist of Greece, disliked women.
； One day he made a stone statue of a beautiful woman.
； When he finished the statue, he fell in love with it. So he asked the Greek Goddess to
bring her to life and make her wife.
； His wish is granted. They two got married and lived happily ever after.
2Are you interested in Psychology? If yes, have you ever heard of the “Pygmalion Effect ”?
Psychological term the Pygmalion Effect
The Pygmalion Effect is that people tend to behave as you expect they will. If you expect a person
to take responsibility, they probably will. If you expect them not to even try, they probably won’t.
What we expect tends to come true
《窈窕淑女》(My Fair Lady)中为人所熟知的“皮格马利翁效应”；Pygmalion effect，。该剧取
This play “My fair lady” (窈窕淑女)by George Bernard Shaw (萧伯纳) is an adaptation改编 of
this Greek myth(神话).
Although there is no character called Pygmalion in the play, it is about the same theme 主题。
This play was also made into a film called My Fair Lady. Have you seen the film? If you have, did you like it?
1)A brief introduction to Shaw
George Bernard Shaw, Irish dramatist, literary critic, a socialist spokesman, and a leading figure in
the 20th century theater. Shaw was a freethinker, defender of women’s rights, and advocate of
equality of income. In 1925 he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature. Shaw accepted the
honour but refused the money. He was a very humorous playwright.
2)George Bernard Shaw(1856-1950
1.Irish dramatist, literary critic, a socialist spokesman 2.defender of women’s rights, and advocate of equality of income.
3.In 1925 he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature. Shaw accepted the honour but refused
4.He was a very humorous playwright.
3)His main works:
Man and Superman (1902),
John Bull's Other Island (1904),
Major Barbara (1905)
Do you know something about Shaw?
George Bernard Shaw, Irish dramatist, literary critic, a socialist spokesman, and a leading figure in
the 20th century theater. Shaw was a freethinker, defender of women’s rights, and advocate of equality of income. In 1925 he was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature. Shaw accepted the
honor but refused the money . He was a very humorous playwright. 5) Do you know the famous actress? She is regarded as the one of the most elegant ladies in the
world. What’s her name? Can you name some films which she acted in?
罗马假期 (Roman Holiday)1953年
战争与和平(War and Peace) 1956
修女传 (The Nun‘s Story) 1959
第凡内早餐 (Breakfast at Tiffany’s)1961
窈窕淑女(My Fair Lady)1964
6) A brief introduction to George Bernard Shaw:
In 1856 Born
Nobel Prize for Literature in1925 Achievements
Irish dramatist, literary critic, a socialist spokesman
Arms and the Man(1894) Works
The Devil’s Disciple(1897)
Androcles and the Lion(1912
Pygmalion(1913), adapted as the musical play My
Fair Lady in 1956
Humorous and witty Personality
In 1950 Death
7) A story about him:
One day ,Shaw took part in a grand party, in which he met the then Prime Minister
Churchill. Churchill was very fat at that time whereas Shaw was very thin. Churchill said to Shaw very sharply,” When people see you ,they will know how poor the country is”. And then Shaw answered very quickly, “ When people see you, they will know the reason why our country is so poor.”
Reading Fateful meetings
Eliza Doolittle(E): a poor flower girl who is ambitious to improve herself.
Professor Higgins(H): an expert in phonetics, convinced that the quality of a person’s English
decides his/her position in society.
Colonel Pickering(P): an officer in the army and later a friend of Higgins’ who sets him a
1. How many characters are there in the play?
Three. They are Eliza, Professor Higgins, and Colonel Pickering.
2. What’s the weather like when the play begins?
When the play begins, it is pouring with rain.
3. Do you think Eliza a well-educated woman? Why?
No, she is a poor-educated woman. We can know it clearly from what she said and her behavior.
？ Now ,let us enjoy Act One in the film.
？ While watching, please pay particular attention to the different ways they speak
and behave to each
Read the play quickly then finish the following multi-choice exercises: 1. This text is mainly about the first experience of Eliza meeting with ______. C
A. Professor Higgins B. Colonel Pickering
C. Professor Higgins and Colonel Pickering D. a gentleman
2. Eliza greeted to the gentleman in order to _______.A
A. ask him to buy some flowers from her B. talk with him
C. ask him to teach her D. beg some money from him
3. Why Eliza began to cry? Because _______.A
A. she thought Professor Higgins would arrest her
B. the gentleman didn’t give her some money
C. Pickering beat and scolded her
D. there was no reason
4. Professor Higgins believed that he could judge a person by _______.C
A. his appearance B. his action C. his conversation D. his manners 5. From the text , we can infer that Professor Higgins is a man described below EXCEPT _________.D
A. he doesn’t care about money B. he is an expert in phonetics
C. he is proud D. he is greedy
Character Position in society Evidence in the play
Lower class Behaviour: respectful to people of higher
Language: calls gentleman “sir” and Eliza “cap’in” (or captain) which is a
Middle class Behaviour: rude (and patronizing) to lower
class; polite to same or upper class
Language: calls Eliza “you silly girl” and Henry Higgins Pickering “my dear man” (an equal and
Upper class Behaviour: generally confident and polite;
but ignores Eliza
Language: prepared to begin a
Colonel Pickering conversation with Henry, whom he does not
know; generous with praise to him
Relationships Evidence from the play
Henry Higgins: 1 respects his professional work as a 1 Attitude to Colonel Pickering (H) phonetician; calls him sir and my dear man
2 Attitude to Eliza (L) 2 watches her; notes her reactions; talks about
Is the statement true? her in front of her; calls her silly girl
Colonel Pickering: 1 appreciates his expertise; praises him; asks 1 Attitude to Henry Higgins (L) his opinion; happy to be friends
2 Attitude to Eliza (L)
Is the statement true? 2 ignores her; does not stop Henry when he
talks about Eliza in front of her (which is very
Eliza: 1anxious; eager not to do the wrong thing; 1 Attitude to Henry Higgins (H) ambitious to improve herself; respectful and
2 Attitude to Colonel Pickering (H) curious about Henry’s expertise
Is the statement true? 2 resents not being included in the
1 Yes; 2 Unclear conversation when talked about
1impatient, rude, confident, superior, self-important middle class Higgins
2kind, polite, generous, enthusiastic, eager, confident upper class Colonel
3anxious, eager, emotional, ambitious, unsure lower class Eliza
Suppose you were professor Higgins. Try to correct all of them in terms of grammar, spelling, etc, so that Eliza can use them properly.
1. Come over’ere, cap’in, and buy me flowers off a poor girl.
Come over here, captain, and buy some flowers from a poor girl. 2. I ain’t done nothing wrong by speaking to that gentleman
I haven’t done anything wrong by speaking to that gentleman.
3. I thought maybe you was a policeman in disguise
I thought maybe you were a policeman in disguise
4. How do I know whether’ ou took me words down right?
How do I know whether you wrote down what I said accurately 5. A shop assistant ? Now that’s sommat I want, that is!
A shop assistant? Now that’s something I would like to be!
The Pygmalion Effect is that people tend to behave as you expect they will. If you expect a person to take responsibility, they probably will. If you expect them not to even try, they
What can you learn from this play?
Believe yourself ! Every time you come across difficulties ,never give up . Just give yourself a
" Yes ,I can do it ! I am the best!” then you will have the courage again to overcome them
keep making progress.
One day ,you will succeed.
1. Read the play repeatedly and try to act out the play.
2. Find out some difficult words and expressions in the play.
1.Eliza was selling some flowers when Higgins first met her. T 2. She succeeded in selling some dead flowers to Huggins for some small change. F
3. Huggins wrote down her name and address. F 4. Huggins was good at judging people from their own speech. T 5. Huggins could earn a lot for his job. T
6. Huggins promised to find her a good job. F 7. Either man had planned to meet the other although they didn’t know each other. T 主旨大意
Scanning the text and finish the chart.
character Position in society Evidence in the play
Behavior :___ respectful to people
of higher class.
Eliza Lower class _______________
Language :____ calls gentleman “sir”or “cap’in” as a
rude to lower class; polite to same or upper class. Henry Middle class
to Eliza “you silly girl” while to Pickering “my dear
generally confident and polite;but ignores Eliza Colonel Upper class
Generous with praise to Henry
Detailed reading I
The social position of the characters influences the way they behave to each other. Is this true
in Shaw’s play? Give your evidence in the chart below. H)---higher social class; (L)---lower class
Relationships between characters Evidence from the play
Henry Higgins: 1.respect his __________ work as a ___________;
calls him sir and my dear man
1. Attitude to Colonel Pickering (H)
2. Attitude to Eliza (L)
Is the statement true? 2.watches her; _____ her reactions; talks about
her in front of her; calls her _______
What other things show one’s status in society apart from how one speaks? You can show your social status by:
• Clothes you wear
• Expensive possessions (like cars or jewellery)
• Attitudes and behavior
• Education level
• How many foreign language spoken and countries visited Choose adjectives to describe each character in the play.
This text is mainly about the first experience of Eliza meeting with ___.
A. Professor Higgins
B. Colonel Pickering
C. Professor Higgins and Colonel Pickering
D. a gentleman
What are the main characters of this act?
What do they do respec-tively?
What are they doing at the beginning of the play? Tip: Some information is included in the stage directions,
like the character, time, place, weather, lighting, etc.
11:15,PM in 1914 when
London, England where
who Eliza, Professor Higgins, Colonel Pickering
fateful meetings what
1. Eliza greeted to the gentleman in order to _______. B
A. talk with him B. ask him to buy some flowers from her C. ask him to teach herD. beg some money from him 2. Why did Eliza begin to cry? Because _______. D A. She thought she did something wrong.
B. She thought she didn’t have the right to sell flowers.
C. She didn’t want Higgins to write down what she said.
D. She thought Higgins was a policeman in disguise and wanted to arrest her.
3. Professor Higgins believed that he could judge a person by _______. C
A. his appearance B. his action C. his conversation D. his manners
speaking or behavior
how many foreign languages spoken or countries visited education level
expensive possessions (like cars and jewellery Comprehending
Character Quote from the play What it shows
Look at this girl with her terrible 1. He is arrogant；傲慢Henry
English: the English that will 的，. Higgins
condemn her to the gutter to the end 2. He thinks the use of
of her days. correct English
3. He thinks the girl can
never overcome this
Thank you, sir. Hey! I ain’t done 1. Eliza is respectful to
nothing wrong by speaking to that people of a higher
gentleman. I’ve a right to sell flowers. social class than her
2. She is aggressive ；敢
3. She is sensitive；敏感
的， about how she
appears to others.
That’s quite brilliant! How did you do 1. Modest. In truth he is
that, may I ask? an authority ；权威，Colonel
on Indian languages.
2. He is prepared to learn Pickering
3. He ignores Eliza but
speaks to Henry as they
are social equals.
Choose those adjectives in the list which best describe each character in the play.
Impatient kind polite rude confident anxious eager
enthusiastic ambitious ；有雄心的，
self-important(妄自尊大的) generous unsure (没自信的) superior (傲慢的)
(Act Two) Making the bet
1. This text is mainly about Henry Higgins and Colonel Pickering _________ about teaching
A. making a conversation B. quarreling
C. making a bet D. fighting
2. Eliza came to visit Henry Higgins and Colonel Pickering in order to let them _________C
A. give her some money B. give her a job as a flower shop’s assistant
C. teach her to speak well D. have a bath 3. Aliza only offered them ________ if they could teach her.A
A. 1 shilling B. 2 shillings
C. nothing D. 3 shillings
4. Henry Higgins and colonel Pickering finally decided to _______ Eliza.B
A. throw back B. teach C. beat D. only teach her how to speak
5. Eliza refused to have a bath, from what she said, we can infer that she lived a ________
A. miserable B. happy
C. free D. dirty
Things that need to changed How to make the changes
1. Eliza’s clothes . Buy new ones
2. Eliza’s hygiene 2. Give her baths
3. Eliza’s behaviour 3. Learn how to walk
4. Her language: and behave in
? grammar upper class social
?pronunciation 4. Have lessons to help her with all three
? use of appropriate language (eg no problems:
? learn the rules swearing)
? practise repeating words till correct
? learn socially safe topics to discuss
11:00 am the next day Time
Henry Higgins’ house Place
Henry Higgins, Colonel Pickering, Eliza and Mrs. Pearce
Pickering made the bet with Henry.
If Henry can pass Eliza off as a lady in three months, Pickering Plot；情节， will consider Henry the greatest teacher alive and he also agrees
to pay for the lessons
1. I wanna be a lady in a flower shop’stead o’ selling flowers in the street.