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Unit 4 Pygmalion

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Unit 4 Pygmalion

Unit 4 Pygmalion

     Reading (Act One) Fateful meetings Warming Up

    1.This play by Bernard Shaw is an adaptation of a Greek story.The Fair Lady by George Bernard Shaw is an adaptation of a Greek story. Do you know the story?

     Pygmalion, a gifted artist of Greece, disliked women.

     One day he made a stone statue of a beautiful woman.

     When he finished the statue, he fell in love with it. So he asked the Greek Goddess to

    bring her to life and make her wife.

     His wish is granted. They two got married and lived happily ever after.

    2Are you interested in Psychology? If yes, have you ever heard of the Pygmalion Effect ?

    Psychological term the Pygmalion Effect

    The Pygmalion Effect is that people tend to behave as you expect they will. If you expect a person

    to take responsibility, they probably will. If you expect them not to even try, they probably wont.

    皮格马利翁效应也被总结为;说你行:你就行:不行也行~说你不行:你就不行:行也不

    行。

    What we expect tends to come true

    3

    心理学家莫顿;Robert Merton,将此现象名之为自我实现的预言。这也就是在萧伯纳名剧

    《窈窕淑女》(My Fair Lady)中为人所熟知的皮格马利翁效应Pygmalion effect,。该剧取

    材自希腊与罗马神话中的一个角色皮格马利翁:这名神话中的主角深信他所刻的雕像非常美

    丽:终于使雕像变成有生命的人。

    4

    This play My fair lady (窈窕淑女)by George Bernard Shaw (萧伯纳) is an adaptation改编 of

    this Greek myth(神话).

    Although there is no character called Pygmalion in the play, it is about the same theme 主题。

    Pre-reading

    This play was also made into a film called My Fair Lady. Have you seen the film? If you have, did you like it?

    1)A brief introduction to Shaw

    George Bernard Shaw, Irish dramatist, literary critic, a socialist spokesman, and a leading figure in

    the 20th century theater. Shaw was a freethinker, defender of women’s rights, and advocate of

    equality of income. In 1925 he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature. Shaw accepted the

    honour but refused the money. He was a very humorous playwright.

2)George Bernard Shaw(1856-1950

    1.Irish dramatist, literary critic, a socialist spokesman 2.defender of women’s rights, and advocate of equality of income.

    3.In 1925 he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature. Shaw accepted the honour but refused

    the money.

    4.He was a very humorous playwright.

    3)His main works:

Immaturity

    Widowers' Houses

    Pygmalion

    Man and Superman (1902),

    John Bull's Other Island (1904),

    Major Barbara (1905)

    Do you know something about Shaw?

    George Bernard Shaw, Irish dramatist, literary critic, a socialist spokesman, and a leading figure in

    the 20th century theater. Shaw was a freethinker, defender of womens rights, and advocate of equality of income. In 1925 he was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature. Shaw accepted the

    honor but refused the money . He was a very humorous playwright. 5) Do you know the famous actress? She is regarded as the one of the most elegant ladies in the

    world. What’s her name? Can you name some films which she acted in?

     ANDRY HEPBURN

    罗马假期 (Roman Holiday)1953

    龙凤配 (Sabrina)1954

    战争与和平(War and Peace) 1956

    修女传 (The Nuns Story) 1959

    第凡内早餐 (Breakfast at Tiffanys)1961

    窈窕淑女(My Fair Lady)1964

    6) A brief introduction to George Bernard Shaw:

     In 1856 Born

     Ireland Nationality

     Nobel Prize for Literature in1925 Achievements

    Irish dramatist, literary critic, a socialist spokesman

     Arms and the Man(1894) Works

    The Devils Disciple(1897)

    Superman(1905)

    Androcles and the Lion(1912

    Pygmalion(1913), adapted as the musical play My

    Fair Lady in 1956

     Humorous and witty Personality

     In 1950 Death

7) A story about him:

    One day ,Shaw took part in a grand party, in which he met the then Prime Minister

    Churchill. Churchill was very fat at that time whereas Shaw was very thin. Churchill said to Shaw very sharply,” When people see you ,they will know how poor the country is”. And then Shaw answered very quickly, “ When people see you, they will know the reason why our country is so poor.”

Reading Fateful meetings

    Eliza Doolittle(E): a poor flower girl who is ambitious to improve herself.

    Professor Higgins(H): an expert in phonetics, convinced that the quality of a persons English

    decides his/her position in society.

    Colonel Pickering(P): an officer in the army and later a friend of Higgins who sets him a

    task.

Questions:

    1. How many characters are there in the play?

    Three. They are Eliza, Professor Higgins, and Colonel Pickering.

    2. Whats the weather like when the play begins?

    When the play begins, it is pouring with rain.

    3. Do you think Eliza a well-educated woman? Why?

    No, she is a poor-educated woman. We can know it clearly from what she said and her behavior.

     Now ,let us enjoy Act One in the film.

     While watching, please pay particular attention to the different ways they speak

    and behave to each

     other.

    Read the play quickly then finish the following multi-choice exercises: 1. This text is mainly about the first experience of Eliza meeting with ______. C

     A. Professor Higgins B. Colonel Pickering

     C. Professor Higgins and Colonel Pickering D. a gentleman

     2. Eliza greeted to the gentleman in order to _______.A

     A. ask him to buy some flowers from her B. talk with him

     C. ask him to teach her D. beg some money from him

    3. Why Eliza began to cry? Because _______.A

     A. she thought Professor Higgins would arrest her

     B. the gentleman didnt give her some money

     C. Pickering beat and scolded her

     D. there was no reason

    4. Professor Higgins believed that he could judge a person by _______.C

     A. his appearance B. his action C. his conversation D. his manners 5. From the text , we can infer that Professor Higgins is a man described below EXCEPT _________.D

     A. he doesnt care about money B. he is an expert in phonetics

     C. he is proud D. he is greedy

    Comprehending

Character Position in society Evidence in the play

     Lower class Behaviour: respectful to people of higher

     class

     Language: calls gentleman “sir” and Eliza “cap’in” (or captain) which is a

    compliment

     Middle class Behaviour: rude (and patronizing) to lower

     class; polite to same or upper class

     Language: calls Eliza “you silly girl” and Henry Higgins Pickering “my dear man” (an equal and

    friend)

     Upper class Behaviour: generally confident and polite;

     but ignores Eliza

     Language: prepared to begin a

    Colonel Pickering conversation with Henry, whom he does not

    know; generous with praise to him

Relationships Evidence from the play

    between characters

    Henry Higgins: 1 respects his professional work as a 1 Attitude to Colonel Pickering (H) phonetician; calls him sir and my dear man

    2 Attitude to Eliza (L) 2 watches her; notes her reactions; talks about

     Is the statement true? her in front of her; calls her silly girl

     1 Yes;

    Colonel Pickering: 1 appreciates his expertise; praises him; asks 1 Attitude to Henry Higgins (L) his opinion; happy to be friends

    2 Attitude to Eliza (L)

     Is the statement true? 2 ignores her; does not stop Henry when he

     talks about Eliza in front of her (which is very

    rude)

    Eliza: 1anxious; eager not to do the wrong thing; 1 Attitude to Henry Higgins (H) ambitious to improve herself; respectful and

    2 Attitude to Colonel Pickering (H) curious about Henry’s expertise

     Is the statement true? 2 resents not being included in the

    1 Yes; 2 Unclear conversation when talked about

1impatient, rude, confident, superior, self-important middle class Higgins

    2kind, polite, generous, enthusiastic, eager, confident upper class Colonel

    3anxious, eager, emotional, ambitious, unsure lower class Eliza

    Suppose you were professor Higgins. Try to correct all of them in terms of grammar, spelling, etc, so that Eliza can use them properly.

    1. Come overere, capin, and buy me flowers off a poor girl.

    Come over here, captain, and buy some flowers from a poor girl. 2. I aint done nothing wrong by speaking to that gentleman

    I havent done anything wrong by speaking to that gentleman.

    3. I thought maybe you was a policeman in disguise

    I thought maybe you were a policeman in disguise

    4. How do I know whether ou took me words down right?

    How do I know whether you wrote down what I said accurately 5. A shop assistant ? Now thats sommat I want, that is!

    A shop assistant? Now thats something I would like to be!

    The Pygmalion Effect is that people tend to behave as you expect they will. If you expect a person to take responsibility, they probably will. If you expect them not to even try, they

    probably wont

    What can you learn from this play?

    Believe yourself ! Every time you come across difficulties ,never give up . Just give yourself a

    hint

    " Yes ,I can do it ! I am the best!” then you will have the courage again to overcome them

    and

     keep making progress.

    One day ,you will succeed.

Homework:

    1. Read the play repeatedly and try to act out the play.

    2. Find out some difficult words and expressions in the play.

CHOOSE2

    Listening

    1.Eliza was selling some flowers when Higgins first met her. T 2. She succeeded in selling some dead flowers to Huggins for some small change. F

    3. Huggins wrote down her name and address. F 4. Huggins was good at judging people from their own speech. T 5. Huggins could earn a lot for his job. T

    6. Huggins promised to find her a good job. F 7. Either man had planned to meet the other although they didnt know each other. T 主旨大意

    Scanning the text and finish the chart.

    character Position in society Evidence in the play

     Behavior :___ respectful to people

     of higher class.

    Eliza Lower class _______________

    Language :____ calls gentleman “sir”or “cap’in” as a

    compliment

    ______________________________________________

     rude to lower class; polite to same or upper class. Henry Middle class

     Higgins

     to Eliza “you silly girl” while to Pickering “my dear

    man”

     generally confident and polite;but ignores Eliza Colonel Upper class

     Pickering

     Generous with praise to Henry

Detailed reading I

    The social position of the characters influences the way they behave to each other. Is this true

    in Shaws play? Give your evidence in the chart below. H)---higher social class; (L)---lower class

    Relationships between characters Evidence from the play

    Henry Higgins: 1.respect his __________ work as a ___________;

    calls him sir and my dear man

    1. Attitude to Colonel Pickering (H)

    2. Attitude to Eliza (L)

    Is the statement true? 2.watches her; _____ her reactions; talks about

    her in front of her; calls her _______

1._____ 2.______

    What other things show ones status in society apart from how one speaks? You can show your social status by:

     Clothes you wear

     Expensive possessions (like cars or jewellery)

     Attitudes and behavior

     Education level

     How many foreign language spoken and countries visited Choose adjectives to describe each character in the play.

CHOOSE3

    This text is mainly about the first experience of Eliza meeting with ___.

     A. Professor Higgins

     B. Colonel Pickering

     C. Professor Higgins and Colonel Pickering

     D. a gentleman

    Skimming

    What are the main characters of this act?

    What do they do respec-tively?

    What are they doing at the beginning of the play? Tip: Some information is included in the stage directions,

     like the character, time, place, weather, lighting, etc.

    Fast reading

     11:15,PM in 1914 when

     London, England where

who Eliza, Professor Higgins, Colonel Pickering

     fateful meetings what

Scanning

    1. Eliza greeted to the gentleman in order to _______. B

    A. talk with him B. ask him to buy some flowers from her C. ask him to teach herD. beg some money from him 2. Why did Eliza begin to cry? Because _______. D A. She thought she did something wrong.

     B. She thought she didnt have the right to sell flowers.

     C. She didnt want Higgins to write down what she said.

     D. She thought Higgins was a policeman in disguise and wanted to arrest her.

    3. Professor Higgins believed that he could judge a person by _______. C

    A. his appearance B. his action C. his conversation D. his manners

status

    speaking or behavior

    clothes

    how many foreign languages spoken or countries visited education level

    attitude

    expensive possessions (like cars and jewellery Comprehending

    Character Quote from the play What it shows

    Look at this girl with her terrible 1. He is arrogant;傲慢Henry

    English: the English that will 的,. Higgins

    condemn her to the gutter to the end 2. He thinks the use of

    of her days. correct English

    grammar matters.

    3. He thinks the girl can

    never overcome this

    problem.

    Thank you, sir. Hey! I ain’t done 1. Eliza is respectful to

    nothing wrong by speaking to that people of a higher

    gentleman. I’ve a right to sell flowers. social class than her

    (sir).

    2. She is aggressive ;敢

    做敢为的,when Eliza

    defending herself.

    3. She is sensitive;敏感

    的, about how she

    appears to others.

    That’s quite brilliant! How did you do 1. Modest. In truth he is

    that, may I ask? an authority ;权威,Colonel

    on Indian languages.

    2. He is prepared to learn Pickering

    from others.

    3. He ignores Eliza but

    speaks to Henry as they

    are social equals.

Choose those adjectives in the list which best describe each character in the play.

    Impatient kind polite rude confident anxious eager

    enthusiastic ambitious ;有雄心的,

    emotional ;易于动感情的:情绪化的,

    self-important(妄自尊大的) generous unsure (没自信的) superior (傲慢的)

    (Act Two) Making the bet

    1. This text is mainly about Henry Higgins and Colonel Pickering _________ about teaching

    Eliza. C

     A. making a conversation B. quarreling

     C. making a bet D. fighting

    2. Eliza came to visit Henry Higgins and Colonel Pickering in order to let them _________C

     A. give her some money B. give her a job as a flower shop’s assistant

     C. teach her to speak well D. have a bath 3. Aliza only offered them ________ if they could teach her.A

     A. 1 shilling B. 2 shillings

     C. nothing D. 3 shillings

    4. Henry Higgins and colonel Pickering finally decided to _______ Eliza.B

     A. throw back B. teach C. beat D. only teach her how to speak

    5. Eliza refused to have a bath, from what she said, we can infer that she lived a ________

    life. A

     A. miserable B. happy

     C. free D. dirty

    Things that need to changed How to make the changes

     1. Eliza’s clothes . Buy new ones

    2. Eliza’s hygiene 2. Give her baths

    3. Eliza’s behaviour 3. Learn how to walk

    4. Her language: and behave in

     ? grammar upper class social

     ?pronunciation 4. Have lessons to help her with all three

     ? use of appropriate language (eg no problems:

     ? learn the rules swearing)

     ? practise repeating words till correct

     ? learn socially safe topics to discuss

     activities

     11:00 am the next day Time

     Henry Higgins’ house Place

     Henry Higgins, Colonel Pickering, Eliza and Mrs. Pearce

     Characters

     Pickering made the bet with Henry.

     If Henry can pass Eliza off as a lady in three months, Pickering Plot;情节, will consider Henry the greatest teacher alive and he also agrees

     to pay for the lessons

    1. I wanna be a lady in a flower shop’stead o’ selling flowers in the street.

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