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Unit 1 A land of diversity

By Anna Watkins,2014-09-29 11:32
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Unit 1 A land of diversity

Unit 1 A land of diversity

    一个多元文化的国土

    Warming&reading

How much do you know about California

    1. California is the _______ largest state in the USA. a

    A.third B. Second C.fourth D. fifth

    2. California, a state in the western USA, borders ________.a

     A. the Pacific Ocean B.the Indian OceanC. the Atlantic Ocean D.the Arctic Ocean 3. _____ is Californias largest and the nations second largest city. b

     A. Sacramento B. Los Angeles C. San Diego D. San Francisco 4. Californias official nickname is the _______ ? b

     A. Sunflower State C. Land of opportunity B. Golden State D. Evergreen State 5. ___has the largest population in the USA. a

     A. California C. Alaska B. Washington D. Texas

    6. California entered the Union on September 9, 1850, as the ______state. d

     A. thirtieth C. thirty-eighth B. thirty-second D. thirty-first FAST READING

    Divide the passage into three parts according to the main idea of each part. Part1 ( 1 ) Brief introduction to California.

    Part2 ( 2-9 ) When and why people from different countries moved to California. Part3 ( 10 ) The future of California

    Task1 Scanning

     First settlers crossed the Bering Strait from Asia. These people are 15,000 years ago

    now known as Native American

     Spanish soldiers arrived in South American 16thcentury:

     Became part of Mexico 1821

     The US declared war on Mexico 1846

     Gold was discovered in California 1848

     California became the 31st state of the US. 1850

Write the period in which these people first came to California in large numbers

     Spanish

     Russians

     Africans

     Chinese

     Italians

     Danish

     Jewish

     Japanese

     Koreans

     Cambodians

     Vietnamese

     Pakistanis

Early 16th century

    Early 1800s

    1800s

    Late 1840s

    Late 19th century

    1911

    1920s

    Beginning of the 20th century

    From about the 1970s

    From about the 1970s

    In more recent decades

    From about the 1970s

Task2 Fast reading True or False questions

    1.California is the largest state in the USA and has the largest population. F 2.The native Americans are treated well after the arrival of Europeans. F 3.Of the first Spanish to go to California, the majority were religious men. T 4.Duing Gold Rush Period, many achieved their dream of being rich. F 5. In the late 19th century, Chinese immigrants arrived in California. F 6.It is believed that before long the mix of nationalities will be so great that there will be no

    major racial or culture groups. T

Task3 Intensive reading

    What are the changes of Native Americans’ life after the arrival of Europeans?

    The native people suffered greatly and many were killed or forced into slavery. In addition, many died from the diseases brought by Europeans.

    2. Why did Mexico have to give California to the United States ? In 1846, the United States declared war on Mexico. After it lost the war , Mexico had to give California to the United Stated.

    3. Which event brought even large members of Chinese immigrants to California? It was the building of the railway from the west to the east coast that brought even large numbers of Chinese immigrants to California

    4. Between 1942 and 1945, why did so many African people go to California? Between 1942 and 1945, even more people came to California to work in the ship and aircraft industries.

    SUMMING UP

    Fill in the blanks below accordingly

    California has the distinction of being the most _____________state in the USA, which, at various times, has attracted people from nearly every country in the world.

     Among the first settlers, Native Americans are believed by scientists to have crossed the Bering Strait in the Arctic to America ______________ a land bridge which existed in prehistoric times. And today there are more Native Americans living in California than that in any other states.

    Over 40% of Californians speak _________ as a first or second language because California was ruled by Spain in the 18th century till 1821 when the people of Mexico gained their independence from Spain.

     The Russian settlers in the early 1800s were hunters, and now some 25,000 ___________________ are living in and around San Francisco.

     Most of the people attracted from all over the world to California remained to _______________ for themselves after the 1848 Gold Rush, making it a multicultural society in 1850.

     Chinese immigration to the state began during the Gold Rush Period and ____________ when the railway from the west to the east coast was being built.

     In fact, before long California will become a _________ of many races and cultures.

Unit 1 A land of diversity

A quiz about the USA

    1. How many states are there in the USA?B

     A, 49 B, 50 C, 51 D, 48

    2. The most important and largest river in the USA is___.D

     A, the Ohio River B, the Colorado River

     C, the Missouri River D, the Mississippi River

    3. Californias official nickname is the ____.B

    A, Sunflower State B, Golden State

    C, Washington D, Texas

    Fast reading

    1.Whats the topic of this text?B

     A. the culture of California

     B. the history of California

     C.the weather of California

     D. the history of USA

    2.Which state in the USA has the largest Population? California (over 30 million people)

    3.How many kinds of people are mentioned in this text? People Native Americans The Spanish Russians

    Gold Miners Later Arrivals Most Recent Arrivals

Native Americans

     1.Time: 15000 years ago

     2.Where did they come from: from Asian to Alaska

     3.What happened in the sixteenth century?

    Native Americans

     were killed by European

     were forced into slavery

     died from the disease

     survived the terrible times The Spainsh

    Fill in the form:(note down an important events) 16th century 18th century in 1821 in 1846 Spain soldiers arrived and took their land

     California was ruled by Spain

    California became part of Mexico

    Mexico gave California to the United States

    Influence: today over 40% of Californians speak Spainish as a first or second language

Russians & Gold Miners

    Do some T or F questions:

    1.In the early 1800s, Russian fur trappers began settling in California. 2.In 1848, before the Amerian-Mexican war, gold was discovered in California. F 3.A lot of adventures achieved their dream of becoming rich. F 4.California become the thirty-first state of the United states of Amerian in 1850.

Stage People Time Event

    Africans Moved from Mexico

    Chinese Build the railway

    Later arrivals Japanese Farmed

    Denmark Established a town

    Jewish Developed industry

    Italians Fished and made wine

    Worked in ship& aircraft Africans 1942-1945 industries

Stage People Time Event

    Indians, Worked in Computer industry Pakistanis

    Recent Cambodians arrivals Koreans Immigrated Vietnamese

    Laotians

    Future Different parts Future Immigrated

The state of California is a multicultural community because European, African and Asian people

    have been immigrating to the state for the last 200 years.Before their arrival, native American

    people had lived there for thousands of years. People from all over the world are still coming to

    settle in California because of its good climate and the lifestyle it offers

    Imagine you are a Californian , and introduce California to tourists. Homework

    1.Make a summary of the text and try to retell it.

     2.Underline the useful words and expressions in

    the reading text and learn by yourself.

Task1 Fast reading True or False questions

    1.California is the largest state in the USA and has the largest population. F 2.The native Americans are treated well after the arrival of Europeans. F 3.Of the first Spanish to go to California, the majority were religious men. T 4.In the early 1800s, Russians began setting in California just for fur. T 5.Duing Gold Rush Period, many achieved their dream of being rich. F 6.It is believed that before long the mix of nationalities will be so great that there will be no

    major racial or culture groupsT

    Comprehending

    15,000

16th

    1821

    1846

    1848

    1850

    The first settlers crossed the Bering Strait to come to Alaska. Spanish soldiers arrived in South America.

    California became part of Mexico.

    The United States declared war on Mexico.

    Gold was discovered in California.

    California became the 31st state of the US.

Detailed Reading

    California read and fill in

    Introduction(引言

    The Characteristics of California

    California is the most ___________ state and the ____ largest state with the _______ population.

    Seven titles of the following paragraphs

    California has attracted people form nearly every country in the world Native Americans

    1.When and how did the first settlers arrive ?

    2.What happened to them after the arrival of the Europeans? (sentence pattern)

    Fill in the blanks

    No one knows for sure ____ the first people arrived in the city ____ we now know as California.

    They are believed to ____ the strait by _____ of a land bridge ______ in prehistoric ____. They

    ______ a lot after the _____ of the Europeans. Some survived ____ the disease ______ by the

    Europeans

    Spanish

    1.Were the Spanish friendly to the native people? 2.What were the majority of people that came here? 3.Why is there a strong Spanish influence in California?

Russian

    1.Translate the first sentence.

    2.Russian- Americans

    Gold- Miners

    1.Who came first during the Gold Rush? Why?

    2.Did they return home with abundant gold?

    Later arrivals

    1.Why did the majority of Chinese come to California?

     (what made them come to California?)

    2.What kind of jobs can you find in California from late 19th century to 1945?

Most recent arrivals

    1.What does its refer to ?

    The future

    1.What will happen if people keep immigrating to California?

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