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ListeningLesson17-18(book

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ListeningLesson17-18(book

    New Horizon College EnglishBook1

    Unit9

    General Designing:

    Teaching Contents: Predictions and trends of the future

    I. Teaching aims:

    1. Lead the students to learn of the viewpoints of the futurist.

    st2. Let the student share their ideas about the 21 century with others.

    3. Make the students understand the structure pattern of the writing with subtitles. 4. Listening in the class & let the students imitate & speak. II. Key Points:

    1. Words: impose; volunteer; predict; electrical; alternative; toll; household; facility;

    grocer; career; survive; permit; output; siege; ban; prescribe; diet; trend; pose;

    excessive; decline; efficient; alter; available; ease; indifferent; surgery; involve 2. Phrases & Expressions: bill for; on average; start up; at risk; at an alarming rate 3. Grammar: beyond… ; May…

    4. ListeningLesson17-18book 2,:

    5Fast ReadingUnit 3-6book 2

    III. .Time allotment:

    This unit is to be finished in 12 periods. It is roughly divided as follows:

    Listening/Speaking-centered activities: 4 periods.

    Reading-centered activities: 6 periods.

    Doing exercises and Quiz: 2 periods.(其中包括写作、作文)

    Listening/Speaking-centered activities

    I.Time allotment and teaching contents:

    Listening/Speaking-centered activities: 4 periods.

    ListeningLesson17-18book 2,:

    II.Teaching procedures:

    Step One: Lesson 17 Part A Noting-taking

    Step Two: Lesson 17 Part B Passage Listening

    Step Three: Lesson 18 Part A Comparatives

    Step Four: Lesson 18 Part B Dialogue and Passage Listening

    1

    Reading-Centered Activities

    Section A

    stLooking to the 21 Century

    I.Teaching aims:

    1. Make the students master the key words & phrases.

    2. ask the students to analyze the text by themselves. 3. help students finish

    IV. Teaching Procedures:

    Step One: preparations:

    1. remember the new words ahead of time

    2. listening

    Step 2Warm-up Activities

    th(1) Talk about how to celebrate the millennium at the end of 20 century

    (2) Listen to the tape of Step By Step (Book 1) about the celebrations taking place in

    the world.

    Clues: dusk-to-dawn light show; firework show; open air party

    PicturesAppendix i

    Step 3 (Presentation)

    (1) Make sure that they can pronounce each new word in the vocabulary (2) Explain the important words with examples

    impose: vt.------imposing=unforgetable

    (1)(on) put (a load, punishment) on

    e.g. Parents should not impose their own tastes on their children.

    I am unwilling to impose on students in the university the heavy workload

    (1)(on) establish (an additional bill) officially

    e.g. The higher income taxes imposed on the people by the government last

    year were very

    unpopular.

    Volunteer: n.-suffix: the difference between ee and er

    (1) A person who offers to do sth.

    e. g. This is a huge project, but we have a lot of volunteers for the most

    difficult work.

    v. ------ voluntary ( adj. )

    2

    (1) offer to do sth. without pay or reward: volunteer to do sth / sth /for sth

    e. g. After the dancing party, quite a lot of young people stayed and

    volunteered to clean the place.

    predict: vt.------foretell(based on experience), forecast(weather)

    (1) say in advance (based on facts)

    e. g. One can look to the future but can not predict the future.

     The doctor predicted that the patient would be walking again in a week,

    n. prediction adj. predictable

    electrical: adj. Concerned with or using electricity

    e.g. His father is an electrical engineer.

     An electrical fault in the system

    adj. Electric : powered with electricity .

    e.g. electric power ; electric car ; electric dictionary

     n. electrician ; ( plumber ; mechanic )

    alternative: have no alternative(choice) but to do sth(see do ,delete to)

    (1)a. giving a choice from among more than two things

    e.g. I will not be able to meet you on Thursday ; you must think of an

    alternative plan.

     The alternative project that was suggested by Mr. Smith will be more

    expensive.

    (2) n. serious choice ; sth that can be chosen instead

     e.g. Your plan is not workable ; we must try to think of an alternative. toll: n . a small sum of money that one has to pay in order to use a particular

    bridge or road.

     eg: a toll-free call

    household: (1) n. the people living in a house

     e.g. There is light and laughter in every household on Christmas Eve..

    (2) a. concerned with the management of a house

    e.g. Household costs ,household business,

    facility: n.(1)useful things

     e.g. The school has excellent sporting facilities.

     (2)an advantage or opportunity.

     e.g. A free bus to the airport is a facility offered only by this hotel. grocer: n. a shop-keeper who sells dry foods and other things for the home .

     Notice: grocery-a shop selling dry foods ; groceries-(pl.)goods sold by a grocer

    career : n. (1) a profession

    e.g. She has chosen teaching as her career.

    (2)a part of one’s life that one spends working.

    e.g. Her political career began 20 years ago.

    Notice : the difference between profession and oppucation

    survive: v .(on)(1)continue to live ,especially after coming to death

     e.g. Only a few survived after the flood.

    (2)live longer than

    3

    e.g. The old lady survived her husband for five years. permit: n. official paper allowing sth. Notice: permission

    e.g. You can’t work here without a permit.

     v. allow

    . She won’t permit dogs in the house. e.g

    output: n the quantity produced

    e.g. The car factory hopes to increase its output by 30% next year. ban: (1) vt. prevent by law or power; not allowed

    e.g. after the accident ,she was banned from driving.

    (2)n. not allowing an act or speech by power.

    e.g. There is a ban on smoking.

    siege: n an act of surrounding a city etc., by an army trying to capture it.

    e.g. under siege; lay siege to .

    prescribe: vt. (1)order as a medicine or treatment..

    e.g. The doctor prescribed a medicine for the pain in my joint.

    (2)state(what must be done)

    e.g. Someone who behaves as foolishly as you has no right to prescribe

    how other should behave.

    diet: n (1)food and drink usually taken.

     e.g. A balanced diet and regular exercise are both important for health.

    (2) any special combination of food eaten in sickness, or to increase or decrease weight.

    e. g. the doctor ordered him to go on a diet to lose weight.

    bill for: give or send a bill stating how much money one has to pay for the goods or services.

    e.g. He has been billed for driving too fast.

    on average: as the usual rate or estimate.

    e.g. On average we receive 5 letters a day.

    at risk: in danger

    e.g. About 700 people are at risk of dying from hunger.

    Step 4 (Practice)

    Let the students do the exercises in the textbook (page.205) that are related to the new words.

    Step 5 (Presentation)

    After that, let the students answer those questions.

    (1) Explain the structure pattern of the text:

    a. Introduction (para.1-4)

    b. Brainwave (para.5-8)

    c. Medicine (para.9-11)

    d. Automobiles (para12-16)

    e. Functions of computer at home (para17-21)

    4

    f. Changes in jobs and workplaces (para.22-27) g. Attitudes towards pollution (para.28-31) h. Living habits and healthy diet (para32-35)

    st(2) Discussion: Do you have any ideas about the 21 century?

    a. Divide the class into small groups. Each group is about 5-6 students.

    b. In the group, one will be appointed group leader, another secretary and a third

    oral reporter.

    c. Clues: So-Ho; Going back to ancient time and so on. d. After the discussions, the oral reporters are required to report the conclusions

    of their groups.

    e. Students compare their predictions with those in the text (4) Detailed study of the text:

    1. The responsibility we have .….. when we recognize…beyond our control.

    Instruction: (1) we have for the future 是定语从句,修饰先行词the responsibility;

    when we recognize…..control是时间状从句,修饰主句the

    responsibility begins; that we ourselves create the futurethat the

    future …beyond our control是跟在动词recognize后面的两个宾语从

    ;imposed upon 是过去分词做定语,修饰something.

     (2) beyond : prep. 超出……的范围(非…….可及:如,beyond our

    control非我们力所及的:beyond doubt毫无疑义:beyond compare

    无与伦比的:beyond praise夸不胜夸的。

    2. More than half of the home computers sold in the United States in recent years

    will become essential to home life in the west . Instruction: essential to 绝对必要的:如, food, sleep and housing are essential to

    human beings食物(睡眠和住房是人类生存的基本要素。. Good

    timing is essential to our plans.要完成我们的计划善于掌握时机是绝

    对必要的。

    3. Protection of the environment …… to make a profit.

    Instruction: (1) affect v, 影响:如,smoking affects health.吸烟影响健康。比较

    affect effect时(请注意 affect 通常是动词(effect 通常是名词:

    Government policy will not affect(v)us/will not have any effect(n)

    on us.政府的政策不会对我们产生任何影响。动词effect 是一个十

    分正式的词(意为按照某人的愿望“产生”(“引起”(如,He was able

    to effect certain changes in government policy.他成功的使政府的政

    策发生某些变化。

    (2) make it +a. +for sb. to do sth make跟由形容词构成的复合结

    构( it在这里是形容宾语(代表后面的不定式短语—其真实宾语for

    sb to do sth 如,this made it hard for me to control myself 这使我难于

    控制自己。

    (3)这两句话是将过去和现在人们对污染问题的认识进行对比(在句

    中(used to now 对比( special groups everyone 对比(强调

    环境的重要性。

    4. London, England’s biggest city, often suffers from air pollution which causes

    more than 1,000 deaths a year.

    5

Instruction: (1) England’s biggest city London 的同位语(补充说明 London

    的特性。

     (2) suffer from ……所苦(因……而吃苦头:如,Our business has

    suffered from lack of money.我们的企业因缺乏资金而日子不好过。

     (3) which causes…..a year 是一个定语从句(修饰先行词pollution.

    Step 6 (practice)

    Let the students do the other exercises in the text book (page 206-207) and check the

    answers together under the instruction of the teacher.

    V. Assignments

    1. Listening: lesson18

    2. Fast reading: Unit 3-4(1:b b c c c c a 2:c b b a b a d 3:b b d b a d 4: d b a

    d c b a c )

    3. Writing: Millennium Resolution

    Section B

    stTrends for the 21 Century

     V. Teaching Procedures:

    Step 1. Pre-reading activities

    (1) Check out the writing: Millennium Resolution

    (2) Reading skills: Predicting from subtitles

    Step 2. Presentation

    (1) Make sure that they can pronounce each new word in the vocabulary

    (2) Explain the important words with examples

trend: n. a general direction or course of development.

     e.g. There emerges a trend toward the development of the information industry.

    pose: vt. ask

    e.g. He posed a difficult question to me.

    vi. stand or sit in a particular position to be drawn, photographed, ect.

    e.g. She was employed by the art school to pose for student artists.

    n. make a pose

    excessive: a. too much; too great Notice : excess

    e.g. excessive smoking or drinking will cause damage to one’s health.

    6

decline: v.(1) become worse or less

     e.g. The number of students in the class decline from 25 to 20.

    (2)refuse usually politely, being unwilling

    e.g. I visited him to a party but he decline.

    n. process of becoming worse or less( on decline )

    e.g. Our business has gone into a decline this year. efficient: a. working well and without waste Notice : the difference between

    efficient and effective

     e.g. A lawyer needs an efficient secretary. alter : v. change; make or become different

    e.g. If it rains we will have to alter our plans for the holiday. available : a. able to be got, used ,etc.

    e.g. Is there a doctor available?

    ease: n. (1) ability to do sth easily

    e.g. As she is very clever and capable, she can pass the exam with ease .

    (2) state of being comfortable and without worry or anxiety

    e.g. Large amount of money provides her a life of ease indifferent : a. not interested ( n. indifference )

    e.g. She is indifferent to her father’s words.

    surgery : n. (1) medicine operation

    e.g. thanks to the successful surgery ,the patient recovers quickly..

    (2)treatment of disease cells in the body

    e.g. oral surgery

    involve : vt. cause (sb or sth) to be part of ,included in ,mixed with, or deeply

    concerned in (sth or doing sth)

     e.g. How many people are involved in the accident?

    at an alarming rate: at a shocking speed

     e.g. Population in that country grows at an alarming rate.

    May : I hope very much that.

    e.g. May you succeed

    Step 3 Practice (Page218)

    Step 4 Study of the text:

    1. Fast reading

    2. Finish the exercise (page218) the answers: A.B.D.B.D.D.C.A

    3. Key sentences

    (1) Because many electrical many companies consider nuclear energy too expensive,

    the trend is towards less dangerous sources of energy. Translation:由于许多电气公司都认为核能代价太大,因此总体趋势是朝着危害

    较小的能源发展.

    Instruction: consider:1. consider + obj. +n./a.认为,..看作, e. g. I consider him

    a very able student.2. consider + obj. + to be 认为, e. g. I consider him

    7

    to be a very able student.3.consider +doing 考虑e. g. I am considering

    changing my job.4.be considered to be 被认为 e. g. He is considered

    to be the greatest scientist in the world.

    (2) Natural gas, an outstanding energy fuel, can be used to heat homes, make

    electricity, and power cars.

    Translation: 天然气这种优良的能量燃料可以用于家庭取暖.发电和驱动汽车.

    Instruction: an outstanding energy fuel natural gas的同位语.outstanding a.

    杰出的,优秀的,e. g. Students with outstanding university records may win

    scholarships.

    (3) With fewer trees, the paper industry is producing more paper from recycled

    materials but, unfortunately, damages the planet.

    Translation: 由于树木减少,造纸厂更多地依靠再生材料造纸,但不幸的是,这同

    时也对我们的星球造成了危害.

    Instruction: 由于,因为,e. g. With profits up by 60% ,the company has had another excellent

    year

    Recycled materials 再利用的物质. Recycle vt. (废物)再利用e. g. It is printed

    on recycled paper.

    Step 6 Fast Reading(Unit 56)

    Answers: c.c.b.a.c.c.c; b.c.a.b.c.c; c.c.d.a.d.d.d.d; c.a.d.c.c.d.b;

    Step 7 Assignments

    1. listening: lesson17 dictation

    2. Section C: fast reading and finish the exercise in page 222

    Sum up

    1.Words: impose; volunteer; predict; electrical; alternative; toll; household; facility; grocer; career; survive; permit; output; siege; ban; prescribe;

    diet; trend; pose; excessive; decline; efficient; alter; available; ease; indifferent;

    surgery; involve

    2. Phrases & Expressions: bill for; on average; start up; at risk; at an alarming rate

    3. Grammar: beyond… ; May…

    8

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