Test Paper (1) (book 2)
I. Word Building 10 %
1. If you spoke their language in their country, you’d get a friendlier __________. (receive)
2. They didn’t show up at the meeting because they’d been ______ about the time it was to start.
3. This is an example of the creative _______ of the latest theories of learning and teaching.
4. __________ advances in computing and telecommunication will reduce the need for many
people to travel to work. (technology)
5. It is often said that travel can __________ the mind. (broad)
6. He lacks self-confidence. He always __________ his own judgement. (trust) 7. I’d like to book a table for four at 6 o’clock, but the waitress said that there would be no table
_______ this evening. (avail)
8. Everybody knows that pure water is a _________ liquid. (color)
9. What are you going to _________ your new book ? (title)
10. Laura opened the envelope, ________ the letter and began to read it carefully. (fold)
II. Choice 15 %
Directions: For each of the following blanks, four choices are given. Choose the most appreciate
11. The newcomers found it impossible to ________ themselves to the climate sufficiently to
make permanent homes in the new country.
A) suit B) adapt C) register C) alter
12. Our new house is very ________ for me as I can get to the office in five minutes.
A) convenient B) reliable C) adaptable D) available
13. I hate people who ________ the end of film that you haven’t seen before.
A) rewrite B) reveal C) revise D) reverse
14. I could not persuade him to accept it, ________ make him see the importance of it.
A) if only I could not B) no more than I could
C) or I could not D) nor could I
15. He took a reading course and learned some speed-reading skills, thus greatly ________ his
A) increasing B) increase C) increased D) to increase
16. Mr. Jackson ________ that all the villagers could be saved when struck by flood.
A) begged B) proposed C) suggested D) prayed
17. Modern science has developed to such a level that any piece of hair can ________ the identity
of an escaped murderer who left it on the spot.
A) confront B) discover C) scan D) establish
18. The challenge to finish the task ahead of schedule met with immediate ________.
A) supplies B) answers C) responses D) steps
19. The article is so disorganized that we will have to ________ it a great deal.
A) record B) repair C) refine D) revise
20. John Dewey believed that education should be a preparation for life, that a person learns by
doing, and that teaching must ________ curiosity and creativity of children.
A) stimulate B) seek C) shape D) substitute
21. We were struck by the extent ________ which teachers’ decisions served the interests of the
school rather those of the students.
A) with B) for C) in D) to
22. At the conference he expressed some personal views which later brought him into _______
with the Party leadership.
A) action B) crisis C) conflict D) power
23. No one has yet succeeded in explaining the _______ of how life began.
A) problem B) cause C) puzzle D) magic
24. The British naturalist went all his way to India so that he could _______ first-hand information
about the cobra.
A) obtain B) observe C) object D) preserve
25. The world market is _______ changing. We must anticipate the changes and make timely
A) steadily B) constantly C) scarcely D) regularly
26. The bridge club ____________ his application for membership.
A) suggested B) believed C) found D) rejected
27. He talked in detail about the _________ of setting up an experimental school in the small
A) responsibility B) reliability C) feasibility D) suitability
28. _________ mainly for the invention of the telephone, Alexander Graham Bell devoted his life
to helping the deaf.
A) He is remembered B) To remember
C) While remembering D) Though remembered
29. _______ is needed to play the part of Alfred in this new play.
A) A red-haired boy B) A red-haired-boy C) A red-hair boy D) A red hair boy 30. Wilson ______ to find that there is only one other guest besides himself.
A) is surprising B) is surprised C) surprised D) surprises
31. During that terrible snowstorm, the police demanded that people ________ highways in cases
A) stayed off B) stay off C) were stayed off D) were staying off
32. If you undertake this project you are bound to _______ many difficulties.
A) encounter B) overcome C) handle D) endanger
33. The three hours I spent in the library brought _____ my old passion for reading.
A) back B) over C) forth D) about
34. The actual cost of the building was much higher than our original ________.
A) consideration B) judgment C) estimate D) plan
35. Henry looked very much ________ when he was caught cheating in the biology exam.
A) discouraged B) disappointed C) embarrassed D) bewildered
36. We can depend on Bob to make a ________ choice.
A) noisy B) serious C) curious D) sound
37. Excuse me for ______ you with such a small matter.
A) keeping B) interfering C) bothering D) asking
38. The manager flew into a _______ when he heard that his secretary had disobeyed his
A) range B) rage C) rank D) anger
39. Some students seem _______ to help those who have difficulties in their studies.
A) responsible B) reliable C. reluctant D) sensitive
40. When we are especially interested in one aspect of a problem we often _______the other
A) refuse B) ignore C) inform D) interrupt
Part II Reading Comprehension 30%
Directions : There are 4 reading passages in this part . Each passage is followed by some
questions or unfinished statement . For each of them there are four choice marked A) ,
B) ,C) and D) . You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding
letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center
In the earliest stages of man’s development he had no more need of money than animals have. He was content with very simple forms of shelter, made his own rough tools and weapons and could provide food and clothing for himself and his family from natural materials around him. As he became more civilized, however, he began to want better shelter, more efficient tools and weapons, and more comfortable and more lasting clothing than could be provided by his own neighborhood or by the work of his own unskilled hands. For these things he had to turn to the skilled people such as smiths, leathers workers or carpenters who were springing up everywhere. It was then that the question of payment arose.
At first he got what he wanted by simple process of exchange. The smith who had not the time to look after land or cattle was glad to take meat or grain from the farmer in exchange for an axe or a plough. But as more and more goods which had no fixed exchange value came on the market, exchange became too complicated to be satisfactory. Another problem arose when those who made things wanted to get stocks of wood and leather, or iron, but had nothing to offer in exchange until their finished goods were ready.
Thus the difficulties of exchange led by degrees to the invention of money. In some countries, easily handled things like seeds or shells were given a certain value and the farmer, instead of paying the smith for a new axe by giving him some meat or grain, gave him so many shells. If the smith had any shells left when he had bought his food, he could get stocks of the raw materials of his trade. In some countries quite large things such as cows or camels or even big flat stones were used for trade. Later, pieces of metal, bearing values according to the rarity of the metal and the size of the pieces, or coins were used. Money as we know it had arrived.
41. Why were early men content with their simple life?
A. They did not have to use money.
B. They were able to make their own tools.
C. They had enough natural materials around them.
D. They could provide food and clothing and simple shelter for themselves. 42. As men became more civilized they ______.
A. wanted better things than those they themselves could provide
B. no longer provided food and clothing for themselves
C. all learnt to make the things they needed by themselves
D. had to travel a lot to look for what they wanted
43. Exchange of goods became difficult because _________.
A. There was not a marketplace for farmers and smiths to exchange their goods
B. Farmers were unwilling to provide smiths with grain and meat
C. More and more goods which had no fixed exchange value came to the market
D. Skilled workers did not work hard enough to produce good tools and weapons 44. Before people used metal coins they used __________.
A. shells or seeds
C. flat stones
D. all of the above.
45. Money was not used until ________.
A. pare was invented
B. the exchange of one thing for another became too complicated.
C. People practiced a simple process of exchange
D. Nothing could be offered in exchange.
After practising as a surgeon for several years, Dr. Ginoux decided to apply for membership in the American College of Surgeons (美国外科医生学会), a highly selective and distinguished
As part of the application procedure (手续) , Dr. Ginoux was asked to prepare a list of all the operations performed in the previous seven years. Slowly, as she worked on the long list, she began to feel uncertain. She began to question some of her decisions. Had she used the best technique in that case? Maybe, in this case, she should have run one more test before operating? On the other hand, maybe she should have ... Would the doctors on the selection committee understand that, as the only trained surgeon in the area, she usually could not get advice from others and therefore, had to rely completely on her own judgment? Dr. Ginoux felt lonely and isolated.
The loner Dr. Ginoux worked on the application forms, the more depressed she became. As hope faded, she wondered is a “country doctor” had a realistic chance of being accepted by the American College of Surgeons.
46. Dr. Ginoux was working in __________.
A. a large city
B. the American College of Surgeons
C. a selective organization
D. an area far from any big city
47. The application forms must include _____________.
A. the decision procedure
B. the best technique
C. record of all the operations
D. a list of advice and judgments
48. It was most probable that Dr. Ginoux was ________.
A. a well-trained surgeon
B. a member in that organization
C. a graduate from the American College of Surgeons
D. a distinguished surgeon in America
49. When she was filling the application forms, Dr. Ginoux began to be _______. A. realistic
50. When filling the forms, Dr. Ginoux felt depressed because _______.
A. she was doubtful about her operations
B. she didn’t perform enough operations
C. some operations were unsuccessful
D. she didn’t get advice from the selective committee
Joe Biggs was a butcher. His shop was in a village in one of the most beautiful parts of the south of England, and he worked in it for many years while his father was there. Then, when his father reached the age of 65, he stopped working in the shop, and Joe was alone in it, so he had to work harder.
Joe worked five and a half days a week. His shop shut at one o’clock on Thursdays, and it was shut the whole of Sunday. Saturdays were the busiest days. Most of Joe’ meat came to his shop from the nearest town, but sometimes he got up earlier than usual in the morning and drove into the city to choose meat. It was cheaper there.
Joe had a big refrigerator in his shop, but he tried not to buy too much meat at a time, and so sell it before he bought more.
One Thursday a woman came into the shop at five minutes to one. “I’m sorry I’m late, but some people have just telephoned to say that they are going to come to dinner tonight, and I need some more meat.”
Joe only had one piece of good meat in the shop. He had sold all the others earlier in the day. He took the piece out and said to the woman, “This is ? 6.50.”
“That piece is too small,” the woman answered. “ Haven’t you got anything bigger?”
Joe went into the room behind his shop, opened the refrigerator, put the piece of meat into it, took it out again and shut the door of the refrigerator with a lot of noise.
Then he brought the piece of meat back to the woman and said, “This piece is bigger
and more expensive. It's ? 8.75.”
“Good, ”the woman answered with a smile. “Give me both of them, please.”
51. Joe Biggs had to work alone when ______.
A. his father died C. his father stopped working
B. his father was not there D. his father fell ill
52. Joe got most of his meat ______.
A. from a town near his village C. from his big refrigerator
B. by driving into the city D. from the nearest village 53. Joe always tried not to buy too much meat at a time because ______. A. the refrigerator in his shop was not big enough
B. there were not many people in the village who liked meat
C. he did not sell meat every day
D. he wanted to sell fresh meat
54. A woman came to the shop just before it closed because ______.
A. she did not have any good meat at home
B. some of her friends were coming to dinner
C. she knew it was the best time for shopping
D. she did not know the shop would close at one
55. The woman wanted to buy both pieces of meat ______.
A. because she knew Joe’s trick
B. so that there would be enough meat for dinner
C. because she thought they were fairly cheap
D. because her refrigerator was big enough to keep both pieces
Part IV (10 %)(3)
Directions: Fill in the blanks with the words or phrases given below. Change the form where
fish out make comment act on join in
appreciate come to terms with live with handle
for granted be capable of as to point out
56. I always took it _________ that I was far more intelligent than he was. 57. They often talked with a lonely salesman _________ pictures of his family. 58. People often _________ about activities which are relatively easy and satisfying. 59. I _______ this oil painting much more now that you have explained it to me. 60. We had a long debate _______ whether we should spend so much money on space technology. 61. The American does not _______ the argument but watches the other guests. 62. They _______ the previously determined plan and finished the work ahead of schedule. 63. After some dispute about the price, the two sides finally ______ each other. 64. Computers ________ solving complicated problems in second.
65. I had the knowledge and skill to _______ any surgical situation in practice.
V. Translate the following into Chinese: 20 %
66. Of the guests, none except the American notices this or sees the boy place a bowl of milk on
the veranda just outside the open doors.
67. When my turn came, I displayed my few tricks and pointed out to him that the incorrectly
looped string had thrown the toy of balance.
68. He needs confidence to encourage him in trying moments when he’s bothered by the doubts
and uncertainties that are part of the practice of medicine.
69. I remember being vaguely annoyed when the gunman pulled me from the car by hair. 70. In a world where I could not use my academic training and my verbal talents but had to do
something with my hands, I would do poorly.
71. Being short of money and wanting to do something useful, I applied for the post advertised in
the local newspaper.
72. As a boy and then as an adult, I never lost my wonder at the personality that was Einstein. 73. I knew that when I was out in practice I would inevitably err at one time or another and
operate on someone who didn’t need surgery or sit on someone who did.
74. As I made out a complicated check for a family with several children who had changed their
ice-cream order a dozen times, I was ready to quit.
75. Both of us were able to describe the guns in horrifying detail, but the two policemen who
stayed to make the report didn’t think that would be much help.
Part VI. Translate the following into English (15 %)
76. 我们的村子是以耸立在它前面的那座大山命名的。；name after？
77. 你是否认为公共汽车司机应对乘客的安全负完全的责任?(be responsible for)
78，有迹象表明？不少工厂正面临着十分困难的局面。；be faced with？
79. 直到勤奋用功的学生受到所有人的尊敬？我们教育才有希望得到发展.(Not until)