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Askern Spa Junior School

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Askern Spa Junior School ...

    Askern Spa Junior School

    Physical Education Policy

    Fourth Edition May 2006

    P.E. Coordinator Nykie Brown

    1. Introduction

    1.1. Physical education is a foundation subject within the National Curriculum. This

    policy outlines the purpose, nature and management of the physical education

    provided by our school.

    1.2. This is the second review of a policy first issued in September 1992 (first amended in

    December 1994).

    1.3. The implementation of this policy is the responsibility of all the teaching staff.

    2. The Nature of Physical Education

    2.1. Physical education is about developing children’s enjoyment, confidence and skill in

    physical activity, whilst introducing them to the pleasures of sport. It is a practical

    subject, which gives all children, irrespective of age, gender or ability, opportunities

    for participation, enjoyment and success.

    2.2. Physical education promotes personal, social, intellectual and physical skills and we

    attempt to foster cooperation, tolerance and self-esteem. Our school aims to introduce

    children to a wide variety of physical activities, with the intention that they will gain

    an enjoyment that they will carry with them into adult life.

    3. Entitlement

    3.1. There is one attainment target for physical education. The General Programmes of

    Study emphasise that all children should plan, perform and evaluate their work as

    part of the physical education programme but the main emphasis is on participation.

    3.2. There are specific programmes of study, which outline six areas of activity that all

    children should be involved in throughout the key stage. These six areas are:

    ? dance;

    ? gymnastic activities;

    ? games;

    ? outdoor and adventurous activities;

    ? athletic activities;

    ? swimming.

    4. Implementation

    4.1. In all PE lessons, children will be encouraged to plan, perform and evaluate. Each

    lesson should provide an opportunity to develop and reflect upon each element of this

    process.

    4.2. The time recommended to guide the work on slimming down the Physical Education

    Order for Key Stage 2 is 2 hours per week. This equates approximately to 2x45

    minute lessons or 3x30 minutes exclusive. The additional 30 minutes per week will be

    provided through extra curricular clubs and encouraging participation in organised

    games and activities during breaktimes.

    4.3. The emphasis lies in the three key areas of games, gymnastics and dance, for which

    there must be a provision of 18 x 45 minute lessons per year for each. The remaining

    24 x 45 minute lessons can be shared equally between OEd and athletics.

    4.4. Under Doncaster MBC guidelines, swimming is only provided in year 5, with

    entitlement for non-swimmers in year 6.

    4.5. Each area of activity will be studied using the curriculum materials for education

    developed by Sharon Robinson for Doncaster M.B.C. as the structure for the content.

    The language and terminology associated with the area should be given a high profile

    in the children’s planning and evaluation.

    4.6. The annual timetable will be divided into blocks within each area of activity will be

    taught.

    4.7. The ideals associated with fair play and good sporting behaviour will be encouraged

    at all times.

    4.8. In year 4, 5, and 6, every child will be involved in an introduction to orienteering, to

    link with their work in geography.

4.9. Children will be taught in their normal class group.

    4.10. All teachers will be responsible for the planning and teaching of physical education.

    5. Special needs

    5.1. Provision must be made for all children to actively participate, regardless of their

    ability, so that they can grow in skill and confidence.

    5.2. Epilepsy

    a Work on high apparatus should be avoided and the floor area around the

    apparatus covered with mats.

    b Swimming is an excellent form of exercise if the child is assisted by a

    responsible adult. Teachers should be alert for any increased frequency of fits,

    drowsiness or inattention. An epileptic should not enter the water if the temperature is under 24 C or 75 F.

    5.3. Partial Sight

    a Glasses can be worn for PE but it is advisable that they should be shatterproof. Glasses may also be worn for most water activities but for swimming it is advisable to wear goggles.

    b The use of brightly coloured equipment, which can be seen more easily, is recommended, particularly during ball games. Working areas of apparatus and ropes can be clearly marked with bright tape and all protrusions should be cleared to avoid tripping.

    5.4. Partial Hearing

    a A child with partial hearing may have poor balance and attention.

    b Ensure that the child is able to see properly and give very simple instructions. Contact in the swimming pool is particularly difficult. This could be made through a considerate friend.

    c Individual sports are the easiest for the child to participate in and could be developed to a high degree.

    5.5. Asthma

    a Know of any features that could trigger an attack. Work on the grass may be inadvisable.

    b Attacks may be exercise-induced, therefore there should be a carefully considered programme of endurance and strengthening to raise the tolerance level. Asthmatic children need PE to develop better health and so cope better with attacks. Training is necessary so that children learn to breathe efficiently and cope with an attack.

    c Children with inhalers should surrender these to the teacher for safekeeping during lessons. Inhalers should be clearly labeled with the child’s name and

    class. Inhalers must not be used by any child other than the one for whom it is prescribed.

d Swimming is an excellent form of exercise.

e Activities in short bursts are better endurance tasks.

5.6. Clumsiness

    a Examples of clumsiness could be:

     A child could continually bump into things;

     A child cannot catch a ball when the child’s peers are proficient at the

    skill.

    b The characteristics of a clumsy child may include some or all of the following:

    ? Poor perception

    ? Poor motor control;

    ? A deficiency in the level of spoken language;

    ? A short concentration span;

    ? Hyperactivity.

    c For children who are clumsy, PE can become a lesson to be dreaded. Try to

    make PE enjoyable. A sympathetic and supportive approach is important.

    d Choose appropriate equipment to suit the individual’s needs. Aim to

    improve the basic skills of balance and coordination and find areas of success,

    in order to develop self-confidence and self-image.

    e Swimming is also excellent for these children. Fitness and coordination can

    be developed while the body weight is being supported.

    f Pairing a poor performer with a good performer will increase the child’s skill

    and self-confidence.

    6. Differentiation

Differentiation in physical education can be by task or by outcome. Careful consideration

    must be made in the grouping of children, equipment and the task given.

    7. Equal Opportunities

All physical education lessons will ensure an equal interest level for both boys and girls.

    Teachers will choose activities, theme, music, etc. that will appeal to all children. Careful

    consideration must be made to ensure that all pupils, regardless of gender, educational

    needs or cultural background, are given the opportunity to take a positive role in physical

    education.

    8. Health Education

The need to take part in physical activity and the promotion of a healthy lifestyle will be

    addressed during the appropriate physical education lessons.

9. Resources

    PE equipment will be stored centrally in the new hall. Children must not be allowed to

    enter the PE store cupboard unless they are accompanied by a supervising adult. Certain

    large items of equipment, i.e. football goals, are stored in the playground store.

    Playground equipment will be available in designated areas of the playground at

    breaktimes and kept in a central store.

10. Behaviour

    When engaged in physical education, children are expected to behave in a considerate and

    responsible manner, showing respect for other people and for equipment.

11. Safety

    During physical education, children will be encouraged to discuss safety implications

    concerning themselves and others. Aspects regarding safety in physical education include

    jewellery, hair, glasses, children’s kit and teacher’s clothing, accidents and medical

    conditions.

    11.1. Jewellery

    a Jewellery is defined as watches and earrings, as children are not permitted to

    wear any other jewellery as part of the whole school policy.

    b All jewellery must be removed by the children prior to taking part in physical

    education. Staff will not remove any of these items. Newly pieced ears

    (studs only) can be covered with tape for a maximum of six weeks. This

    excludes swimming, as tape can come off in the water and block the pool

    filtration system. This means that children will not be allowed to participate

    in swimming until the earrings can be removed.

    c In the event that a bracelet must be worn on religious grounds, a sweatband

    may be worn to cover it to prevent it catching. Other items of jewellery worn

    for religious significance will be considered on a case-by-case basis with the

    full participation of the parents concerned.

    11.2. Hair

     Any child with hair that is long enough to be tied back should do so using a

     suitable hair band. Plastic head bands and clips are not considered suitable

     and must be removed to prevent impact injuries to the head.

    11.3. Glasses

     These can be worn for physical education lessons for the child’s safety.

     Shatterproof lenses are recommended. Goggles are recommended for

     swimming but children must have a note from parents giving permission.

    11.4. Clothing

    CHILDREN INDOOR shorts, t-shirts, leotard, gym skirt and barefoot. No denim. a

    NB. Verrucas are not contagious but individual GPs will advise on treatment.

    Verrucas do not need to be covered (Doncaster Health Authority see

    Appendix)

    b CHILDREN OUTDOOR shorts, t-shirt, PE skirt, tracksuit, jogging bottoms,

    sweatshirt, old jumper (not school uniform), plimsolls or trainers. No denim.

    c SWIMMING it has been advised by the swimming instructor that correct

    swimming costumes and trunks should be worn. No swimming shorts, except

    for the tight fitting lycra variety. It is recommended that dark coloured swim

    wear is worn as it is easier to see children in the pool.

    11.5. Consequences for Failure to Bring Kit.

     On the first three occasions, the class teacher will send a note to parents, asking

     for their support, as PE is now a requirement by law (see Appendix), which will

     be posted directly from the School Office. On the fourth occasion, the matter

     should be brought to the attention of the Head, who will deal further with the

     matter. All staff are advised to keep a record of occasions when children forget

     their kit and any child who is not taking part for any reason should accompany

     the class and assist with setting up equipment coaching their peers, and

     evaluating performance.

    11.6. Teachers’ Kit

     Appropriate clothing does set a good example to the children and is necessary,

     since this is a practical subject. However, it is understood that this may not be

     possible but a minimum of appropriate footwear or bare feet is required.

     Teachers must also remove jewellery. Watches may be worn but should

     be covered if possible. It is advisable to remove rings that have a setting and

     wedding rings should be taped to avoid them catching.

    12. Accidents

12.1. Teachers should report any incident that they feel requires treatment to the

     Office, where it can be recorded on an accident form. (An example follows, and

     will be filled in by office staff).

12.2. If gym apparatus is used, a diagram must be attached, showing the site,

     position of the apparatus and position of teacher at the time of the accident.

    13. Safety Points within Areas of Physical Education

13.1. Athletics

    a Children should not be instructed to run to touch a wall but to touch a mark

    on the floor with the heel of the hand (DMBC page 1), stopping a safe distance

    in front of the wall.

    b Throwing events should take place from behind a firing line, which must not

    be crossed until throwing has ceased and the teacher has given permission to

    do so.

    c Jumping events should be restricted to the long, high, standing broad jump

    and standing triple jump and high jump will be taught as sergeant jump.

13.2. Gymnastics

    a The teacher should not leave the gym/hall while the children are using the

    apparatus.

    b No games of chase, i.e. “pirates”, must take place.

    c Mats. No somersaults. Mats will not prevent injury: they specify a safe area to

    land into and all children should be taught and reminded how to land safely.

    d Apparatus:

    ? At least two children to each piece of apparatus.

    ? Always look where you are going.

    ? Walk forwards or sideways where possible.

    ? Do not lift apparatus over the heads of other children.

    ? Always lift apparatus properly bending the knees and always

    with a partner, never alone.

    ? Never drag apparatus or mats across the floor.

    ? Walk; do not run, when carrying apparatus.

    ? It is advisable for children to wear trainers/plimsoles when moving

    apparatus to protect the feet, but these must be removed to take part

    in activity.

    13.3. Swimming

a The class teacher must be accompanied by at least one person on the poolside

    that is competent at swimming and life saving practices, i.e. the swimming

    instructor, and a qualified life guard.

b No child is allowed in the pool area unless they are under direct supervision.

    Non-swimmers shall now be required to practice in shallow water, no deeper

    than armpit level, unless approved artificial aids are worn.

    c Goggles children must have written parental permission and should be taught the correct ea to use them.

d Running is forbidden.

    e Class sizes there must be no more than 40 pupils in the water under one supervising teacher and the instructor on the poolside.

    f Diving no sitting dives in less that 1m depth. No plunge dives in less than 1.6m depth. No racing dives in less that 1m depth, and no running dives.

    13.4. Medical Conditions

a All medication must be in charge of class teacher and available on poolside.

    Children without appropriate medication must remain at school.

    b ASTHMA medication must be in the charge of the class teacher. If the GP allows, medication can be taken before a PE lesson.

    c EPILEPSY there must be written parental permission before a child can go swimming. The GP must pass the child fit to go swimming. An additional

    qualified (swimming) person must be present on the poolside. No underwater

    swimming will be allowed.

    d DIABETES there must be written parental permission for the child to go swimming and permission from the GP. All relevant people must be informed.

    A supply of sugar must be readily available, e.g. glucose tablets. Check the

    child’s food intake before the PE lesson. Encourage and support the child at

    all times.

    e EPI-PENS must be in the charge of the class teacher. There must a relevantly

    trained member of staff on poolside who can administer epi-pen if required.

14. Assessment

    Informal assessments will be made by individual teachers, using the End of Key stage

    Statements as a basis for criteria and ongoing assessment and specific to each year group.

    Assessment and planning are closely linked and will be aided by highlighting the areas

    covered in the Long-Term Plans, produced as support materials for the National

    Curriculum Schemes of Work by DMBC. These will be passed on to the next class teacher

    to assist in their future planning and the progression of the children’s development.

    Assessment for swimming will be aided by the Barracuda Award Scheme.

15. Background Documentation.

    This policy was informed by reference to the Statutory Order for Physical Education, the

    non-statutory guidance of the National Curriculum Document for Physical Education and

    Guidance for Safety Document of DMBC.

16. Review

    This policy will be reviewed in July 2001.

17. References

    BAALPE, Safe Practice in Physical Education

    DMBC, safety in Physical Education

    Curriculum materials for Physical Education, DMBC, written by Sharon Robinson.

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