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Roundtable 019 - Roundtable Unilateralism

By Margaret Palmer,2014-05-26 23:06
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Roundtable 019 - Roundtable Unilateralism

    Roundtable: Bureaucratic Reform

    1.0 Basic Information

Date of Videotaping July 2005

    Title Bureaucratic Reform

    General Topics/Chapters The Bureaucracy

    Moderator Bryan Reece

    Commentators Dennis Falcon and Victor Obasohan

    Length of Video 11 Minutes 22 Seconds

    2.0 Introduction/Overview

    A common complaint directed at government in general is that it is too slow, too complicated, and involves too much “red tape.” However, calls for bureaucratic reform often ignore the multitude of government services and programs that operate smoothly and efficiently to improve our lives in countless ways.

    3.0 Video Annotations

    These annotations are the actual text-based screen shots that synchronize with the video. Perusal of the annotations provides a good overview of the discussion.

BUREAUCRATIC REFORM

    Dennis Falcon, Bryan Reece, Victor Obasohan

RELEVANCE

    A common complaint directed at government in general is that it is too slow, too complicated, and involves too much “red tape.” However, calls for bureaucratic

    reform often ignore the multitude of government services and programs that operate smoothly and efficiently to improve our lives in countless ways.

1ST DISCUSSION TOPIC

    What do most people think about government?

LISTEN FOR . . .

    • Public Perceptions of Government

    • Examples of Bureaucrats

    • Role of Bureaucracy in United States

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DEFINITION--RED TAPE

    The term is used in a negative sense referring to the time-consuming,

    complicated, expensive processes one must go through in order to receive

    government services or benefits. Recent usage is believed to be based on the

    practice of binding Civil War veterans' records in red tape--a process that made

    opening them difficult.

FYI

    Government employees who are likely to be referred to as bureaucrats are the

    actual employees and managers of local, state, and federal agencies. The

    elected and appointed officials at each level who make policy decisions can be executive or legislative in nature and are not generally considered bureaucrats.

DEFINITION--MAX WEBER

    Maximilian Weber (1864 1920) was a German political economist and

    sociologist. He is considered one of the founders of modern sociology and public

    administration. He argued that bureaucracy is the expression of our rational

    nature applied to the complex business of government.

2ND DISCUSSION TOPIC

    Assuming that the bureaucracy is in need of some reforms, what might these

    reforms entail?

LISTEN FOR . . .

    • Suggested Reforms to the Bureaucracy

    • Benefits of Reform

    Limits to Reform

FYI

    E-Government is the application of Internet technology to many of the programs and services provided by all levels of government. Many government agencies

    now make it possible for citizens to access resources and government officials

    online, eliminating many of the obstacles that once deterred many from seeking

    government assistance.

FYI

    Many of the products and services provided by government are not provided by the private sector and are not subject to the world of competition; however, many traditional government services (e.g., trash collection) can be delivered through the private sector.

FYI

    In 1981, approximately 13,000 air traffic controllers (the people responsible for

    monitoring and controlling the thousands of planes flying in the U. S.) went on strike. President Reagan fired more than 11,000 workers and banned them from being hired by the FAA for life.

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DEFINITION--PRIVATIZATION

    There is a persistent demand by some that the government turn over many of

    the programs and services it provides to the private sector. The reasoning

    behind the call for privatization is that profit-motivated businesses will

    strive to keep costs down and increase efficiency, thereby generating

    savings for customers.

CONCLUSION

    The perception held by many that government is ineffective and that the

    bureaucracy is to blame may be hard to reverse. However, efforts to reform

    government bureaucracy must consider a number of significant limitations. What

    do you think? Is the bureaucracy in need of reform?

    4.0 Multiple-Choice Questions

    The following multiple-choice questions are online at MyPoliSciLab. Students can take the multiple-choice quiz after each video as a practice quiz or a scored quiz that is forwarded to their instructor/TA via email.

    A common complaint directed at government and the bureaucracy in particular is that it:

    a. is too slow.

    b. is too complicated.

    c. has too much “red tape.”

    d. is too expensive.

    *e. All of the above.

    The time consuming, complicated, expensive processes one must go through to receive government benefits is referred to as:

    a. hula-hoops.

    b. filibustering.

    *c. red tape.

    d. paying dues.

    e. line-up.

    The government employees who work for local, state and federal agencies are called:

    a. Senators.

    *b. bureaucrats.

    c. representatives.

    d. commissioners.

    e. executives.

    Many consider ____________ to be the founding father of modern sociology and public administration.

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    a. Karl Marx

    b. Helmut Kohl

    c. Kal Lufthanza

    *d. Max Weber

    e. Gerhard Schroeder

The application of internet technology to government programs and services

    is called:

    *a. E-government.

    b. B-government.

    c. S-government.

    d. G-government.

    e. V-government.

    5.0 Transcripts

Transcripts are available on the Roundtable Discussions page.

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