THE NEW STRUCTURALISM DESIGN;ENGINEERING AND ARCHITECTURAL
Architecture is the process of a rewolutionary transformation .There is now momentum for a revitalized involvement with sources in material practice and technologies. This cultural evolution is pre-eminently expressed in the expanded collaborative relationships that have developed in the past decade between architects and structural engineers, relationships which have been responsible for the production, worldwide, of a series of iconic buildings. The rise and technological empowerment of these methods can be seen as a historic development in the evolution of architectural engineering is frequently interpreted as the giving of precedence to material content, then the design engineer, in his prioritizing of materialization, is the pilot figure of this cultural shift which we have termed the “new structuralism”.
Architectural engineering has traditionally been characterized by the sequential development of „form, structure and material‟. A form concept is first conceived by the architect
and materialized in collaboration with the engineer. If there is a historical point of departure for the evolution of a new structuralism, Peter Rice, in An Engineer Imagines, JORN UTZON, OVE ARUP and Jack Zunz in the structuring and materialization of the Sydney Opera House. In the final solution the problem of the geometry of the covering tiles influenced the design of the geometry of the covering tiles influenced the design of the rib structure and the overall form of the roof. This effectively reversed the traditional process to become „material, structure, form‟.
The role of material and structure in design expression occurred again, famously, in the hands of Edmund Happold and Peter Rice, with the cast-steel solution of the gerberettes of the main façade of Centre Pompidou, Paris. The thread of an emerging material practice in the collaborative work of an architects and engineers has continued in a sequence of canonic work lf architects and engineers has continued in a sequence of canonic works including those of Frei Otto, Edmund Happold, JORG SCHLAICH and MAMORO KAWAGUCHI, and more recently in the
collaborations of, among others, Cecil Balmond with Toyo Ito, …………..人名………