The Yangtze River (Chángjiāng 长江), over 6,300 kilometers long, is the largest and longest river in China, and the third-longest in the world, next only to the Nile in northeast Africa and the Amazon in South America. And the most
impressive section of the river is the Three Gorges (sānxiá 三峡): Qutang
(qútángxiá 瞿塘峡), Wuxia Gorge (wūxiá 巫峡) and Xiling Gorge Gorge
(xīlíngxiá 西陵峡). The three gorges stretch from Baidicheng (báidìchéng 白帝
城)in Fengjie County (fèngjiéxiàn 奉节县), Chongqing (chóngqìng 重庆)
Municipality eastward for 192 kilometers to
Nanjinguan (nánjīnguān 南津关) in Yichang
(yíchāng 宜昌) City, Hubei Province. However, it is
not a single entity and most sections are separated
by broad valleys. The aggregate length of the gorge
section: Qutang, Wuxia and Xiling gorges, is 90
Qutang Gorge (qútángxiá 瞿塘峡)
The westernmost of these, the Qutang Gorge, extends for about 8 kilometers
betwween Chijia (chìjiǎ 赤甲) and Baiyan (báiyán 白岩) moutains face each other from opposite sides of the Yangtze. At its meters deep. These land
features make the Kuimen Gate (kuíménguān 夔门), the upstream entrance to the Three Gorges, like the “throat” of Sichuan (sìchuān 四川) Province.
Wuxia Gorge (wūxiá 巫峡)
The middle gorge---- the Wuxia Gorge, is
45 kilometers in length from the Daning
(dánínghé 大宁河) in the west to River
Guangdukou (guāngdùkǒu 光渡口) in
the east. This is the longest and most
complete of the three, and is often called the “Great Gorge (dàxiá 大峡)". It is renowned for its remote and peaceful landscape beauty and for its changing clouds and rain. The 12 peaks of the
Wushan Mountains (wūshāshíèrfēng
巫山十二峰) that flank the Yangtze
stand like a continuous screen, a
landscape to stir the spirit.
Xiling Gorge (xīlíngxiá 西陵峡)
Stricktly speaking, the easternmost
Xiling Gorge consists of two sections.
The easterly one stretches 15
kilometers form the Bingshubaojian
(Mulitary Books and Precious Sword bīngshūbǎojiàn 兵书宝剑) Gorge at
Xiangxi (Fragrant Stream xiāngxī 香溪),via the Niuganmafei (niúgānmǎfèi 牛
肝马肺, means “Ox Liver and Horse Lungs”) Gorge, and ends in the Kongling
Gorge (kōnglíngxiá 崆岭峡; the easterly one extends 20 kilometers from the Dengying ( dēngyǐng 灯影, means “Lantern Shadow”) Gorge to the Huangmao
( huángmāo 黄猫, means “Yellow Cat”) Gorge at Nanjinguan. Between the two
lies the Miaonan Wide Valley (miàonánkuāngǔ 庙南宽谷), the longest valley in
the Tree Gorges area.
Three Gorges Dam (sānxiádàbà 三峡大坝)
The world-famous Three Gorges Dam (sānxiádàbà 三峡大坝) stands at
Sandouping (sādǒupíng 三斗坪), at the point in this valley where Yangtze is at
its widest. The Three Gorges Dam project adds the interest of the area, started in 1995 the Three Gorges Dam near Yichang, began, and controversy has surrounded it ever since.
The Three Gorges Dam China is one of the largest construction projects in the
world and is due to be fully commissioned and completed by 2009.
Once completed, it will be the largest electricity generating facility in the world.
The hydroelectric generators will provide 1/9 of China's total power output.
The Three Gorges Dam China, as well as being hydroelectric supply station, has also been designed to help control the flooding of the Yangtze River Valley.
Location，Yichang City to Chongqing Municipality
Little Three Gorges (xiǎosānxiá 小三峡)on Shennong Stream (shéngnóngxī 神
农溪): RMB 100
Little Three Gorges on Daning River: RMB 100
Baidicheng: RMB 70
The Dam of Three Gorges: RMB 118 (from July to September)
Around landscape: Shennongjia (shénnóngjià 神农架) in Yichang city
Local Snakes and Specialties:
In Fengjie County: orange, pickled-vegetable, beef-jerky, bean-curd, etc.
In Yichang City: all kinds of fish and tea, Yichang bonsai and the dishes made by Tujia Nationality (tǔjiāzú 土家族), etc.
It is better to take a ship along the Yangtze River upstream of downstream. Three or four days to travel on Three Gorges is the best choice. Please take enough water, sunbonnet, sunglass, and suntan oil in summer. Bring warm clothes because weather is change to cold at night in spring and autumn.
Ladies and gentlemen,
Welcome to Yichang. My name is DuJunhui. I am from Wuhan travel service. I will be your local guide. On behalf of my travel agency, we hope you have a nice journey here. If you have any special interest, please tell your tour leader, and he will let us know. My job is to smooth your way, care for your welfare, try my best to answer your question, and be your guide and interpreter. I will try to do my level best to “warm the cockles of your heart”. We highly appreciate your understanding and cooperation.
We will visit Three Gorges by ship. Today we will visit the Xiling Gorge, one of three gorges. Above all, I would like to introduce a 2400 years old city---Yichang, then give you a brief introduction of Yangtze River. Yichang is located in the west of Hubei province and on the northern bank of the Yangzi River, just at the mouth of the Three Gorges. It covers a total area of 21000 square kilometers and houses a
population of 4.15 million.
The Yangtze River, the biggest river in China, the third longest in the World, starts with the Tuotuo River at the Roof of the World-Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, takes in countless rivers, and flows eastward across the interior of China. With an overall length of more than 6,300 kilometers, the Yangtze River next only to the Amazon and the Nile, is the third biggest river in the world and is a cradle that breeds the ancient
When the Yangtze River reaches the eastern Sichuan Basin in southwest China, it cuts through the Wushan Mountain. Here the river course suddenly narrows and the waters become turbulent. Sheer cliffs and steep mountains rise on either side, creating one of nature’s most fantastic sighs. The Three Gorges----Qutang, Wuxia and Xiling----start just after Fengjie and end near Yichang, stretch about 200 kilometers. The Gorges vary from 300 meters at their wildest to less than 100 meters at their narrowest. Let us enjoy the view of the Xiling Gorge. Xiling Gorge stretches 78 kilometers eastward and the cliffs on either side rise to just over 900 meters. Xiling Gorge is awesome with dangerous rapids, shoals, reefs, sharp turns, billowy whirlpools . Xiling Gorge consists of several small gorges. The famous black shoal is between the Binshu baojian and Niugan Mafei gorges and is often dangerous in the dry season. They are frequent slides along both sides of the river and each causes a new shoal, a rise of water level and back water of over 10 to 20, or even 30 kilometers. Thanks to the comprehensive projects of the government since 1949,nearly 200 dangerous places along the gorges have been brought under control. The water at one point is so turbulent that it seems to be boiling during the flood season. On the top of another is a rock that looks like a sword. Look far into the distance, and you will have a sense of broadness and wide angle of vista ahead as well as a conception of magnificent landscape, a picturesque scroll painting that offers more then enough to muse.
In the Three Gorges, the boat played an important role to link the outside, but a lot of danger as devil was threaten the safe of the boat and the lives of boatmen in ancient times. For example, the Kongling Gorge is a danger in the flood season. Many huge reefs are submerged in the river when there is flooding or heavy rain. Only skillful boatmen can head off disasters. Apart from shoals, the Xiling Gorge is also known for its malignant whirlpools, which usually appear at sharps turns in the gorges, or when the water is turbulent. The most fearful are the liantuo Whirlpools, three dangerous whirlpools in succession. From ancient times there are many folk songs and stories about the boatmen’s lives. Such as “love at the Three Gorges”, do you want to know the story?
Long, long ago, on a grassy area near the cliff of Three Gorges, a little boy and a little girl were playing together along the shore of the Yangtze river. It was getting dark and fireflies flitted before their eyes. Suddenly the boy caught a firefly and the girl stretched her hand to hold it. They sang the song Firefly, don’t fly reckless Flu
If you fly to the sky, thunder will strike you
If you fly to the ground , fire will burn you
Fly into my pocket please
Let me protect you.
As the time fling away, they grew older. The boy became strong and the girl became sweet. Nobody knows their name, nobody knows when they started falling in love with each other. They loved each other passionately and naturally.
The girl’s father discovered their love as he walked along the riverbank. Enraged, he rushed them and snatched his daughter away. But she managed to escape and stayed together with the boy. She handed him a long embroidered cloth that she had carefully made. Along the Yangtze river, this kind of cloth is a
necessity of boatmen. When fishing, the boatmen usually were naked except for a cloth tied at the waist. Women were not allowed on the boats, so they shew their hopes and cares to their husbands through the cloth they made. So the girl did the same as boatmen’s wives.
The boy became the head of a large boat and worked hard with the other boatmen on the surging river. Before terrifying waves the boy stood without fear, he considered the white water as the symbol of love between a man and a woman. And he always took along the cloth embroidered with the girl’s love.
The girl’s father knew the danger boatmen have to face. When the boy asked for his permission to get
married to the girl, he hesitated. As a father, he did not wanted that his daughter waited for her husband anxiously every day, but he thought it was crucial to separate the two guys loving each other deeply. In the end, he refused the boy.
One day the boy and the father worked on the same boat, suddenly a huge wave invaded the boat, the old man fell into the river. The boy tried his best to rescue him with other fellows. At last, the old man survived but the boy closed his eyes forever. When the girl heard the news, she killed herself so that she can meet the boy again in the heaven. It is a tragic story
Good morning, ladies and Gentlemen, Welcome to China! Welcome to Hubei Province!
Today I am very pleased to show you Three Gorges of Yangtze River.
At first I’ll have a brief introduction of Yangtze River, the Yangtze River, the biggest river in China, the third longest in the World, starts with the Tuotuo River at the Roof of the World -Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, takes in countless rivers, and flows eastward across the interior of China. With an overall length of more than 6,300 kilometers, the Yangtze River, next only to the Amazon and the Nile, is the third biggest river in the world and is a cradle that breeds the ancient civilization of the Chinese nation.
When the Yangtze River reaches the eastern Sichuan Basin in southwest China, it cuts through the Wushan Mountain. Here the river course suddenly narrows and the waters become turbulent. Sheer cliffs and steep mountains rise on either side, creating one of nature's most fantastic sights. The Three Gorges---Qutang, wuxia and xiling----start just after Fengjie and end near Yichang, stretch about 200 kilometers. The Gorges vary from 300metres at their widest to less than 100 meters at their narrowest.
Qutang Gorge is the smallest and shortest Gorge, but grandest of the three. The Yangtze River, mighty and rapid here is suddenly contained like "a thousand seas poured into one cup", as the Song Dynasty poet SU Tungpo described the spectacle. High on the both bank, at a place called Bellows Gorge, are a series of crevices. This area is said to have been the home of an ancient tribe whose custom was to place the coffins of their crevices, some containing bronze swords, armour and other artifacts, but the coffins are believed to date back as far as the Warring States Period (475bc----221BC)
Wu Gorge extends 40 kilometers along which the river snakes between based strange-shaped mountain peaks, each of which has a reputation based on a beautiful legend. The story of the "12 Peaks of Wushan goes like this: 12 nymphs once descended to enjoy themselves in the secular world. Finding how perilous Wushan Gorge was, they decided to stay there to protect ships. As time went by, they transformed themselves into 12 peaks. The Goddess Peak, the most graceful of the 12, is said to have been yaoji, the youngest daughter of the Queen mother of the Western Heaven .Goddess Peak stands out from the other peaks on the northern bank to be the first to greet the morning sun and the last to bid it farewell, hence its another name, Viewing the glow Peak. Seen at a distance, it resembles the silhouette of a beautiful young lady.
Down stream from the zigzagging Wuxia Gorge is Xiling Gorge which stretches 78 kilometers eastward and the cliffs on either side rise to just over 900 meters. Xiling Gorge is awesome with its dangerous rapids, shoals, reefs, sharp turns, billowy whirlpools. The water at one point is so turbulent that it seems to be boiling during the flood season. Xiling Gorge in the east consists of several small gorges. On the top of another is a rock that looks like a sword. On the crag of the north bank are two pieces of brown rock, which are named Bull's Liver and Horse' Lung, whose shape they take. Next does the Lantern Shadow Gorge, which has four rocks, resemble Monk Xuan Zang and his three disciples---Monkey, Piggy and Sandy in the classic Chinese adventures of the four on their way to India to obtain Buddhist scriptures.
Around the last bend of Xiling Gorge stretches a vast plain. The river suddenly becomes wide here. Travelers on the Yangtze cruise may also visit many sites of historical and scenic interest along the river banks including the ruined of baidi Town and Precious Stone Village.
Everyone knows that the Yangtze Gorges are changing since the well-known Three Gorges Dam Project is being built at Sabdouping, Yichang, Hubei Province. The dam is 181 meters in height. Its construction investment comes up to 203.9 billion rmb, equals to 24.65 billion U.S. dollars. The installed power generation capacity is expected to be 18.2 million kilo watts. With the dam built, the flood in the Yangtze River valley will be controlled, navigation improved besides the economic benefits. Tourism will be little affected. Many cultural and historical relics are now being removed to a higher ground before the rise of the water level approaches.
Ladies and Gentlemen, the time has gone very quickly and your trip is drawing to a close. It’s a pity that you cannot stay here any longer. Please allow me, then, take this opportunity to thank you for your cooperation and understanding, and if you come back in the future, I hope to see you again and be your guide again.