Declaration- International Bureau of Education- International ---

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Declaration- International Bureau of Education- International ---






    International Conference

    on Education

    44th session - 1994


    1. We, the Ministers of Education meeting at the forty-fourth

    session of the International Conference on Education,

    ; Deeply concerned by the manifestations of

    violence, racism, xenophobia, aggressive nationalism and violations of human rights, by religious intolerance, by the upsurge of terrorism in all its forms and manifestations and by the growing gap

    separating wealthy countries from poor countries, phenomena which threaten the consolidation of peace and democracy both nationally and internationally and which are all obstacles to development,

    ; Mindful of our responsibility for the education of

    citizens committed to the promotion of peace, human rights and democracy in accordance with the letter and spirit of the Charter of the United Nations the Constitution of UNESCO, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other relevant instruments such

    as the Convention on the Rights of the Child and the conventions on the rights of women, and in accordance with the Recommendation concerning Education for International Understanding, Co-

    operation and Peace and Education relating to Human

    Rights and Fundamental Freedoms,

    ; Convinced that education policies have to

    contribute to the development of understanding, solidarity and tolerance among individuals and among ethnic, social, cultural and religious groups and sovereign nations,

    ; Convinced that education should promote

    knowledge, values, attitudes and skills conducive to respect for human rights and to an active commitment to the defence of such rights and to the building of a culture of peace and democracy,

    Equally convinced:

    ; of the great responsibility incumbent not only on parents, but on society as a whole, to work together with all those involved in the education system, and with non-governmental organizations, so as to achieve full implementation of the objectives of education for

    peace, human rights and democracy and to contribute in this way to sustainable development and to a culture of peace;

    ; of the need to seek synergies between the formal education systems and the various sectors of non-

    formal education, which are helping to make a reality

    of education that is in conformity with the aims of the World Declaration on Education for All, adopted in


    ; of the decisive role that also falls to non-formal

    educational organizations in the process of forming the personalities of young people.

    2. Strive resolutely:

    ; 2.1 to base education on principles and methods that contribute to the development of the personality of pupils, students and adults who are respectful of their fellow human beings and determined to promote peace, human rights and democracy;

    ; 2.2 to take suitable steps to establish in educational institutions an atmosphere contributing to the success of education for international understanding, so that they become ideal places for the exercise of tolerance, respect for human rights, the practice of democracy

    and learning about the diversity and wealth of cultural identities;

    ; 2.3 to take action to eliminate all direct and indirect discimination against girls and women in education systems and to take specific measures to ensure that they achieve their full potential;

    ; 2.4 to pay special attention to improving curricula, the content of textbooks, and other educational materials including new technolgies, with a view to educating caring and responsible citizens, open to other cultures, able to appreciate the value of freedom, respectful of human dignity and differences, and able

    to prevent conflicts or resolve them by non-violent


    ; 2.5 to adopt measure to enhance the role and status of educators in formal and non-formal education and

    to give priority to pre-service and in-service training

    as well as the retraining of educational personnel, including planners and managers, oriented notably

    towards professional ethics, civic and moral education, cultural diversity, national codes and internationally recognized standards of human rights and fundamental freedoms;

    ; 2.6 to encourage the development of innovative strategies adapted to the new challenges of educating

    responsible citizens committed to peace, human rights, democracy and sustainable development, and to apply appropriate measures of evaluation and assessment of these strategies;

    ; 2.7 to prepare, as quickly as possible and taking

    into account the constitutional structures of each State, programmes of action for the implementation of

    this Declaration.

    3. We are determined to increase our efforts to:

    ; 3.1 give a major priority in education to children

    and young people, who are particularly vulnerable to

    incitements to intolerance, racism and xenophobia;

    ; 3.1 give a major priority in education to children

    and young people, who are particularly vulnerable to

    incitements to intolerance, racism and xenophobia;

    ; 3.2 seek the co-operation of all possible partners

    who would be able to help teachers to link the

    education process more closely to real social life and

    transform it into the practice of tolerance and

    solidarity, respect for human rights, democracy and


    ; 3.3 develop further, at the national and international

    levels, exchanges of educational experiences and

    research, direct contacts between students, teachers

    and researchers, school twinning arrangements and

    visits, with special attention to experimental schools

    such as UNESCO Associated Schools, to UNESCO

    chairs, educational innovation networks and

    UNESCO Clubs and Associations;

    ; 3.4 implement the Declaration and Programme of

    Action of the World Conference on Human Rights

    (Vienna, June 1993) and the World Plan of Action on

    Education for Human Rights and Democracy adopted

    at the International Congress on Education for Human

    Rights and Democracy (Montreal, March 1993), and

    make the internationally recognized instruments in the

    field of human rights available to all educational


    ; 3.5 contribute, through specific activities, to the

    celebration of the United Nations Year of Tolerance

    (1995), and particularly to the inauguration, on the

    occasion of the fiftieth anniversary of the United

    Nations and UNESCO, of the celebration of the

    International Day for Tolerance.

    Consequently, we, the Ministers of Education meeting at the

    forty-fourth session of the International Conference on Education, adopt this Declaration and invite the Director-

    General to present to the General Conference a Framework of Action that allows Member States and UNESCO to integrate, within a coherent policy, education for peace, human rights and democracy in the perspective of sustainable development.

    Adopted on 8 October 1994

Mr. Massimo Amadio


Updated 2000

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